Psychological Science

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Psychological Science and the Law
Author: Neil Brewer,Amy Bradfield Douglass
Publisher: Guilford Publications
Release Date: 2019-03-05
ISBN 10: 1462538347
Pages: 459 pages

Psychological Science and the Law Book Summary : Psychological research can provide constructive explanations of key problems in the criminal justice system--and can help generate solutions. This state-of-the-art text dissects the psychological processes associated with fundamental legal questions: Is a suspect lying? Will an incarcerated individual be dangerous in the future? Is an eyewitness accurate? How can false memories be implanted? How do juries, experts, forensic examiners, and judges make decisions, and how can racial and other forms of bias be minimized? Chapters offer up-to-date reviews of relevant theory, experimental methods, and empirical findings. Specific recommendations are made for improving the quality of evidence and preserving the integrity of investigative and legal proceedings.

Psychological Science
Author: Gazzaniga, Michael,Heatherton, Todd
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
Release Date: 2015-02-01
ISBN 10: 0393263134
Pages: 864 pages

Psychological Science Book Summary : Psychological Science , fifth edition, is a dynamic introduction to psychology that reflects the latest APA Guidelines. With psychological reasoning at the core of this edition, students will learn to critically evaluate information and become better scientific thinkers. W. W. Norton 's new, formative, adaptive online learning tool, InQuizitive, identifies what students know, personalises review content to give them the help they need, and improves student understanding through an engaging, gamelike environment.

Advances in Psychological Science: Social, personal, and cultural aspects
Author: John G. Adair,David Bélanger,Kenneth L. Dion
Publisher: Psychology Press
Release Date: 1998
ISBN 10: 9780863774706
Pages: 576 pages

Advances in Psychological Science: Social, personal, and cultural aspects Book Summary : The volumes Advances in Psychological Science are the most timely reviews for a person who wants an up-to-date "state-of-the-art" description of selected topics in psychology. These volumes will be useful for the graduate student to get a perspective on the latest developments in psychology today. The chapters are written in a non-technical manner, i.e., not for the specialist, but for the educated psychologist who wishes to see developments across the spectrum of psychology. They may be used for teaching or by experts who wish an overview of recent advances in their science. The chapters uniquely reflect the international or global character of psychology, both in the authors selected to write them, and in their coverage of research from around the world. Volume 1 contains original contributions to the social, personal, and cultural aspects of the discipline.

Psychological Science in the Courtroom
Author: Jennifer L. Skeem,Kevin S. Douglas,Scott O. Lilienfeld
Publisher: Guilford Press
Release Date: 2009-05-08
ISBN 10: 1606233912
Pages: 418 pages

Psychological Science in the Courtroom Book Summary : This rigorous yet reader-friendly book reviews the state of the science on a broad range of psychological issues commonly encountered in the forensic context. The goal is to help professionals and students differentiate between supported and unsupported psychological techniques--and steer clear of those that may be misleading or legally inadmissible. Leading contributors focus on controversial issues surrounding recovered memories, projective techniques, lie detection, child witnesses, offender rehabilitation, psychopathy, violence risk assessment, and more. With a focus on real-world legal situations, the book offers guidelines for presenting scientific evidence accurately and effectively in courtroom testimony and written reports.

Beyond Common Sense
Author: Eugene Borgida,Susan T. Fiske
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2008-04-30
ISBN 10: 9780470695692
Pages: 448 pages

Beyond Common Sense Book Summary : Beyond Common Sense addresses the many important and controversial issues that arise from the use of psychological and social science in the courtroom. Each chapter identifies areas of scientific agreement and disagreement, and discusses how psychological science advances our understanding of human behavior beyond common sense. Features original chapters written by some of the leading experts in the field of psychology and law including Elizabeth Loftus, Saul Kassin, Faye Crosby, Alice Eagly, Gary Wells, Louise Fitzgerald, Craig Anderson, and Phoebe Ellsworth The 14 issues addressed include eyewitness identification, gender stereotypes, repressed memories, Affirmative Action and the death penalty Commentaries written by leading social science and law scholars discuss key legal and scientific themes that emerge from the science chapters and illustrate how psychological science is or can be used in the courts

An Introduction to Psychological Science, Second Canadian Edition, Loose Leaf Version
Author: Mark Krause,Daniel Corts,Stephen C. Smith,Dan Dolderman
Publisher: N.A
Release Date: 2017-06-23
ISBN 10: 9780134620701
Pages: 816 pages

An Introduction to Psychological Science, Second Canadian Edition, Loose Leaf Version Book Summary : Help students become scientifically literate. An Introduction to Psychological Science helps students view psychology as a practical, modern science--and gives them the tools to better understand our world. Throughout the second edition, authors Krause, Corts, Smith and Dolderman continue to emphasize scientific literacy: the ability not only to define scientific terminology, but also to understand how it functions, to evaluate it critically, and to apply it to personal and societal matters. In addition to helping students master key course objectives, learning how to think scientifically will enable students to categorize the overwhelming amount of information they encounter, as well as ignite their interest in psychological science.

Values in Psychological Science
Author: Lisa Osbeck
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Release Date: 2018-11-30
ISBN 10: 1107134900
Pages: 152 pages

Values in Psychological Science Book Summary : Science, values, and persons -- Observing -- Imaginative sense-making -- Perspective-taking

Thinking in Psychological Science
Author: Jaan Valsiner
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
Release Date: 2011-12-31
ISBN 10: 9781412809849
Pages: 345 pages

Thinking in Psychological Science Book Summary : This book explores the development of ideas in psychology's past. It is the initial volume in a series intended to shape such ideas into a valuable resource for the discipline's future. Scientists, in general, are known to ignore their own history, considering it to be a graveyard of failures. In Thinking in Psychological Science, selected ideas of key figures in the cognitive, comparative, and developmental sides of psychology—Karl Duncker, Karl Biihler, Tamara Dembo, Zing-Young Kuo, C. Lloyd Morgan, Alexander Chamberlain, and Arnold Gesell—are traced, and the social contexts of their ideas are given a collective analysis, focusing on the potential of these ideas for the present state of psychology. Representing the scientist as "hero" has become a necessary component when applying for research monies from governmentally controlled funding agencies. Yet the reality is just the opposite: Science is not just the product of "heroes"; it is the product of many individuals who often search for solutions to basic problems throughout their lifetimes— while only a few arrive at breakthroughs. Still, familiarity with the flow of thought in the efforts to solve the basic problems of humankind is necessary for any understanding of creativity. This book analyzes the processes involved in the search for solutions to major theoretical problems—of development (Kuo, Gesell), action and cognition (Biihler, Bunker, Dembo), and methodology (Morgan). Ultimately, this is an exciting volume that reveals real science in the making. Thinking in Psychological Science will be of interest to students of the social sciences and intellectual history. It is ideal for graduate and upper-level undergraduate courses in psychology, the sociology of science, and cognitive science.

International Perspectives on Psychological Science: Leading themes
Author: Paul Bertelson,Paul Eelen,Géry d'. Ydewalle
Publisher: Psychology Press
Release Date: 1994
ISBN 10: 9780863772986
Pages: 206 pages

International Perspectives on Psychological Science: Leading themes Book Summary : The essays appearing in these two volumes are based on Keynote (Vol. 1) and State-of-the-Art (Vol. 2) Lectures delivered at the XXVth International Congress of Psychology in Brussels, July 1992. The Brussels Congress was the latest in a series of conferences which are organized at regular intervals under the auspices of the International Union of Psychological Science (IUPsyS), the main international organization in the field of Scientific Psychology. The first of those meetings took place in Paris in 1889. An important function of the International Congresses is to promote communication between different specializations in psychology. Speakers were therefore asked to present lectures and discussions in their own fields of study, in a way that would be accessible to fellow psychologists active in other fields. State-of-the-Art lecturers were specifically asked to prepare a tutorial review on a topic which, in the view of the Program Committee, had recently given rise to particularly important developments. These contributions are included in Volume Two. Keynote lecturers were left free to address whatever subject they felt was of greatest interest. The chapters in Volume 1 are preceded by the Presidential Address by Mark R. Rosenzweig.

International Perspectives on Psychological Science: The state of the art : state of the art lectures
Author: Paul Bertelson
Publisher: Psychology Press
Release Date: 1994
ISBN 10: 9780863773006
Pages: 402 pages

International Perspectives on Psychological Science: The state of the art : state of the art lectures Book Summary : The essays appearing in these two volumes are based on Keynote (Vol. 1) and State-of-the-Art (Vol. 2) Lectures delivered at the XXVth International Congress of Psychology, in Brussels, July 1992. The Brussels Congress was the latest in a series of conferences which are organized at regular intervals under the auspices of the International Union of Psychological Science (IUPsyS), the main international organization in the field of Scientific Psychology. The first of those meetings took place in Paris in 1889. An important function of the International Congresses is to promote communication between different specializations in Psychology. Speakers were therefore asked to present lectures and discussions in their own fields of study, in a way that would be accessible to fellow psychologists active in other fields. State-of-the-Art lecturers were specifically asked to prepare a tutorial review on a topic which, in the view of the Program Committee, had recently given rise to particularly important developments. These contributions are included in Volume Two. Keynote lecturers were left free to address whatever subject they felt was of greatest interest. The chapters in Volume 1 are preceded by the Presidential Address by Mark R. Rosenzweig.

The Psychological Science of Money
Author: Erik Bijleveld,Henk Aarts
Publisher: Springer
Release Date: 2014-07-10
ISBN 10: 1493909592
Pages: 267 pages

The Psychological Science of Money Book Summary : Money. The root of all evil? Arguably. Essential to our lives? Certainly. A main driver of human thought, emotion, and action? Absolutely--and psychology and its related fields are getting closer to understanding its complex role in human behavior and in society. The Psychological Science of Money brings together classic and current findings on the myriad ways money affects brain, mind, and behavior to satisfy not only our needs for material gain, but also for autonomy and self-worth. Leading experts trace the links between early concepts of value and modern symbolic meanings of wealth, in addition to identifying the areas of the human brain that together act as its financial center. This cross-disciplinary analysis helps clarify the neuroscience behind pathological gambling, the critical role of time in financial decisions, and the impact of money on diverse personal activities and interpersonal relationships. Included in the coverage: Materiality, symbol, and complexity in the anthropology of money. The (relative and absolute) subjective value of money. Conscious and unconscious influences of money: two sides of the same coin? A life-course approach to dealing with monetary gains and losses Motivation and cognitive control: beyond monetary incentives. An integrative perspective on the science of getting paid. The psychological science of spending. The unique role of money in society makes The Psychological Science of Money a singularly fascinating resource with a wide audience among social psychologists, industrial and organizational psychologists, economists, sociologists, anthropologists, and public policymakers.

Psychological Science
Author: Michael Gazzaniga
Publisher: W. W. Norton
Release Date: 2018-07
ISBN 10: 9780393640342
Pages: 832 pages

Psychological Science Book Summary : Drawing on teaching and learning research, the Sixth Edition provides new tools to improve students' reading, focus, and self-assessment. Chapters are now divided into brief "study units," each of which concludes with a self-test question to increase comprehension. NEW "Putting Psychology to Work" features show students how to apply psychology concepts to future careers. Our formative, adaptive learning tool, InQuizitive, and our online psychology labs, ZAPS 2.0, provide a hands-on approach to assessing students' understanding.

Phenomenology and Psychological Science
Author: Peter Ashworth,Man Cheung Chung
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2007-03-11
ISBN 10: 0387337628
Pages: 216 pages

Phenomenology and Psychological Science Book Summary : Phenomenology and Psychological Science places phenomenology firmly in the context of psychological tradition. Dispelling widely-held misconceptions, the editors and their seven collaborators trace the evolution of phenomenological philosophy (including the work of Sartre and Heidegger) and its parallel impact on psychological science along a variety of paths. This book is important reading for professionals and advanced students concerned with the search for meaning that unites philosophy and psychology.

Progress in Psychological Science Around the World: Neural, cognitive and developmental issues
Author: Qicheng Jing
Publisher: Psychology Press
Release Date: 2006
ISBN 10: 1841699616
Pages: 576 pages

Progress in Psychological Science Around the World: Neural, cognitive and developmental issues Book Summary : Progress in Psychological Science around the World, Volumes 1 and 2, present the main contributions from the 28th International Congress of Psychology, held in Beijing in 2004. These expert contributions include the Nobel laureate address, the Presidential address, and the Keynote and State-of-the-Art lectures. They are written by international leaders in psychology from 25 countries and regions around the world. The authors present a variety of approaches and perspectives that reflect cutting-edge advances in psychological science. This first volume addresses neural, cognitive, and developmental issues in contemporary psychology. It includes chapters on learning, memory, and motivation, cognitive neuroscience, and attention, emotion, and language, and covers life-span developmental psychology. Volume 2 goes on to discuss social and applied issues in modern psychology. Progress in Psychological Science around the World, with its broad coverage of psychological research and practice, and its highly select group of world renowned authors, will be invaluable for researchers, professionals, teachers, and students in the field of psychology.

History of the International Union of Psychological Science (IUPsyS)
Author: Mark R. Rosenzweig,Wayne H. Holtzman,Michel Sabourin,David Belanger
Publisher: Psychology Press
Release Date: 2005-08-18
ISBN 10: 113543171X
Pages: 321 pages

History of the International Union of Psychological Science (IUPsyS) Book Summary : This book describes the present status and the history of the International Union of Psychological Science (IUPsyS) -- the most representative international psychological body. The IUPsyS includes national psychological associations from 66 countries, with more joining every year, and it has formal relations with the United Nations, UNESCO, the World Health Organization, the International Council for Science, and the International Social Science Council. Many well known psychologists have played important roles in this international organization, and the text and many photographs bring the story to life. IUPsyS was organized formally at the 14th international Congress of Psychology at Stockholm in 1951, so the 27th International Congress of Psychology at Stockholm in 2000 marks a half-century of its existence. But the history of the IUPsyS goes back to the first International Congresses of Psychology, 1889, and to the International Congress Committee which foreshadowed the organization of the International Union. After describing the present status of the IUPsyS in Chapter 1, the book traces briefly the early development of scientific societies and organizations. Chapter 3 tells how the first International Congress of Psychology was organized in Paris in 1889 and what it accomplished. Successive international congresses and the growth of psychology during the next sixty years are treated in chapters 4-6. The founding and development of the International Union in the last half of the 20th Century are described in the remaining chapters. International Congresses organized by the IUPsyS have taken place regularly since 1951, and the IUPsyS has steadily gained in the scope and influence of its activities. The congresses, long restricted to western Europe and North America, became more representative geographically, moving to Moscow, Tokyo, Leipzig, Acapulco, and Sydney, with the 28th congress planned for Beijing in 2004. The history shows how the IUPsyS has become increasingly able to face the problems and opportunities of the 21st century.