understanding status defense myths

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Understanding Status Defense Myths
Author : Kristine Marie Chapleau
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2020-05-01
ISBN 10 : 0128159138
Pages : 225 pages

Understanding Status Defense Myths: When Power and Privilege Go Unpunished investigates the role of status in the decision to punish or permit violence in society. Whether sexual, racial, political or financial, powerful factors work to maintain the status quo, heaping retribution on low-status perpetrators and delivering leniency to those with high-status. The model of status defense myths identifies four factors that are used to justify violence or absolve perpetrators of blame: evidence, deviance, danger and social worth. Status defense myths have been studied most often in the context of men’s sexual violence toward women, particularly “victim blaming", hence this is a timely resource. Whether on an elementary school playground, courtroom, or boardroom, status defense myths are used to privilege the rights of some at the expense of others. Understanding how this rhetoric exists and how it works is essential to understanding and combatting injustice. Examines victim blaming in the context of privileging the perpetrator Discusses how we permit and encourage violence and wrongdoing to maintain the status quo Includes real-world examples of status defense myths from news articles and books Provides applied case studies Spans many different arenas: sexism and rape myths, racism, corporations, sports and politics

Pope Francis Explained: Survey of Myths, Legends, and Catholic Defenses in Harmony with Tradition
Author : Dave Armstrong
Publisher : Lulu Press, Inc
Release Date : 2014-01-23
ISBN 10 : 1304833232
Pages : 329 pages

It seems that everyone wants to make the pope into their own image. Those outside the Church want him to be so-called “progressive” and are more than willing to project this attribute onto him, in a huge campaign of wishful thinking. But radical Catholic reactionaries, on the extreme right on the Catholic ecclesiological spectrum, become alarmed that the Church is compromising itself. A third group of obedient orthodox Catholics understand the pope's role and the nature and status of Catholic dogmas (which do not change), yet are confused by something a new pope says or does. Their concern is harmony with the existing tradition. For each “controversy” or supposed “scandal” or thing that Pope Francis said or did that has people in a confused state, I will attempt to show that the pope is in complete harmony with Catholic tradition. My hope and prayer is that my efforts will lessen the confusion of those who are sincerely seeking what the pope intends and means.

Martial Arts: Behind the Myths: The Martial Arts and Self Defense Secrets You NEED to Know!
Author : Phil Pierce
Publisher : Phil Pierce
Release Date : 2020-04-09
ISBN 10 :
Pages : 329 pages

Unlock the hidden secrets of Martial Arts and Self Defense... The no.1 download: Get your copy now! From acclaimed author Phil Pierce, discover the truths behind the secretive and fantastical world of martial arts. - Do you know the best martial art for 'real' street self-defense? - Or how board breaking really works … and how you can do it? - Uncover the one self-defense myth that could keep you alive! - The truth behind martial arts superhumans. - Which is the original martial art? - The truth about your inner badass. - The surprising reality behind everyone's favorite weapon. - The secret 'trick' to Bruce Lee's One Inch Punch (and how to do it yourself). Discover these and much more inside! From acclaimed martial arts author Phil Pierce, this guide cracks open the secretive techniques and explores why we are fascinated by the unknown and the mysterious world of combat arts. Whether you train in Karate, Taekwondo, Kung Fu, MMA, or just want to learn the insider tips and tricks, get your copy now. To say thanks for checking out this book you can get a FREE copy of "3 Steps to Explosive Power for Martial Arts and Fitness" from my website now. Just visit: www.BlackBeltFit.com Claim your free copy now! Tags: Martial Arts, Self Defense, Self Defence, MMA, Karate, Taekwondo, Kung Fu, Bruce Lee, Krav Maga, UFC

Myth of National Defense: Essays on the Theory and History of Security Production, The
Author : N.A
Publisher : Ludwig von Mises Institute
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 1610163826
Pages : 329 pages

Myths of Empire
Author : Jack Snyder
Publisher : Cornell University Press
Release Date : 2013-05-21
ISBN 10 : 0801468590
Pages : 344 pages

Overextension is the common pitfall of empires. Why does it occur? What are the forces that cause the great powers of the industrial era to pursue aggressive foreign policies? Jack Snyder identifies recurrent myths of empire, describes the varieties of overextension to which they lead, and criticizes the traditional explanations offered by historians and political scientists. He tests three competing theories—realism, misperception, and domestic coalition politics—against five detailed case studies: early twentieth-century Germany, Japan in the interwar period, Great Britain in the Victorian era, the Soviet Union after World War II, and the United States during the Cold War. The Resulting insights run counter to much that has been written about these apparently familiar instances of empire building.

Myths and Realities of Crime and Justice
Author : Steven E. Barkan,George J. Bryjak
Publisher : Jones & Bartlett Publishers
Release Date : 2013-07-19
ISBN 10 : 1449691099
Pages : 400 pages

An Engaging and Accessible Overview of Crime and Justice in America For all their interest in crime, most Americans know very little about the reality of crime and the criminal justice system in the United States and most of what Americans do know is a loose collection of accumulated truths, half-truths, and outright fallacies. Myths and Realities of Crime and Justice: What Every American Should Know, Second Edition provides a concise but thorough overview of criminal behavior, crime, and the criminal justice system in the United States. Using up-to-date social science research to debunk many of the beliefs Americans hold about crime, the book examines key topics such as serial killers and mass murders, gun violence, criminal victimization, identity theft, policing and police corruption, plea bargaining, jury nullification, wrongful convictions, the death penalty, and the CSI Effect. The fully revised and updated second edition of this popular text includes the most recent crime and criminal justice data, and covers several recent high-profile crimes, including the Newtown shooting, the Jerry Sandusky case, and the Trayvon Martin case. It also includes new sections on recent trends in crime rates, street gangs, and hate crimes. Ideally suited for students in criminal justice programs as well as professionals who work within or in tandem with the criminal justice system, Myths and Realities of Crime and Justice: What Every American Should Know, Second Edition is a thorough, engaging, and highly relevant portrait of crime and justice in America."

Myth and Metaphysics in Plato's Phaedo
Author : David A. White
Publisher : Susquehanna University Press
Release Date : 1989
ISBN 10 : 9780945636014
Pages : 316 pages

This study intends principally to isolate and describe the function of myth in the Phaedo in order to show its effect on the complex metaphysics developed throughout the dialogue. It further illustrates how these metaphysical concepts structure the dialogue's concluding eschatological myth.

Psychoanalytic Approaches to Myth
Author : Daniel Merkur
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date : 2005-07-05
ISBN 10 : 1135575274
Pages : 172 pages

This book surveys the history of psychoanalytic treatments of myths variously as symptoms of psychopathology, as cultural defense mechanisms, and as metaphoric expressions of ideas that may include therapeutic insights.

Mapping Myths of Biblical Interpretation
Author : Richard Walsh
Publisher : A&C Black
Release Date : 2001-03-01
ISBN 10 : 9781841272054
Pages : 192 pages

Walsh explores the role that myth has played in the interpretation of the Bible. He sees myth as an empowering, structuring story used either for good or ill and either consciously or unconsciously controlling our world views. Walsh looks for both the empowerment and the marginalization effected by myth as he follows the word through its myriad meanings ('Grasping Proteus'), its use in various disciplines ('Procrustean Mythographers'), its distinctive uses in biblical interpretation ('Mything the Bible'), and, finally, the mythic character of interpretation itself ('The Myth of Interpretation'). The concluding chapter, 'Behind the Mythic Curve', muses on the difficulty of knowing the myths by which we live and reflects hopefully on the possibility of play among the myriad myths in a postmodern, pluralist world.

The Myth of the Closed Mind
Author : Ray Scott Percival
Publisher : Open Court
Release Date : 2011-12-15
ISBN 10 : 0812697952
Pages : 352 pages

“It’s like talking to a brick wall” and “We’ll have to agree to disagree” are popular sayings referring to the frustrating experience of discussing issues with people who seem to be beyond the reach of argument. It’s often claimed that some people—fundamentalists or fanatics—are indeed sealed off from rational criticism. And every month new pop psychology books appear, describing the dumb ways ordinary people make decisions, as revealed by psychological experiments. The conclusion is that all or most people are fundamentally irrational. Ray Scott Percival sets out to demolish the whole notion of the closed mind and of human irrationality. There is a difference between making mistakes and being irrational. Though humans are prone to mistakes, they remain rational. In fact, making mistakes is a sign of rationality: a totally non-rational entity could not make a mistake. Rationality does not mean absence of error; it means the possibility of correcting error in the light of criticism. In this sense, all human beliefs are rational: they are all vulnerable to being abandoned when shown to be faulty. Percival agrees that people cling stubbornly to their beliefs, but he maintains that not being too ready to abandon one’s beliefs is rational.

Destructive Myths in Family Therapy
Author : Daniela Kramer-Moore,Michael Moore
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2012-04-30
ISBN 10 : 047066701X
Pages : 197 pages

This book takes a fresh look at problematic family processes familiar to marital and family therapists including defence mechanisms, conflict avoidance and sibling rivalry.

The Myth of the Democratic Peacekeeper
Author : Arturo C. Sotomayor
Publisher : JHU Press
Release Date : 2014
ISBN 10 : 1421412136
Pages : 255 pages

The Myth of the Democratic Peacekeeper reevaluates how United Nations peacekeeping missions reform (or fail to reform) their participating members. It investigates how such missions affect military organizations and civil-military relations as countries transition to a more democratic system. Two-thirds of the UN’s peacekeepers come from developing nations, many of which are transitioning to democracy as well. The assumption is that these “blue helmet” peacekeepers learn not only to appreciate democratic principles through their mission work but also to develop an international outlook and new ideas about conflict prevention. Arturo C. Sotomayor debunks this myth, arguing that democratic practices don’t just “rub off” on UN peacekeepers. So what, if any, benefit accrues to these troops from emerging democracies? In this richly detailed study of a decade’s worth of research (2001–2010) on Argentine, Brazilian, and Uruguayan peacekeeping participation, Sotomayor draws upon international socialization theory and civil-military relations to understand how peacekeeping efforts impact participating armed forces. He asks three questions: Does peacekeeping reform military organizations? Can peacekeeping socialize soldiers to become more liberalized and civilianized? Does peacekeeping improve defense and foreign policy integration? His evaluation of the three countries’ involvement in the UN Stabilization Mission in Haiti reinforces his final analysis—that successful democratic transitions must include a military organization open to change and a civilian leadership that exercises its oversight responsibilities. The Myth of the Democratic Peacekeeper contributes to international relations theory and to substantive issues in civil-military relations and comparative politics. It provides a novel argument about how peacekeeping works and further insight into how international factors affect domestic politics as well as how international institutions affect democratizing efforts.

The Lawyer Myth
Author : Rennard Strickland,Frank T. Read
Publisher : Ohio University Press
Release Date : 2008
ISBN 10 : 0804011109
Pages : 152 pages

"When you mentioned to family or friends that you were considering becoming a lawyer, you probably faced skepticism, if not serious criticism... You are undoubtedly asking yourself if three or four years of a rigorous and costly legal education is really worth the candle. For you ... we add these final comments. We hope that they will reassure you, as well as your friends and family, that it is possible, as Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr. proclaimed, 'to live greatly in the law.'" -- from The Lawyer Myth Lawyers and the legal profession have become scapegoats for many of the problems of our age. In The Lawyer Myth: A Defense of the American Legal Profession, Rennard Strickland and Frank T. Read look behind current antilawyer media images to explore the historical role of lawyers as a balancing force in times of social, economic, and political change. One source of this disjunction of perception and reality, they find, is that American society has lost touch with the need for the lawyer's skill and has come to blame unrelated social problems on the legal profession. This highly personal and impassioned book is their defense of lawyers and the rule of law in the United States. The Lawyer Myth confronts the hypocrisy of critics from both the right and the left who attempt to exploit popular misperceptions about lawyers and judges to further their own social and political agendas. By revealing the facts and reasoning behind the decisions in such cases as the infamous McDonald's coffee spill, the authors provide a clear explanation of the operation of the law while addressing misconceptions about the number of lawsuits, runaway jury verdicts, and legal "technicalities" that turn criminals out on the street. Acknowledging that no system is perfect, the authors propose a slate of reforms for the bar, the judiciary, and law schools that will enable today's lawyers--and tomorrow's--to live up to the noble potential of their profession. Whether one thinks of lawyers as keepers of the springs of democracy, foot soldiers of the Constitution, architects and carpenters of commerce, umpires and field levelers, healers of the body politic, or simply bridge builders, The Lawyer Myth reminds us that lawyers are essential to American democracy.

True Myth
Author : James W. Menzies
Publisher : Wipf and Stock Publishers
Release Date : 2014-09-25
ISBN 10 : 1630874620
Pages : 270 pages

Each generation asks in its own way, "What does it mean to be human?" In True Myth, James Menzies addresses this question by exploring myth and religion in the thinking of mythologist Joseph Campbell and Oxford don C. S. Lewis. Joseph Campbell understood Christianity as comprised of mythical themes similar to those in other religious and secular myths. Admitting that certain portions of the biblical record are historical, he taught the theological and miraculous aspects as symbolic, as stories in which the reader discovers what it means to be human today. C. S. Lewis defined Christianity, and being truly human, as a relationship between the personal Creator and his creation mediated through faith in his son, Jesus Christ. In contrast to Campbell, Lewis took the theological and miraculous literally. Although Lewis understood how one could see symbolism and lessons for life in miraculous events, he believed they were more than symbolic and indeed took place in human history. Not only does Menzies consider the ways Campbell and Lewis utilize myth in answering the question for their generation, but he also probes the influence and presence of myth in philosophy, media, ethics, history, literature, art, music, and religion in a contemporary context, thus helping readers consider answers for their own age.

Exploding the Myth?
Author : Derek Braddon
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date : 2014-02-25
ISBN 10 : 1317836502
Pages : 306 pages

From a cold war peak of some $1000 billion per annum, world military expenditure has declined by about 40% since 1990, reaching its lowest level for thirty years. With such significant decline in global public expenditure committments to the defence sector, a substantial and lasting peace dividend was anticipated. Most governments believed that market forces, left more or less to their own devices, would deal effectively with this major exogenous shock and generate sufficient new economic activity to allow increased public expenditure on health, education and welfare. The approach of this book is to challenge the fundamental but flawed belief that a substantial and lasting peace dividend could be secured through market solution alone. The principal assertion is that market adjustment by itself cannot deliver such a dividend.The book focuses on the major aspects of the economic, business and security consequences of post Cold War defence expenditure reduction. Key problems obstructing optimal market response are identified and possible remedial action by government and others is considered.

The Poetics of Myth
Author : Eleazar M. Meletinsky
Publisher : Routledge
Release Date : 2014-01-21
ISBN 10 : 1135599130
Pages : 516 pages

First Published in 1998. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

A Myth Retold
Author : Martin Sutherland
Publisher : Wipf and Stock Publishers
Release Date : 2014-09-29
ISBN 10 : 1630878405
Pages : 168 pages

Fifty years after his death, C. S. Lewis fascinates his readers still. Well established as a key figure in children's literature he is increasingly recognized as a significant Christian thinker. The authors in this volume are from a wide range of Christian traditions--testimony to the reach and significance of Lewis's legacy. The essays return to Lewis's devotional and theological works, assessing their place in his own thought and in the theology of the twentieth century. Lewis emerges as an insightful and creative theologian whose ideas continue to surprise in their sophistication and fecundity. Indeed, it is suggested that he represents a way of doing theology--"mere theology"--which suggests ways in which Christian thought may reengage the complex cultural debates of the contemporary world.

Women, Androgynes, and Other Mythical Beasts
Author : Wendy Doniger O'Flaherty
Publisher : University of Chicago Press
Release Date : 1982-11-15
ISBN 10 : 9780226618500
Pages : 408 pages

Examines the conception of the relationship between men and women as expressed in the animal symbols and sexual metaphors of Hindu mythology

Myths, Models, and U.S. Foreign Policy
Author : Stephen W. Twing
Publisher : Lynne Rienner Publishers
Release Date : 1998
ISBN 10 : 9781555877668
Pages : 213 pages

In what ways does national culture influence the direction of US foreign policy? This study analyzes how certain cultural elements influenced the policy preferences and policymaking behaviours of three Cold War-era statesmen - John Foster Dulles, Averell Harriman and Robert McNamara.

The Myth of Southern Exceptionalism
Author : Matthew D. Lassiter,Joseph Crespino
Publisher : Oxford University Press on Demand
Release Date : 2010
ISBN 10 : 0195384741
Pages : 348 pages

"More than one-third of the population of the United States now lives in the South, a region where politics, race relations, and the economy have changed dramatically since World War II. Yet scholars and journalists continue to disagree over whether the modern South is dominating, deviating from, or converging with the rest of the nation. This collection asks how the stories of American history chance if the South is no longer seen as a region apart--as the conservative exception to a liberal nation."--Back cover.