understanding process equipment for operators and engineers

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Understanding Process Equipment for Operators and Engineers
Author : Norman Lieberman
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2019-05-08
ISBN 10 : 0128161620
Pages : 431 pages

Understanding Process Equipment for Operators and Engineers explains how process equipment functions. As problems often arise in plants that must be solved by unit engineers, this book offers successful solutions and methods for their implementation. The concepts explained are based on Norm Lieberman’s personal, hands-on experience. Like you, Norm attended a university and was exposed to technical seminars which did not always provide the needed solutions. In this text, you will learn the functioning of a variety of equipment types, including Fired Heater Draft, Centrifugal Pump Head, Distillation Tray Efficiency, Vacuum Jets, Recip Compressors, Steam Turbines, Thermosyphon Circulation Reboilers and Air Cooler. Includes methods and procedures on how to make field measurements Outlines fire heater principles and operation and how they develop draft Describes distillation column operation and methods to increase their efficiency Includes computer modeling and provides use case examples

Working Guide to Process Equipment, Third Edition
Author : Norman Lieberman,Elizabeth Lieberman
Publisher : McGraw Hill Professional
Release Date : 2008-05-18
ISBN 10 : 9780071640961
Pages : 600 pages

Diagnose and Troubleshoot Problems in Chemical Process Equipment with This Updated Classic! Chemical engineers and plant operators can rely on the Third Edition of A Working Guide to Process Equipment for the latest diagnostic tips, practical examples, and detailed illustrations for pinpointing trouble and correcting problems in chemical process equipment. This updated classic contains new chapters on Control Valves, Cooling Towers, Waste Heat Boilers, Catalytic Effects, Fundamental Concepts of Process Equipment, and Process Safety. Filled with worked-out calculations, the book examines everything from trays, reboilers, instruments, air coolers, and steam turbines...to fired heaters, refrigeration systems, centrifugal pumps, separators, and compressors. The authors simplify complex issues and explain the technical issues needed to solve all kinds of equipment problems. Comprehensive and clear, the Third Edition of A Working Guide to Process Equipment features: Guidance on diagnosing and troubleshooting process equipment problems Explanations of how theory applies to real-world equipment operations Many useful tips, examples, illustrations, and worked-out calculations New to this edition: Control Valves, Cooling Towers, Waste Heat Boilers, Catalytic Effects, and Process Safety Inside this Renowned Guide to Solving Process Equipment Problems • Trays • Tower Pressure • Distillation Towers • Reboilers • Instruments • Packed Towers • Steam and Condensate Systems • Bubble Point and Dew Point • Steam Strippers • Draw-Off Nozzle Hydraulics • Pumparounds and Tower Heat Flows • Condensers and Tower Pressure Control • Air Coolers • Deaerators and Steam Systems • Vacuum Systems • Steam Turbines • Surface Condensers • Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchangers • Fire Heaters • Refrigeration Systems • Centrifugal Pumps • Separators • Compressors • Safety • Corrosion • Fluid Flow • Computer Modeling and Control • Field Troubleshooting Process Problems

Process Equipment Malfunctions: Techniques to Identify and Correct Plant Problems
Author : Norman Lieberman
Publisher : McGraw Hill Professional
Release Date : 2011-12-02
ISBN 10 : 0071770216
Pages : 560 pages

A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO TROUBLESHOOTING PROCESS EQUIPMENT MALFUNCTIONS Process Equipment Malfunctions offers proven techniques for finding and fixing process plant problems and contains details on failure identification. Diagnostic tips, examples, and illustrations help to pinpoint and correct faults in chemical process and petroleum refining equipment. Complex math has been omitted. An essential resource for plant operators and process engineers, this book is based on the author's long career in field troubleshooting process problems. COVERAGE INCLUDES: Distillation tray malfunctions Packed tower problems Distillation tower pressure and composition control Fractionator product stripping Pumparounds Reboiled and steam side strippers Inspecting tower internals Process reboilers--thermosyphon circulation Heat exchangers Condenser limitations Air coolers Cooling water systems Steam condensate collection systems Steam quality problems Level control problems Process plant corrosion and fouling Vapor-liquid separation vessels Hydrocarbon-water separation and desalters Fired heaters--draft and excess O2 Disabling safety systems Vacuum systems and steam jets Vacuum surface condensers Centrifugal pump limitations Steam turbine drivers Centrifugal compressors Reciprocating compressors

Process Engineering
Author : Norman P. Lieberman
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2017-04-10
ISBN 10 : 1119370272
Pages : 368 pages

This is not your average technical book! Using a humorous and easy-to-understand approach to solving common process engineering problems, this unique volume is the go-to guide for any veteran or novice engineer in the plant, office, or classroom. Textbooks are often too theoretical to help the average process engineer solve everyday problems in the plant, and generic handbooks are often out of date and not comprehensive. This guide focuses on the most common problems that every engineer faces and how to solve them. The “characters” walk the reader through every problem and solution step-by-step, through dialogues that literally occur every day in process plants around the world. With over half a century of experience and many books, videos, and seminars to his credit, Norm Lieberman is well-known all over the world and has helped countless companies and engineers through issues with equipment, processes, and training. This is the first time that this knowledge has appeared in a format like this, quite unlike anything ever published before in books on process engineering. This is a must-have for any engineer working in process engineering.

Chemical Process Equipment - Selection and Design (Revised 2nd Edition)
Author : James R. Couper,W. Roy Penney,James R. Fair, PhD
Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
Release Date : 2009-08-11
ISBN 10 : 9780080919720
Pages : 832 pages

A facility is only as efficient and profitable as the equipment that is in it: this highly influential book is a powerful resource for chemical, process, or plant engineers who need to select, design or configures plant sucessfully and profitably. It includes updated information on design methods for all standard equipment, with an emphasis on real-world process design and performance. The comprehensive and influential guide to the selection and design of a wide range of chemical process equipment, used by engineers globally • Copious examples of successful applications, with supporting schematics and data to illustrate the functioning and performance of equipment Revised edition, new material includes updated equipment cost data, liquid-solid and solid systems, and the latest information on membrane separation technology Provides equipment rating forms and manufacturers’ data, worked examples, valuable shortcut methods, rules of thumb, and equipment rating forms to demonstrate and support the design process Heavily illustrated with many line drawings and schematics to aid understanding, graphs and tables to illustrate performance data

Process Engineering for a Small Planet
Author : Norman P. Lieberman
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2011-02-25
ISBN 10 : 9781118060254
Pages : 296 pages

Methods for more planet-friendly process engineering Our earth is just one big, complex Process Facility with limited air, water, and mineral resources. It responds to a number of process variables—among them, humanity and the environmental effects of our carbon consumption. What can professionals in the Hydrocarbon Process Industry do to retard environmental degradation? Rather than looking to exotic technology for solutions, Process Engineering for a Small Planet details ready-at-hand methods that the process engineer can employ to help combat the environmental crisis. Drawing from the author's professional experience working with petroleum refineries petroleum refineries, petrochemical plants, and natural gas wells, this handbook explains how to operate and retrofit process facilities to: Reuse existing process equipment Save energy Reduce greenhouse gas emissions Expand plant capacity without installing new equipment Reduce corrosion and equipment failures Covering topics from expanding fractionator and compressor capacity and vacuum tower heater expansion to minimizing process water consumption and increasing centrifugal pump capacity, Process Engineering for a Small Planet offers big ideas for saving our small planet.

Troubleshooting Process Plant Control
Author : Norman P. Lieberman
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2017-03-14
ISBN 10 : 1119267773
Pages : 336 pages

Examines real life problems and solutions for operators and engineers running process controls Expands on the first book with the addition of five new chapters as well as new troubleshooting examples Written for the working operator and engineer, with straightforward instruction not hinged on complex math Includes real-life examples of control problems that commonly arise and how to fix them Emphasizes single and well-established process engineering principles that will help working engineers and operators switch manual control loops to automatic control

Process Plant Equipment
Author : Michael D. Holloway,Chikezie Nwaoha,Oliver A. Onyewuenyi
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2012-08-20
ISBN 10 : 1118162544
Pages : 728 pages

“Process Plant Equipment Book is another greatpublication from Wiley as a reference book for final year studentsas well as those who will work or are working in chemicalproduction plants and refinery…” -Associate Prof.Dr. Ramli Mat, Deputy Dean (Academic), Faculty of ChemicalEngineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia “…give[s] readers access to both fundamentalinformation on process plant equipment and to practical ideas, bestpractices and experiences of highly successful engineers fromaround the world… The book is illustrated throughout withnumerous black & white photos and diagrams and also containscase studies demonstrating how actual process plants haveimplemented the tools and techniques discussed in the book. Anextensive list of references enables readers to explore eachindividual topic in greater depth…”–Stainless Steel World and Valve World, November 2012 Discover how to optimize process plant equipment, fromselection to operation to troubleshooting From energy to pharmaceuticals to food, the world depends onprocessing plants to manufacture the products that enable people tosurvive and flourish. With this book as their guide, readers havethe information and practical guidelines needed to select, operate,maintain, control, and troubleshoot process plant equipment so thatit is efficient, cost-effective, and reliable throughout itslifetime. Following the authors' careful explanations andinstructions, readers will find that they are better able to reducedowntime and unscheduled shutdowns, streamline operations, andmaximize the service life of processing equipment. Process Plant Equipment: Operation, Control, andReliability is divided into three sections: Section One: Process Equipment Operations covers suchkey equipment as valves, pumps, cooling towers, conveyors, andstorage tanks Section Two: Process Plant Reliability sets forth avariety of tested and proven tools and methods to assess and ensurethe reliability and mechanical integrity of process equipment,including failure analysis, Fitness-for-Service assessment,engineering economics for chemical processes, and process componentfunction and performance criteria Section Three: Process Measurement, Control, andModeling examines flow meters, process control, and processmodeling and simulation Throughout the book, numerous photos and diagrams illustrate theoperation and control of key process equipment. There are also casestudies demonstrating how actual process plants have implementedthe tools and techniques discussed in the book. At the end of eachchapter, an extensive list of references enables readers to exploreeach individual topic in greater depth. In summary, this text offers students, process engineers, andplant managers the expertise and technical support needed tostreamline and optimize the operation of process plant equipment,from its initial selection to operations to troubleshooting.

Analysis, Synthesis and Design of Chemical Processes
Author : Richard Turton,Richard C. Bailie,Wallace B. Whiting,Joseph A. Shaeiwitz
Publisher : Pearson Education
Release Date : 2008-12-24
ISBN 10 : 0132459183
Pages : 1088 pages

The Leading Integrated Chemical Process Design Guide: Now with New Problems, New Projects, and More More than ever, effective design is the focal point of sound chemical engineering. Analysis, Synthesis, and Design of Chemical Processes, Third Edition, presents design as a creative process that integrates both the big picture and the small details–and knows which to stress when, and why. Realistic from start to finish, this book moves readers beyond classroom exercises into open-ended, real-world process problem solving. The authors introduce integrated techniques for every facet of the discipline, from finance to operations, new plant design to existing process optimization. This fully updated Third Edition presents entirely new problems at the end of every chapter. It also adds extensive coverage of batch process design, including realistic examples of equipment sizing for batch sequencing; batch scheduling for multi-product plants; improving production via intermediate storage and parallel equipment; and new optimization techniques specifically for batch processes. Coverage includes Conceptualizing and analyzing chemical processes: flow diagrams, tracing, process conditions, and more Chemical process economics: analyzing capital and manufacturing costs, and predicting or assessing profitability Synthesizing and optimizing chemical processing: experience-based principles, BFD/PFD, simulations, and more Analyzing process performance via I/O models, performance curves, and other tools Process troubleshooting and “debottlenecking” Chemical engineering design and society: ethics, professionalism, health, safety, and new “green engineering” techniques Participating successfully in chemical engineering design teams Analysis, Synthesis, and Design of Chemical Processes, Third Edition, draws on nearly 35 years of innovative chemical engineering instruction at West Virginia University. It includes suggested curricula for both single-semester and year-long design courses; case studies and design projects with practical applications; and appendixes with current equipment cost data and preliminary design information for eleven chemical processes–including seven brand new to this edition.

Ludwig's Applied Process Design for Chemical and Petrochemical Plants
Author : A. Kayode Coker
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2011-08-30
ISBN 10 : 9780080469706
Pages : 1024 pages

This complete revision of Applied Process Design for Chemical and Petrochemical Plants, Volume 1 builds upon Ernest E. Ludwig’s classic text to further enhance its use as a chemical engineering process design manual of methods and proven fundamentals. This new edition includes important supplemental mechanical and related data, nomographs and charts. Also included within are improved techniques and fundamental methodologies, to guide the engineer in designing process equipment and applying chemical processes to properly detailed equipment. All three volumes of Applied Process Design for Chemical and Petrochemical Plants serve the practicing engineer by providing organized design procedures, details on the equipment suitable for application selection, and charts in readily usable form. Process engineers, designers, and operators will find more chemical petrochemical plant design data in: Volume 2, Third Edition, which covers distillation and packed towers as well as material on azeotropes and ideal/non-ideal systems. Volume 3, Third Edition, which covers heat transfer, refrigeration systems, compression surge drums, and mechanical drivers. A. Kayode Coker, is Chairman of Chemical & Process Engineering Technology department at Jubail Industrial College in Saudi Arabia. He’s both a chartered scientist and a chartered chemical engineer for more than 15 years. and an author of Fortran Programs for Chemical Process Design, Analysis and Simulation, Gulf Publishing Co., and Modeling of Chemical Kinetics and Reactor Design, Butterworth-Heinemann. Provides improved design manuals for methods and proven fundamentals of process design with related data and charts Covers a complete range of basic day-to-day petrochemical operation topics with new material on significant industry changes since 1995.

Primary Treatment at Wastewater Treatment Plants
Author : Glenn M. Tillman
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 1991-11-08
ISBN 10 : 9780873714280
Pages : 115 pages

Primary Treatment at Wastewater Treatment Plants is a volume in the Operator's Guide Series and focuses on that segment of conventional wastewater treatment known as primary treatment. The author has developed the general operational procedures described in the book from his own experience as a plant operator, superintendent, and operations consultant. These procedures should reinforce your understanding of the standard operations at your plant and may even spark new ideas that could prove beneficial to overall operations. For this reason, blank pages are provided at the end of each chapter so that notes and ideas can easily be added to this handy volume. Topics addressed in the book include a discussion of the primary treatment process, equipment, start-up and shutdown procedures, routine operator duties, emergency response procedures, general safety rules, and good housekeeping and odor control tips. The book also contains a section featuring a variety of troubleshooting hints designed to help you run a smooth operation. These techniques will prove useful in identifying problems, and the procedures discussed will help you get the operation up and running again.

Process Steam Systems
Author : Carey Merritt
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2015-09-11
ISBN 10 : 1119085462
Pages : 336 pages

Comprehensively describes the equipment used in process steam systems, good operational and maintenance practices, and techniques used to troubleshoot system problems Explains how an entire steam system should be properly designed, operated and maintained Includes chapters on commissioning and troubleshooting various process systems and problems Presents basic thermodynamics and heat transfer principles as they apply to good process steam system design Covers Steam System Efficiency Upgrades; useful for operations and maintenance personnel responsible for modifying their systems