understanding and mitigating ageing in nuclear power plants

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Understanding and Mitigating Ageing in Nuclear Power Plants
Author : Philip G Tipping
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2010-10-26
ISBN 10 : 1845699955
Pages : 944 pages
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Plant life management (PLiM) is a methodology focussed on the safety-first management of nuclear power plants over their entire lifetime. It incorporates and builds upon the usual periodic safety reviews and licence renewals as part of an overall framework designed to assist plant operators and regulators in assessing the operating conditions of a nuclear power plant, and establishing the technical and economic requirements for safe, long-term operation. Understanding and mitigating ageing in nuclear power plants critically reviews the fundamental ageing-degradation mechanisms of materials used in nuclear power plant structures, systems and components (SSC), along with their relevant analysis and mitigation paths, as well as reactor-type specific PLiM practices. Obsolescence and other less obvious ageing-related aspects in nuclear power plant operation are also examined in depth. Part one introduces the reader to the role of nuclear power in the global energy mix, and the importance and relevance of plant life management for the safety regulation and economics of nuclear power plants. Key ageing degradation mechanisms and their effects in nuclear power plant systems, structures and components are reviewed in part two, along with routes taken to characterise and analyse the ageing of materials and to mitigate or eliminate ageing degradation effects. Part three reviews analysis, monitoring and modelling techniques applicable to the study of nuclear power plant materials, as well as the application of advanced systems, structures and components in nuclear power plants. Finally, Part IV reviews the particular ageing degradation issues, plant designs, and application of plant life management (PLiM) practices in a range of commercial nuclear reactor types. With its distinguished international team of contributors, Understanding and mitigating ageing in nuclear power plants is a standard reference for all nuclear plant designers, operators, and nuclear safety and materials professionals and researchers. Introduces the reader to the role of nuclear power in the global energy mix Reviews the fundamental ageing-degradation mechanisms of materials used in nuclear power plant structures, systems and components (SSC) Examines topics including elimination of ageing effects, plant design, and the application of plant life management (PLiM) practices in a range of commercial nuclear reactor types

Nuclear Safety
Author : N.A
Publisher : N.A
Release Date : 1994
ISBN 10 :
Pages : 329 pages
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Methodology for the Management of Ageing of Nuclear Power Plant Components Important to Safety
Author : International Atomic Energy Agency
Publisher : N.A
Release Date : 1992
ISBN 10 :
Pages : 50 pages
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Nuclear Power Plant Life Management and Longer-term Operation
Author : OECD Nuclear Energy Agency
Publisher : OECD
Release Date : 2006
ISBN 10 :
Pages : 57 pages
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On cover and title page: Nuclear development

Understanding and Managing Ageing of Material in Spent Fuel Storage Facilities
Author : International Atomic Energy Agency
Publisher : IAEA
Release Date : 2006
ISBN 10 :
Pages : 107 pages
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This report results from a Coordinated Research Project on "Ageing of Materials in Spent Fuel Storage Facilities". It includes sections on the status of understanding ageing of selected materials and on management of ageing. The management of ageing is of key importance in many countries for the owners and operators of many facilities, including power reactors. There is a large measure of agreement on the general approach, which is summarized in this report. The report also includes a brief section on specific approaches in the context of fuel storage facilities and some specific recommendations. Moreover, the content has been broadened to try to appeal to those who may be in the early stages of setting up ageing management programmes either for new or for older fuel storage facilities. The report differentiates between the ageing of fuel materials from research reactors and civil reactors.

Environmental Remediation and Restoration of Contaminated Nuclear and Norm Sites
Author : L van Velzen
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2015-02-02
ISBN 10 : 1782422382
Pages : 276 pages
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Nuclear sites become contaminated with radionuclides due to accidents and activities carried out without due consideration for the environment. Naturally-occurring radioactive materials (NORM) released by industrial processes such as coal power production and fertilizer manufacture may also require clean-up. Environmental remediation and restoration aim to reduce exposure to radiation from contaminated soil or groundwater. This book provides a comprehensive overview of this area. Part 1 provides an introduction to the different types of contaminated site and their characteristics. Part 2 addresses environmental restoration frameworks and processes. Part 3 then reviews different remediation techniques and methods of waste disposal. Explores types and characteristics of contaminated nuclear and NORM sites Provides an in depth guide to environmental restoration frameworks and processes including stakeholder involvement, risk assessment and cost-benefit analysis in the remediation and restoration of contaminated nuclear and NORM sites Offers coverage of remediation techniques and waste disposal from electrokinetic remediation to in situ and ex situ bioremediation of radionuclides contaminated soils

Membrane Reactors for Energy Applications and Basic Chemical Production
Author : Angelo Basile,Luisa Di Paola,Faisal Hai,Vincenzo Piemonte
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2015-02-10
ISBN 10 : 1782422277
Pages : 696 pages
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Membrane Reactors for Energy Applications and Basic Chemical Production presents a discussion of the increasing interest in membrane reactors that has emerged in recent years from both the scientific and industrial communities, in particular their usage for energy applications and basic chemical production. Part One of the text investigates membrane reactors for syngas and hydrogen production, while Part Two examines membrane reactors for other energy applications, including biodiesel and bioethanol production. The final section of the book reviews the use of membrane reactors in basic chemical production, including discussions of the use of MRs in ammonia production and the dehydrogenation of alkanes to alkenes. Provides comprehensive coverage of membrane reactors as presented by a world-renowned team of experts Includes discussions of the use of membrane reactors in ammonia production and the dehydrogenation of alkanes to alkenes Tackles the use of membrane reactors in syngas, hydrogen, and basic chemical production Keen focus placed on the industry, particularly in the use of membrane reactor technologies in energy

Gasification for Synthetic Fuel Production
Author : R Luque,J Speight
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2014-08-29
ISBN 10 : 085709808X
Pages : 348 pages
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Gasification involves the conversion of carbon sources without combustion to syngas, which can be used as a fuel itself or further processed to synthetic fuels. The technology provides a potentially more efficient means of energy generation than direct combustion. This book provides an overview of gasification science and engineering and the production of synthetic fuels by gasification from a variety of feedstocks. Part one introduces gasification, reviewing the scientific basis of the process and gasification engineering. Part two then addresses gasification and synthentic fuel production processes. Finally, chapters in part three outline the different applications of gasification, with chapters on the conversion of different types of feedstock. Examines the design of gasifiers, the preparation of feedstocks, and the economic, environmental and policy issues related to gasification Reviews gasification processes for liquid fuel production Outlines the different applications of gasification technology

Irradiation Embrittlement of Reactor Pressure Vessels (RPVs) in Nuclear Power Plants
Author : Naoki Soneda
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2014-09-01
ISBN 10 : 0857096478
Pages : 432 pages
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Reactor Pressure Vessels (RPVs) contain the fuel and therefore the reaction at the heart of nuclear power plants. They are a life-determining structural component: if they suffer serious damage, the continued operation of the plant is in jeopardy. This book critically reviews irradiation embrittlement, the main degradation mechanism affecting RPV steels, and mitigation routes for managing the RPV lifetime. Part I reviews RPV design and fabrication in different countries, with an emphasis on the materials required, their important properties, and manufacturing technologies. Part II then considers RVP embrittlement in operational nuclear power plants using different reactors. Chapters are devoted to embrittlement in light-water reactors, including WWER-type reactors and Magnox reactors. Finally, Part III presents techniques for studying embrittlement, including irradiation simulation techniques, microstructural characterisation techniques, and probabilistic fracture mechanics. Irradiation Embrittlement of Reactor Pressure Vessels (RPVs) in Nuclear Power Plants provides a thorough review of an issue that is central to the safety of nuclear power generation. The book includes contributions from an international team of experts, and will be a useful resource for nuclear plant operators and managers, relevant regulatory and safety bodies, nuclear metallurgists and other academics in this field Discusses reactor pressure vessel (RPV) design and the effect irradiation embrittlement can have, the main degradation mechanism affecting RPVs Examines embrittlement processes in RPVs in different reactor types, as well as techniques for studying RPV embrittlement

Passive Shutdown Systems for Fast Neutron Reactors
Author : International Atomic Energy Agency
Publisher : N.A
Release Date : 2020-06-30
ISBN 10 : 9789201042194
Pages : 110 pages
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Designs for nuclear power plants increasingly include passive features. A major focus of the design of modern fast reactors is on inherent and passive safety. Inherent and passive safety features are especially important when active systems such as emergency shutdown systems for reactor shutdown are not functioning properly. This publication discusses the past experience in the development of such systems along with the research that is ongoing. It is a comprehensive publication which provides information on the basic design principles for passive shutdown systems and the related operational experience gathered so far, and also reviews the innovative concepts under development and the needs for research and development and qualification tests.

Management of Life Cycle and Ageing at Nuclear Power Plants
Author : International Atomic Energy Agency
Publisher : N.A
Release Date : 2004
ISBN 10 :
Pages : 135 pages
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The goal of this publication is to provide the latest information on ageing, obsolescence and performance monitoring of those items of I & C equipment that are classified as safety equipment and/or safety related equipment, are operated in harsh environments in NPPs, and are important in plant life extension not only for normal operation but also, and more importantly, for post-accident service. In achieving this goal, this publication identifies the key I & C components of interest that are expected to function well throughout the life of a plant including the extended life.

Power Generation Technologies
Author : Paul Breeze
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2005-02-04
ISBN 10 : 9780080480107
Pages : 288 pages
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This book makes intelligible the wide range of electricity generating technologies available today, as well as some closely allied technologies such as energy storage. The book opens by setting the many power generation technologies in the context of global energy consumption, the development of the electricity generation industry and the economics involved in this sector. A series of chapters are each devoted to assessing the environmental and economic impact of a single technology, including conventional technologies, nuclear and renewable (such as solar, wind and hydropower). The technologies are presented in an easily digestible form. Different power generation technologies have different greenhouse gas emissions and the link between greenhouse gases and global warming is a highly topical environmental and political issue. With developed nations worldwide looking to reduce their emissions of carbon dioxide, it is becoming increasingly important to explore the effectiveness of a mix of energy generation technologies. Power Generation Technologies gives a clear, unbiased review and comparison of the different types of power generation technologies available. In the light of the Kyoto protocol and OSPAR updates, Power Generation Technologies will provide an invaluable reference text for power generation planners, facility managers, consultants, policy makers and economists, as well as students and lecturers of related Engineering courses. · Provides a unique comparison of a wide range of power generation technologies - conventional, nuclear and renewable · Describes the workings and environmental impact of each technology · Evaluates the economic viability of each different power generation system