translational glycobiology in human health and disease

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Translational Glycobiology in Human Health and Disease
Author : Michelle Kilcoyne,Lokesh Joshi
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2020-11-15
ISBN 10 : 9780128196557
Pages : 480 pages
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Along with nucleic acids, proteins, and lipids, carbohydrates stand as one of four main components of cellular architecture. However, glycobiology (or carbohydrate bioscience) is little understood by non-experts, partly because carbohydrates are a complex, diverse class of molecules structurally and functionally. In recent years, advances in computational analytics (glycomics) have allowed us to better interpret and realize the importance of glycobiology in human health and disease, and glycans and their associated processes have been shown to play a significant role across a variety of disease types. As the biomedical sciences continue to adopt multi-omic and precision medicine approaches, a greater understanding of glycobiology is essential for maintaining healthy physiology and advancing disease treatment. Translational Glycobiology in Human Health and Disease offers a deep examination of glycobiology for experts and non-experts alike in areas ranging from the role of glycobiology in chronic and infectious diseases to advances in technologies for higher throughput analysis and diagnosis. While keeping human health in the forefront, this book integrates a thorough discussion of glycobiology fundamentals with its growing areas of application and societal impact. With emphasis throughout on the interdisciplinary nature of glycosciences, this book also features perspectives from the health, computational (glycoanalytics), materials, biopharmaceutical, and diagnostic sciences. Disease and speciality areas addressed include gycoimmunology, neuroglycobiology, commensal glycobiology, gut health, regenerative medicine and glycobiology, glycobiology and cancer, congenital disorders of glycosylation, infectious disease glycobiology, and parasite glycobiology. Computational approaches discussed, supporting the advance of new research, include advanced glycoanalytics, glycomics microarrays, glycoengineering, and glycol systems biology. Additionally, authors consider impact areas for society and public health, such as glycobiology and entrepreneurship, policy and regulatory requirements for glycosylation, future research, and translation to new diagnostics and drug discovery. Provides a deep, foundational overview of glycoscience and its translational potential, highlighting glycobiology's growing role in human health and disease study Examines a broad range of relevant disease areas and applications of glycobiology in policy and public health Features chapter contributions from leading, international experts in the field, fully integrating perspectives from the health, computational, materials, biopharmaceutical, and diagnostic sciencess

Gangliosides in Health and Disease
Author : N.A
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2018-04-25
ISBN 10 : 0128123427
Pages : 480 pages
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Gangliosides in Health and Disease, Volume 156, presents the latest information on Gangliosides, a class of glycolipids that are found on all vertebrate cell surfaces, and are particularly abundant in the brain. Individual chapters in this new volume cover Gangliosides as Toxin Receptors, Gangliosides in Cancer Cell Signaling, Gangliosides in inflammation and neurodegeneration, Gangliosides as functional galectin receptors, Gangliosides in signal transduction, Gangliosides in brain tumor immunology, and Gangliosides in axon regeneration and stability, amongst other related topics. This book brings together world experts in ganglioside structure and function who have been assembled to contribute to this thorough update of the field. Contains accessible content that is ideal for students and researchers alike Written by leading authorities in the field

Post-Translational Modifications in Health and Disease
Author : Cecilio J. Vidal
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2010-10-13
ISBN 10 : 9781441963826
Pages : 490 pages
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Post-translational modifications serve many different purposes in several cellular processes such as gene expression, protein folding and transport to appropriate cell compartment, protein-lipid and protein-protein interactions, enzyme regulation, signal transduction, cell proliferation and differentiation, protein stability, recycling and degradation. Although several-hundred different modifications are known, the significance of many of them remains unknown. The enormous versatility of the modifications which frequently alter the physico-chemical properties of the respective proteins represents an extraordinary challenge in understanding their physiological role. Since essential cellular functions are regulated by protein modifications, an improvement of current understanding of their meaning might allow new avenues to prevent and/or alleviate human and animal diseases.

Progress in Molecular Biology and Translational Science
Author : N.A
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2019-03-22
ISBN 10 : 012817739X
Pages : 418 pages
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Glycans and Glycosaminoglycans as Clinical Biomarkers and Therapeutics - Part A, Volume 162 in the Progress in Molecular Biology and Translational Science series provides informative monographs on a variety of research topics related to Glycans and glycosaminoglycans as clinical biomarkers and therapeutics. Topics in this update include Glycan-based Biomarkers for Diagnosis of Cancers and Other Diseases: Past, Present and Future, Desialylation in Diseases and its Application in Diagnostic and Therapeutic Development, Proteoglycans as Miscommunication Biomarkers for Cancer Diagnosis, Fucosylation in Cancer Biology and Its Clinical Applications, Retrospective Analysis of Glycan-Related Biomarkers Based on Clinical Laboratory Data in Two Medical Centers, and many related topics. Includes comprehensive coverage of molecular biology Presents ample use of tables, diagrams, schemata and color figures to enhance the reader's ability to rapidly grasp the information provided Contains contributions from renowned experts in the field

Genome Plasticity in Health and Disease
Author : N.A
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2020-04-08
ISBN 10 : 0128178205
Pages : 288 pages
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Genome Plasticity in Health and Disease provides a fully up-to-date overview on genome plasticity and its role in human physiology and disease. Following an introduction to the field, a diverse range of chapters cover genomic and epigenomic analysis and the use of model organisms and genomic databases in studies. Specific molecular and biochemical mechanisms of genome plasticity are examined, including somatic variants, De Novo variants, founder variations, isolated populations dynamics, copy-number variations, mobile elements, DNA methylation, histone modifications, transcription factors, non-coding RNAs, telomere dynamics and RNA editing. Later chapters explore disease relevance for cancer, as well as cardiovascular, neuropsychiatric, inflammatory, and endocrine disease, and associated pathways for drug discovery. Examines the role of genome plasticity across a range of disease types, from cardiovascular disease, to cancer and neuropsychiatric disorders Adopts an interdisciplinary approach, with expert contributions across the spectrum of basic science and disease relevance to drug discovery

Sialic Acids and Sialoglycoconjugates in the Biology of Life, Health and Disease
Author : Shyamasree Ghosh
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2020-01-08
ISBN 10 : 0128161272
Pages : 362 pages
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Sialic Acids and Sialoglycoconjugates in the Biology of Life, Health and Disease enables the reader to understand the role of sialylation as a post translational modification. The book provides insights on the latest knowledge in the field of sialoglycobiology. Sialic acids as terminal residues of oligosaccharide chains play crucial roles in several cellular recognition events. Synthesized post translationally, they play an important role in recognition, signaling, immunological response and cell-cell interaction. Improper sialylations have been associated with several diseases including cancer. In the post genomics and proteomics era, sialoglybiology has become more and more important in deciphering health and disease conditions. Discusses the sialic acids and their role in different diseases (other than cancer) Provides an understanding of sialylations as post translational modifications (PTM) Demonstrates the impact sialylation has on infectious diseases, the autoimmune system and health Gives insights on the importance of sialic acid biology through animal models

Chemical Glycobiology
Author : Chen, Xi,Randall Halcomb,American Chemical Society. Meeting,American Chemical Society. Division of Carbohydrate Chemistry,Peng George Wang
Publisher : Amer Chemical Society
Release Date : 2008
ISBN 10 :
Pages : 325 pages
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Although the process of understanding the biological functions of carbohydrates has developed slowly due to the lack of efficient approaches in obtaining and studying these structures, in the past two decades, remarkable advances have been made in chemical and chemoenzymatic synthesis of carbohydrates and glycoconjugates. The material presented in this volume shows how a better understanding of the structure and the function of carbohydrate-containing bacterial cell wall has revealed that carbohydrate-containing molecules and carbohydrate-like structures are useful as carbohydrate-based anti-microbial vaccines, anti-viral drugs, anti-coagulants, anti-cancer drugs, and potential anti-cancer vaccines. In addition, the text explores the important roles that novel glycolipids have been found to play in the immune system. Metabolic engineering has demonstrated itself as an efficient approach to probe and manipulate biological functions of carbohydrates both in vitro and in vivo. Automated glycan analysis, carbohydrate microarrays, and novel high-throughput screening methods have hastened the analysis and the understanding of carbohydrate-containing structures. Polypeptide-based glycopolymers have been developed for the study of multivalent binding events of carbohydrates and proteins. This text presents examples of these recent developments in using chemical techniques and tools to study glycobiology. This is an excellent reference book for upper-division undergraduate students, graduate students, and researchers who are interested in carbohydrate-related medicinal chemistry, organic chemistry, biology, and chemical biology.

Proceedings of 3rd Glycobiology World Congress 2017
Author : ConferenceSeries
Publisher : ConferenceSeries
Release Date :
ISBN 10 :
Pages : 79 pages
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June 26-28, 2017 London, UK Key Topics : Glycoprotein Technologies, Glyco Bioinformatics, Glycans in Drug Design, Glyco Immunology, Glyco Biomarkers, Glycobiology and Biotechnology, Glycans in Diseases and Therapeutics, Glycobiology in Personalized Medicine, Glycans in Genetic Disorders, Glycobiology and Structural Biology, Glyco Proteomics, Glycomics and Metabolomics, Mass Spectrometry in Proteome Research, Glycobiology, Genomics and Computational Systems Biology, Glycobiochemistry,

Essentials of Glycobiology
Author : Ajit Varki,Maarten J. Chrispeels
Publisher : CSHL Press
Release Date : 1999
ISBN 10 : 9780879696818
Pages : 653 pages
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Sugar chains (glycans) are often attached to proteins and lipids and have multiple roles in the organization and function of all organisms. "Essentials of Glycobiology" describes their biogenesis and function and offers a useful gateway to the understanding of glycans.

Australian Journal of Chemistry
Author : N.A
Publisher : N.A
Release Date : 2002
ISBN 10 :
Pages : 329 pages
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Probing Glycosylation Using Azidosugars and the Staudinger Ligation in Vivo
Author : Danielle Hilda Dube
Publisher : N.A
Release Date : 2005
ISBN 10 :
Pages : 320 pages
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Proteostasis and Disease
Author : Rosa Barrio,James D. Sutherland,Manuel S. Rodriguez
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date : 2020-04-09
ISBN 10 : 3030382664
Pages : 348 pages
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This book, written by members of the European network PROTEOSTASIS, provides an up-to-date review of the research regarding protein homeostasis in health and disease. With new discoveries contributing to the increasing complexity of this topic, the book offers a detailed overview of the pathways regulating protein homeostasis, including autophagy and the ubiquitin protein family. Following a basic introduction, it explains how defects in protein homeostasis contribute to numerous pathologies, including cancer, neurodegeneration, inflammation and a number of rare diseases. In addition, it discusses, the role of protein homeostasis in cellular development and physiology. Highlighting the latest research in the field of protein homeostasis and its implications for various clinically relevant diseases, the book appeals to researchers and clinicians, while also offering a reference guide for scholars who are new to the field.