thermally activated delayed fluorescence organic light emitting diodes

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Thermally Activated Delayed Fluorescence Organic Light-Emitting Diodes (TADF-OLEDs)
Author : Lian Duan
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2021-10-15
ISBN 10 : 9780128198100
Pages : 515 pages

Thermally Activated Delayed Fluorescence Organic Light-Emitting Diodes (TADF-OLEDs) comprehensively introduces the history of TADF, along with a review of fundamental concepts. Then, TADF emitters with different colors, such as blue, green, red and NIR as well as white OLEDs are discussed in detail. Other sections cover exciplex-type TADF materials, emerging application of TADF emitters as a host in OLEDs, and applications of TADF materials in organic lasers and biosensing. Discusses green, blue, red, NIR and white TADF emitters and their design strategies for improved performance for light-emitting diode applications Addresses emerging materials, such as molecular and exciplex-based TADF materials Includes emerging applications like lasers and biosensors

Highly Efficient OLEDs
Author : Hartmut Yersin
Publisher : Wiley-VCH
Release Date : 2018-11-19
ISBN 10 : 3527339000
Pages : 608 pages

The essential resource that offers a comprehensive understanding of OLED optimizations Highly Efficient OLEDs. Materials Based on Thermally Activated Delayed Fluorescence (TADF) offers substantial information on the working principle of OLEDs and on new types of emitting materials (organic and inorganic). As the authors explain, OLEDs that use the Singlet-Harvesting mechanism based on the molecular property of TADF work according to a new exciton harvesting principle. Thus, low-cost emitter materials, such as Cu(I) or Ag(I) complexes as well as metal-free organic molecules, have the potential to replace high-cost rare metal complexes being currently applied in OLED technology. With contributions from an international panel of experts on the topic, the text shows how the application of new TADF materials allow for the development of efficient OLED displays and lighting systems. This new mechanism is the gateway to the third-generation of luminescent materials. This important resource: Offers a state-of-the-art compilation of the latest results in the dynamically developing field of OLED materials Is edited by a pioneer in the field of OLED material technology Contains a detailed application-oriented guide to new low-cost materials for displays and lighting Puts the focus on the emerging fields of OLED technology Written for materials scientists, solid state chemists, solid state physicists, and electronics engineers, Highly Efficient OLEDs. Materials Based on Thermally Activated Delayed Fluorescence offers a comprehensive resource to the latest advances of OLEDs based on new TADF materials.

Light-Emitting Diode
Author : Jagannathan Thirumalai
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2018-09-19
ISBN 10 : 1789237505
Pages : 168 pages

The broad vision of this book is to offer book lovers a comprehensive appraisal of topics in the global advancements of experimental facts, instrumentation, and practical applications of LED and OLED materials and their applications. The prime feature of this book is connected with LED and OLED materials approaches of fabrication, optimization limits, and their extensive technical applications. This book is comprised of seven chapters encompassing the importance of LEDs and OLEDs, the history of LEDs and OLEDs with necessary examples, the phototoxic-cum-bactericidal effect due to the usage of blue LED irradiation, DC network indoor and outdoor LED lighting, WLEDs with thermally activated delayed fluorescence emitters, tetradentate cyclometalated platinum (II) complex-based efficient organic LEDs, the impact of the use of large LED lighting loads in low-voltage networks, highly efficient OLEDs using thermally activated delayed fluorescent materials, and AlGaN deep ultraviolet LEDs. Individual chapters provide a base for the wide range of common bibliophiles in diversified fields, students, and researchers, who may conduct research pertinent to this book and will find simply explained basics as well as advanced principles of designated subjects related to these phenomena. The book was created from seven contributions from experts in the diversified fields of LED and OLED fabrication and technology from over 15 research institutes across the globe.

A New Generation of Organic Light-Emitting Materials and Devices
Author : Shi-Jian Su,Lian Duan,Hisahiro Sasabe
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release Date : 2019-11-27
ISBN 10 : 288963163X
Pages : 329 pages

Since the invention of the first efficient organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) by C. T. Tang and S. VanSlyke, OLEDs have attracted close interest as a promising candidate for next-generation full-color displays and future solid-state lighting sources because of a number of advantages like high brightness and contrast, high luminous efficiency, fast response time, wide viewing angle, low power consumption, and light weight. The recombination of holes and electrons under electrical excitation typically generates 25% singlet excitons and 75% triplet excitons. For traditional fluorescent OLEDs, only 25% singlet excitons can be utilized to emit light, while the other 75% triplet excitons are generally wasted through nonradiative transition. By adopting noble metal phosphorescent complexes, an internal quantum efficiency (IQE) of 100% could be achieved by utilizing both the 25% singlet excitons and 75% triplet excitons. However, these phosphors usually contain nonrenewable and highcost iridium or platinum noble metals. Most recently, unity IQE has been readily achieved through noble metal-free purely organic emitters, such as thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) emitters, hybridized local and charge-transfer state (HLCT) “hot exciton” emitters, binary- or ternary-mixed donor-acceptor exciplex emitters, and neutral p radical emitters, etc. In addition, the combination of conventional p-type hole-transport and n-type electron-transport materials in an appropriate device structure can also provide an uncommon efficiency. Both strategies are essential and attractive for high-performance and low-cost full-color displays and white OLED applications. This Research Topic mainly focus on this new generation of organic light-emitting materials and devices, including design, synthesis, and characterization of light-emitting organic molecules with tunable excited states, and their structural, electrical, and photophysical properties. Contributions relating to carrier transporting materials and corresponding device engineering are also included. Two mini reviews and thirteen original research articles by recognized academic experts in their respective fields are collected in this Research Topic, which will offer a broad perspective of noble metal-free organic light emitters, including conventional fluorescent emitters, TADF emitters, HLCT emitters, exciplex emitters, aggregation-induced emission (AIE) luminogens, and their corresponding devices. We believe this eBook should attract the attention of multidisciplinary researchers in the fields of materials science, organic synthesis, and electronic device engineering, especially for those engaged in OLED-related areas.

Abstract : A fully non-doped all-TADF strategy is proposed to fabricate simple and efficient WOLEDs based on a novel yellow TADF emitter. Abstract : Thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) emitters can harvest singlet and triplet excitons for light emission to afford highly efficient organic light-emitting diode (OLED) devices, especially for all-TADF white OLEDs (WOLEDs). However, the majority of TADF emitters suffer from concentration quenching effects and require complicated doping techniques for device fabrication. Herein, we demonstrate a yellow TADF emitter that enables non-doped OLED systems, which is beneficial for the simplification of the OLED device structure and fabrication. The non-doped yellow OLED achieves a maximum external quantum efficiency (EQE) of 16.7% at a high luminance of 3600 cd m −2, in which such a high magnitude is rarely reported. More significantly, by the combination of the yellow TADF emitter with a blue TADF emitter, a fully non-doped emissive layer (EML) strategy has been demonstrated for the fabrication of an all-TADF WOLED, in which the non-doped yellow and blue TADF emissive layers are closely stacked together without any interlayers. The fully non-doped WOLEDs show a maximum EQE of up to 19.8%, along with high quality white-light emission. This is the first report regarding the fully non-doped all-TADF WOLEDs, and the presented design strategy provides a universal route towards the fabrication of simple and efficient WOLEDs.

Photoluminescent Materials and Electroluminescent Devices
Author : Nicola Armaroli,Henk J. Bolink
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2017-05-25
ISBN 10 : 3319593048
Pages : 395 pages

The series Topics in Current Chemistry Collections presents critical reviews from the journal Topics in Current Chemistry organized in topical volumes. The scope of coverage is all areas of chemical science including the interfaces with related disciplines such as biology, medicine and materials science. The goal of each thematic volume is to give the non-specialist reader, whether in academia or industry, a comprehensive insight into an area where new research is emerging which is of interest to a larger scientific audience. Each review within the volume critically surveys one aspect of that topic and places it within the context of the volume as a whole. The most significant developments of the last 5 to 10 years are presented using selected examples to illustrate the principles discussed. The coverage is not intended to be an exhaustive summary of the field or include large quantities of data, but should rather be conceptual, concentrating on the methodological thinking that will allow the non-specialist reader to understand the information presented. Contributions also offer an outlook on potential future developments in the field.

Author : Jagannathan Thirumalai
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2016-11-10
ISBN 10 : 9535127624
Pages : 388 pages

The aim of this book is to give readers a broad review of topical worldwide advancements in theoretical and experimental facts, instrumentation and practical applications erudite by luminescent materials and their prospects in dealing with different types of luminescence like photoluminescence, electroluminescence, thermo-luminescence, triboluminescence, bioluminescence design and applications. The additional part of this book deals with the dynamics, rare-earth ions, photon down-/up-converting materials, luminescence dating, lifetime, bioluminescence microscopical perspectives and prospects towards the basic research or for more advanced applications. This book is divided into four main sections: luminescent materials and their associated phenomena; photo-physical properties and their emerging applications; thermoluminescence dating: from theory to applications, and bioluminescence perspectives and prospects. Individual chapters should serve the broad spectrum of common readers of diverse expertise, layman, students and researchers, who may in this book find easily elucidated fundamentals as well as progressive principles of specific subjects associated with these phenomena. This book was created by 14 contributions from experts in different fields of luminescence and technology from over 20 research institutes worldwide.

Abstract : High efficiency, stable organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) based on 2-pheyl-4′-carbazole-9-H-Thioxanthen-9-one-10, 10-dioxide (TXO-PhCz) with different doping concentration are constructed. The stability of the encapsulated devices are investigated in detail. The devices with the 10 wt% doped TXO-PhCz emitter layer (EML) show the best performance with a current efficiency of 52.1 cd/A, a power efficiency of 32.7 lm/W, and an external quantum efficiency (EQE) of 17.7%. The devices based on the 10 wt%-doped TXO-PhCz EML show the best operational stability with a half-life time (LT50) of 80 h, which is 8 h longer than that of the reference devices based on fac-tris(2-phenylpyridinato)iridium(III) (Ir(ppy)3 ). These indicate excellent stability of TXO-PhCz for redox and oxidation processes under electrical excitation and TXO-PhCz can be potentially used as the emitters for OLEDs with high efficiency and excellent stability. The high-performance device based on TXO-PhCz with high stability can be further improved by the optimization of the encapsulation technology and the development of a new host for TXO-PhCz.

Quantum-dot Based Light-emitting Diodes
Author : Morteza Sasani Ghamsari
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2017-10-25
ISBN 10 : 9535135759
Pages : 170 pages

Quantum dot-based light emitting diodes were assigned to bringing together the latest and most important progresses in light emitting diode (LED) technologies. In addition, they were dedicated to gain the perspective of LED technology for all of its advancements and innovations due to the employment of semiconductor nanocrystals. Highly selective, the primary aim was to provide a visual source for high-urgency work that will define the future directions relating to the organic light emitting diode (OLED), with the expectation for lasting scientific and technological impact. The editor hopes that the chapters verify the realization of the mentioned aims that have been considered for editing of this book. Due to the rapidly growing OLED technology, we wish this book to be useful for any progress that can be achieved in future.

Organic Light Emitting Diodes
Author : Luiz F. R. Pereira
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2012-05-29
ISBN 10 : 9814267295
Pages : 350 pages

This book addresses the development of OLEDs based on rare-earth and transition metal complexes, especially focusing on europium, terbium, ruthenium, and rhenium. The idea is to explain how these organic materials can be used to build OLEDs. Taking into account the actual state of the art and the expected pathways, the book proposes further developments in the field. It presents intensive experimental results for a better explanation. This book is meant for scientists and engineers who work in this new OLED framework. It also has didactic utility for graduation students and teachers working on optoelectronics.

Recent Advances in Thermally Activated Delayed Fluorescence Materials
Author : Eli Zysman-Colman,Sebastian Reineke,Guohua Xie,Chihaya Adachi
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release Date : 2021-03-08
ISBN 10 : 2889663930
Pages : 329 pages

Highly Efficient OLEDs with Phosphorescent Materials
Author : Hartmut Yersin
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2008-06-25
ISBN 10 : 3527621318
Pages : 458 pages

This monograph on organic light emitting diodes, edited by a pioneer, and written by front-line researchers from academia and industry, provides access to the latest findings in this rapidly growing field. More than ten contributions cover all areas -- from theory and basic principles, to different emitter materials and applications in production.