therapeutic strategies to overcome alk resistance in cancer

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Therapeutic Strategies to Overcome ALK Resistance in Cancer
Author : Luc Friboulet
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2021-01-18
ISBN 10 : 0128217790
Pages : 216 pages
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Therapeutic Strategies to Overcome ALK Resistance in Cancer, Volume 13, presents current strategies to improve and prolong clinical benefit in ALK driven cancers. Most patients with ALK-driven cancer are sensitive to tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) therapy, but resistance invariably develops. This book discusses topics such as structure and function of ALK, ALK rearranged lung cancer, resistance mechanisms to ALK TKI tumors, and novel therapeutic strategies to enhance crizotinib anti-tumor efficacy in ALCL. Additionally, it encompasses information on drug combinations to enhance ALK TKI anti-tumor efficacy in neuroblastoma and future perspectives in the field. This book is a valuable resource for cancer researchers, clinicians and several members of biomedical field who need to understand more about how to fight ALK resistance in cancer treatment. Explains the biology of ALK RTK, focusing on its tissue expression, structure and functionality Presents an overview of current treatments and the benefits of ALK TKI in lung and other cancer types, such as ALCL, neuroblastoma and inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor Encompasses information on systemic treatments other than TKI, including chemotherapy, immunotherapy and antiangiogenic agents in ALK-driven NSCLC

Resistance to Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors
Author : Daniele Focosi
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2016-11-07
ISBN 10 : 3319460919
Pages : 188 pages
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The volume will serve as a primer on tyrosine kinase signaling and its importance in cancer. The volume will first introduce the common denominators of small-molecule and antibody-derived inhibitors, as well as the general phenomenon of resistance. The volume will then detail resistance to the most commonly used classes of tyrosine kinase inhibitors, and will focus specific chapters on resistance to BCR-ABL1, FLT3, angiokinase family members, and ALK inhibitors.

Targeted Therapies in Lung Cancer: Management Strategies for Nurses and Practitioners
Author : Marianne Davies,Beth Eaby-Sandy
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2019-07-16
ISBN 10 : 3030165507
Pages : 120 pages
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This book aims to educate nurses and advanced practice providers (APP’s) about known mutations, availability of targeted therapy and the management of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). It will educate nurses and practitioners about the scope of therapy to assure safe and effective lung cancer treatment. In this era of personalized medicine, nurses and APP’s are responsible for guiding patients from diagnosis through treatment. This starts with the identification of patients that can benefit from these therapies, the key role of biopsy acquisition (ie. what to test, when and how often) and treatment selection based on the mutation identified. Readers will learn about the mechanisms of action, administration, potential adverse side effects and unique management strategies for these targeted agents. Lung cancer continues to be the leading cause of cancer death in the United States and worldwide. Recent advances in the identification of specific oncogenic mutations that drive cancer development, growth and metastasis have led to major paradigm shifts in lung cancer treatment. Sophisticated methods are required to identify specific mutations at the time of diagnosis. This book explains how molecularly targeted therapies have been developed that target these drivers. To date, several tyrosine kinase inhibitors have been approved to target the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), EML4-ALK ,ROS1 and BRAF. Most recently, immune checkpoint inhibitors have been approved with some indication that efficacy may be enhanced for patients who overexpress PD-L1. While some driver mutations have been identified, there is ongoing investigation into additional mutations. In the case of driver mutations, lung cancers will develop resistance to therapy. This book provides nurses and APP’s with the mechanisms of resistance that have been identified such as T790 mutation and many others in the EGFR mutation, and shows how the next level of drug development is focused on identifying mechanisms of resistance and development of new agents that overcome these mutations. With this book in hand, nurses and practitioners will be able to navigate patients through this ever expanding field of lung cancer treatment.

Cancer Drug Resistance
Author : Beverly A. Teicher
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2007-11-09
ISBN 10 : 1597450359
Pages : 617 pages
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Leading experts summarize and synthesize the latest discoveries concerning the changes that occur in tumor cells as they develop resistance to anticancer drugs, and suggest new approaches to preventing and overcoming it. The authors review physiological resistance based upon tumor architecture, cellular resistance based on drug transport, epigenetic changes that neutralize or bypass drug cytotoxicity, and genetic changes that alter drug target molecules by decreasing or eliminating drug binding and efficacy. Highlights include new insights into resistance to antiangiogenic therapies, oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes in therapeutic resistance, cancer stem cells, and the development of more effective therapies. There are also new findings on tumor immune escape mechanisms, gene amplification in drug resistance, the molecular determinants of multidrug resistance, and resistance to taxanes and Herceptin.

Drug Resistance in Colorectal Cancer: Molecular Mechanisms and Therapeutic Strategies
Author : Chi Hin Cho,Tao Hu
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2020-05-24
ISBN 10 : 0128199385
Pages : 240 pages
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Drug Resistance in Colorectal Cancer: Molecular Mechanisms and Therapeutic Strategies, Volume Eight, summarizes the molecular mechanisms of drug resistance in colorectal cancer, along with the most up-to-date therapeutic strategies available. The book discusses reasons why colorectal tumors become refractory during the progression of the disease, but also explains how drug resistance occurs during chemotherapy. In addition, users will find the current therapeutic strategies used by clinicians in their practice in treating colorectal cancer. The combination of conventional anticancer drugs with chemotherapy-sensitizing agents plays a pivotal role in improving the outcome of colorectal cancer patients, in particular those with drug-resistant cancer cells. From a clinical point-of-view, the content of this book provides clinicians with updated therapeutic strategies for a better choice of drugs for drug-resistant colorectal cancer patients. It will be a valuable source for cancer researchers, oncologists and several members of biomedical field who are dedicated to better treat patients with colorectal cancer. Presents a systemic summary of molecular mechanisms for a quick and in-depth understanding Updates current trends in the field with pioneering information on drug resistance Encompasses both basic and clinical approaches for a better understanding of unsolved problems from a holistic point-of-view

Successes and Limitations of Targeted Cancer Therapy
Author : S. Peters,R.A. Stahel
Publisher : Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
Release Date : 2014-02-19
ISBN 10 : 3318025429
Pages : 124 pages
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The treatment of patients with advanced malignancies has undergone remarkable change in the last few years. While in the past decisions about systemic therapy were largely based on the performance status of a patient, oncologists today also take into account the pathological and molecular characteristics of the patient’s tumor. Targeting specific molecular pathways important for tumorigenesis has become the preferred way of treatment for many types of malignancies. With these advances come new challenges including the optimization of therapy, recognizing and dealing with side effects and, importantly, the development of resistance. This book provides an up-to-date overview of the advances and limitations of targeted therapy for several tumor entities including breast cancer, colon cancer, gastrointestinal stromal tumors, lung cancer, melanoma, ovarian cancer and renal cell carcinoma. Written by over a dozen internationally renowned scientists, the book is suitable for advanced students, postdoctoral researchers, scientists and clinicians who wish to update their knowledge of the latest approaches to targeted cancer therapies.

Progressive Neuroblastoma
Author : H. Christiansen,N.M. Christiansen
Publisher : Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
Release Date : 2015-09-28
ISBN 10 : 3318054976
Pages : 192 pages
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Neuroblastoma is a tumor derived from the sympathetic nervous system. It is the most common extracranial solid tumor occurring in children and exhibits a marked variability in outcome when the disease is categorized by clinical (e.g. age or stage) and biologic characteristics. This book gives an introduction into the clinical features of progressive neuroblastoma and focuses on molecular-targeted therapies and immunotherapies of this disease. It has become increasingly clear that MYCN (v-myc avian myelocytomatosis viral oncogene neuroblastoma derived homolog) holds a key position in neuroblastic transformation and gene expression in normal and transformed cells. In the 14 chapters important topics such as genomic alterations in neuroblastoma and strategies for indirect molecular targeting of MYCN are discussed. Two chapters, for example, review apoptotic pathways and proapoptotic molecular targets in neuroblastoma, one focusing on the p53 pathway and the extrinsic and intrinsic pathways of apoptosis. Other chapters cover topics related to immunology in neuroblastoma, such as immune regulation in neuroblastoma, immunotherapy related to passive and active vaccination approaches and additional immunotherapy in the treatment of progressive disease. This volume will be essential reading for all clinicians and basic researchers who are involved in delivering health care to patients with progressive neuroblastoma.

Current Applications for Overcoming Resistance to Targeted Therapies
Author : Myron R. Szewczuk,Bessi Qorri,Manpreet Sambi
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2019-07-15
ISBN 10 : 303021477X
Pages : 320 pages
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Targeted therapies were initially developed to exploit the upregulation and dependence on key oncogenic pathways critical to cancer progression. Additionally, they also presented as a method to overcome chemoresistance by supplementing conventional therapeutic regimens with targeted therapies. However, the development of resistance to these combinatorial approaches has led to the reassessment of currently available therapeutic options to overcome resistance to targeted therapy. This book aims to provide an update on the advancements in the therapeutic arms race between cancer, clinicians and scientists alike to overcome resistance to targeted therapies. Subject experts provide a comprehensive overview of the challenges and solutions to resistance to several conventional targeted therapies in addition to providing a discussion on broad topics including targeting components of the tumor microenvironment, emerging therapeutic options, and novel areas to be explored concerning nanotechnology and the epigenome.

Targeted Therapies in Oncology, Second Edition
Author : Giuseppe Giaccone,Jean-Charles Soria
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2013-10-21
ISBN 10 : 1842145452
Pages : 498 pages
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Since the last edition of this book, major advances have been made in our understanding of key pathways that control tumor progression. This has led to the development of new anticancer agents that have the ability to block the activity of proteins involved in neoplastic cell development and proliferation. Targeted Therapies in Oncology, Second Edition provides a concise timely panorama of existing targeted therapies and progress into future anticancer treatments. These therapies notably include: Targeted agents of immune checkpoints Signal-transduction inhibitors Antiangiogenic agents Vascular-disrupting agents Apoptosis modulators Stem cell inhibitors Tumor profiling for drug development The book emphasizes the biology behind this new class of drugs as well as the clinical achievements obtained. The contributors to this volume stand at the cutting edge of cancer research and treatment around the world.

Central Nervous System Metastases
Author : Manmeet Ahluwalia,Philippe Metellus,Riccardo Soffietti
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date : 2019-11-05
ISBN 10 : 3030234177
Pages : 421 pages
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This book provides a comprehensive overview of brain metastases, from the molecular biology aspects to therapeutic management and perspectives. Due to the increasing incidence of these tumors and the urgent need to effectively control brain metastatic diseases in these patients, new therapeutic strategies have emerged in recent years. The volume discusses all these innovative approaches combined with new surgical techniques (fluorescence, functional mapping, integrated navigation), novel radiation therapy techniques (stereotactic radiosurgery) and new systemic treatment approaches such as targeted- and immunotherapy. These combination strategies represent a new therapeutic model in brain metastatic patients in which each medical practitioner (neurosurgeon, neurologist, medical oncologist, radiation oncologist) plays a pivotal role in defining the optimal treatment in a multidisciplinary approach. Written by recognized experts in the field, this book is a valuable tool for neurosurgeons, neuro-oncologists, neuroradiologists, medical oncologists, radiation oncologists, cognitive therapists, basic scientists and students working in the area of brain tumors.

Protein Kinase Inhibitors as Sensitizing Agents for Chemotherapy
Author : N.A
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2018-11-21
ISBN 10 : 0128127384
Pages : 292 pages
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Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors as Sensitizing Agents for Chemotherapy, the fourth volume in the Cancer Sensitizing Agents for Chemotherapy Series, focuses on strategic combination therapies that involve a variety of tyrosine kinase inhibitors working together to overcome multi-drug resistance in cancer cells. The book discusses several tyrosine kinase inhibitors that have been used as sensitizing agents, such as EGFR, BCR-ABL, ALK and BRAF. In each chapter, readers will find comprehensive knowledge on the inhibitor and its action, including its biochemical, genetic, and molecular mechanisms' emphases. This book is a valuable source for oncologists, cancer researchers and those interested in applying new sensitizing agents to their research in clinical practice and in trials. Summarizes the sensitizing role of some tyrosine kinase inhibitors in existing research Brings recent findings in several cancer types, both experimental and clinically, with a particular emphases on underlying biochemical, genetic, and molecular mechanisms Provides an updated and comprehensive knowledge regarding the field of combinational cancer treatment

Neuroblastoma
Author : Chandrika Gowda
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2017-10-25
ISBN 10 : 953513583X
Pages : 168 pages
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Neuroblastoma (NBL) is the most common extracranial solid tumor of childhood, with about 700 new cases of neuroblastoma seen each year in the United States. The 5-year survival rate for children with high-risk NBL is only 50-60%, and this survival rate has not improved over the last 10 years. High-risk patients receive multimodality treatment, including chemotherapy, surgery, radiation therapy, biologic therapy and immunotherapy, all of which are associated with significant morbidity. Recent years have seen many advances in treatment of neuroblastoma, including therapeutic MIBG, immunotherapy, and personalized targeted therapy based on the genetic alterations seen in the tumor. The primary objective of this book is to provide the readers with a comprehensive review of neuroblastoma, from clinical aspects and the currently available treatment to recent advancements and future directions in the field of NBL treatment. The topics and chapters have been compiled keeping in mind a diverse group of readers in different areas of specialty such as pediatric oncology, surgery, radiation oncology, and immunology, as well as physician scientists and basic researchers working in the field of neuroblastoma.