|Author||: Eric Lee|
|Publisher||: Academic Press|
|Release Date||: 2018-11-30|
|ISBN 10||: 0128052651|
|Pages||: 436 pages|
Theory of Electrophoresis and Diffusiophoresis of Highly Charged Colloidal Particles discusses the electrophoretic and diffusiophoretic motions of various colloidal entities, such as rigid particles, liquid droplets, gas bubbles, and porous particles, focusing on the motion-deterring double-layer polarization effect pertinent to highly charged particles, with the lowly charged ones serving as the limiting cases. Boundary effects such as those from a cylindrical pore, a solid plane, or an air-water interface are analyzed as well for the electrophoretic motion of the various particles considered. Dynamic electrophoresis is also explored and treated. The contents are suitable for researchers, graduate students, or senior college students with some basic background of colloid science and transport phenomena. As there is no closed-form analytical formula in general for the situation of highly charged particles, the results are presented with extensive figures and plots as well as tables under various electrokinetic situations of interest to facilitate the possible use of interested readers. Provides a reliable quantitative prediction of highly charged particles motion with easy-to-apply charts and in-depth understanding of the underlying mechanisms Offers an extensive treatment of direct quantitative predication for non-rigid systems, such as porous particles, liquid drops, and gels, which is especially valuable in proteins and DNA research Discusses highly charged systems with a nearby boundary of practical interests, such as a pore, a solid plane, or an air-water interface, which is of vital interest in fields such as microfluidic operations and biomedical engineering Affords special attention to the polarization effect
Graphene Surfaces: Particles and Catalysts focuses on the surface chemistry and modification of graphene and its derivatives from a theoretical and electrochemical point-of-view. It provides a comprehensive overview of their electronic structure, synthesis, properties and general applications in catalysis science, including their relevance in alcohols and their derivatives oxidation, oxygen reduction, hydrogen evolution, energy storage, corrosion protection and supercapacitors. The book also covers emerging research on graphene chemistry and its impact. Chemical engineers, materials scientists, electrochemists and engineers will find information that will answer their most pressing questions on the surface aspects of graphene and its effect on catalysis. Serves as a time-saving reference for researchers, graduated students and chemical engineers Equips the reader with catalysis knowledge for practical applications Discusses the physical and electrochemical properties of graphene Provides the most important applications of graphene in electrochemical systems Highlights both experimental and theoretical aspects of graphene
|Author||: George Z. Kyzas,Athanasios C. Mitropoulos|
|Publisher||: Academic Press|
|Release Date||: 2019-08-24|
|ISBN 10||: 0128141794|
|Pages||: 360 pages|
Advanced Low-Cost Separation Techniques in Interface Science, Volume 30 helps scientists and researchers in academia and industry gain expert knowledge on how to use separation techniques at minimal cost and energy usage. It handles a broad range of highly relevant topics, including modern flotation techniques, low-cost materials in liquid-and gas-phase adsorption, new trends in molecular imprinting, graphenes in separation, nanobubbles and biopolymers in interface science, the reuse of biomaterials, green techniques for wastewaters, and modeling in environmental interfaces. The book shows that these techniques can be both attractive for both research and industrial purposes. It is intended for chemical engineers working in wastewater treatment industries, membrane industries, pharmaceutical industries, textile or tanneries industries, hybrid-topic industries and energy industries. Focuses on cost and energy saving separation techniques in interface science Discusses multiple techniques, including flotation, adsorption, materials synthesis, and more Combines, in a single source, separation techniques, advanced methodologies, and the low-cost potential of the techniques Describes techniques that are attractive for both research and industrial purposes
An Introduction to Green Nanotechnology, Volume 28, provides students, scientists and chemical engineers with an overview of several types of nanostructures, discusses the synthesis and characterization of nanostructures, and provides applications of nanotechnology in daily life. The book offers a foundation to green nanotechnology by explaining why green nanotechnology is important. Covers biological sources in green nanotechnology, antioxidants, green nanostructures, mechanism, synthesis and characterization. The book ends with an evaluation of the risks of nanotechnology in human life and future perspectives. Introduces novel sources of plants having a high potential to be used as bio media to synthesize nanostructures Provides phytochemical properties and antioxidant potential, and their effects on stability, morphology and size of green nanostructures Includes a medicinal and technological comparison of green synthesized nanostructures to nano-products from non-green methods Uses accessible language, avoiding complex concepts of mathematics, biology and chemistry
Over the last decade, the biggest advances in physical chemistry have come from thinking smaller. The leading edge in research pushes closer to the atomic frontier with every passing year. Collecting the latest developments in the science and engineering of finely dispersed particles and related systems, Finely Dispersed Particles: Micro-, Nano-, and Atto-Engineering explores heat, mass, momentum and electron transfer phenomena of well-characterized interfaces at the milli-, micro-, nano-, and atto-scales. An interdisciplinary team of leading experts from around the world discuss recent concepts in the physics and chemistry of various well-studied interfaces of rigid and deformable particles in homo- and hetero-aggregate dispersed systems, including emulsions, dispersoids, foams, fluosols, polymer membranes, and biocolloids. The contributors clearly elucidate the hydrodynamic, electrodynamic, and thermodynamic instabilities that occur at interfaces, as well as the rheological properties of interfacial layers responsible for droplets, particles, and droplet-particle-film structures in finely dispersed systems. The book examines structure and dynamics from various angles, such as relativistic and non-relativistic theories, molecular orbital methods, and transient state theories. With a comprehensive survey of our current understanding, Finely Dispersed Particles: Micro-, Nano-, and Atto-Engineering provides a solid platform for further exploration and discovery at increasingly smaller scales.
This book gives a comprehensive and up-to-date treatment of the theory of "simple" liquids. The new second edition has been rearranged and considerably expanded to give a balanced account both of basic theory and of the advances of the past decade. It presents the main ideas of modern liquid state theory in a way that is both pedagogical and self-contained. The book should be accessible to graduate students and research workers, both experimentalists and theorists, who have a good background in elementary mechanics. Compares theoretical deductions with experimental results Molecular dynamics Monte Carlo computations Covers ionic, metallic, and molecular liquids
|Author||: Qing Chang|
|Publisher||: Academic Press|
|Release Date||: 2016-05-11|
|ISBN 10||: 0128093196|
|Pages||: 276 pages|
Colloid and Interface Chemistry for Water Quality Control provides basic but essential knowledge of colloid and interface science for water and wastewater treatment. Divided into two sections, chapters 1 to 8 presents colloid chemistry including simple history and basic concepts, diffusion and Brown Motion, sedimentation, osmotic pressure, optical properties, rheology properties, electric properties, emulsion, foam and gel, and so on; chapters 9 to provides interface chemistry theories including the surface of liquid, the surface of solution, and the surface of solid. This valuable book is the only one that presents colloid and interface chemistry from the water quality control perspective. This book was written for graduate students in the area of water treatment and environmental engineering, and it could be used as the reference for researchers and engineers in the same area. Concise content makes this suitable for both teaching and learning Focuses on water treatment technology and methods, links colloid and surface chemistry to water treatment applications Not only addresses all the important physical-chemistry principles and theories, but also presents new developed knowledge on water treatment Includes exercises, problems and solutions, which are very helpful for testing learning and understanding
Nanorobots can be defined as intelligent systems with overall dimensions at or below the micrometer range that are made of assemblies of nanoscale components with individual dimensions ranging between 1 to 100 nm. These devices can now perform a wide variety of tasks at the nanoscale in a wide variety of fields including but not limited to fields such as manufacturing, medicine, supply chain, biology, and aerospace. Nanorobotics: Current Approaches and Techniques offers a comprehensive overview of this emerging interdisciplinary field with a wide ranging discussion that includes nano-manipulation and industrial nanorobotics, nanorobotic manipulation in biology and medicine, nanorobotic sensing, navigation and swarm behavior and CNT, and protein and DNA-based nanorobotics.
|Author||: Andrei S. Dukhin,Philip J. Goetz|
|Release Date||: 2010-06-03|
|ISBN 10||: 9780444536228|
|Pages||: 518 pages|
Two key words define the scope of this book: 'ultrasound' and 'colloids'. Historically, there has been little real communication between practitioners in these two fields. Although there is a large body of literature devoted to ultrasound phenomenon in colloids, there is little recognition that such phenomena may be of real importance for both the development and applications of colloid science. On the other side, colloid scientists have not embraced acoustics as an important tool for characterizing colloids. The lack of any serious dialogue between these scientific fields is the biggest motivation behind this book. - Covers in detail this multidisciplinary field combining acoustics, electroacoustics, colloid science, analytical chemistry and rheology - Provides a bibliography with more than 1,000 references - Presents theories and their experimental verification, as well as analysis of the methods and hardware pertaining to applications such as pharmaceuticals, ceramics, and polymers
"The Application of Biofluid Mechanics: Boundary Effects on Phoretic Motions of Colloidal Spheres" focuses on the phoretic motion behavior of various micron- to nanometer-size particles. The content of this book is divided into two parts: one on the concentration gradient-driven diffusiophoresis and osmophoresis, and one on thermocapillary motion and thermophoretic motion driven by temperature gradient. Diffusiophoresis and osmophoresis are mainly used in biomedical engineering applications, such as drug delivery, purification, and the description of the behavior of the immune system; thermocapillary motion and thermophoretic motion are applied in the field of semiconductors as well as in suspended impurities removal. The book also provides a variety of computer programming source codes compiled using Fortran for researchers' future applications. This book is intended for chemical engineers, biomedical engineers and scientists, biophysicists and fundamental chemotaxis researchers. Dr. Po-Yuan Chen is an Assistant Professor at the Department of Biological Science and Technology, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan.
|Author||: Hiroyuki Ohshima|
|Release Date||: 2006-09-05|
|ISBN 10||: 0080465145|
|Pages||: 490 pages|
Theory of Colloid and Interfacial Electric Phenomena is written for scientists, engineers, and graduate students who want to study the fundamentals and current developments in colloid and interfacial electric phenomena, and their relation to stability of suspensions of colloidal particles and nanoparticles in the field of nanoscience and nanotechnology. The primary purpose of this book is to help understand how the knowledge on the structure of electrical double layers, double layer interactions, and electrophoresis of charged particles will be important to understand various interfacial electric phenomena and to improves the reader's skill and save time in the study of interfacial electric phenomena. Also providing theoretical background and interpretation of electrokinetic phenomena and many approximate analytic formulas describing various colloid and interfacial electric phenomena, which will be useful and helpful to understand these phenomena analyse experimental data. Showing the fundamentals and developments in the field First book to describe electrokinetics of soft particles Providing theoretical background and interpretation of electrokinetic phenomena
Advanced Transport Phenomena is ideal as a graduate textbook. It contains a detailed discussion of modern analytic methods for the solution of fluid mechanics and heat and mass transfer problems, focusing on approximations based on scaling and asymptotic methods, beginning with the derivation of basic equations and boundary conditions and concluding with linear stability theory. Also covered are unidirectional flows, lubrication and thin-film theory, creeping flows, boundary layer theory, and convective heat and mass transport at high and low Reynolds numbers. The emphasis is on basic physics, scaling and nondimensionalization, and approximations that can be used to obtain solutions that are due either to geometric simplifications, or large or small values of dimensionless parameters. The author emphasizes setting up problems and extracting as much information as possible short of obtaining detailed solutions of differential equations. The book also focuses on the solutions of representative problems. This reflects the book's goal of teaching readers to think about the solution of transport problems.
Anisotropic Particle Assemblies: Synthesis, Assembly, Modeling, and Applications covers the synthesis, assembly, modeling, and applications of various types of anisotropic particles. Topics such as chemical synthesis and scalable fabrication of colloidal molecules, molecular mimetic self-assembly, directed assembly under external fields, theoretical and numerical multi-scale modeling, anisotropic materials with novel interfacial properties, and the applications of these topics in renewable energy, intelligent micro-machines, and biomedical fields are discussed in depth. Contributors to this book are internationally known experts who have been actively studying each of these subfields for many years. This book is an invaluable reference for researchers and chemical engineers who are working at the intersection of physics, chemistry, chemical engineering, and materials science and engineering. It educates students, trains the next generation of researchers, and stimulates continuous development in this rapidly emerging area for new materials and innovative technologies. Provides comprehensive coverage on new developments in anisotropic particles Features chapters written by emerging and leading experts in each of the subfields Contains information that will appeal to a broad spectrum of professionals, including but not limited to chemical engineers, chemists, physicists, and materials scientists and engineers Serves as both a reference book for researchers and a textbook for graduate students
Offers an introduction to the topics in interfacial phenomena, colloid science or nanoscience. Designed as a pedagogical tool, this book recognizes the cross-disciplinary nature of the subject. It features descriptions of experiments and contains figures and illustrations that enhance the understanding of concepts.
This reference describes the role of various intermolecular and interparticle forces in determining the properties of simple systems such as gases, liquids and solids, with a special focus on more complex colloidal, polymeric and biological systems. The book provides a thorough foundation in theories and concepts of intermolecular forces, allowing researchers and students to recognize which forces are important in any particular system, as well as how to control these forces. This third edition is expanded into three sections and contains five new chapters over the previous edition. · starts from the basics and builds up to more complex systems · covers all aspects of intermolecular and interparticle forces both at the fundamental and applied levels · multidisciplinary approach: bringing together and unifying phenomena from different fields · This new edition has an expanded Part III and new chapters on non-equilibrium (dynamic) interactions, and tribology (friction forces)
This book covers the science of interfaces between an aqueous phase and a solid, another liquid or a gaseous phase, starting from the basic physical chemistry all the way to state-of-the-art research developments. Both experimental and theoretical methods are treated thanks to the contributions of a distinguished list of authors who are all active researchers in their respective fields. The properties of these interfaces are crucial for a wide variety of processes, products and biological systems and functions, such as the formulation of personal care and food products, paints and coatings, microfluidic and lab-on-a-chip applications, cell membranes, and lung surfactants. Accordingly, research and expertise on the subject are spread over a broad range of academic disciplines and industrial laboratories. This book brings together knowledge from these different places with the aim of fostering education, collaborations and research progress.