theory and applications of nonparenteral nanomedicines

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Theory and Applications of Nonparenteral Nanomedicines
Author : Prashant Kesharwani,Sebastien Taurin,Khaled Greish
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2020-09-12
ISBN 10 : 0128204672
Pages : 540 pages

Theory and Applications of Nonparenteral Nanomedicines presents thoroughly analysed data and results regarding the potential of nanomedicines conceived by diverse non-parenteral routes. In the context of nanotechnology-based approaches, various routes such as oral, pulmonary, transdermal, delivery and local administration of nanomedicine have been utilized for the delivery of nanomedicine. This book discusses the non-parenteral application of nanomedicine, its regulatory implications, application of mucus penetrating nanocarrier, and detailed chapters on development of nanomedicines developed for drug delivery by various route. Beginning with a brief introduction to the non-parenteral delivery of nanomedicine and the safety and regulatory implications of the nanoformulations, further chapters discuss the physiology of the biological barriers, the specificity of the nanocarriers as well as their multiple applications. Theory and Applications of Nonparenteral Nanomedicines helps clinical researchers, researchers working in pharmaceutical industries, graduate students, and anyone working in the development of non-parenteral nanomedicines to understand the recent progress in the design and development of nanoformulations compatible with non-parenteral applications. Contains a comprehensive review of non-parenteral nanomedicines Provides analysis of non-parenteral methods of nanomedicines including regulatory implications and future applications Explores a wide range of promising approaches for non-parenteral drug delivery using the latest advancement in nanomedicine written by experts in industry and academia

Author : Thomas J Webster
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2012-10-19
ISBN 10 : 0857096443
Pages : 704 pages

Nanotechnology is at the forefront of advances in medicine. Nanomedicine: Technologies and applications provides an important review of this exciting technology and its growing range of applications. After an introduction to nanomedicine, part one discusses key materials and their properties, including nanocrystalline metals and alloys, nanoporous gold and hydroxyapatite coatings. Part two goes on to review nanomedicine for therapeutics and imaging, before nanomedicine for soft tissue engineering is discussed in part three, including organ regeneration, skin grafts, nanotubes and self-assembled nanomaterials. Finally, nanomedicine for bone and cartilage tissue engineering is the focus of part four, with electrically active biocomposites as smart scaffolds investigated, as is cartilage and bone tissue engineering, regeneration and replacement. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Nanomedicine: Technologies and applications is an indispensable guide for all those involved in the research, development and application of this exciting technology, whilst providing a comprehensive introduction for students and academics interested in this field. Provides an important review of nanomedicine technology and its growing range of applications Discusses key nanomedicine materials and their properties, including nanocrystalline metals and alloys, nanoporous gold and hydroxyapatite coatings Reviews nanomedicine for therapeutics and imaging and nanomedicine for soft tissue engineering

Application of Nanotechnology in Drug Delivery
Author : Ali Demir Sezer
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2014-07-25
ISBN 10 : 9535116282
Pages : 554 pages

This book collects reviews and original articles from eminent experts working in the interdisciplinary arena of nanotechnology use in drug delivery. From their direct and recent experience, the readers can achieve a wide vision on the new and ongoing potentialities of nanotechnology application of drug delivery. Since the advent of analytical techniques and capabilities to measure particle sizes in nanometer ranges, there has been tremendous interest in the use of nanoparticles for more efficient methods of drug delivery. On the other hand, this reference discusses advances in design, optimization, and adaptation of gene delivery systems for the treatment of cancer, cardiovascular, pulmonary, genetic, and infectious diseases, and considers assessment and review procedures involved in the development of gene-based pharmaceuticals.

Surface Modification of Nanoparticles for Targeted Drug Delivery
Author : Yashwant V Pathak
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2019-03-11
ISBN 10 : 3030061159
Pages : 499 pages

This unique book is the only one to discuss various new techniques developed to enhance the application of nanoparticulate drug delivery systems using surface modification of nanoparticles. The understanding of the surface characteristics nano-particles is growing significantly with the advent of new analytical techniques. Polymer chemistry is contributing to the development of many new versatile polymers which have abilities to accommodate many different, very reactive chemical groups, and can be used as a diagnostic tool, for better targeting, for more effective therapeutic results as well as for reducing the toxic and side effects of the drugs. Surface modification of such polymeric nanoparticles has been found by many scientists to enhance the application of nanoparticles and also allows the nano particles to carry specific drug molecule and disease /tumor specific antibodies which refine and improve drug delivery. Surface Modification of Nanoparticles for Targeted Drug Delivery is a collection essential information with various applications of surface modification of nanoparticles and their disease specific applications for therapeutic purposes.

Principles of Nanomedicine
Author : Sourav Bhattacharjee
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2019-10-18
ISBN 10 : 0429632053
Pages : 588 pages

The scope of nanotechnology in medical applications has expanded fast in the last two decades. With their unprecedented material properties, nanoscale materials present with unorthodox opportunities in a wide range of domains, including drug delivery and medical imaging. This book assembles the various facets of nanomedicine while discussing key issues such as physicochemical properties that enhance the appeal of nanomedicine. The book is an excellent resource for physicians, PhDs, and postdocs involved in nanomedicine research to learn and understand the scope and complexity of the subject. It begins with a short history of nanotechnology, followed by a discussion on the fundamental concepts and extraordinary properties of nanoscale materials, and then slowly unfolds into multiple chapters illustrating the uses of various nanomaterials in drug delivery, sensing, and imaging.

Mucosal Delivery of Drugs and Biologics in Nanoparticles
Author : Pavan Muttil,Nitesh K. Kunda
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date : 2020-03-18
ISBN 10 : 3030359107
Pages : 277 pages

Nanotechnology has revolutionized the approach to designing and developing novel drug delivery systems. The last two decades have seen a great interest in the use of nanotechnology to offer efficient ways of delivering new and existing drugs and macromolecules. The focus of this book is the application of nanotechnology to deliver drugs and biological agents by the mucosal routes of administration i.e. nasal, pulmonary, buccal, and oral routes. It provides an overview of nanotechnology in drug delivery with a description of different types of nanoparticles, methods of preparation and characterization, and functionalization for site-specific drug delivery. The emphasis is on the use of nanoparticles in treating various cancers and infectious diseases. It broadens the use of nanoparticles by including biologics, including vaccines and immunotherapies, apart from drugs and acknowledges the concerns around the potential toxicity of nanoparticles to the host; several chapters will discuss the biodistribution of these nanoparticles when mucosal routes of administration are employed. Further, the interaction of nanoparticles with the host’s immune cells is discussed. Moreover, it reviews the regulatory aspects of nanotechnology in product development, especially when delivered by the mucosal route of administration. Lastly, discusses the challenges and opportunities to manufacture nanoparticles on an industrial scale. This book is the first of its kind to focus on the design, development and delivery of nanoparticles when administered by different mucosal routes.

Nanomedicine and Cancer Therapies
Author : Mathew Sebastian,Neethu Ninan,Eldho Elias
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2012-07-27
ISBN 10 : 1926895185
Pages : 250 pages

Nanotechnology has the power to radically change the way cancer is diagnosed, imaged, and treated. The holistic approach to cancer involves noninvasive procedures that emphasize restoring the health of human energy fields. Presenting a wealth of information and research about the most potent cancer healing therapies, this forward-thinking book explores how nanomedicine, holistic medicine, and other cancer therapies play important roles in treatment of this disease. Topics include nanobiotechnology for antibacterial therapy and diagnosis, mitochondrial dysfunction and cancer, antioxidants and combinatorial therapies, and optical and mechanical investigations of nanostructures for biomolecular detection.

Nanoparticle Vaccines Against Infectious Diseases
Author : Rajko Reljic,África González-Fernández
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release Date : 2020-01-15
ISBN 10 : 2889633276
Pages : 329 pages

Ocular Drug Delivery: Advances, Challenges and Applications
Author : Richard T. Addo
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2016-11-16
ISBN 10 : 3319476912
Pages : 185 pages

The eye is a computerized system that has been designed for self-defense, and these defense mechanisms create challenges in administration of medications to the eye. Therefore, ocular drug delivery has been a major challenge to drug delivery researchers. There are on-going studies, in search of treatment especially for the diseases affecting the posterior segment of the eye. This book gives and overview of the background of ocular drug delivery and is unique for pharmacists, medical practitioners, students and drug delivery researchers.

Pharmaceutical Suspensions
Author : Alok K. Kulshreshtha,Onkar N. Singh,G. Michael Wall
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2009-11-05
ISBN 10 : 9781441910875
Pages : 327 pages

The suspension dosage form has long been used for poorly soluble active ingre- ents for various therapeutic indications. Development of stable suspensions over the shelf life of the drug product continues to be a challenge on many fronts. A good understanding of the fundamentals of disperse systems is essential in the development of a suitable pharmaceutical suspension. The development of a s- pension dosage form follows a very complicated path. The selection of the proper excipients (surfactants, viscosity imparting agents etc.) is important. The particle size distribution in the finished drug product dosage form is a critical parameter that significantly impacts the bioavailability and pharmacokinetics of the product. Appropriate analytical methodologies and instruments (chromatographs, visco- ters, particle size analyzers, etc.) must be utilized to properly characterize the s- pension formulation. The development process continues with a successful scale-up of the manufacturing process. Regulatory agencies around the world require cli- cal trials to establish the safety and efficacy of the drug product. All of this devel- ment work should culminate into a regulatory filing in accordance with the regulatory guidelines. Pharmaceutical Suspensions, From Formulation Development to Manufacturing, in its organization, follows the development approach used widely in the pharmaceutical industry. The primary focus of this book is on the classical disperse system – poorly soluble active pharmaceutical ingredients s- pended in a suitable vehicle.

Pharmacokinetics and Drug Metabolism in Canada: The Current Landscape
Author : Neal M. Davies,Kishor M. Wasan
Publisher : MDPI
Release Date : 2018-03-23
ISBN 10 : 3038427977
Pages : 329 pages

This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Pharmacokinetics and Drug Metabolism in Canada: The Current Landscape" that was published in Pharmaceutics

Biotechnology and Biopharmaceuticals
Author : N.A
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2013-12-16
ISBN 10 : 111817979X
Pages : 744 pages

Biotechnology and Biopharmaceuticals: Transforming Proteins and Genes into Drugs, Second Edition addresses the pivotal issues relating to translational science, including preclinical and clinical drug development, regulatory science, pharmaco-economics and cost-effectiveness considerations. The new edition also provides an update on new proteins and genetic medicines, the translational and integrated sciences that continue to fuel the innovations in medicine, as well as the new areas of therapeutic development including cancer vaccines, stem cell therapeutics, and cell-based therapies.

Nanomedicine and Drug Delivery
Author : Mathew Sebastian,Neethu Ninan,A. K. Haghi
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2012-07-23
ISBN 10 : 1926895177
Pages : 270 pages

This forward-looking book focuses on the recent advances in nanomedicine and drug delivery. It outlines the extraordinary new tools that have become available in nanomedicine and presents an integrated set of perspectives that describe where we are now and where we should be headed to put nanomedicine devices into applications as quickly as possible, while also considering the possible dangers of nanomedicine. The book considers the full range of nanomedicinal applications that employ molecular nanotechnology inside the human body, from the perspective of a future practitioner in an era of widely available nanomedicine. Written by some of the most innnovative minds in medicine and engineering, this unique volume will help professionals understand cutting-edge and futuristic areas of research that can have tremendous payoff in terms of improving human health. Readers will find insightful discussions of nanostructured intelligent materials and devices that are considered technically feasible and which have a high potential to produce advances in medicine in the near future. Topics include: Health benefits of phytochemicals and the application of colloidal delivery systems Study of non-covalent attachment of recombinant targeting proteins to polymer-modified Adenoviral gene delivery vectors The role of nanoparticles as adjuvants for mucosal vaccine delivery Poly(amido-amine)s as delivery styems for biologically active substances Antimicrobial activity of silver nanoparticles Nanomedicine in the use of cancer treatment Dendrimers, capsules based on lipid vesicles for drug delivery Many other recent achievements

Sustainable Agriculture Reviews 36
Author : Grégorio Crini,Eric Lichtfouse
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2019-06-04
ISBN 10 : 3030165817
Pages : 428 pages

This book reviews recent research and applications of chitin and chitosan, as natural alternatives of fossil fuel products, in medicine and pharmacy, agriculture, food science and water treatment. Chitin and chitosan products are polysaccharides derived from food waste of crustaceans and fungi, and thus are cheap, abundant, sustainable, non-toxic, recyclable and biocompatible. Remarkable applications include food additives and preservation, packaging materials, biopesticides and fertilisers, drug delivery, tissue engineering, bioflocculation and dye removal.

Novel Approaches and Strategies for Biologics, Vaccines and Cancer Therapies
Author : Manmohan Singh,Maya Salnikova
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2014-12-30
ISBN 10 : 012416661X
Pages : 520 pages

Novel Approaches and Strategies for Biologics, Vaccines and Cancer Therapies takes a look at the current strategies, successes and challenges involved with the development of novel formulations of biologics, vaccines and cancer therapy. This thorough reference on the latest trends in the development of diverse modalities will appeal to a broad community of scientists, students and clinicians. Written by leading authors across academia and industry, this book covers important topics such as unique drug delivery devices, non-parenteral delivery trends, novel approaches to the treatment of cancer, immunotherapy and more. It includes real-world cases and examples which highlight formulations with therapeutic proteins, monoclonal antibodies, peptides and biobetters, as well as cases on novel vaccines formulations including evolving pathogens, novel modalities of vaccines, universal vaccines. This book is a thorough and useful resource on the development of novel biologics, vaccines and cancer therapies. Provides strategies for the development of safe and efficacious novel formulations for various modalities of biologics, vaccines and for cancer therapy Highlights novel cases from current clinical trials as well as marketed products Reviews overall successes and challenges in the development of novel formulations, including new molecular targets for the treatment of diseases, design of target-specific therapies, regulatory considerations, individualized therapies

Single-Chain Polymer Nanoparticles
Author : José A. Pomposo
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2017-08-18
ISBN 10 : 3527806393
Pages : 312 pages

This first book on this important and emerging topic presents an overview of the very latest results obtained in single-chain polymer nanoparticles obtained by folding synthetic single polymer chains, painting a complete picture from synthesis via characterization to everyday applications. The initial chapters describe the synthetics methods as well as the molecular simulation of these nanoparticles, while subsequent chapters discuss the analytical techniques that are applied to characterize them, including size and structural characterization as well as scattering techniques. The final chapters are then devoted to the practical applications in nanomedicine, sensing, catalysis and several other uses, concluding with a look at the future for such nanoparticles. Essential reading for polymer and materials scientists, materials engineers, biochemists as well as environmental chemists.

Nanotheranostics for Personalized Medicine
Author : Simona Mura,Patrick Couvreur
Publisher : World Scientific
Release Date : 2016-02-22
ISBN 10 : 9814713546
Pages : 348 pages

The application of nanotechnology in the biomedical field, known as nanomedicine, has gained much interest in the recent past as a versatile strategy for selective drug delivery and diagnostic purposes. The nanotheranostic approach, which aims to combine both therapeutic and imaging/diagnostic functionalities, is characterized by a strong pluridisciplinarity where the chemistry of materials, bioconjugate chemistry, pharmaceutical technology, drug delivery, imaging, and pharmacology, work together. Nanotheranostics combine simultaneous non-invasive diagnosis and treatment of diseases with the exciting possibility to monitor drug release and distribution in real time; thus offering the opportunity to optimize treatment outcomes in cancer and other severe diseases. Clinical applications of nanotheranostics would enable earlier detection and treatment of diseases, and earlier assessment of the response, thus allowing to identify patients which would potentially respond to therapy and have higher possibilities of a favorable outcome. Nanotheranostics for Personalized Medicine presents an integrated and transdisciplinary description of nanotheranostics. It provides principles of imaging techniques and concrete examples of advances and challenges in the development of nanotheranostics for personalized medicine. This book is written for students (Bachelors to Doctoral level) as well as experienced researchers, in academia or the industry, interested in this emerging concept in the nanomedicine field. Contents:Combining Imaging and Drug Delivery for the Treatment of Severe Diseases (Simona Mura and Patrick Couvreur)Increased Sensitivity for Medical Imaging Using Non-Ionizing Nanomedicine as Contrast Agents (Cyrille Richard, Bich-Thuy Doan and Nathalie Mignet)MRI T2 Weighted Theranostic Nanodevices and Chemotherapy (Sophie Laurent, Luce Vander Elst, Dimitri Stanicki and Robert N Muller)MRI T1 Weighted Theranostic Nanodevices (Lucie Sancey, François Lux, Géraldine Le Duc, Sabin Carme and Olivier Tillement)Optical Imaging and Chemotherapy (Guillaume Bort, Simona Mura and Patrick Couvreur)Plasmonic Nanoparticles-Coated Microbubbles for Theranostic Applications (Mark A Borden, Jacob D Dove and Todd W Murray)Contribution of Nuclear Medicine to Cancer Nanotheranostics (Thomas Lars Andresen, Anncatrine L Petersen, Anders E Hansen and Jonas R Henriksen)Nanotheranostics in Gene Therapy (Madhura Deshpande, Shravan Kumar Sriraman and Vladimir Torchilin)Nanotheranostics in Cardiovascular Diseases (Maya Juenet, Mariana Varna, Cédric Chauvierre and Didier Letourneur)Stimuli-Responsive Nanotheranostics (Basit Yameen, Jun Wu, Critian Vilos, Andrew Whyte David Werstler, Lori Pollit and Omid C Farokhzad)Advancing the Practical Clinical Utility in Personalized Medicine: Capabilities and Lessons Learned for Pharmacology and Pharmaceutics (Ioannis S Vizirianakis, Christina Karavasili, Elsa P Amanatiadou and Dimitrios G Fatouros) Readership: Advanced undergraduates, graduates, as well as experimental researchers in academia or the industry with an interest in this emerging concept in the nanomedicine world. Key Features:This book presents an integrated and transdisciplinary description of an emerging concept in the world of nanomedicine: nanotheranosticsThis work is one of the few dedicated to nanotheranostics and its applicationsWritten by well-recognized experts in academia, this book would offer to the reader a clear overview of the progresses in the field of nanotheranostics and their fundamental contribution to the field of personalized medicineReading this book would open the way to further improvements and to the possible clinical translation of the nanotheranostics concept in the not-too-distant futureKeywords:Bioengineering;Nanomedicine & Nanobiology;Biomedical Engineering;Medical Imaging;Therapy

ADME Processes in Pharmaceutical Sciences
Author : Alan Talevi,Pablo A. M. Quiroga
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2018-11-30
ISBN 10 : 3319995936
Pages : 362 pages

Absorption, Distribution, Metabolism and Excretion (ADME) processes and their relationship with the design of dosage forms and the success of pharmacotherapy form the basis of this upper level undergraduate/graduate textbook. As an introduction oriented to pharmacy students, it is also written for scientist from different fields outside of pharmaceutics. (e.g. material scientist, material engineers, medicinal chemists) who might be working in a positions in pharmaceutical companies or whose work might benefit from basic training in the ADME concepts and some biological background. Pedagogical features such as objectives, keywords, discussion questions, summaries and case studies add valuable teaching tools. This book will provide not only general knowledge on ADME processes but also an updated insight on some hot topics such as drug transporters, multi-drug resistance related to pharmacokinetic phenomena, last generation pharmaceutical carriers (nanopharmaceuticals), in vitro and in vivo bioequivalence studies, biopharmaceuticals, pharmacogenomics, drug-drug and food-drug interactions, and in silico and in vitro prediction of ADME properties. In comparison with other similar textbooks, around half of the volume would be focused on the relationship between expanding scientific fields and ADME processes. Each of these burgeoning fields has a separate chapter in the second part of the volume, and was written with leading experts on the correspondent topic, including scientists and academics from USA and UK (Duquesne University School of Pharmacy, Indiana University School of Medicine, University of Utah College of Pharmacy, University of Maryland, University of Bath). Additionally, each of the initial chapters dealing with the generalities of drug absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion would include relevant, classic examples related to each topic with appropriate illustrations (e.g. importance of active absorption of levodopa, implications in levodopa administration, drug drug interactions and food drug interactions emerging from the active uptake; intoxication with paracetamol as a result of glutathione depletion, CYP induction and its relationship with acute liver failure caused by paracetamol, etc). ADME Processes and Pharmaceutical Sciences is written as a core textbook for ADME processes, pharmacy, pharmacokinetics, drug delivery, biopharmaceutics, drug disposition, drug design and medicinal chemistry courses.

Drug Metabolism, Pharmacokinetics and Bioanalysis
Author : Hye Suk Lee,Kwang-Hyeon Liu
Publisher : MDPI
Release Date : 2019-06-12
ISBN 10 : 3038979163
Pages : 230 pages

Drug metabolism/pharmacokinetics and drug interaction studies have been extensively carried out in order to secure the druggability and safety of new chemical entities throughout the development of new drugs. Recently, drug metabolism and transport by phase II drug metabolizing enzymes and drug transporters, respectively, as well as phase I drug metabolizing enzymes, have been studied. A combination of biochemical advances in the function and regulation of drug metabolizing enzymes and automated analytical technologies are revolutionizing drug metabolism research. There are also potential drug–drug interactions with co-administered drugs due to inhibition and/or induction of drug metabolic enzymes and drug transporters. In addition, drug interaction studies have been actively performed to develop substrate cocktails that do not interfere with each other and a simultaneous analytical method of substrate drugs and their metabolites using a tandem mass spectrometer. This Special Issue has the aim of highlighting current progress in drug metabolism/pharmacokinetics, drug interactions, and bioanalysis.

Unit Operations-II
Author : Ka Gavhane
Publisher : Nirali Prakashan
Release Date : 2014-11
ISBN 10 : 9788196396121
Pages : 470 pages

Introduction - Conduction - Convection - Radiation - Heat Exchange Equipments - Evaporation - Diffusion - Distillation - Gas Absorption - Liquid Liquid Extraction - Crystallisation - Drying - Appendix I Try yourself - Appendix II Thermal conductivity data - Appendix III Steam tables