the science etiology and mechanobiology of diabetes and its complications

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The Science, Etiology and Mechanobiology of Diabetes and its Complications
Author : Amit Gefen
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2021-02-01
ISBN 10 : 0128210710
Pages : 400 pages

The Science, Etiology and Mechanobiology of Diabetes and its Complications presents the most comprehensive synthesis of contemporary global research on diabetes, covering a novel and unique mechanobiological perspective – addressing prevention, management and treatment of tissue, organ and body system damage associated with diabetes and its complications. The book provides a unique approach to communicating diabetes-associated symptoms and opens avenues for development of novel therapeutic and preventive methods. It offers descriptive pathophysiology of diabetes and its complications with great emphasis on mechanobiology. Content coverage also includes management of tissue, organ and body system damage caused by chronic hyperglycemia. Biologists, life scientists, physicians, pharmacists, biomedical engineers, medical physicists, biomathematicians and computer scientists who are interested in the state-of-science and current challenges in the mechanobiology of diabetes should find this book very useful. Likewise, medical researchers in fields such as endocrinology, cardiovascular medicine, oncology, obesity, the immune system, inflammation and wound care and others who wish to be updated about the latest achievements in this exciting arena of research will find that information here. Covers the state-of-knowledge in diabetes research from a mechanobiological perspective, including cell death and (neural, connective, adipose, vascular, renal etc.) tissue damage cascades and healing processes Describes state-of-the-art technology in prevention, diagnosis, prognosis and treatment of tissue, organ and body system damage caused by chronic hyperglycemia and diabetes Explores emerging research directions and future technology trends in the field of diabetes prevention and care, including common complications of diabetes (foot ulcers and amputation, peripheral neuropathy, retinal damage, renal damage, vascular and cardiac damage, connective tissue damage etc.) at the early stage of research and development in academia and industry

Principles of Regenerative Medicine
Author : Anthony Atala,Robert Lanza,James A. Thomson,Robert Nerem
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2010-12-16
ISBN 10 : 9780123814234
Pages : 1202 pages

Virtually any disease that results from malfunctioning, damaged, or failing tissues may be potentially cured through regenerative medicine therapies, by either regenerating the damaged tissues in vivo, or by growing the tissues and organs in vitro and implanting them into the patient. Principles of Regenerative Medicine discusses the latest advances in technology and medicine for replacing tissues and organs damaged by disease and of developing therapies for previously untreatable conditions, such as diabetes, heart disease, liver disease, and renal failure. Key for all researchers and instituions in Stem Cell Biology, Bioengineering, and Developmental Biology The first of its kind to offer an advanced understanding of the latest technologies in regenerative medicine New discoveries from leading researchers on restoration of diseased tissues and organs

Author : Simon Rawlinson
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2017-02-06
ISBN 10 : 1118966147
Pages : 432 pages

An emerging field at the interface of biology and engineering, mechanobiology explores the mechanisms by which cells sense and respond to mechanical signals—and holds great promise in one day unravelling the mysteries of cellular and extracellular matrix mechanics to cure a broad range of diseases. Mechanobiology: Exploitation for Medical Benefit presents a comprehensive overview of principles of mechanobiology, highlighting the extent to which biological tissues are exposed to the mechanical environment, demonstrating the importance of the mechanical environment in living systems, and critically reviewing the latest experimental procedures in this emerging field. Featuring contributions from several top experts in the field, chapters begin with an introduction to fundamental mechanobiological principles; and then proceed to explore the relationship of this extensive force in nature to tissues of musculoskeletal systems, heart and lung vasculature, the kidney glomerulus, and cutaneous tissues. Examples of some current experimental models are presented conveying relevant aspects of mechanobiology, highlighting emerging trends and promising avenues of research in the development of innovative therapies. Timely and important, Mechanobiology: Exploitation for Medical Benefit offers illuminating insights into an emerging field that has the potential to revolutionise our comprehension of appropriate cell biology and the future of biomedical research.

Pathobiology of Human Disease
Author : N.A
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2014-08-01
ISBN 10 : 0123864577
Pages : 5000 pages

Pathobiology of Human Disease bridges traditional morphologic and clinical pathology, molecular pathology, and the underlying basic science fields of cell biology, genetics, and molecular biology, which have opened up a new era of research in pathology and underlie the molecular basis of human disease. The work spans more than 48 different biological and medical fields, in five basic sections: Human Organ Systems Molecular Pathology/Basic Mechanisms of Diseases Animal Models/Other Model Systems Experimental Pathology Clinical Pathology Each article provides a comprehensive overview of the selected topic to inform a broad spectrum of readers from research professionals to advanced undergraduate students. Reviews quantitative advances in the imaging and molecular analysis of human tissue, new microarray technologies for analysis of genetic and chromosomal alterations in normal and diseased cells and tissues, and new transgenic models of human disease using conditional, tissue-specific gene targeting Articles link through to relevant virtual microscopy slides, illustrating side-by-side presentation of "Normal" and "Disease" anatomy and histology images Fully-annotated with many supplementary full color images, graphs, tables, and video files linked to data sets and to live references, enabling researchers to delve deeper and visualize solutions

Multi-scale Extracellular Matrix Mechanics and Mechanobiology
Author : Yanhang Zhang
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2019-07-12
ISBN 10 : 3030201821
Pages : 392 pages

This book describes the current state of knowledge in the field of multi-scale ECM mechanics and mechanobiology with a focus on experimental and modelling studies in biomechanical characterization, advanced optical microscopy and imaging, as well as computational modeling. This book also discusses the scale dependency of ECM mechanics, translation of mechanical forces from tissue to cellular level, and advances and challenges in improving our understanding of cellular mechanotransduction in the context of living tissues and organisms.

Metabolic Influences on Risk for Tendon Disorders
Author : Paul W. Ackermann,David A. Hart
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2016-08-17
ISBN 10 : 3319339435
Pages : 304 pages

This book will be of considerable interest to students, practitioners (Doctors, Physiotherapists, and other health care professionals), and researchers who deal with the complex structure of tendons and the need to effectively address tendon disorders. The book is divided into three sections: (1) Basic Biology and Biochemical Markers; (2) Metabolic Disorders; and (3) Novel Therapies. The first section, devoted to the basic biology of tendons, is aimed at those individuals who want to gain basic information on tendons and the subsection on biochemical markers is chiefly aimed at researchers who are developing new studies within this field. The section on metabolic disorders is mainly directed at practitioners who desire to know how metabolic disorders can affect tendons in order to optimize treatment for their patients. Finally, the section on novel therapies is focused on some new treatment options within this field, and discussions regarding how management of tendon disorders needs to incorporate perspectives on current understanding of tendon metabolism.

Innovations and Emerging Technologies in Wound Care
Author : Amit Gefen
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2019-10-20
ISBN 10 : 0128150297
Pages : 464 pages

Innovations and Emerging Technologies in Wound Care is a pivotal book on the prevention and management of chronic and non-healing wounds. The book clearly presents the research and evidence that should be considered when planning care interventions to improve health related outcomes for patients. New and emerging technologies are discussed and identified, along with tactics on how they can be integrated into clinical practice. This book offers readers a bridge between biomedical engineering and medicine, with an emphasis on technological innovations. It includes contributions from engineers, scientists, clinicians and industry professionals. Users will find this resource to be a complete picture of the latest knowledge on the tolerance of human tissues to sustained mechanical and thermal loads that also provides a deeper understanding of the risk for onset and development of chronic wounds. Describes the state-of-knowledge in wound research, including tissue damage cascades and healing processes Covers all state-of-the-art technology in wound prevention, diagnosis, prognosis and treatment Discusses emerging research directions and future technology trends in the field of wound prevention and care Offers a bench-to-bedside exploration of the key issues that affect the practice of prevention and management of non-healing wounds

Mechanobiology in Health and Disease
Author : Stefaan Verbruggen
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2018-08-09
ISBN 10 : 0128129530
Pages : 527 pages

Mechanobiology in Health and Disease brings together contributions from leading biologists, clinicians, physicists and engineers in one convenient volume, providing a unified source of information for researchers in this highly multidisciplinary area. Opening chapters provide essential background information on cell mechanotransduction and essential mechanobiology methods and techniques. Other sections focus on the study of mechanobiology in healthy systems, including bone, tendons, muscles, blood vessels, the heart and the skin, as well as mechanobiology studies of pregnancy. Final chapters address the nascent area of mechanobiology in disease, from the study of bone conditions, skin diseases and heart diseases to cancer. A discussion of future perspectives for research completes each chapter in the volume. This is a timely resource for both early-career and established researchers working on mechanobiology. Provides an essential digest of primary research from many fields and disciplines in one convenient volume Covers both experimental approaches and descriptions of mechanobiology problems from mathematical and numerical perspectives Addresses the hot topic of mechanobiology in disease, a particularly dynamic field of frontier science

Biological, Physical and Technical Basics of Cell Engineering
Author : Gerhard M. Artmann,Aysegül Artmann,Azhar A. Zhubanova,Ilya Digel
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2018-04-11
ISBN 10 : 9811079048
Pages : 481 pages

This book presents and discusses recent scientific progress on Cell and Stem Cell Engineering. It predominantly focuses on Biological, Physical and Technical Basics, and features new trends of research reaching far into the 21st century.

Whole Body Vibrations
Author : Redha Taiar,Christiano Bittencourt Machado,Xavier Chiementin,Mario Bernardo-Filho
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2018-12-07
ISBN 10 : 1351013629
Pages : 252 pages

Whole Body Vibrations: Physical and Biological Effects on the Human Body allows an understanding about the qualities and disadvantages of vibration exposure on the human body with a biomechanical and medical perspective. It offers a comprehensive range of principles, methods, techniques and tools to provide the reader with a clear knowledge of the impact of vibration on human tissues and physiological processes. The text considers physical, mechanical and biomechanical aspects and it is illustrated by key application domains such as sports and medicine. Consisting of 11 chapters in total, the first three chapters provide useful tools for measuring, generating, simulating and processing vibration signals. The following seven chapters are applications in different fields of expertise, from performance to health, with localized or global effects. Since unfortunately there are undesirable effects from the exposure to mechanical vibrations, a final chapter is dedicated to this issue. Engineers, researchers and students from biomedical engineering and health sciences, as well as industrial professionals can profit from this compendium of knowledge about mechanical vibration applied to the human body. Provides biomechanical and medical perspectives to understanding the qualities and disadvantages of vibration exposure on the human body Offers a range of principles, methods, techniques, and tools to evaluate the impact of vibration on human tissues and physiological processes Explores mechanical vibration techniques used to improve human performance Discusses the strong association between health and human well-being Explores physical, mechanical, and biomechanical aspects of vibration exposure in domains such as sports and medicine

Multiscale Mechanobiology of Bone Remodeling and Adaptation
Author : Peter Pivonka
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2017-07-27
ISBN 10 : 3319588451
Pages : 324 pages

The book presents state-of-the-art developments in multiscale modeling and latest experimental data on multiscale mechanobiology of bone remodeling and adaptation including fracture healing applications. The multiscale models include musculoskeletal models describing bone-muscle interactions during daily activities such as walking or running, micromechanical models for estimation of bone mechanical properties, bone remodeling and adaptation models, cellular models describing the complex bone-cell interactions taking into account biochemical and biomechanical regulatory factors. Also subcellular processes are covered including arrangement of actin filaments due to mechanical loading and change of receptor configurations.

Major Histocompatibility Complex (MHC) in Health and Disease
Author : Jerzy K. Kulski,Takashi Shiina,Johannes M. Dijkstra
Publisher : MDPI
Release Date : 2020-01-15
ISBN 10 : 3039280724
Pages : 374 pages

The major histocompatibility complex (MHC) is a highly polymorphic and diverse multigene locus in all jawed vertebrate species that has an integral role in adaptive/innate immune systems, transplantation, and infectious and autoimmune diseases. The MHC supra-locus in mammalian vertebrates is usually partitioned into three distinct regions, known as classes I, II, and III, which, to varying extents, can be found conserved in nonmammalian jawed vertebrates, such as bony fish, amphibians, and bird lineages. The MHC gene region is characterized particularly by the expression of class I and class II glycoproteins that bind peptides derived from intracellular or extracellular antigens to circulating T-cells. While this expressed antigenic specificity remains the predominant interest with respect to MHC function and polymorphism in a population, a broader concept has emerged that examines the MHC as a multifunctional polymorphic controller that facilitates and regulates genome diversity with a much greater array of functions and effects than just MHC-restricted antigen recognition. This volume of 19 reprints presented by various experts and collected from the Special Issue of Cells on “MHC in Health and Disease” covers a broad range of topics on the genomic diversity of the MHC regulatory system in various vertebrate species, including MHC class I, II, and III genes; innate and adaptive immunity; neurology; transplantation; haplotypes; infectious and autoimmune diseases; fecundity; conservation; allelic lineages; and evolution. Taken together, these articles demonstrate the immense complexity and diversity of the MHC structure and function within and between different vertebrate species.

Author : Robert Marcus,David Feldman,Dorothy Nelson,Clifford Rosen
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2007-11-08
ISBN 10 : 9780080553474
Pages : 2016 pages

Now in its third edition, Osteoporosis, is the most comprehensive, authoritative reference on this disease. Written by renowned experts in the field, this two-volume reference is a must-have for academic and medical libraries, physicians, researchers, and any company involved in osteoporosis research and development. Worldwide, 200 million women between 60-80 suffer from osteoporosis and have a lifetime risk of fracture between 30 and 40 percent continuing to make osteoporosis a hot topic in medicine. This newest edition covers everything from basic anatomy and physiology to diagnosis, management and treatment in a field where direct care costs for osteoporitic fractures in the U.S. reach up to $18 billion each year. NEW TO THIS EDITION: *Recognizes the critical importance of the Wnt signaling pathway for bone health *Incorporates new chapters on osteocytes, phosphatonins, mouse genetics, and CNS and bone *Examines essential updates on estrogen prevention and treatment and the recent results from the WHI *Discusses the controversial topics of screening and clinical trial design for drug registration *Includes essential updates on therapeutic uses of calcium, vitamin D, SERMS, bisphosphonates, and parathyroid hormone * Offers critical reviews of reproductive and hormonal risk factors, ethnicity, nutrition, therapeutics, management, and economics comprising a tremendous wealth of knowledge in a single source not found elsewhere

Mechanical and Chemical Signaling in Angiogenesis
Author : Cynthia A Reinhart-King
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2012-09-14
ISBN 10 : 3642308562
Pages : 282 pages

This volume describes and discusses recent advances in angiogenesis research. The chapters are organized to address all biological length scales of angiogenesis: molecular, cellular and tissue in both in vivo and in vitro settings. Specific emphasis is given to novel methodologies and biomaterials that have been developed and applied to angiogenesis research. Angiogenesis experts from diverse fields including engineering, cell and developmental biology, chemistry and physics will be invited to contribute chapters which focus on the mechanical and chemical signals which affect and promote angiogenesis.

Stem Cell Biology and Tissue Engineering in Dental Sciences
Author : Ajaykumar Vishwakarma,Paul Sharpe,Songtao Shi,Murugan Ramalingam
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2014-11-05
ISBN 10 : 0123977789
Pages : 932 pages

Stem Cell Biology and Tissue Engineering in Dental Sciences bridges the gap left by many tissue engineering and stem cell biology titles to highlight the significance of translational research in this field in the medical sciences. It compiles basic developmental biology with keen focus on cell and matrix biology, stem cells with relevance to tissue engineering biomaterials including nanotechnology and current applications in various disciplines of dental sciences; viz., periodontology, endodontics, oral & craniofacial surgery, dental implantology, orthodontics & dentofacial orthopedics, organ engineering and transplant medicine. In addition, it covers research ethics, laws and industrial pitfalls that are of particular importance for the future production of tissue constructs. Tissue Engineering is an interdisciplinary field of biomedical research, which combines life, engineering and materials sciences, to progress the maintenance, repair and replacement of diseased and damaged tissues. This ever-emerging area of research applies an understanding of normal tissue physiology to develop novel biomaterial, acellular and cell-based technologies for clinical and non-clinical applications. As evident in numerous medical disciplines, tissue engineering strategies are now being increasingly developed and evaluated as potential routine therapies for oral and craniofacial tissue repair and regeneration. Diligently covers all the aspects related to stem cell biology and tissue engineering in dental sciences: basic science, research, clinical application and commercialization Provides detailed descriptions of new, modern technologies, fabrication techniques employed in the fields of stem cells, biomaterials and tissue engineering research including details of latest advances in nanotechnology Includes a description of stem cell biology with details focused on oral and craniofacial stem cells and their potential research application throughout medicine Print book is available and black and white, and the ebook is in full color

Regenerative Engineering
Author : Yusuf Khan,Cato T. Laurencin
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2018-04-19
ISBN 10 : 1351647393
Pages : 154 pages

This book focuses on advances made in both materials science and scaffold development techniques, paying close attention to the latest and state-of-the-art research. Chapters delve into a sweeping variety of specific materials categories, from composite materials to bioactive ceramics, exploring how these materials are specifically designed for regenerative engineering applications. Also included are unique chapters on biologically-derived scaffolding, along with 3D printing technology for regenerative engineering. Features: Covers the latest developments in advanced materials for regenerative engineering and medicine. Each chapter is written by world class researchers in various aspects of this medical technology. Provides unique coverage of biologically derived scaffolding. Includes separate chapter on how 3D printing technology is related to regenerative engineering. Includes extensive references at the end of each chapter to enhance further study.

Skin Biophysics
Author : Georges Limbert
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2019-05-28
ISBN 10 : 303013279X
Pages : 295 pages

This book presents state-of-the-art experimental and modelling techniques for skin biophysics that are currently used in academic and industrial research. It also identifies current and future challenges, as well as a growing number of opportunities in this exciting research field. The book covers the basics of skin physiology, biology, microstructural and material properties, and progressively introduces the reader to established experimental characterisation protocols and modelling approaches. Advanced topics in modelling theories and numerical implementation are also presented. The book focusses especially on: 1. Basic physiology, molecular biology, microstructural and material properties of the skin. 2. Experimental characterisation techniques for the skin (including imaging): in vivo and in vitro techniques and combination of those with in silico approaches. 3. State-of-the-art constitutive models of the skin: elastic, anelastic and mechanobiological formulations (e.g. growth, ageing, healing). 4. Applications: mechanics, damage, biological growth, healing, ageing and skin tribology. This book is addressed to postgraduate students in biomedical/mechanical/civil engineering, (bio)physics and applied mathematics, postdoctoral researchers, as well as scientists and engineers working in academia and industry engaged in skin research, particularly, if at the cross-roads of physical experiments, imaging and modelling. The book is also be of interest to clinicians/biologists who wish to learn about the possibilities offered by modern engineering techniques for skin science research and, by so doing, provide them with an incentive to broaden their outlook, engage more widely with the non-clinical research communities and, ultimately, help cross-fertilising new ideas that will lead to better treatment plans and engineering solutions.

The Immune Response to Implanted Materials and Devices
Author : Bruna Corradetti
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2016-11-30
ISBN 10 : 3319454331
Pages : 241 pages

This book provides a comprehensive overview of the cascade of events activated in the body following the implant of biomaterials and devices. It is one of the first books to shed light on the role of the host immune response on therapeutic efficacy, and reviews the state-of-the-art for both basic science and medical applications. The text examines advantages and disadvantages of the use of synthetic versus natural biomaterials. Particular emphasis is placed on the role of biomimicry in the development of smart strategies able to modulate infiltrating immune cells, thus reducing side effects (such as acute and chronic inflammation, fibrosis and/or implant rejection) and improving the therapeutic outcome (healing, tissue restoration). Current cutting-edge approaches in tissue engineering, regenerative medicine, and nanomedicine offer the latest insights into the role immunomodulation in improving tolerance during tissue transplant in the treatment of orthopaedic, pancreatic, and hepatic diseases. "Immune Response to Implanted Materials and Devices" is intended for an audience of graduate students and professional researchers in both academia and industry interested in the development of smart strategies, which are able to exploit the self-healing properties of the body and achieve functional tissue restoration.

Extracellular Matrix in Development and Disease
Author : Julia Thom Oxford
Publisher : MDPI
Release Date : 2019-02-21
ISBN 10 : 3038975702
Pages : 356 pages

This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Extracellular Matrix in Development and Disease" that was published in IJMS

Skeletal Tissue Mechanics
Author : R. Bruce Martin,David B. Burr,Neil A. Sharkey,David P. Fyhrie
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2015-10-29
ISBN 10 : 1493930028
Pages : 501 pages

This textbook describes the biomechanics of bone, cartilage, tendons and ligaments. It is rigorous in its approach to the mechanical properties of the skeleton yet it does not neglect the biological properties of skeletal tissue or require mathematics beyond calculus. Time is taken to introduce basic mechanical and biological concepts, and the approaches used for some of the engineering analyses are purposefully limited. The book is an effective bridge between engineering, veterinary, biological and medical disciplines and will be welcomed by students and researchers in biomechanics, orthopedics, physical anthropology, zoology and veterinary science. This book also: Maximizes reader insights into the mechanical properties of bone, fatigue and fracture resistance of bone and mechanical adaptability of the skeleton Illustrates synovial joint mechanics and mechanical properties of ligaments and tendons in an easy-to-understand way Provides exercises at the end of each chapter