the portfolio diet for cardiovascular disease risk reduction

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The Portfolio Diet for Cardiovascular Disease Risk Reduction
Author : Wendy Jenkins,Amy Jenkins,Alexandra Jenkins,Caroline Brydson
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2019-11-24
ISBN 10 : 0128105119
Pages : 236 pages

The Portfolio Diet for Cardiovascular Disease Risk Reduction: An Evidence Based Approach to Lower Cholesterol through Plant Food Consumption examines the science of this recommended dietary approach to reduce cholesterol in addition to other risk factors for cardiovascular disease. With a thorough examination into the scientific rationale for the use of this diet, discussions are included on the experimental findings both for the diet as a whole, and its four principle food components: nuts and seeds, plant based protein, viscous fibers, and plant-sterol-enriched foods. Environmental and ethical considerations of the diet are also discussed, showing the ramifications of food choice on health and beyond. Referenced with data from the latest relevant publications and enhanced with practical details (including tips, dishes, and menus), the reader is enabled to meet the goals of cholesterol lowering and cardiovascular disease risk reduction while also taking the health of the planet into consideration. Provides the scientific basis for the selection of the foods included in the Dietary Portfolio and the experimental evidence demonstrating cholesterol lowering and cardiovascular risk factor reduction Provides an understanding of the current guidelines for lowering cholesterol and other risk factors of cardiovascular disease, explaining how the Dietary Portfolio effects these components and compares to other diet based approaches Provides a holistic view of the Dietary Portfolio by investigating issues of sustainability and ethics in the food system Allows readers to acquire the skills to successfully construct a potent cholesterol-lowering diet Includes tips, recipes and meal planning aids

Nutrition and Cardiovascular Disease
Author : Elaine B. Feldman
Publisher : Prentice Hall
Release Date : 1976
ISBN 10 :
Pages : 326 pages

Nutrition in the Prevention and Treatment of Disease
Author : Ann M. Coulston,Carol J. Boushey,Mario Ferruzzi,Linda Delahanty
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2017-04-28
ISBN 10 : 0128029471
Pages : 1072 pages

Nutrition in the Prevention and Treatment of Disease, Fourth Edition, is a compilation of current knowledge in clinical nutrition and an overview of the rationale and science base of its application to practice in the prevention and treatment of disease. In its fourth edition, this text continues the tradition of incorporating new discoveries and methods related to this important area of research Generating and analyzing data that summarize dietary intake and its association with disease are valuable tasks in treating disease and developing disease prevention strategies. Well-founded medical nutrition therapies can minimize disease development and related complications. Providing scientifically sound, creative, and effective nutrition interventions is both challenging and rewarding. Two new chapters on metabolomics and translational research, which have come to be used in nutrition research in recent years. The new areas of study are discussed with the perspective that the application of the scientific method is by definition an evolutionary process. A new chapter on Genetics and Diabetes which reviews the latest research on causal genetic variants and biological mechanisms responsible for the disease, and explores potential interactions with environmental factors such as diet and lifestyle. Includes all major "omics" – the exposome, metabolomics, genomics, and the gut microbiome. Expands the microbiota portions to reflect complexity of diet on gut microbial ecology, metabolism and health

Preventive Cardiology: A Companion to Braunwald's Heart Disease E-Book
Author : Roger Blumenthal,JoAnne Foody,Nathan D. Wong
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release Date : 2011-02-25
ISBN 10 : 1437737854
Pages : 632 pages

Endorsed by the American Society for Preventive Cardiology! Preventive Cardiology - a new Companion to Braunwald’s Heart Disease - addresses the prevention and risk stratification of cardiovascular disease so that you can delay the onset of disease and moderate the effects and complications. Drs. Roger Blumenthal, JoAnne Foody, and Nathan Wong discuss the full range of relevant considerations, including the epidemiology of heart disease, risk assessment, risk factors, multiple risk factor-based prevention strategies, and developments in genetics and personalized medicine. This authoritative reference gives you the clinically relevant information you need for the effective prevention of cardiovascular disease. Recognize the factors for prevention and risk stratification around cardiovascular disease and effectively delay the onset of disease and moderate the effects and complications, even for individual who are genetically predisposed. Effectively navigate full range of considerations in prevention from epidemiology of heart disease, biology of atherosclerosis and myocardial infraction, risk assessment—established risk factors and emerging risk factors, multiple risk factor-based prevention strategies, and future directions—through genetics, personalized medicine, and much more. Tap into the expertise of prominent leaders in cardiovascular disease prevention with guidance from Drs. Roger Blumenthal—longtime director of the Framingham Heart Study—JoAnne Foody, and Nathan Wong. Gain a deeper understanding of the pathogenesis of disease and the rationale for management through discussions of basic science. Apply current clinical practice guidelines to ensure optimal outcomes in both primary and secondary prevention.

History of Hydrogenation, Shortening and Margarine (1860-2020)
Author : William Shurtleff; Akiko Aoyagi
Publisher : Soyinfo Center
Release Date : 2020-06-05
ISBN 10 : 1948436183
Pages : 1159 pages

One of the world's most comprehensive, well documented and well illustrated books on this subject, With extensive subject and geographic index. 106 photographs and illustrations - mostly color. Free of charge in digital format on Google Books.

Sodium Intake in Populations
Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice,Food and Nutrition Board,Committee on the Consequences of Sodium Reduction in Populations
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date : 2013-08-27
ISBN 10 : 0309282985
Pages : 224 pages

Despite efforts over the past several decades to reduce sodium intake in the United States, adults still consume an average of 3,400 mg of sodium every day. A number of scientific bodies and professional health organizations, including the American Heart Association, the American Medical Association, and the American Public Health Association, support reducing dietary sodium intake. These organizations support a common goal to reduce daily sodium intake to less than 2,300 milligrams and further reduce intake to 1,500 mg among persons who are 51 years of age and older and those of any age who are African-American or have hypertension, diabetes, or chronic kidney disease. A substantial body of evidence supports these efforts to reduce sodium intake. This evidence links excessive dietary sodium to high blood pressure, a surrogate marker for cardiovascular disease (CVD), stroke, and cardiac-related mortality. However, concerns have been raised that a low sodium intake may adversely affect certain risk factors, including blood lipids and insulin resistance, and thus potentially increase risk of heart disease and stroke. In fact, several recent reports have challenged sodium reduction in the population as a strategy to reduce this risk. Sodium Intake in Populations recognizes the limitations of the available evidence, and explains that there is no consistent evidence to support an association between sodium intake and either a beneficial or adverse effect on most direct health outcomes other than some CVD outcomes (including stroke and CVD mortality) and all-cause mortality. Some evidence suggested that decreasing sodium intake could possibly reduce the risk of gastric cancer. However, the evidence was too limited to conclude the converse-that higher sodium intake could possibly increase the risk of gastric cancer. Interpreting these findings was particularly challenging because most studies were conducted outside the United States in populations consuming much higher levels of sodium than those consumed in this country. Sodium Intake in Populations is a summary of the findings and conclusions on evidence for associations between sodium intake and risk of CVD-related events and mortality.

Promoting Cardiovascular Health in the Developing World
Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on Global Health,Committee on Preventing the Global Epidemic of Cardiovascular Disease: Meeting the Challenges in Developing Countries
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date : 2010-07-29
ISBN 10 : 0309147743
Pages : 482 pages

Cardiovascular disease (CVD), once thought to be confined primarily to industrialized nations, has emerged as a major health threat in developing countries. Cardiovascular disease now accounts for nearly 30 percent of deaths in low and middle income countries each year, and is accompanied by significant economic repercussions. Yet most governments, global health institutions, and development agencies have largely overlooked CVD as they have invested in health in developing countries. Recognizing the gap between the compelling evidence of the global CVD burden and the investment needed to prevent and control CVD, the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) turned to the IOM for advice on how to catalyze change. In this report, the IOM recommends that the NHLBI, development agencies, nongovernmental organizations, and governments work toward two essential goals: creating environments that promote heart healthy lifestyle choices and help reduce the risk of chronic diseases, and building public health infrastructure and health systems with the capacity to implement programs that will effectively detect and reduce risk and manage CVD. To meet these goals, the IOM recommends several steps, including improving cooperation and collaboration; implementing effective and feasible strategies; and informing efforts through research and health surveillance. Without better efforts to promote cardiovascular health, global health as a whole will be undermined.

A Guide to Evidence-based Integrative and Complementary Medicine
Author : Vicki Kotsirilos,Luis Vitetta,Avni Sali
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release Date : 2011-01-28
ISBN 10 : 0729579085
Pages : 550 pages

The must-have integrative and complementary medicine reference from experts in the field This exhaustive textbook is ideal for anyone with an interest in integrative and complementary medicine in Australia; including General Practitioners, medical students, integrative clinicians and health practitioners. A Guide to Evidence-based Integrative and Complementary Medicine presents non-pharmacologic treatments for common medical practice complaints – all supported by current scientific evidence. These include Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), asthma, insomnia, anxiety, depression and many more. This practical health resource profiles myriad approaches in integrative and complementary medicine, such as mind-body medicine, stress management techniques, dietary guidelines, exercise and sleep advice, acupuncture, nutritional medicine, herbal medicine, and advice for managing lifestyle and behavioural factors. It also looks at complementary medicines that may impact the treatment of disease. A Guide to Evidence-based Integrative and Complementary Medicine contains only proven therapies from current research, particularly Cochrane reviews, systematic reviews, randomised control trials, published cohort studies and case studies. • easy access to evidence-based clinical data on non-pharmacological treatments – including complementary medicines – for common diseases and conditions • instant advice on disease prevention, health promotion and lifestyle issues • chapter summaries based on scientific evidence using the NHMRC guidelines grading system • printable patient summary sheets at chapter end to facilitate discussion of clinical management • conveniently organised by common medical presentations

Unmasking Superfoods
Author : Jennifer Sygo
Publisher : Harper Collins
Release Date : 2012-04-10
ISBN 10 : 1927402069
Pages : 100 pages

The word superfood is everywhere these days, but which of the many hyped foodstuffs should you really change your diet to include? In this collection of her National Post columns on foods ranging from quinoa to sardines, dietician Jennifer Sygo offers clear, realistic advice on what to eat and what to avoid at the grocery store.

Global Atlas on Cardiovascular Disease Prevention and Control
Author : Shanthi Mendis,Pekka Puska,Bo Norrving,World Health Organization
Publisher : World Health Organization
Release Date : 2011
ISBN 10 : 9789241564373
Pages : 155 pages

"As the magnitude of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) continue to accelerate globally, the pressing need for increased awareness and for stronger and more focused international and country responses is increasingly recognized. This atlas on cardiovascular disease prevention and control is part of the response to this need. It documents the magnitude of the problem, using global cardiovascular mortality and morbidity data. It demonstrates the inequities in access to protection, exposure to risk, and access to care as the cause of major inequalities between countries and populations in the occurrence and outcome of CVDs. The report has graphs showing mortality rates of CVDs by age, by country/region, and is divided into three main sections: Section A: Cardiovascular diseases due to atherosclerosis -- Section B: Other cardiovascular diseases -- Section C: Prevention and control of CVDs: Policies, strategies and interventions."--Provided by publisher.

Dietary Fiber in Health and Disease
Author : George V. Vahouny,David Kritchevsky
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2013-11-21
ISBN 10 : 1461568501
Pages : 330 pages

Dietary fiber is a topic that has burgeoned from an esoteric interest of a few research laboratories to a subject of international interest. This growth has been helped by the intense public interest in the potential benefits of adding fiber to the diet. The general popularity of fiber may have been helped by the perception that, for once, medicine was saying "do" instead of "don't. " There has been a proliferation of excellent scientific books on dietary fiber. Why another? The Spring Symposium on Dietary Fiber in Health and Disease was an outgrowth of our belief that informal discussion among peers-a discussion in which fact is freely interlaced with speculation-was the most effective way to organize our knowledge and direct our thinking. The normal growth progression of a discipline inc1udes its branching into many areas. Soon the expertise, which was once general, is broken into many specialties. Intercommunication becoIlles increasingly difficult. It was our intent to provide a forum that would expose its participants to developments in areas related to their research interest. Free exchange under these conditions could not help but broaden everyone's knowl edge and expand his horizons. We feel that this symposium was singularly successful in achieving its goals. It resulted in a free and friendly exchange of knowledge and ideas. It helped to establish seeds for future collaborations based on mutual interest and friendship. The proceedings of this conference will serve as yet another basic resource in the fiber field.

The Challenge of Obesity in the WHO European Region and the Strategies for Response
Author : World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe
Publisher : World Health Organization
Release Date : 2007
ISBN 10 : 9289013885
Pages : 60 pages

In a brief, clear and easily accessible way, this summary illustrates the dynamics of the obesity epidemic and its impact on public health throughout the WHO European Region, particularly in eastern countries. It describes how factors that increase the risk of obesity are shaped in different settings, such as the family, school, community and workplace. It makes both ethical and economic arguments for accelerating action against obesity, and analyses effective programs and policies in different government sectors, such as education, health, agriculture and trade, urban planning and transport. The summary also describes how to design policies and programs to prevent obesity and how to monitor progress, and calls for specific action by stakeholders: not only government sectors but also the private sector - including food manufacturers, advertisers and traders - and professional consumers' and international and intergovernmental organizations such as the European Union.

Author : Sandra Cabot,Margaret Jasinska
Publisher : Scb International
Release Date : 2005
ISBN 10 : 9780967398327
Pages : 184 pages

Presenting a factual medical dissection of what truly causes and contributes to heart disease, and whether cholesterol is as deserving of its reputation as the number one factor, as is commonly believed.

Strategies to Reduce Sodium Intake in the United States
Author : Institute of Medicine,Food and Nutrition Board,Committee on Strategies to Reduce Sodium Intake
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date : 2010-11-14
ISBN 10 : 0309148057
Pages : 506 pages

Reducing the intake of sodium is an important public health goal for Americans. Since the 1970s, an array of public health interventions and national dietary guidelines has sought to reduce sodium intake. However, the U.S. population still consumes more sodium than is recommended, placing individuals at risk for diseases related to elevated blood pressure. Strategies to Reduce Sodium Intake in the United States evaluates and makes recommendations about strategies that could be implemented to reduce dietary sodium intake to levels recommended by the Dietary Guidelines for Americans. The book reviews past and ongoing efforts to reduce the sodium content of the food supply and to motivate consumers to change behavior. Based on past lessons learned, the book makes recommendations for future initiatives. It is an excellent resource for federal and state public health officials, the processed food and food service industries, health care professionals, consumer advocacy groups, and academic researchers.

Clinical Guide to Popular Diets
Author : Caroline Apovian,Elizabeth Brouillard,Lorraine Young
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2018-01-29
ISBN 10 : 1351211447
Pages : 158 pages

It is no secret that the United States is facing an obesity epidemic with the obesity rates continuing to rise year after year. According to the Center for Disease Control, one third of Americans are now obese. It is no longer sufficient to simply point out the health risks of obesity to our patients as the reason to lose weight. Patients are seeking guidance in terms of what specific diet plan to follow and what foods should be eaten. There are thousands of diets on the market with new ones introduced daily. Not all diet plans have proven results, nor will they work for every patient. More importantly, not all diets marketed to the public are safe to follow for an extended timeframe. In fact, research shows us that diet composition is not the key to long term success, but compliance to a calorie deficient diet is the solution. So how does one choose which diet plan to recommend to patients? Finally, a book for clinicians is here to help answer this question. This book provides information to help patients understand several different research proven diets on the market today including: the Atkins diet, the DASH (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) diet, the I diet, the Mediterranean diet, Paleo Diets, South Beach, Vegetarian diets, Weight Watchers, and the Zone diet. Each diet is carefully and thoroughly reviewed in this book by some of America’s top obesity medicine and weight management specialists to provide health practitioners a knowledge of the diet composition, current research evaluating the diet, typical weight loss results, the pros and cons of the diet as well as which patients would most benefit from each diet plan. This book provides the necessary tools for clinicians to feel comfortable discussing several of the more popular and scientifically researched diets with patients. This book offers solid information to advise patients, based on their specific health history, on which diet will afford the greatest chance for success.

Wheat and Rice in Disease Prevention and Health
Author : Ronald Ross Watson,Victor R. Preedy,Sherma Zibadi
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2014-01-22
ISBN 10 : 0124046045
Pages : 576 pages

Wheat and Rice in Disease Prevention and Health reviews the wide range of studies focusing on the health benefits and disease prevention associated with the consumption of wheat and rice, the two most widely consumed whole grains. This book provides researchers, clinicians, and students with a comprehensive, definitive, and up-to-date compendium on the diverse basic and translational aspects of whole grain consumption and its protective effects across human health and disease. It serves as both a resource for current researchers as well as a guide to assist those in related disciplines to enter the realm of whole grain and nutrition research. Overall, studies have shown that a decrease in the amount of whole grains in the modern diet is related to a corresponding increase in health problems that are attributed to this all-too-common dietary imbalance. The resulting health issues associated with an over-processed diet, which provides inadequate levels of nutrients from whole grains, may include obesity, diabetes, high blood lipids, chronic inflammatory states, and an excess of oxidative stress. Strength and endurance may also suffer as a result of these nutrient deficiencies, followed by declines in energy and immunity. Saves researchers and clinicians time in quickly accessing the latest details on a broad range of nutritional and epidemiological issues Provides a common language for nutritionists, nutrition researchers, epidemiologists, and dietitians to discuss how the action of wheat and rice protect against disease and modify human health Preclinical, clinical, and population studies help nutritionists, dieticians, and clinicians map out key areas for research and further clinical recommendations

A Population-Based Policy and Systems Change Approach to Prevent and Control Hypertension
Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice,Committee on Public Health Priorities to Reduce and Control Hypertension in the U.S. Population
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date : 2010-08-13
ISBN 10 : 030914809X
Pages : 236 pages

Hypertension is one of the leading causes of death in the United States, affecting nearly one in three Americans. It is prevalent in adults and endemic in the older adult population. Hypertension is a major contributor to cardiovascular morbidity and disability. Although there is a simple test to diagnose hypertension and relatively inexpensive drugs to treat it, the disease is often undiagnosed and uncontrolled. A Population-Based Policy and Systems Change Approach to the Prevention and Control Hypertension identifies a small set of high-priority areas in which public health officials can focus their efforts to accelerate progress in hypertension reduction and control. It offers several recommendations that embody a population-based approach grounded in the principles of measurement, system change, and accountability. The recommendations are designed to shift current hypertension reduction strategies from an individual-based approach to a population-based approach. They are also designed to improve the quality of care provided to individuals with hypertension and to strengthen the Center for Disease Control and Prevention's leadership in seeking a reduction in the sodium intake in the American diet to meet dietary guidelines. The book is an important resource for federal public health officials and organizations, especially the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, as well as medical professionals and community health workers.

Disaster Risk Reduction Challenge Badge
Author : Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Publisher : Food & Agriculture Org.
Release Date : 2020-02-17
ISBN 10 : 9251320799
Pages : 212 pages

The Disaster Risk Reduction challenge badge is designed to help educate children and young people about hazards, disasters, and how the crucial role disaster risk reduction plays for life on our planet. This material is appropriate for use in school classes, Guide or Scout groups and other youth related groups. It includes a wide range of activities and ideas to stimulate learning about disaster risk reduction and promote action in local communities. This booklet includes basic background information on disaster risk reduction. It explains what hazards are and what makes some hazards turn into disasters. It explains the factors that put people at risk, and which groups are more vulnerable. It then provides information on preventing, reducing, and preparing for specific hazards. It explains what is involved in recovery work, and finally, provides concrete actions for making a difference on an individual level. The badge has the following learning and behaviour change objectives: -Learn about the different types of natural hazards and disasters as well as those that have occurred in the past around the world; -Know what disaster risk reduction is and what measures can be taken to reduce disaster risks; -What type of recovery, rehabilitation and reconstruction work is being undertaken after a disaster has happened; -Take action on helping yourself, your family and community to be better prepared before, during and after a disaster has occurred.

High Density Lipoproteins
Author : Arnold von Eckardstein,Dimitris Kardassis
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2014-12-18
ISBN 10 : 3319096656
Pages : 694 pages

In this Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology on “High Density Lipoproteins – from biological understanding to clinical exploitation” contributing authors (members of COST Action BM0904/HDLnet) summarize in more than 20 chapters our current knowledge on the structure, function, metabolism and regulation of HDL in health and several diseases as well as the status of past and ongoing attempts of therapeutic exploitation. The book is of interest to researchers in academia and industry focusing on lipoprotein metabolism, cardiovascular diseases and immunology as well as clinical pharmacologists, cardiologists, diabetologists, nephrologists and other clinicians interested in metabolic or inflammatory diseases.

Clinical Pediatric Surgery
Author : Sherif Emil
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2019-09-13
ISBN 10 : 1000006859
Pages : 687 pages

Written in a unique and innovative style, this book presents pediatric surgery in an interactive clinical context. Each chapter is built upon a specific disease or group of diseases, beginning with a typical case, presented interactively, just as it would be in encountered in clinical practice. These are actual cases that have been encountered by the author and are likely to be managed on any pediatric surgical service. The discussion that follows presents the most relevant issues pertaining to the topic, drawing on the index case, as well as multiple other cases that depict the entire spectrum of the disease or anomaly. The carefully selected suggested readings emphasize sentinel papers, high-quality reviews, and the best and most recent evidence published on the subject. A large number of illustrations help bring the clinical concepts to light. A number of high-quality videos provide a dynamic atlas of common procedures. The book is useful to the entire range of pediatric surgical trainees and practitioners, from the medical student or resident rotating on pediatric surgery, to the fellow preparing for certification, to the seasoned surgeon looking for an update on a particular subject or preparing for recertification. A large number of other physicians will find this book very useful, including general surgeons who evaluate and treat childhood surgical diseases, paediatricians and pediatric hospitalists who co-manage patients with surgeons, and obstetricians, pathologists, and radiologists who work closely with pediatric surgeons. Key Features Provides a hands-on guide to the management of typical clinical scenarios for all pediatric surgery trainees and other professionals involved in the care of childhood surgical disease Presents more than 300 cases, covering the whole spectrum of pediatric surgery, illustrated in full-color and with an accompanying e-book Allows the reader to apply their knowledge to real-life situations and assess their level of expertise by the use of a case-based Q&A format