the microbiology of nuclear waste disposal

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The Microbiology of Nuclear Waste Disposal
Author : Jonathan R. Lloyd,Andrea Cherkouk
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2020-10-30
ISBN 10 : 0128186968
Pages : 376 pages
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The Microbiology of Nuclear Waste Disposal is a state-of-the-art reference featuring contributions focusing on the impact of microbes on the safe long-term disposal of nuclear waste. This book is the first to cover this important emerging topic, and is written for a wide audience encompassing regulators, implementers, academics, and other stakeholders. The book is also of interest to those working on the wider exploitation of the subsurface, such as bioremediation, carbon capture and storage, geothermal energy, and water quality. Planning for suitable facilities in the U.S., Europe, and Asia has been based mainly on knowledge from the geological and physical sciences. However, recent studies have shown that microbial life can proliferate in the inhospitable environments associated with radioactive waste disposal, and can control the long-term fate of nuclear materials. This can have beneficial and damaging impacts, which need to be quantified. Encompasses expertise from both the bio and geo disciplines, aiming to foster important collaborations across this disciplinary divide Includes reviews and research papers from leading groups in the field Provides helpful guidance in light of plans progressing worldwide for geological disposal facilities Includes timely research for planning and safety case development

Microbiology of the Terrestrial Deep Subsurface
Author : Penny S. Amy
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2018-01-10
ISBN 10 : 1351091468
Pages : 368 pages
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Obtaining and analyzing samples is challenging in subsurface science. This first-of-its-kind reference book addresses accomplishments in this field-from drilling to sample work-up. A collaborative approach is taken, involving the efforts of microbiologists, geochemists, hydrologists, and drilling and mining experts to present a comprehensive view of subsurface research. The text provides practical information about obtaining, analyzing, and evaluating subsurface materials; the current status of subsurface microbial ecology; and describes several applications that will interest a variety of readers, including engineers, physical, and life scientists.

Microbial Degradation Processes in Radioactive Waste Repository and in Nuclear Fuel Storage Areas
Author : J.H. Wolfram,Robin D. Rogers,Lajos G. Gazsó
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 1997-03-31
ISBN 10 : 9780792344889
Pages : 288 pages
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Purpose ofthe Workshop In the spirit of enhancing developments in science and technology by facilitating international scientific cooperation, the Science Committee of NATO is sponsoring AR W's in several selected priority areas. The objective of this workshop was to discuss what microbial mediated problems have been experienced in the area of nuclear waste management and spent fuel storage. Long term storage of high-level wastes in repositories is just starting in some countries. However, low and medium level wastes have been stored for several decades. In the area of spent fuel interim, storage has been extended at many locations far beyond the intended time. It was a priority of the workshop to examine and discuss what deleterious effects have been observed under these storage conditions or under conditions used in simulated trial tests for predicting material performance under the storage conditions. For example, one chronic problem that was discussed was possibility that microbial influenced corrosion (MIC) could be taking place in the wet storage of spent fuel thereby initiating or accelerating the process of corrosion. Another discussion in the area of waste forms, focused on the presence ofbiofilms which may be breaking down the structure of the waste form and thereby jeopardizing its integrity. The meeting focused on discussing the observations and data collected relating to problems encountered in the storage of these types of wastes, and sharing this information with others that have not monitored their facilities for similar problems.

Interactions of Microorganisms with Radionuclides
Author : M.J. Keith-Roach,F.R. Livens
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2002-04-22
ISBN 10 : 9780080534909
Pages : 408 pages
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Many environmental processes are influenced, if not controlled, by microbial action and it is becoming increasingly important to develop an understanding of microbial roles in geochemistry. This book brings together state of the art research into microbiological processes and the extent to which they affect or can be used to control radioactive elements. The basic principles and fundamental mechanisms by which microbes and radionuclides interact are outlined, the methodology described, potential microbial influences on waste repositories examined, direct and indirect effects on transport both on local and global scales considered and potential technological applications identified. The book is directed towards advanced undergraduate students, postgraduates and researchers in the areas of environmental radioactivity, environmental microbiology, biotechnology and radioactive waste management. It will also be of interest to regulators, policy makers and non-governmental organisations. This novel and timely book offers a fully integrated approach to a topical international issue.

Cementitious Materials for Nuclear Waste Immobilization
Author : Rehab O. Abdel Rahman,Ravil Z. Rakhimov,Michael I. Ojovan,Nailia R. Rakhimova
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2014-11-17
ISBN 10 : 1118512006
Pages : 248 pages
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Cementitious materials are an essential part in any radioactive waste disposal facility. Conditioning processes such as cementation are used to convert waste into a stable solid form that is insoluble and will prevent dispersion to the surrounding environment. It is incredibly important to understand the long-term behavior of these materials. This book summarises approaches and current practices in use of cementitious materials for nuclear waste immobilisation. It gives a unique description of the most important aspects of cements as nuclear waste forms: starting with a description of wastes, analyzing the cementitious systems used for immobilization and describing the technologies used, and ending with analysis of cementitious waste forms and their long term behavior in an envisaged disposal environment. Extensive research has been devoted to study the feasibility of using cement or cement based materials in immobilizing and solidifying different radioactive wastes. However, these research results are scattered. This work provides the reader with both the science and technology of the immobilization process, and the cementitious materials used to immobilize nuclear waste. It summarizes current knowledge in the field, and highlights important areas that need more investigation. The chapters include: Introduction, Portland cement, Alternative cements, Cement characterization and testing, Radioactive waste cementation, Waste cementation technology, Cementitious wasteform durability and performance assessment.

Microbiology of the Terrestrial Deep Subsurface
Author : Penny S. Amy
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2018-01-10
ISBN 10 : 1351083015
Pages : 368 pages
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Obtaining and analyzing samples is challenging in subsurface science. This first-of-its-kind reference book addresses accomplishments in this field-from drilling to sample work-up. A collaborative approach is taken, involving the efforts of microbiologists, geochemists, hydrologists, and drilling and mining experts to present a comprehensive view of subsurface research. The text provides practical information about obtaining, analyzing, and evaluating subsurface materials; the current status of subsurface microbial ecology; and describes several applications that will interest a variety of readers, including engineers, physical, and life scientists.

Biotechnology for Waste Management and Site Restoration
Author : C. Ronneau,O. Bitchaeva
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2012-12-06
ISBN 10 : 9400914679
Pages : 248 pages
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Biotechnology for Waste Management and Site Restoration covers: waste management - solid, gaseous, liquid; site restoration - radioactivity, organics, toxic metals; educational, economic, social and business aspects; and international collaboration. International collaboration is growing apace and many concrete projects have been started. The body of knowledge is growing. Over the long term, it is envisaged that this international collaboration will result in a long-term scientific and technological strategy, new technologies and alternative solutions, and practical implementations of biotechnology for the nuclear and industrial sectors of the economy.

Environmental Risk Assessment of Soil Contamination
Author : Maria C. Hernandez Soriano
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2014-03-26
ISBN 10 : 953511235X
Pages : 920 pages
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Soil is an irreplaceable resource that sustains life on the planet, challenged by food and energy demands of an increasing population. Therefore, soil contamination constitutes a critical issue to be addressed if we are to secure the life quality of present and future generations. Integrated efforts from researchers and policy makers are required to develop sound risk assessment procedures, remediation strategies and sustainable soil management policies. Environmental Risk Assessment of Soil Contamination provides a wide depiction of current research in soil contamination and risk assessment, encompassing reviews and case studies on soil pollution by heavy metals and organic pollutants. The book introduces several innovative approaches for soil remediation and risk assessment, including advances in phytoremediation and implementation of metabolomics in soil sciences.

Scientific Basis for Nuclear Waste Management
Author : N.A
Publisher : N.A
Release Date : 2004
ISBN 10 :
Pages : 329 pages
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Scientific Basis for Nuclear Waste Management XVII
Author : Materials Research Society
Publisher : N.A
Release Date : 1994
ISBN 10 :
Pages : 990 pages
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Scientific Basis for Nuclear Waste Management XVIII
Author : Takashi Murakami,Rodney C. Ewing
Publisher : N.A
Release Date : 1995
ISBN 10 :
Pages : 1455 pages
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Safe Management of Wastes from Health-care Activities
Author : World Health Organization
Publisher : World Health Organization
Release Date : 2014
ISBN 10 : 9241548568
Pages : 308 pages
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This is the second edition of the WHO handbook on the safe, sustainable and affordable management of health-care waste--commonly known as "the Blue Book". The original Blue Book was a comprehensive publication used widely in health-care centers and government agencies to assist in the adoption of national guidance. It also provided support to committed medical directors and managers to make improvements and presented practical information on waste-management techniques for medical staff and waste workers. It has been more than ten years since the first edition of the Blue Book. During the intervening period, the requirements on generators of health-care wastes have evolved and new methods have become available. Consequently, WHO recognized that it was an appropriate time to update the original text. The purpose of the second edition is to expand and update the practical information in the original Blue Book. The new Blue Book is designed to continue to be a source of impartial health-care information and guidance on safe waste-management practices. The editors' intention has been to keep the best of the original publication and supplement it with the latest relevant information. The audience for the Blue Book has expanded. Initially, the publication was intended for those directly involved in the creation and handling of health-care wastes: medical staff, health-care facility directors, ancillary health workers, infection-control officers and waste workers. This is no longer the situation. A wider range of people and organizations now have an active interest in the safe management of health-care wastes: regulators, policy-makers, development organizations, voluntary groups, environmental bodies, environmental health practitioners, advisers, researchers and students. They should also find the new Blue Book of benefit to their activities. Chapters 2 and 3 explain the various types of waste produced from health-care facilities, their typical characteristics and the hazards these wastes pose to patients, staff and the general environment. Chapters 4 and 5 introduce the guiding regulatory principles for developing local or national approaches to tackling health-care waste management and transposing these into practical plans for regions and individual health-care facilities. Specific methods and technologies are described for waste minimization, segregation and treatment of health-care wastes in Chapters 6, 7 and 8. These chapters introduce the basic features of each technology and the operational and environmental characteristics required to be achieved, followed by information on the potential advantages and disadvantages of each system. To reflect concerns about the difficulties of handling health-care wastewaters, Chapter 9 is an expanded chapter with new guidance on the various sources of wastewater and wastewater treatment options for places not connected to central sewerage systems. Further chapters address issues on economics (Chapter 10), occupational safety (Chapter 11), hygiene and infection control (Chapter 12), and staff training and public awareness (Chapter 13). A wider range of information has been incorporated into this edition of the Blue Book, with the addition of two new chapters on health-care waste management in emergencies (Chapter 14) and an overview of the emerging issues of pandemics, drug-resistant pathogens, climate change and technology advances in medical techniques that will have to be accommodated by health-care waste systems in the future (Chapter 15).

Management of Hazardous Wastes
Author : Hosam El-Din M. Saleh,Rehab Abdel Rahman
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2016-10-19
ISBN 10 : 9535126164
Pages : 186 pages
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Rapid trend of industry and high technological progress are the main sources of the accumulation of hazardous wastes. Recently, nuclear applications have been rapidly developed, and several nuclear power plants have been started to work throughout the world. The potential impact of released hazardous contaminants into the environment has received growing attention due to its serious problems to the biological systems. The book Management of Hazardous Wastes contains eight chapters covering two main topics of hazardous waste management and microbial bioremediation. This book will be useful to many scientists, researchers, and students in the scope of development in waste management program including sources of hazardous waste, government policies on waste generation, and treatment with particular emphasis on bioremediation technology.

Nuclear Waste
Author : Samuli Tikkanen
Publisher : Nova Snova
Release Date : 2020-02-20
ISBN 10 : 9781536170429
Pages : 360 pages
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Congressional interest in nuclear waste is generally focused on managing commercial spent nuclear fuel (SNF), the waste produced from commercial nuclear power plants, and other high-level nuclear wastes (HLW), largely from Cold Warâera nuclear weapons materials production. Chapter 1 examines the management of spent nuclear fuel, concerns related to the storage of nuclear waste, and the need for long-term solutions. Chapter 2 discusses a permanent geologic repository for disposal of commercial spent nuclear fuel and other high-level nuclear wastes. Chapter 3 is a draft of a bill to find a solution for the safe disposal of nuclear waste. The United States currently has no permanent disposal facility for spent nuclear fuel or other highly radioactive waste. The draft makes critical reforms to our Nation's nuclear waste management policy. Chapter 4 reports on The Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982 (NWPA) which calls for disposal of spent nuclear fuel in a deep geologic repository. Chapter 5 examines the extent to which the Office of Environmental Management's (EM's) management of the Integrated Waste Treatment Unit follows selected project management best practices; challenges EM faces in disposing of the sodium-bearing waste; and challenges EM faces in treating and disposing of the calcine waste.

An Introduction to Nuclear Waste Immobilisation
Author : Michael I Ojovan,William E. Lee
Publisher : Newnes
Release Date : 2013-12-03
ISBN 10 : 0080993931
Pages : 376 pages
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Drawing on the authors’ extensive experience in the processing and disposal of waste, An Introduction to Nuclear Waste Immobilisation, Second Edition examines the gamut of nuclear waste issues from the natural level of radionuclides in the environment to geological disposal of waste-forms and their long-term behavior. It covers all-important aspects of processing and immobilization, including nuclear decay, regulations, new technologies and methods. Significant focus is given to the analysis of the various matrices used, especially cement and glass, with further discussion of other matrices such as bitumen. The final chapter concentrates on the performance assessment of immobilizing materials and safety of disposal, providing a full range of the resources needed to understand and correctly immobilize nuclear waste. The fully revised second edition focuses on core technologies and has an integrated approach to immobilization and hazards Each chapter focuses on a different matrix used in nuclear waste immobilization: cement, bitumen, glass and new materials Keeps the most important issues surrounding nuclear waste - such as treatment schemes and technologies and disposal - at the forefront

Conflicts, Participation and Acceptability in Nuclear Waste Governance
Author : Achim Brunnengräber,Maria Rosaria Di Nucci
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2019-07-12
ISBN 10 : 3658271078
Pages : 409 pages
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This book is the last part of a trilogy and concludes a long-term project that focussed on nuclear waste governance in 24 countries. It deals with core themes of the disposal of high-level radioactive waste (HLW), e.g. the wicked problems of housing nuclear waste disposal facilities, public participation and public discourse, voluntarism and compensation in siting as well as the role of advisory bodies and commissions. The volume reflects on the diverse factors that shape the debate on what can be considered an ”acceptable solution” and on various strategies adopted in order to minimise conflicts and possibly increase acceptability. The various theoretical and empirical contributions shed light on several mechanisms and issues touched upon in these strategies, such as the role of trust, voluntarism, economic interests at stake, compensation, ethics, governance, and participation.

Energy Research Abstracts
Author : N.A
Publisher : N.A
Release Date : 1992
ISBN 10 :
Pages : 329 pages
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Includes all works deriving from DOE, other related government-sponsored information and foreign nonnuclear information.

Investigations of Subterranean Microorganisms and Their Importance for Performance Assessment of Radioactive Waste Disposal
Author : Karsten Pedersen
Publisher : N.A
Release Date : 1997
ISBN 10 :
Pages : 284 pages
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Hydrogeology of Crystalline Rocks
Author : I. Stober,Kurt Bucher
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2013-04-18
ISBN 10 : 9401718164
Pages : 278 pages
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Hydrogeology of Crystalline Rocks deals with deep groundwater in the granite and gneiss basement of the continents. It has become evident during the past years that highly mineralized water is present in an interconnected fracture network of the basement. Thus, the upper part of the crust of the continents can be viewed as an aquifer and investigated with tools common in hydrogeology. This book presents accounts on water-conducting features of crystalline rocks and summarizes the hydraulic properties of the basement. The volume includes reviews, new data and research on the often remarkable chemical composition of deep groundwater. Microbial processes in the deep basement aquifer are probably more important than previously thought. Two contributions focus on this recent extension of research of the biosphere to greater depth in the Earth. This book represents the first multidisciplinary and integrated account of deep groundwater hydrology in crystalline basement. It is of interest to hydrologists and hydrogeologists working with water in crystalline rocks, but also to solid earth geophysicists, geochemists and petrologists with an interest in fluids in the crust. Scientists involved in nuclear waste disposal programs and geothermal energy development will find a wealth of stimulating ideas in this volume.