the dark triad of personality

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The Dark Triad of Personality
Author : Minna Lyons
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2019-01-11
ISBN 10 : 0128142928
Pages : 219 pages
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The Dark Triad of Personality: Narcissism, Machiavellianism, and Psychopathy in Everyday Life summarizes the latest research on how these personality traits (psychopathology, narcissism, Machiavellianism) are defined and displayed, while also exploring the impact they have on individuals and society, the relationship between clinical conditions and personality traits, and their adaptivity. The book introduces the Dark Triad through the lens of existing clinical and personality literature, discussing shared and unique cognitive and empathetic profiles associated with each trait. Antisocial, antagonistic, and criminal behaviors associated with the Dark Triad are also covered, as is the way these individuals compete socially and in the workplace. Reviews the development, measurement and evolutionary origins of these traits Explores how these traits may be adaptive Assesses the relationship between clinical conditions and Dark Triad personality traits Includes sections on manipulation, competition and cooperation

The Dark Triad of Personality
Author : Minna Lyons
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2019-01-30
ISBN 10 : 9780128142912
Pages : 242 pages
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The Dark Triad of Personality: Narcissism, Machiavellianism, and Psychopathy in Everyday Life summarizes the latest research on how these personality traits (psychopathology, narcissism, Machiavellianism) are defined and displayed, while also exploring the impact they have on individuals and society, the relationship between clinical conditions and personality traits, and their adaptivity. The book introduces the Dark Triad through the lens of existing clinical and personality literature, discussing shared and unique cognitive and empathetic profiles associated with each trait. Antisocial, antagonistic, and criminal behaviors associated with the Dark Triad are also covered, as is the way these individuals compete socially and in the workplace. Reviews the development, measurement and evolutionary origins of these traits Explores how these traits may be adaptive Assesses the relationship between clinical conditions and Dark Triad personality traits Includes sections on manipulation, competition and cooperation

The Dark Triad of Personality as a Moderator of the Relationship Between Workplace Stressors and Counterproductive Work Behaviors
Author : Erin White
Publisher : N.A
Release Date : 2019
ISBN 10 : 9781392843215
Pages : 92 pages
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In this study, I attempted to determine if the three facets of the Dark Triad (Psychopathy, Machiavellianism, and Narcissism) moderate the relationship between specific Stressors (Composite Organizational Justice, Person-Organization Value Fit, Overqualification) and Counterproductive Work Behaviors (CWB). Previous research has shown that there is a positive relationship between stressors and counterproductive work behaviors, as well as a positive relationship between Dark Triad facets and counterproductive work behaviors. Research has also shown a consistent trend of other moderating influences on the relationship between stressors and CWB. However, despite clear conceptual links between the Dark Triad, CWB, and Stressors, little research has been done to show the potential of the Dark Triad facets potentially adding moderating relationship. A sample of several hundred participants working full time was collected and given an online survey consisting of several measures. The relationship between Dark Triad, Stressors, and specific CWB was evaluated using moderated multiple regression analysis. Partial support was found for the moderating relationship, suggesting opportunities for further research, specifically into the relationship between the Dark Triad and Perceived Organizational Justice as a stressor.

The Dark Side of Personality
Author : Virgil Zeigler-Hill,David K. Marcus
Publisher : American Psychological Association (APA)
Release Date : 2016
ISBN 10 : 9781433821875
Pages : 389 pages
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Dark personality traits, and traits with dark features, are connected to destructive behaviors and interpersonal problems. Even moderate levels of these traits can cause significant issues. Understanding them will play an integral role in treating individuals who exhibit dark, unhealthy characteristics. Thus, a primary goal of this book is to unite personality psychology and clinical psychology. It synthesizes recent research that connects pathological personality features to the Big Five personality dimensions, creating an interdisciplinary taxonomy of dark personality traits. This volume brings together a diverse panel of experts who provide complex, nuanced perspectives on a variety of personality traits, including those that are readily accepted as dark (e.g., the Dark Triad of narcissism, psychopathy, and Machiavellianism), have been largely ignored by the broader psychological literature (e.g., spitefulness), have not been included in previous discussions of dark personality traits (e.g., authoritarianism), or appear to be at least somewhat positive on a superficial level (e.g., perfectionism and fearless dominance). Chapters explore both maladaptive and adaptive features of these traits, including how to address them in clinical settings. The final chapter ties the entire volume together with a thorough review of common themes, clinical implications, and research goals across all traits.

The Oxford Handbook of Women and Competition
Author : Maryanne L. Fisher
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release Date : 2017
ISBN 10 : 0199376379
Pages : 856 pages
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Introduction / Maryanne L. Fisher -- Theory and overview -- Competition throughout women's lives / Bobbi Low -- Sexual competition among women : a review of the theory and supporting evidence / Steven Arnocky & Tracy Vaillancourt -- Female intrasexual competition in primates : why human's aren't as progressive as we think / Nicole Scott -- Social status and aggression -- Feminist and evolutionary perspectives of female-female competition, status seeking, and social network formation / Laurette T. Liesen -- Adolescent peer aggression and female reproductive competition / Andrew C. Gallup -- Cooperation drives competition among Tsimane women in the Bolivian Amazon / Stacey L. Rucas -- Competition between female friends / Chenthila Nagamuthu & Elizabeth Page-Gould -- The element of surprise: women of the dark triad / P. Lynne Honey -- Communication and gossip -- Competitive communication among women : the pretty prevail by means of indirect aggression / Grace Anderson -- Gossip and competition among women : how "the gossip" became a woman and how "gossip" became her weapon of choice / Francis T. McAndrew -- Women's talk? : exploring the relationship between gossip, sex, mate competition, and mate poaching / Katelin Sutton & Megan J. Oaten -- Informational warfare : coalitional gossiping as a strategy for within-group aggression / Nicole H. Hess -- Mate availability and mating relationships -- Do women compete for mates when men are scarce? : sex ratio imbalances and women's mate competition cross-culturally / Emily Stone -- Operational sex ratio and female competition : scarcity breeds intensity / Haley M. Dillon, Lora E. Adair, & Gary L. Brase -- The influence of women's mate value on intrasexual competition / Maryanne L. Fisher & Ana María Fernández -- Single and partnered women : competing to obtain and retain high quality men / Gayle Brewer -- I'll have who she's having : mate copying, mate poaching and mate retention / Lora E. Adair, Haley M. Dillon, & Gary L. Brase -- Intrasexual mate competition and breakups : who really wins? / Craig Morris, Melanie L. Beaussart, Chris Reiber, & Linda S. Krajewski -- Endocrinology and psychobiological considerations -- Psychobiological responses to competition in women / Raquel Costa, Miguel A. Serrano, & Alicia Salvador -- The endocrinology of female competition / Kelly Cobey, & Amanda Hahn -- The effect of fertility on women's intrasexual competition / Lambrianos Nikiforidis, Ashley Rae Arsena, & Kristina M. Durante -- Health and aging -- Social aggression, sleep and wellbeing among Sidama women of rural southwestern Ethiopia / Alissa A. Miller & Stacey L. Rucas -- Is female competition at the heart of reproductive suppression and eating disorders? / Catherine Salmon -- Moderation of female-female competition for matings by competitors' age and parity / Melanie MacEacheron & Lorne Campbell -- Motherhood and family -- Competitive motherhood from a comparative perspective / Katherine A. Valentine, Norman P. Li, & Jose C. Yong -- Cooperative and competitive mothering : from bonding to rivalry in the service of childrearing / Rosemarie I. Sokol-Chang, Rebecca L. Burch & Maryanne L. Fisher -- Conflicting tastes : conflict between female family members in choice of romantic partners / Leif Edward Ottesen Kennair & Robert Biegler -- Darwinian perspectives on women's progenicide / Alita J. Cousins & Theresa Porter -- Physical appearance -- The causes and consequences of women's competitive beautification / Danielle J. DelPriore, Marjorie L. Prokosch, & Sarah E. Hill -- Ravishing rivals : female intrasexual competition and cosmetic surgery / Shelli L. Dubbs, Ashleigh J. Kelly, & Fiona Kate Barlow -- Intrasexual competition among beauty pageant contestants / Rebecca Shaiber, Laura Johnsen & Glenn Geher -- Fashion as a set of signals in female intrasexual competition / Laura Johnsen & Glenn Geher -- Competition in virtual contexts -- Female virtual intrasexual competition and its consequences / Jose C. Yong, Norman P. Li, Katherine A. Valentine, & April R. Smith -- Facebook frenemies and selfie-promotion : women and competition in the digital age / Amanda E. Guitar & Rachael A. Carmen -- Women's use of computer games to practice intrasexual competition / Tami M. Meredith -- Competition in applied settings -- The buzz on the queen bee and other characterizations of women's intrasexual competition at work / Lucie Kocum, Delphine S. Courvoisier, & Saundra Vernon -- Food as a means for female power struggles / Charlotte J. S. De Backer, Liselot Hudders, & Maryanne L. Fisher -- Evolution of artistic and aesthetic propensities through female competitive ornamentation / Marco A. C. Varella, Jaroslava Varella Valentová, & Ana María Fernández -- "Playing like a girl" : women in competition in sport and physical activity / Hayley Russell, Julia Dutove, & Lori Dithurbide -- Conclusion -- Conclusion / Gregory Carter & Maryanne L. Fisher

Handbook of Interpersonal Psychology
Author : Leonard M. Horowitz,Stephen Strack
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2010-11-17
ISBN 10 : 9780470881071
Pages : 750 pages
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Modern interpersonal psychology is now at a point where recent advances need to be organized so that researchers, practitioners, and students can understand what is new, different, and state-of-the art. This field-defining volume examines the history of interpersonal psychology and explores influential theories of normal-abnormal behaviors, widely-used assessment measures, recent methodological advances, and current interpersonal strategies for changing problematic behaviors. Featuring original contributions from field luminaries including Aaron Pincus, John Clarkin, David Buss, Louis Castonguay, and Theodore Millon, this cutting-edge volume will appeal to academicians, professionals, and students interested in the study of normal and abnormal interpersonal behavior.

The Handbook of Antagonism
Author : Joshua W. Miller,Donald Lynam
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2019-02-15
ISBN 10 : 0128146273
Pages : 470 pages
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Antagonism as a Personality Trait looks at the theoretical and empirical underpinnings of antagonism, highlighting the consequences of the trait, its role in a number of problem behaviors and psychiatric disorders, and how it exerts itself on externalizing behaviors. Covering the biological and evolutionary roots of antagonism, the book additionally provides clinical insight on assessment strategies while also outlining a number of treatment techniques, including motivational interviewing, cognitive behavioral therapy, interpersonal psychology, and psychodynamic treatment approaches. The book looks at the development of antagonism across childhood and adolescence, discussing the societal consequences of the trait, as well as its role in a number of problem behaviors, such as aggression, violence, crime, and substance use. Provides an overview on the development, assessment and treatment of antagonism Looks at antagonism's role in work, romantic relationships and other domains Outlines self-report and non-self-report assessment approaches Studies the links between antagonism, psychopathy, narcissism and antisocial personality Approaches antagonism from a dimensional trait model Analyzes the role antagonism plays in several prominent psychiatric disorders

Transcend
Author : Scott Barry Kaufman
Publisher : Penguin
Release Date : 2020-04-07
ISBN 10 : 1524704989
Pages : 432 pages
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A bold reimagining of Maslow's famous hierarchy of needs--and new insights for realizing your full potential and living your most creative, fulfilled, and connected life. When psychologist Scott Barry Kaufman first discovered Maslow's unfinished theory of transcendence, sprinkled throughout a cache of unpublished journals, lectures, and essays, he felt a deep resonance with his own work and life. In this groundbreaking book, Kaufman picks up where Maslow left off, unraveling the mysteries of his unfinished theory, and integrating these ideas with the latest research on attachment, connection, creativity, love, purpose and other building blocks of a life well lived. Kaufman's new hierarchy of needs provides a roadmap for finding purpose and fulfillment--not by striving for money, success, or "happiness," but by becoming the best version of ourselves, or what Maslow called self-actualization. While self-actualization is often thought of as a purely individual pursuit, Maslow believed that the full realization of potential requires a merging between self and the world. We don't have to choose either self-development or self-sacrifice, but at the highest level of human potential we show a deep integration of both. Transcend reveals this level of human potential that connects us not only to our highest creative potential, but also to one another. With never-before-published insights and new research findings, along with exercises and opportunities to gain insight into your own unique personality, this empowering book is a manual for self-analysis and nurturing a deeper connection not only with our highest potential but also with the rest of humanity.

Leadership, Work, and the Dark Side of Personality
Author : Seth M. Spain
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2019-02-16
ISBN 10 : 0128128224
Pages : 218 pages
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Leadership, Work, and the Dark Side of Personality uses an interpersonal psychological perspective to unite general theories of both personality and leadership. By focusing in on the interpersonal, the book characterizes social behaviors by their agency (how dominant they are) and by their communion (how relational and nurturing they are). It argues that these interpersonal dimensions align closely with the traditional structure of leader behaviors—both task-related and relationship oriented behaviors—and uses those frameworks to orient trait theory for both normal-range personality traits and subclinical (dark side) traits. After overviewing the history of leadership theory, reviewing normal range personality traits (Extraversion, Neuroticism, Conscientiousness, Agreeableness and Openness) and subclinical traits, such as the Dark Triad (Narcissism, Machiavellianism and Psychopathy), the book moves on to thoroughly bring the perspective of interpersonal psychology to bear on questions of personality and leadership, and ends by narrowing in on how the dark side of personality affects the leadership process—for better and for worse. Discusses the role of personality in job performance and satisfaction Critiques both historical and contemporary leadership approaches Includes lesser known approaches to leadership, such as paternalism and empowerment Narrows in on the dark side of personality and the role it plays in the leadership process Distinguishes between effective leaders and successful leaders

Corporate Psychopaths
Author : C. Boddy
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2011-04-12
ISBN 10 : 0230307558
Pages : 195 pages
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Psychopaths are little understood outside of the criminal image. However, as the recent global financial crisis highlighted, the behavior of a small group of managers can potentially bring down the entire western system of business. This book investigates who they are, why they do what they do and what the consequences of their presence are.

Handbook of Individual Differences in Social Behavior
Author : Mark R. Leary,Rick H. Hoyle
Publisher : Guilford Publications
Release Date : 2013-12-17
ISBN 10 : 1462514898
Pages : 624 pages
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How do individual differences interact with situational factors to shape social behavior? Are people with certain traits more likely to form lasting marriages; experience test-taking anxiety; break the law; feel optimistic about the future? This handbook provides a comprehensive, authoritative examination of the full range of personality variables associated with interpersonal judgment, behavior, and emotion. The contributors are acknowledged experts who have conducted influential research on the constructs they address. Chapters discuss how each personality attribute is conceptualized and assessed, review the strengths and limitations of available measures (including child and adolescent measures, when available), present important findings related to social behavior, and identify directions for future study.

The Dark Triad of Personality: A 10 Year Review
Author : N.A
Publisher : N.A
Release Date : 2013
ISBN 10 :
Pages : 329 pages
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Abstract: Ten years agoPaulhus and Williams (2002) called attention to the 'Dark Triad', a constellation of three conceptually distinct but empirically overlapping personality variables. The three members ‐‐ Machiavellianism, narcissism and subclinical psychopathy ‐‐ often show differential correlates but share a common core of callous‐manipulation. There are now dozens of studies on the triad and, according to Google Scholar, over 350 citations. The goal of this review is to update and critically evaluate this rapidly expanding literature. The standard measures of each Dark Triad member are reviewed along with newer combination measures. The Dark Triad members are located in in mainstream structural models, namely, the interpersonal circumplex as well as Five‐ and Six‐Factor Models. Key issues and controversies are addressed.