|Author||: Eric Murillo-Rodriguez|
|Publisher||: Academic Press|
|Release Date||: 2019-03-26|
|ISBN 10||: 0128167424|
|Pages||: 220 pages|
The Behavioral, Molecular, Pharmacological, and Clinical Basis of the Sleep-Wake Cycle provides the first comprehensive overview on the molecular methodologies used to evaluate sleep while also examining the cellular, biochemical, genetic, and therapeutic aspects of the sleep-wake cycle. There have been profound changes in the landscape of approaches to the study of sleep – mainly in the areas of molecular biology and molecular techniques. With this great focus on using multidisciplinary molecular methods, chapters address significant advances in the molecular mechanisms underlying sleep and the techniques researchers use to study this phenomenon. Written by world-leading experts in the area, this book is of great interest to researchers working in the sleep field and to anyone interested in one of the most mysterious phenomena in science – why we sleep and why we cannot survive without it. Reviews the neurobiological and cellular mechanisms of the sleep-wake cycle Provides the implications of sleep in health and disease Contrasts different techniques to study molecular mechanisms Contains case studies to better illustrate points Covers sleep disturbance and health problems involved in sleep Includes chapters on the ontogeny of sleep, along with multiple mechanisms for sleep generation
A review of the current state of the clinical and basic science of the pharmacology of sleep. The information provided ranges from a historical perspective to current concepts of sleep mechanisms, including the interaction between pharmacology and sleep-wake regulation and between chronopahrmacology and sleep-wake rhythms. For the first time in one single volume, both the basic mechanisms of sleep, and the basic and clinical aspects of the pharmacology of sleep are dealt with in a thorough, comprehensive and authoritative manner. The chapters, written by the foremost scientific authorities in this field, integrate the latest information on the basic mechanisms of drugs as they relate to their effects on sleep.
|Author||: J. Kiffin Penry|
|Release Date||: 1978|
|Pages||: 329 pages|
Clinical practice related to sleep problems and sleep disorders has been expanding rapidly in the last few years, but scientific research is not keeping pace. Sleep apnea, insomnia, and restless legs syndrome are three examples of very common disorders for which we have little biological information. This new book cuts across a variety of medical disciplines such as neurology, pulmonology, pediatrics, internal medicine, psychiatry, psychology, otolaryngology, and nursing, as well as other medical practices with an interest in the management of sleep pathology. This area of research is not limited to very young and old patientsâ€"sleep disorders reach across all ages and ethnicities. Sleep Disorders and Sleep Deprivation presents a structured analysis that explores the following: Improving awareness among the general public and health care professionals. Increasing investment in interdisciplinary somnology and sleep medicine research training and mentoring activities. Validating and developing new and existing technologies for diagnosis and treatment. This book will be of interest to those looking to learn more about the enormous public health burden of sleep disorders and sleep deprivation and the strikingly limited capacity of the health care enterprise to identify and treat the majority of individuals suffering from sleep problems.
The human hypothalamus, a small structure at the base of the brain, has strategic importance for the harmonic function of the human body. It controls the autonomic nervous system, neuroendocrine function, circadian and circannual rhythms, somatic activities, and behavior, and is situated at the borders between the brain and the body and the brain and the soul, meeting points for mind and body. The hypothalamus is involved in a wide range of higher mental functions, including attention, learning and reinforcement of mnemonic processes, emotional control, mood stability, and cognitive-emotional interactions. It also has a role to play in behavioral disorders, panic reactions, cluster headache, gelastic epilepsy, mental deficiency, periodic disorders, depression, autism, and schizophrenia, and in a substantial number of neurodegenerative diseases. It enlarges greatly the dimensions of the hypothalamic contribution in controlling psychosomatic equilibrium and retaining internal unity of the human existence.
In a world of 24-hour media saturation, sleep has become an increasingly fraught enterprise. The award-winning four-volume Encyclopedia of Sleep is the largest reference, either online or in print, on the subject of sleep. Written to be useful for the novice and the established researcher and clinician, Topic areas will include sleep across the life cycle and in other species, sleep and women, sleep and the elderly, pediatric sleep, sleep deprivation and loss, sleep mechanisms, sleep physiology and pathophysiology, sleep disorders, neurobiology, chronobiology, pharmacology, and impact of other disorders on sleep. Recognizing the many fields that are connected to sleep science, the editorial team has been carefully chosen to do justice to this highly interdisciplinary field of study. The steady growth of researchers and clinicians in the sleep field attests to the continued interest in the scientific study of sleep and the management of patients with sleep disorders, and anyone involved in this exciting field should find this work to be an invaluable reference. 2013 PROSE Award winner for Multivolume Reference in Science from the Association of American Publishers Thoroughly interdisciplinary: looks at sleep throughout the life cycle, with exceptional coverage of basic sleep concepts, the physiology of sleep as well as sleep disorders of all descriptions Excellent coverage of sleep and special populations, covering the lifespan, as well as gender and ethnic differences, among others Chapters focusing on sleep disorders are grouped under the broad categories classified in the ICSD-2 for clear organization so that the reader can effectively access the steps involved in diagnosing and treating these disorders Online version is linked both within the encyclopedia (to related content) and to external sources (such as primary journal content) so that users have easy access to more detailed information if needed
Neurological Modulation of Sleep provides readers with updated scientific reviews regarding the interaction between sleep and contributing factors, with special attention paid to the potential for neurological modulation of sleep via diet. This book expands the notion of diet and adds an element of physical activity and exercise as well as a chapter on caffeine and its effects on sleep. With 30+ international contributors, this book aims to provide readers with a unique global perspective on the role these factors plays in sleep architecture and its regulation by circadian biology and neurology. Sleep disorders have become an increasing problem plaguing more than 70 million Americans according to the American Sleep Association. There is a clear association between sleep disorder and a wide range of other human disorders –performance deficiencies, psychiatric illnesses, heart disease, obesity and more – but in spite of this there is not yet a convenient overview on the market detailing the impact of obesity, age, diabetes and diet on sleep duration and attendant health outcomes. Describes the impact of diet, caffeine and physical activity on sleep Reviews the neurology and metabolism of sleep Identifies what foods impact sleep and how Discusses the clinical use of nutraceuticals to improve sleep
This volume connects current ideas and concepts about sleep functions and circadian rhythms with the search for novel target-selective sleep-wake therapeutics. To do so, it provides a timely, state-of-the-art overview of sleep-wake mechanisms in health and disease, ongoing developments in drug discovery, and their prospects for the clinical treatment of sleep-disordered patients. It particularly focuses on the concept that sleep and wakefulness mutually affect each other, and the future therapeutic interventions with either sleep- or wake-promoting agents that are expected to not only improve the quality of sleep but also the waking behavior, cognition, mood and other sleep-associated physiological functions. The chapter 'Sleep Physiology, Circadian Rhythms, Waking Performance and the Development of Sleep-Wake Therapeutics' available open access under a CC BY 4.0 license at link.springer.com
Melatonin, the pineal neurohormone, is a pleiotropic molecule acting in the center of the integrative molecular mechanisms of the organism, based on interconnections of the regulatory systems: neural, endocrine, immune, and genetic, conveying into the uniqueness of human architecture. This book provides a systematic and updated overview of melatonin biochemical mechanisms of action, pharmacological features, and clinical uses, clutching the subject with complete details of pharmaceutical formulations designed for different routes of administration and different health issues, aiming at optimal melatonin bioavailability when therapeutically delivered. The book addresses a broad range of audiences, from healthcare professionals, medically and pharmaceutically based, to highly profiled medical specialists and biomedical researchers, helping them to expand their knowledge of the physiological and pathological implications of melatonin and its metabolites.
The book presents the current state of the art on phytocannnabinoid chemistry and pharmacology and will be of much use to those wishing to understand the current landscape of the exciting and intriguing phytocannabinoid science. The focus is on natural product cannabinoids which have been demonstrated to act at specific receptor targets in the CNS.
The Endocannabinoid System: Genetics, Biochemistry, Brain Disorders, and Therapy examines the cellular, biochemical, genetic, and therapeutic aspects of the endocannabinoid system. The chapters cover significant conceptual advances in the endocannabinoid field and shed light on the many brain disorders in which this biological system is involved. Written by world-leading experts in the field, the topics covered in this book will have a positive impact on the area of molecular biology, including, but not limited to, cell biology, neuroscience, pharmacology, signaling, disease mechanisms, and therapeutics. Provides an introduction to endocannabinoids in the central nervous system and an overview to their functions in the brain Presents information on neurobiological and cellular studies on the role of the cannabinoid signaling system and its implications in human diseases Includes well-written overviews of the basics of endocannabinoid system structure and function Contains well-illustrated material, with diagrams, charts, and tables Explores compelling case studies and their application to chapters written by experts