|Author||: Susan A. Brown,Paul L. Brown|
|Release Date||: 2019-09-25|
|ISBN 10||: 0128193093|
|Pages||: 220 pages|
The Aqueous Chemistry of Polonium and the Practical Application of its Thermochemistry provides a thermochemical database and derived pH-potential diagrams to give readers a better understanding of polonium behavior. The book provides an introduction to polonium and its physical and chemical properties, as well as a detailed overview of polonium’s chemical thermodynamics. Drawing on the knowledge of expert authors, the book provides key insights for those working with polonium across a range of different fields, from mining industry professionals and analytical chemists, to environmental remediation scientists. Provides a unique and detailed review of polonium chemistry Presents pH-potential diagrams for polonium and case studies showing their use in practice Reviews the practical use of polonium in a range of different applications
|Author||: U.S. Atomic Energy Commission|
|Release Date||: 1962|
|Pages||: 55 pages|
This book introduces the principles of electrochemistry with a special emphasis on materials science. This book is clearly organized around the main topic areas comprising electrolytes, electrodes, development of the potential differences in combining electrolytes with electrodes, the electrochemical double layer, mass transport, and charge transfer, making the subject matter more accessible. In the second part, several important areas for materials science are described in more detail. These chapters bridge the gap between the introductory textbooks and the more specialized literature. They feature the electrodeposition of metals and alloys, electrochemistry of oxides and semiconductors, intrinsically conducting polymers, and aspects of nanotechnology with an emphasis on the codeposition of nanoparticles. This book provides a good introduction into electrochemistry for the graduate student. For the research student as well as for the advanced reader there is sufficient information on the basic problems in special chapters. The book is suitable for students and researchers in chemistry, physics, engineering, as well as materials science. - Introduction into electrochemistry - Metal and alloy electrodeposition - Oxides and semiconductors, corrosion - Intrinsically conducting polymers - Codeposition of nanoparticles, multilayers
|Author||: William Crookes,James H. Gardiner,Gerald Druce,H. W. Blood Ryan|
|Release Date||: 1898|
|Pages||: 329 pages|
Electrochemistry is the study of chemical reactions with an exchange of electrons, and of the chemical phenomena that are caused by the action of applied currents and voltages. Analytical electrochemistry in textiles provides an overview of the synergy between electrochemistry and textiles, and the possibilities and innovative character of electrochemistry for textiles. Analytical electrochemistry in textiles is divided into four parts. In the first part an overview is given of the theory of electrochemistry as well as of practical considerations. The second part contains chapters in which the development of sensors is described for the optimisation and automation of textile finishing processes. In the third part the fundamentals of textile electrodes, used in a wide variety of applications, are summarised, as well as offering a developed study of a quality control method. Finally, the fourth part of the book is related to the functionalisation of fibres through chemical and electrochemical modification and some applications are given for these types of textile related electrodes. Written so that both non-electrochemists and non-textile specialists can understand it, Analytical electrochemistry in textiles is an important guide for textile, chemist and material science academics. It will also prove of great benefit for textile manufacturers, processors, dyers, colourists and finishers. Provides an overview of the synergy between electrochemistry and textiles An invaluable reference tool for textile, chemist and material science academics as well as textile manufacturers, processors, dyers, colourists and finishers
|Release Date||: 1898|
|Pages||: 329 pages|
General Chemistry: Principles and Modern Applicationsis recognized for its superior problems, lucid writing, and precision of argument. This updated and expanded edition retains the popular and innovative features of previous editionsincludingFeature Problems,follow-upIntegrative and Practice Exercisesto accompany every in-chapterExample,andFocus Onapplication boxes, as well as newKeep in Mindmarginal notes.Topics covered include atoms and the atomic theory, chemical compounds and reactions, gases, Thermochemistry, electrons in atoms, chemical bonding, liquids, solids, and intermolecular forces, chemical kinetics, principles of chemical equilibrium, acids and bases, electrochemistry, representative and transitional elements, and nuclear and organic chemistry.For individuals interested in a broad overview of chemical principles and applications.
|Release Date||: 1913|
|Pages||: 329 pages|
|Author||: L.R. Morss,Norman M. Edelstein,Jean Fuger|
|Publisher||: Springer Science & Business Media|
|Release Date||: 2007-12-31|
|ISBN 10||: 1402035985|
|Pages||: 698 pages|
The Chemistry of the Actinide and Transactinide Elements is a contemporary and definitive compilation of chemical properties of all of the actinide elements, especially of the technologically important elements uranium and plutonium, as well as the transactinide elements. In addition to the comprehensive treatment of the chemical properties of each element, ion, and compound from atomic number 89 (actinium) through to 109 (meitnerium), this multi-volume work has specialized and definitive chapters on electronic theory, optical and laser fluorescence spectroscopy, X-ray absorption spectroscopy, organoactinide chemistry, thermodynamics, magnetic properties, the metals, coordination chemistry, separations, and trace analysis. Several chapters deal with environmental science, safe handling, and biological interactions of the actinide elements. The Editors invited teams of authors, who are active practitioners and recognized experts in their specialty, to write each chapter and have endeavoured to provide a balanced and insightful treatment of these fascinating elements at the frontier of the periodic table. Because the field has expanded with new spectroscopic techniques and environmental focus, the work encompasses five volumes, each of which groups chapters on related topics. All chapters represent the current state of research in the chemistry of these elements and related fields.
Reaction Kinetics, Volume II: Reactions in Solution deals with the kinetics of reactions in solution and discusses the basic principles and theories of kinetics, including a brief description of homogeneous gas reactions. This book is divided into two chapters. The first chapter focuses on the general principles of reactions in solution that includes reactions between ions and involving dipoles; influence of pressure on rates in solution; substituent effects; and homogeneous catalysis in solution. Chapter 2 primarily deals with general features of reactions in solution, emphasizing the relationship between the results of a kinetic investigation and actual reaction mechanism. This volume is intended for undergraduate students of chemistry who have not previously studied chemical kinetics. This book is also useful to more advanced students in other fields, such as biology and physics, who wish to have a general knowledge of the subject.
|Author||: E Richard Cohen,Tom Cvitas,Jeremy G Frey,Bertil Holström,Kozo Kuchitsu,Roberto Marquardt,Ian Mills,Franco Pavese,Martin Quack,Jüergen Stohner,Herbert L Strauss,Michio Takami,Anders J Thor|
|Publisher||: Royal Society of Chemistry|
|Release Date||: 2007-10-31|
|ISBN 10||: 1847557880|
|Pages||: 248 pages|
The first IUPAC Manual of Symbols and Terminology for Physicochemical Quantities and Units (the Green Book) of which this is the direct successor, was published in 1969, with the object of 'securing clarity and precision, and wider agreement in the use of symbols, by chemists in different countries, among physicists, chemists and engineers, and by editors of scientific journals'. Subsequent revisions have taken account of many developments in the field, culminating in the major extension and revision represented by the 1988 edition under the simplified title Quantities, Units and Symbols in Physical Chemistry. This 2007, Third Edition, is a further revision of the material which reflects the experience of the contributors with the previous editions. The book has been systematically brought up to date and new sections have been added. It strives to improve the exchange of scientific information among the readers in different disciplines and across different nations. In a rapidly expanding volume of scientific literature where each discipline has a tendency to retreat into its own jargon this book attempts to provide a readable compilation of widely used terms and symbols from many sources together with brief understandable definitions. This is the definitive guide for scientists and organizations working across a multitude of disciplines requiring internationally approved nomenclature.
|Author||: Marcel Jean Nestor Pourbaix|
|Release Date||: 1974|
|Pages||: 644 pages|
Why does someone write a book about Tungsten? There are several reasons and precedents for this, the most important of which is that the last book on tungsten was written more than 20 years ago, in 1977, by St. W H. Yih and Ch T. Wang. During the intervening period there have been many new scientific and technological developments and innova tions, so it was not only our opinion but the view of many other members of the "tungsten family" that it was time to start writing a new book about tungsten. Preparations of the new book began in 1994. further impetus to the project was provided by the realization that in spite of this new knowledge having been presented at seminars or published in the technical press, a general acknowledgement of it by the majority of technicians and scientists is still far from being realized. It is our hope that this book will significantly contribute to a broader acceptance of recent scientific and technological innovations. An important prerequisite for such a project is the availability of a recently retired, experienced person willing to devote his time and talents to the tedious part of the exercise.
"Chemistry: Atoms First is a peer-reviewed, openly licensed introductory textbook produced through a collaborative publishing partnership between OpenStax and the University of Connecticut and UConn Undergraduate Student Government Association. This title is an adaptation of the OpenStax Chemistry text and covers scope and sequence requirements of the two-semester general chemistry course. Reordered to fit an atoms first approach, this title introduces atomic and molecular structure much earlier than the traditional approach, delaying the introduction of more abstract material so students have time to acclimate to the study of chemistry. Chemistry: Atoms First also provides a basis for understanding the application of quantitative principles to the chemistry that underlies the entire course."--Open Textbook Library.
Given that thermodynamics books are not a rarity on the market, why would an additional one be useful? The answer is simple: at any level, thermodynamics is usually taught as a somewhat abstruse discipline where many students get lost in a maze of difficult concepts. However, thermodynamics is not as intricate a subject as most people feel. This book fills a niche between elementary textbooks and mathematically oriented treatises, and provides readers with a distinct approach to the subject. As indicated by the title, this book explains thermodynamic phenomena and concepts in physical terms before proceeding to focus on the requisite mathematical aspects. It focuses on the effects of pressure, temperature and chemical composition on thermodynamic properties and places emphasis on rapidly evolving fields such as amorphous materials, metastable phases, numerical simulations of microsystems and high-pressure thermodynamics. Topics like redox reactions are dealt with in less depth, due to the fact that there is already much literature available. Without requiring a background in quantum mechanics, this book also illustrates the main practical applications of statistical thermodynamics and gives a microscopic interpretation of temperature, pressure and entropy. This book is perfect for undergraduate and graduate students who already have a basic knowledge of thermodynamics and who wish to truly understand the subject and put it in a broader physical perspective. The book is aimed not at theoretical physicists, but rather at practitioners with a variety of backgrounds from physics to biochemistry for whom thermodynamics is a tool which would be better used if better understood.
This volume in the series Chemical Thermodynamics provides a comprehensive review and critical evaluation of experimental data available for the chemical thermodynamics of inorganic compounds and aqueous species and complexes of technetium. The objective of the reviews in the series Chemical Thermodynamics is to provide a set of reliable thermodynamic data that can be used to describe the behaviour of the elements reviewed under conditions relevant for radioactive waste disposal systems and various geochemical environments. Data and their uncertainty limits are recommended for the formation energies, enthalpies and entropies of selected aqueous complexes, solids and gaseous compounds containing technetium. The data are internally consistent and compatible with the CODATA Key Values, as well as with the data in the earlier volumes in the series Chemical Thermodynamics. The book contains a detailed discussion of the selection procedures used