Ternary Quantum Dots: Synthesis, Properties, and Applications reviews the latest advances in ternary (I-III-VI) chalcopyrite quantum dots (QDs), along with their synthesis, properties and applications. Sections address the fundamental key concepts of ternary quantum dots, progress in synthesis strategies (i.e., organic and aqueous synthesis), and characterization methods (i.e., transmission electron microscopy, dynamic light scattering, etc.). Properties of ternary quantum dots are comprehensively reviewed, including optical, chemical and physical properties. The factors and mechanisms of the cytotoxicity of ternary quantum dot-based nanomaterials are also described. Since ternary chalcopyrite quantum dots are less toxic and more environmentally benign than conventional binary II-VI chalcogenide quantum dots, they are being investigated to replace conventional quantum dots in a range of applications. Thus, this book reviews QDs in various applications, such as solar cells, photocatalytic, sensors and bio-applications. Reviews fundamental concepts of ternary quantum dots and quantum dot-nanocomposites including the most relevant synthesis strategies, key properties, and characterization techniques Delves into the cytotoxicity of quantum dots looking at the factors and mechanisms that influence cytotoxicity including demonstration of cytotoxicity assays for in vitro and in vivo tests Touches on the many applications of ternary quantum dots including biomedical applications, applications in solar cells, sensing applications, and photocatalytic applications
|Release Date||: 2016|
|Pages||: 329 pages|
ABSTRACT: Modified Karnaugh map for ternary logic synthesis and logic circuit realization in ternary quantum dot cellular automata (tQCA) is presented in this research article. This modified mapping technique is used for the realization of ternary proposition logic and greater minimization in ternary logic synthesis in tQCA. The comparison is made with earlier proposed ternary mapping technique for logic minimization. The tQCA logic circuit design is also described. The tQCA layout of diverse logic gates like ternary majority voter (TMV), ternary inverter (T_INV), and ternary wire (T_WIRE) circuit is explored. In case study, 3:1 tQCA multiplexer design and tQCA layout is presented.
The book presents developments and applications of these methods, such as NMR, mass, and others, including their applications in pharmaceutical and biomedical analyses. The book is divided into two sections. The first section covers spectroscopic methods, their applications, and their significance as characterization tools; the second section is dedicated to the applications of spectrophotometric methods in pharmaceutical and biomedical analyses. This book would be useful for students, scholars, and scientists engaged in synthesis, analyses, and applications of materials/polymers.
|Author||: Gerasimos Konstantatos,Edward H. Sargent|
|Publisher||: Cambridge University Press|
|Release Date||: 2013-11-07|
|ISBN 10||: 0521198267|
|Pages||: 327 pages|
Captures the most up-to-date research in the field, written in an accessible style by the world's leading experts.
|Author||: Koushik Maharatna,Maitreyi Ray Kanjilal,Sukumar Chandra Konar,Sumit Nandi,Kunal Das|
|Release Date||: 2019-07-25|
|ISBN 10||: 9811386870|
|Pages||: 414 pages|
This book gathers the proceedings of the International Conference on Computational Advancement in Communication Circuits and Systems (ICCACCS 2018), which was organized by Narula Institute of Technology under the patronage of the JIS group, affiliated with West Bengal University of Technology. The book presents peer-reviewed papers that highlight new theoretical and experimental findings in the fields of electronics and communication engineering, including interdisciplinary areas like Advanced Computing, Pattern Recognition and Analysis, and Signal and Image Processing. The respective papers cover a broad range of principles, techniques and applications in microwave devices, communication and networking, signal and image processing, computations and mathematics, and control. The proceedings reflect the conference’s strong emphasis on methodological approaches, and focus on applications within the domain of Computational Advancement in Communication Circuits and Systems. They also address emerging technologies in electronics and communication, together with the latest practices, issues and trends.
|Release Date||: 2015|
|Pages||: 329 pages|
Abstract This paper describes a Content Addressable Memory (CAM) architecture and its ternary variant called Ternary Content Addressable Memory (TCAM) using the Quantum-dot Cellular Automata (QCA). QCA is an alternative to the current integrated circuit (CMOS) paradigm based on the characteristics of confinement and mutual repulsion between electrons. It is expected to run with clocks in high frequency (in THz order), in nanometers scale and with very low energy consumption. First, this work presents the basic building blocks (1-bit memory cell, array of memory cells, ternary memory line and encoder). Then, we describe the complete TCAM and CAM architectures. Finally, the proposed architectures are tested and validated using QCADesigner simulator, attesting their functionalities. If QCA consolidates as a possible CMOS substitute, this study can impact the design of future components that uses TCAM and CAM such as routers and switches respectively.
The benefits of ionizing radiations have been largely demonstrated through many achievements of human life. Understanding the fundamental elementary interactions of ionizing radiations with material has allowed the development of various applications needed by different industries. This book draws some facets of their applications, such as hardening process for semiconductor devices, biomedical imaging by radiation luminescent quantum dots, hydrogen gas detection by Raman lidar sensor for explosion risk assessment, water and wastewater purification by radiation treatment for environment, doping by the neutron transmutation doping for the semiconductor industry, and polymerization by irradiation, which is useful for industries requiring resistant and protective coating. I wish the chapters of this book can provide some helpful information on ionizing radiation applications.
This book outlines various synthetic approaches, tuneable physical properties, and device applications of core/shell quantum dots (QDs). Core/shell QDs have exhibited enhanced quantum yield (QY), suppressed photobleaching/blinking, and significantly improved photochemical/physical stability as compared to conventional bare QDs. The core-shell structure also promotes the easy tuning of QDs’ band structure, leading to their employment as attractive building blocks in various optoelectronic devices. The main objective of this book is to create a platform for knowledge sharing and dissemination of the latest advances in novel areas of core/shell QDs and relevant devices, and to provide a comprehensive introduction and directions for further research in this growing area of nanomaterials research.
A review of recent advancements in colloidal nanocrystals and quantum-confined nanostructures, Nanocrystal Quantum Dots is the second edition of Semiconductor and Metal Nanocrystals: Synthesis and Electronic and Optical Properties, originally published in 2003. This new title reflects the book’s altered focus on semiconductor nanocrystals. Gathering contributions from leading researchers, this book contains new chapters on carrier multiplication (generation of multiexcitons by single photons), doping of semiconductor nanocrystals, and applications of nanocrystals in biology. Other updates include: New insights regarding the underlying mechanisms supporting colloidal nanocrystal growth A revised general overview of multiexciton phenomena, including spectral and dynamical signatures of multiexcitons in transient absorption and photoluminescence Analysis of nanocrystal-specific features of multiexciton recombination A review of the status of new field of carrier multiplication Expanded coverage of theory, covering the regime of high-charge densities New results on quantum dots of lead chalcogenides, with a focus studies of carrier multiplication and the latest results regarding Schottky junction solar cells Presents useful examples to illustrate applications of nanocrystals in biological labeling, imaging, and diagnostics The book also includes a review of recent progress made in biological applications of colloidal nanocrystals, as well as a comparative analysis of the advantages and limitations of techniques for preparing biocompatible quantum dots. The authors summarize the latest developments in the synthesis and understanding of magnetically doped semiconductor nanocrystals, and they present a detailed discussion of issues related to the synthesis, magneto-optics, and photoluminescence of doped colloidal nanocrystals as well. A valuable addition to the pantheon of literature in the field of nanoscience, this book presents pioneering research from experts whose work has led to the numerous advances of the past several years.
|Author||: Supriya Karmakar|
|Publisher||: Springer Science & Business Media|
|Release Date||: 2013-11-20|
|ISBN 10||: 8132216350|
|Pages||: 134 pages|
The book presents the fabrication and circuit modeling of quantum dot gate field effect transistor (QDGFET) and quantum dot gate NMOS inverter (QDNMOS inverter). It also introduces the development of a circuit model of QDGFET based on Berkley Short Channel IGFET model (BSIM). Different ternary logic circuits based on QDGFET are also investigated in this book. Advanced circuit such as three-bit and six bit analog-to-digital converter (ADC) and digital-to-analog converter (DAC) were also simulated.