terahertz biomedical and healthcare technologies

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Terahertz Biomedical and Healthcare Technologies
Author : Amit Banerjee,Basabi Chakraborty,Hiroshi Inokawa,Jitendra Nath Roy
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2020-08-11
ISBN 10 : 0128185570
Pages : 262 pages
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Terahertz Biomedical and Healthcare Technologies: Materials to Devices reviews emerging advances in terahertz biomedical and healthcare technologies, including advances in fundamental materials science research, device design and fabrication, applications, and challenges and opportunities for improved performance. In addition, the improvement of materials, optical elements, and measuring techniques are also explored. Other sections cover the design and development of wide bandgap semiconductors for terahertz device applications, including their physics, device modeling, characterization and fabrication concepts. Finally, the book touches on potential defense, medical imaging, internet of things, and the machine learning applications of terahertz technologies. Reviews the latest advances in the fundamental and applied research of terahertz technologies, covering key topics in materials science, biomedical engineering and healthcare informatics Includes applications of terahertz technologies in medical imaging, diagnosis and treatment Provides readers with an understanding of the machine learning, pattern recognition, and data analytics research utilized to enhance the effectiveness of terahertz technologies

Terahertz Biomedical Science and Technology
Author : Joo-Hiuk Son
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2014-06-13
ISBN 10 : 146657044X
Pages : 377 pages
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A number of applications including scientific spectroscopy, security screening, and medical imaging have benefitted from the development and utilization of new and emerging terahertz (THz) generation and detection techniques. Exploring recent discoveries and the advancements of biological behaviors through THz spectroscopy and imaging and the development of THz medical techniques, Terahertz Biomedical Science and Technology contains contributions from scientists and researchers in the terahertz biomedical field and is exclusively dedicated to new and emerging terahertz biomedical research and applications. This text offers an assessment of terahertz technology, and provides a compilation of fundamental biological studies conducted using terahertz waves. It introduces THz electromagnetic waves as a new tool for convergent studies, includes laser-based generation techniques and solid-state devices, contains a number of detectors, and discusses high-field generation methods. The material covers recent advancements in terahertz imaging for medical applications—most specifically in cancer diagnosis—reviewing the current status of the THz imaging technique for diagnosing cancers, and exploring the potential medical applications of THz radiation. It also considers the development of future medical applications using terahertz technology. Summarizes the recent progress made in THz waveguides, which are absolutely essential in the development of THz endoscopes Describes the dynamic imaging of drug absorption in skin, exploiting the sensitivity of THz waves to pharmaceutical materials Explores the principle and applications of THz molecular imaging techniques using nanoparticle probes Scientists and engineers involved in biological research and medical applications using optical techniques, as well as graduate students and instructors in optics, physics, electrical engineering, biology, chemistry, and medicine can benefit from this text which highlights new and emerging biomedical studies utilizing novel THz wave techniques.

Terahertz Biomedical Science and Technology
Author : Joo-Hiuk Son
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2014-06-13
ISBN 10 : 146657044X
Pages : 377 pages
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A number of applications including scientific spectroscopy, security screening, and medical imaging have benefitted from the development and utilization of new and emerging terahertz (THz) generation and detection techniques. Exploring recent discoveries and the advancements of biological behaviors through THz spectroscopy and imaging and the development of THz medical techniques, Terahertz Biomedical Science and Technology contains contributions from scientists and researchers in the terahertz biomedical field and is exclusively dedicated to new and emerging terahertz biomedical research and applications. This text offers an assessment of terahertz technology, and provides a compilation of fundamental biological studies conducted using terahertz waves. It introduces THz electromagnetic waves as a new tool for convergent studies, includes laser-based generation techniques and solid-state devices, contains a number of detectors, and discusses high-field generation methods. The material covers recent advancements in terahertz imaging for medical applications—most specifically in cancer diagnosis—reviewing the current status of the THz imaging technique for diagnosing cancers, and exploring the potential medical applications of THz radiation. It also considers the development of future medical applications using terahertz technology. Summarizes the recent progress made in THz waveguides, which are absolutely essential in the development of THz endoscopes Describes the dynamic imaging of drug absorption in skin, exploiting the sensitivity of THz waves to pharmaceutical materials Explores the principle and applications of THz molecular imaging techniques using nanoparticle probes Scientists and engineers involved in biological research and medical applications using optical techniques, as well as graduate students and instructors in optics, physics, electrical engineering, biology, chemistry, and medicine can benefit from this text which highlights new and emerging biomedical studies utilizing novel THz wave techniques.

Mobile Health
Author : Sasan Adibi
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2015-02-18
ISBN 10 : 3319128175
Pages : 1172 pages
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This book offers a comprehensive report on the technological aspects of Mobile Health (mHealth) and discusses the main challenges and future directions in the field. It is divided into eight parts: (1) preventive and curative medicine; (2) remote health monitoring; (3) interoperability; (4) framework, architecture, and software/hardware systems; (5) cloud applications; (6) radio technologies and applications; (7) communication networks and systems; and (8) security and privacy mechanisms. The first two parts cover sensor-based and bedside systems for remotely monitoring patients’ health condition, which aim at preventing the development of health problems and managing the prognosis of acute and chronic diseases. The related chapters discuss how new sensing and wireless technologies can offer accurate and cost-effective means for monitoring and evaluating behavior of individuals with dementia and psychiatric disorders, such as wandering behavior and sleep impairments. The following two parts focus on architectures and higher level systems, and on the challenges associated with their interoperability and scalability, two important aspects that stand in the way of the widespread deployment of mHealth systems. The remaining parts focus on telecommunication support systems for mHealth, including radio technologies, communication and cloud networks, and secure health-related applications and systems. All in all, the book offers a snapshot of the state-of-art in mHealth systems, and addresses the needs of a multidisciplinary audience, including engineers, computer scientists, healthcare providers, and medical professionals, working in both academia and the industry, as well as stakeholders at government agencies and non-profit organizations.

Terahertz Spectroscopy
Author : Jamal Uddin
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2017-03-13
ISBN 10 : 9535130315
Pages : 318 pages
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The terahertz regime of the electromagnetic spectrum was largely unexplored due to the lack of technology needed to generate and detect the radiation. However, in the last couple of decades, there has been a dramatic increase in tools needed to harness the radiation. This remarkable progress made in the development of terahertz sources, components, and detectors has resulted in an ever-increasing inquisitiveness of the applications of terahertz technology in a wide range of fields including medicine, pharmaceuticals, security, sensing, and quality assurance. This book, Terahertz Spectroscopy - A Cutting Edge Technology, presents an overview of the recent advances in terahertz technology and their application in a vast array of fields. The scientists and students are encouraged to read and share the content of this volume. The book also provides a good starting point for researchers who are new to the terahertz regime. The various chapters of the book have been written by renowned scientists in different parts of the world who are at the forefront of terahertz research fields. It is our (InTech publisher, editor, and authors) hope that this book will enhance knowledge and stimulate more interest and future research in terahertz technology.

Terahertz Imaging for Biomedical Applications
Author : Xiaoxia Yin,Brian W.-H. Ng,Derek Abbott
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2012-03-23
ISBN 10 : 1461418208
Pages : 316 pages
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Terahertz biomedical imaging has become an area of interest due to its ability to simultaneously acquire both image and spectral information. Terahertz imaging systems are being commercialized, with increasing trials performed in a biomedical setting. As a result, advanced digital image processing algorithms are needed to assist screening, diagnosis, and treatment. "Pattern Recognition and Tomographic Reconstruction" presents these necessary algorithms, which will play a critical role in the accurate detection of abnormalities present in biomedical imaging. Terhazertz tomographic imaging and detection technology contributes to the ability to identify opaque objects with clear boundaries, and would be useful to both in vivo and ex vivo environments, making this book a must-read for anyone in the field of biomedical engineering and digital imaging.

Internet of Things for Healthcare Technologies
Author : Chinmay Chakraborty,Amit Banerjee,Maheshkumar H. Kolekar,Lalit Garg,Basabi Chakraborty
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date : 2020-06-08
ISBN 10 : 9811541124
Pages : 324 pages
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This book focuses on recent advances in the Internet of Things (IoT) in biomedical and healthcare technologies, presenting theoretical, methodological, well-established, and validated empirical work in these fields. Artificial intelligence and IoT are set to revolutionize all industries, but perhaps none so much as health care. Both biomedicine and machine learning applications are capable of analyzing data stored in national health databases in order to identify potential health problems, complications and effective protocols, and a range of wearable devices for biomedical and healthcare applications far beyond tracking individuals’ steps each day has emerged. These prosthetic technologies have made significant strides in recent decades with the advances in materials and development. As a result, more flexible, more mobile chip-enabled prosthetics or other robotic devices are on the horizon. For example, IoT-enabled wireless ECG sensors that reduce healthcare cost, and lead to better quality of life for cardiac patients. This book focuses on three current trends that are likely to have a significant impact on future healthcare: Advanced Medical Imaging and Signal Processing; Biomedical Sensors; and Biotechnological and Healthcare Advances. It also presents new methods of evaluating medical data, and diagnosing diseases in order to improve general quality of life.

Biomedical Engineering and its Applications in Healthcare
Author : Sudip Paul
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date : 2019-11-08
ISBN 10 : 9811337055
Pages : 738 pages
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This book illustrates the significance of biomedical engineering in modern healthcare systems. Biomedical engineering plays an important role in a range of areas, from diagnosis and analysis to treatment and recovery and has entered the public consciousness through the proliferation of implantable medical devices, such as pacemakers and artificial hips, as well as the more futuristic technologies such as stem cell engineering and 3-D printing of biological organs. Starting with an introduction to biomedical engineering, the book then discusses various tools and techniques for medical diagnostics and treatment and recent advances. It also provides comprehensive and integrated information on rehabilitation engineering, including the design of artificial body parts, and the underlying principles, and standards. It also presents a conceptual framework to clarify the relationship between ethical policies in medical practice and philosophical moral reasoning. Lastly, the book highlights a number of challenges associated with modern healthcare technologies.

Active Terahertz Metamaterial for Biomedical Applications
Author : Balamati Choudhury,Arya Menon,Rakesh Mohan Jha
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2015-09-22
ISBN 10 : 9812877932
Pages : 49 pages
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This book describes a metamaterial-based active absorber for potential biomedical engineering applications. Terahertz (THz) spectroscopy is an important tool for imaging in the field of biomedical engineering, due to the non-invasive, non-ionizing nature of terahertz radiation coupled with its propagation characteristics in water, which allows the operator to obtain high-contrast images of skin cancers, burns, etc. without detrimental effects. In order to tap this huge potential, it is important to build highly efficient biomedical imaging systems by introducing terahertz absorbers into biomedical detectors. The biggest challenge faced in the fulfilment of this objective is the lack of naturally occurring dielectrics, which is overcome with the use of artificially engineered resonant materials, viz. metamaterials. This book describes such a metamaterial-based active absorber. The design has been optimized using particle swarm optimization (PSO), eventually resulting in an ultra-thin active terahertz absorber. The absorber shows near unity absorption for a tuning range of terahertz (THz) application.

Handbook of Photonics for Biomedical Science
Author : Valery V. Tuchin
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2010-05-18
ISBN 10 : 1439806292
Pages : 868 pages
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The Handbook of Photonics for Biomedical Science analyzes achievements, new trends, and perspectives of photonics in its application to biomedicine. With contributions from world-renowned experts in the field, the handbook describes advanced biophotonics methods and techniques intensively developed in recent years. Addressing the latest problems in biomedical optics and biophotonics, the book discusses optical and terahertz spectroscopy and imaging methods for biomedical diagnostics based on the interaction of coherent, polarized, and acoustically modulated radiation with tissues and cells. It covers modalities of nonlinear spectroscopic microscopies, photonic technologies for therapy and surgery, and nanoparticle photonic technologies for cancer treatment and UV radiation protection. The text also elucidates the advanced spectroscopy and imaging of normal and pathological tissues. This comprehensive handbook represents the next step in contemporary biophotonics advances. By collecting recently published information scattered in the literature, the book enables researchers, engineers, and medical doctors to become familiar with major, state-of-the-art results in biophotonics science and technology.

Principles of Terahertz Time-Domain Spectroscopy
Author : Jean-Louis Coutaz,Frederic Garet,Vincent P. Wallace
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2018-12-07
ISBN 10 : 1351356372
Pages : 622 pages
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Terahertz time-domain spectroscopy (THz-TDS) is a unique technique for characterizing the response of materials and devices in the far-infrared region of the electromagnetic spectrum. Based on the measurement of transmitted or reflected ultra-short electromagnetic pulses and on a Fourier-transform of the recorded waveforms, THz-TDS permits fast and precise determination of the permittivity or permeability of materials over a wide bandwidth. This book is devoted to the determination of this spectral response of samples from the recorded waveforms.

Terahertz Technology
Author : Ali Rostami,Hassan Rasooli,Hamed Baghban
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2010-11-25
ISBN 10 : 9783642157936
Pages : 246 pages
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The book presents information about Terahertz science, Terahertz photodetectors and Terahertz Lasers. A special emphasis is given to room temperature operation of long wavelength photodetectors based on novel quantum dots (Centered Defect Spherical Quantum Dots). Moreover, a complete analysis of systems based on Quantum Cascade structures to detect far infrared wavelengths is provided. Finally, the book presents Terahertz laser principles considering multi-color lasers in this range of wavelengths. Written as a background for graduate students in the Optics field.

Semiconductor TeraHertz Technology
Author : Guillermo Carpintero,Enrique Garcia-Munoz,Hans Hartnagel,Sascha Preu,Antti Raisanen
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2015-07-14
ISBN 10 : 1118920406
Pages : 408 pages
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Key advances in Semiconductor Terahertz (THz) Technology now promises important new applications enabling scientists and engineers to overcome the challenges of accessing the so-called "terahertz gap". This pioneering reference explains the fundamental methods and surveys innovative techniques in the generation, detection and processing of THz waves with solid-state devices, as well as illustrating their potential applications in security and telecommunications, among other fields. With contributions from leading experts, Semiconductor Terahertz Technology: Devices and Systems at Room Temperature Operation comprehensively and systematically covers semiconductor-based room temperature operating sources such as photomixers, THz antennas, radiation concepts and THz propagation as well as room-temperature operating THz detectors. The second part of the book focuses on applications such as the latest photonic and electronic THz systems as well as emerging THz technologies including: whispering gallery resonators, liquid crystals, metamaterials and graphene-based devices. This book will provide support for practicing researchers and professionals and will be an indispensable reference to graduate students in the field of THz technology. Key features: Includes crucial theoretical background sections to photomixers, photoconductive switches and electronic THz generation & detection. Provides an extensive overview of semiconductor-based THz sources and applications. Discusses vital technologies for affordable THz applications. Supports teaching and studying increasingly popular courses on semiconductor THz technology.

Introduction to THz Wave Photonics
Author : Xi-Cheng Zhang,Jingzhou Xu
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2009-12-01
ISBN 10 : 9781441909787
Pages : 246 pages
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Terahertz (THz) radiation, which is electromagnetic radiation in a frequency int- val from 0.3 to 10 THz (1 mm–30 ?m wavelength), is the next frontier in science and technology. This band occupies a large portion of the electromagnetic sp- trum between the infrared and microwave bands. Basic research, new initiatives, and developments in advanced sensing and imaging technology with regard to the THz band remain unexplored compared to the relatively well-developed science and technology in the microwave and optical frequencies. Historically, THz technologies were used mainly within the astronomy c- munity for studying the background of cosmic far-infrared radiation, and by the laser-fusion community for the diagnostics of plasmas. Since the ?rst demonstration of THz wave time-domain spectroscopy in the late 1980s, there has been a series of signi?cant advances (particularly in recent years) as more intense THz sources and higher sensitivity detectors provide new opportunities for understanding the basic science in the THz frequency range.

Principles of Terahertz Science and Technology
Author : Yun-Shik Lee
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2010-10-29
ISBN 10 : 9781441934918
Pages : 340 pages
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Principles of Terahertz Science and Technology aims to elucidate the fundamentals of THz technology and science for potential new users. It surveys major techniques of generating, detecting, and manipulating THz waves and also discusses a number of essential processes where THz waves interact with physical, chemical, and biological systems. This book serves as an introduction to THz technology for new researchers in various fields. Many different disciplines, such as ultrafast spectroscopy, semiconductor device fabrication, bio-medical imaging and more, involve the recent development of THz technology. It is necessary to lay down a strong, common foundation among researchers, so that communication can proceed smoothly. Previous THz research activities have concentrated on generation and detection, but the focus has now shifted to practical applications of this technology, such as high-speed optoelectronic signal processing and molecular spectroscopy. Drawing upon years of practical experience and using numerous examples and illustrative applications Yun-Shik Lee discusses: The major techniques of generating, detecting, and manipulating THz waves Essential processes where THz waves interact with physical, chemical, and biological systems Medical Applications of T-Ray Imaging including, optical properties of human tissue, cancer diagnostics, reflective imaging of skin burns and detection of dental caries Principles of Terahertz Science and Technology is an ideal book for applied physicists, microwave engineers, biomedical engineers, electrical engineers, and analytical chemists interested in the fundamentals and applications of THz engineering.

Emerging Trends in Terahertz Solid-State Physics and Devices
Author : Arindam Biswas,Amit Banerjee,Aritra Acharyya,Hiroshi Inokawa,Jintendra Nath Roy
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date : 2020-03-20
ISBN 10 : 9811532354
Pages : 203 pages
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This book highlights recent advances and applications in terahertz (THz) technology, addressing advanced topics such as THz biomedical imaging, pattern recognition and tomographic reconstruction for THz biomedical imaging by machine learning and artificial intelligence, THz imaging radars for autonomous vehicle applications, and THz imaging systems for security and surveillance. It also discusses theoretical, experimental, established and validated empirical work on these topics.

Deep Imaging in Tissue and Biomedical Materials
Author : Lingyan Shi,Robert R. Alfano
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2017-03-16
ISBN 10 : 1351797387
Pages : 524 pages
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The use of light for probing and imaging biomedical media is promising for the development of safe, noninvasive, and inexpensive clinical imaging modalities with diagnostic ability. The advent of ultrafast lasers has enabled applications of nonlinear optical processes, which allow deeper imaging in biological tissues with higher spatial resolution. This book provides an overview of emerging novel optical imaging techniques, Gaussian beam optics, light scattering, nonlinear optics, and nonlinear optical tomography of tissues and cells. It consists of pioneering works that employ different linear and nonlinear optical imaging techniques for deep tissue imaging, including the new applications of single- and multiphoton excitation fluorescence, Raman scattering, resonance Raman spectroscopy, second harmonic generation, stimulated Raman scattering gain and loss, coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy, and near-infrared and mid-infrared supercontinuum spectroscopy. The book is a comprehensive reference of emerging deep tissue imaging techniques for researchers and students working in various disciplines.

World Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering May 26-31, 2012, Beijing, China
Author : Mian Long
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2013-02-11
ISBN 10 : 3642293050
Pages : 2345 pages
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The congress’s unique structure represents the two dimensions of technology and medicine: 13 themes on science and medical technologies intersect with five challenging main topics of medicine to create a maximum of synergy and integration of aspects on research, development and application. Each of the congress themes was chaired by two leading experts. The themes address specific topics of medicine and technology that provide multiple and excellent opportunities for exchanges.

Terahertz Spectroscopy and Imaging
Author : Kai-Erik Peiponen,Axel Zeitler,Makoto Kuwata-Gonokami
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2012-10-04
ISBN 10 : 3642295649
Pages : 644 pages
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This book presents the state-of-the-art of Terahertz spectroscopy. It is a modern source for a beginners and researcher interested in THz spectroscopy. The basics and physical background of THz spectroscopy and technology are explained, and important applications are described. The book presents the highlights of scientific research in the field of THz science and provides an excellent overview of the field and future directions of research. Over the last decade the field of terahertz spectroscopy has developed into one of the most rapidly growing fields of spectroscopy with large impact across a wide range of scientific disciplines. Due to substantial advances in femtosecond laser technology, terahertz time-domain spectroscopy (THz-TDS) has established itself as the dominant spectroscopic technique for experimental scientists interested in measurements in this frequency range. In solids and liquids terahertz radiation is at resonance with both phonon modes and hydrogen bonding modes which makes it an ideal tool to study the interaction between molecules in a unique way, thus opening a wealth of opportunities for research in physics, chemistry, biology, materials science and pharmaceuticals. This book provides an easy access to scientists, engineers and students alike who want to understand the theory and applications of modern terahertz spectroscopy.

Sensing with Terahertz Radiation
Author : Daniel Mittleman
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2013-02-26
ISBN 10 : 3540456015
Pages : 338 pages
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The purpose of this book is two-fold. First, the various different methods of accessing the THz range are discussed, with a view to convince the reader that there have been qualitative and significant improvements over older, more conventional techniques. The text makes it clear that these improvements enable practical "real-world" applications of THz technology, in a manner which would not have been possible before. Second, the demonstrations and feasibility tests described serve as compelling evidence of the utility of such devices. Due to the unique characteristics of THz radiation and its interaction with materials, these devices have substantial advantages over other competing technologies in a number of different areas.