Systems Immunology and Infection Microbiology provides a large amount of biological system models, diagrams and flowcharts to illustrate development procedures and help users understand the results of systems immunology and infection microbiology. Chapters discuss systems immunology, systems infection microbiology, systematic inflammation and immune responses in restoration and regeneration process, systems' innate and adaptive immunity in infection process, systematic genetic and epigenetic pathogenic/defensive mechanism during bacterial infection on human cells is introduced, and the systematic genetic and epigenetic pathogenic/defensive mechanisms during viral infection on human cells. This book provides new big data-driven and systems-driven systems immunology and infection microbiology to researchers applying systems biology and bioinformatics in their work. It is also invaluable to several members of biomedical field who are interested in learning more about those approaches. Encompasses one applicable example in every chapter to illustrate the solution procedure from big data mining, network modeling, host/pathogen cross-talk detection, drug target identification and systems drug design Presents flowcharts to represent the development procedure of systematic immunology and infection in a very clear format Contains 100 color diagrams to help readers understand the related biological networks, their corresponding mechanisms, and significant network biomarkers for therapeutic drug design
The systems biology of microbial infections aims at describing and analysing the confrontation of the host with bacterial and fungal pathogens. It intends to understand and to model the interaction of the host, in particular the immune system of humans or animals, with components of pathogens. This comprises experimental studies that provide spatio-temporal data from monitoring the response of host and pathogenic cells to perturbations or when interacting with each other, as well as the integrative analysis of genome-wide data from both the host and the pathogen. In perspective, the host-pathogen interaction should be described by a combination of spatio-temporal models with interacting molecular networks of the host and the pathogen. The aim is to unravel the main mechanisms of pathogenicity, to identify diagnostic biomarkers and potential drug targets, and to explore novel strategies for personalized therapy by computer simulations. Some microorganisms are part of the normal microbial flora, existing either in a mutualistic or commensal relationship with the host. Microorganisms become pathogenic if they posses certain physiological characteristics and virulence determinants as well as capabilities for immune evasion. Despite the different pathogenesis of infections, there are several common traits: (1) Before infection, pathogens must be able to overcome (epithelial) barriers. The infection starts by adhesion and colonization and is followed by entering of the pathogen into the host through the mucosa or (injured) skin. (2) Next, infection arises if the pathogen multiplies and overgrows the normal microbial flora, either at the place of entrance or in deeper tissue layers or organs. (3) After the growth phase, the pathogen damages the host’s cells, tissues and organs by producing toxins or destructive enzymes. Thus, systems biology of microbial infection comprises all levels of the pathogen and the host’s immune system. The investigation may start with the pathogen, its adhesion and colonization at the host, its interaction with host cell types e.g. epithelia cells, dendritic cells, macrophages, neutrophils, natural killer cells, etc. Because infection diseases are mainly found in patients with a weakened immune system, e.g. reduced activities of immune effector cells or defects in the epithelial barriers, systems biology of infection can also start with modelling of the immune defence including innate and adaptive immunity. Systems biological studies comprise both experimental and theoretical approaches. The experimental studies may be dedicated to reveal the relevance of certain genes or proteins in the above mentioned processes on the side of the pathogen and/or the host by applying functional and biochemical analyses based on knock-out mutants and knock- down experiments. At the theoretical, i.e. mathematical and computational, side systems biology of microbial infection comprises: (1) modelling of molecular mechanisms of bacterial or fungal infections, (2) modelling of non-protective and protective immune defences against microbial pathogens to generate information for possible immune therapy approaches, (3) modelling of infection dynamics and identification of biomarkers for diagnosis and for individualized therapy, (4) identifying essential virulence determinants and thereby predicting potential drug targets.
An integrated view of the principal aspects of immune response to all types of infectious agents, emphasizing the immune system as a host defense system. * Illustrates how the dialogue between different types of pathogens and the host immune system, as well as the cross-talk between the different members of the immune response, works. * Serves as valuable reading for microbiologists interested in pathogenesis and immunology; clinicians with an interest in immunology, virology, vaccine development, infectious diseases, bacteriology, parasitology, pathology, and cell biology; and immunologists wanting to expand their knowledge of infectious diseases and their causative agents.
This concise text explores the interactions between pathogens and the immune system. Taking a disease-based approach, it explains how micro-organisms adapted to growth in human hosts can evade the immune system and cause disease. The opening chapter overviews the innate and adaptive immune responses to microbes. Subsequent chapters are specific to particular pathogens, beginning with their biology and leading on to illustrate mechanisms of adaptation and ensuing consequences. Each of these chapters ends with a summary, review questions and further reading lists. Summaries, review questions and further reading make this book suitable for self-directed study. Infection and Immunity is ideal for any undergraduates taking a course that explores the interaction between pathogens and the human immune system.
Immunology of Infection, 2nd Edition, edited by two leading experts in the field, presents the most appropriate up-to-date experimental approaches in the detail required for modern microbiological research. Focusing on the methods most useful for the Microbiologist interested in analysing host-pathogen relationships, this volume will be essential reading for all researchers working in microbiology, immunology, virology, mycology and parasitology. This new edition of Immunology of Infection provides ready-to-use "recipes", and the latest emerging techniques as well as novel approaches to the tried and tested, established methods included in the successful first edition. Methods in Microbiologyis the most prestigious series devoted to techniques and methodology in the field. Established for over 30 years, Methods in Microbiology will continue to provide you with tried and tested, cutting edge protocols to directly benefit your research. Includes techniques for genome-wide expression profiling of both the pathogen and host and of the host response to infection Cytometric analysis of cytokine secretion by immune cells Describes tetramer technology for the quantitative analysis of antigen specific T cell responses Analysis of host cells and pathogens involved in the host-microbe interplay Covers techniques useful for the analysis of human and murine systems Includes techniques for the prediction and determination of MHC ligands and T cell epitopes Covers the fundamentals and practice of DNA vaccines Describes methods for the isolation and propagation of human dendritic cells
Learn all the microbiology and basic immunology concepts you need to know for your courses and exams. Now fully revised and updated, Mims’ clinically relevant, systems-based approach and abundant colour illustrations make this complex subject easy to understand and remember. Learn about infections in the context of major body systems and understand why these are environments in which microbes can establish themselves, flourish, and give rise to pathologic changes. This systems-based approach to microbiology employs integrated and case-based teaching that places the ‘bug parade’ into a clinical context. Effectively review for problem-based courses with the help of chapter introductions and ‘Lessons in Microbiology’ text boxes that highlight the clinical relevance of the material, offer easy access to key concepts, and provide valuable review tools. Approach microbiology by body system or by pathogen through the accompanying electronic ‘Pathogen Parade’ – a quickly searchable, cross-referenced glossary of viruses, bacteria and fungi A new electronic ‘Vaccine Parade’ offers quick-reference coverage of the most commonly used vaccines in current clinical practice Deepen your understanding of epidemiology and the important role it plays in providing evidence-based identification of key risk factors for disease and targets for preventative medicine. Grasp and retain vital concepts easily, with a user-friendly colour coded format, succinct text, key concept boxes, and dynamic illustrations. New and enhanced information reflects the growing importance of the human microbiota and latest molecular approaches Access the complete contents on the go via the accompanying interactive eBook, with a range of bonus materials to enhance learning and retention – includes self-assessment materials and clinical cases to check your understanding and aid exam preparation.
Comprehensive review of current research concerning how bacteria evade immunity and hence cause infection.
Explore the premier text for immunology at the advanced undergraduate, graduate, and medical school levels. Beginning students appreciate the bookÕs clear writing and informative illustrations, while advanced students and working immunologists value its comprehensive scope and depth. This edition is thoroughly revised and up to date with significant developments in the field, especially on the topic of innate immunity.
The field of oral microbiology has seen fundamental conceptual changes in recent years. Microbial communities are now seen as the fundamental etiological agent in oral diseases through their interface with host inflammatory responses. Study of structured microbial communities has increased our understanding of the roles of each member in the pathogenesis of oral diseases, principles that apply to both periodontitis and dental caries. Against this backdrop, the third edition of Oral Microbiology and Immunology has been substantially expanded and rewritten by an international team of authors and editors. Featured in the current edition are: links between oral infections and systemic disease revised and updated overview of the role of the immune system in oral infections thorough discussions of biofilm development and control more extensive illustrations and Key Points for student understanding Graduate students, researchers, and clinicians as well as students will find this new edition valuable in study and practice. The field of oral microbiology has seen fundamental conceptual changes in recent years. Microbial communities are now seen as the fundamental etiological agent in oral diseases through their interface with host inflammatory responses. Study of structured microbial communities has increased our understanding of the roles of each member in the pathogenesis of oral diseases, principles that apply to both periodontitis and dental caries. Against this backdrop, the third edition of Oral Microbiology and Immunology has been substantially expanded and rewritten by an international team of authors and editors. Featured in the current edition are: links between oral infections and systemic disease revised and updated overview of the role of the immune system in oral infections thorough discussions of biofilm development and control more extensive illustrations and Key Points for student understanding Graduate students, researchers, and clinicians as well as students will find this new edition valuable in study and practice.
The Microbiology of Respiratory System Infections reviews modern approaches in the diagnosis, treatment, and prophylaxis of respiratory system infections. The book is very useful for researchers, scientists, academics, medical practitioners, graduate and postgraduate students, and specialists from pharmaceutical and laboratory diagnostic companies. The book has been divided into three sections according to the types of respiratory pathogens. The first section contains reviews on the most common and epidemiologically important respiratory viruses, such as influenza virus, severe acute respiratory system coronavirus, and recently discovered Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus. The second section is devoted to bacterial and fungal pathogens, which discusses etiology and pathogenesis including infections in patients with compromised immune system, and infections caused by fungal pathogens, such as Aspergillus and Pneumocystis. The third section incorporates treatment approaches against different types of bacterial infections of the lower respiratory tract. This section reviews classical antimicrobial and phytomedical approaches as well as the application of nanotechnology against respiratory pathogens. Offers the most up to date information on the microbiology of lower respiratory system infections Features contributors from across the world, presenting questions of interest to readers of both developed and developing countries Reviews the most common and epidemiologically important respiratory viruses Discusses the etiology and pathogenesis of bacterial and fungal pathogens including infections in patients with compromised immune system, and infections caused by fungal pathogens, such as Aspergillus and Pneumocystis
|Author||: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Life Sciences,Committee on New Directions in the Study of Antimicrobial Therapeutics: Immunomodulation,Committee on New Directions in the Study of Antimicrobial Therapeutics: New Classes of Antimicrobials|
|Publisher||: National Academies Press|
|Release Date||: 2006-01-03|
|ISBN 10||: 9780309180689|
|Pages||: 102 pages|
Humans coexist with millions of harmless microorganisms, but emerging diseases, resistance to antibiotics, and the threat of bioterrorism are forcing scientists to look for new ways to confront the microbes that do pose a danger. This report identifies innovative approaches to the development of antimicrobial drugs and vaccines based on a greater understanding of how the human immune system interacts with both good and bad microbes. The report concludes that the development of a single superdrug to fight all infectious agents is unrealistic.