synthesis of nanostructured materials in near and or supercritical fluids

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Synthesis of Nanostructured Materials in Near and/or Supercritical Fluids
Author : Can Erkey,Michael Türk
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2021-03-15
ISBN 10 : 9780444640895
Pages : 210 pages
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Synthesis of Nanostructured Materials in Near and/or Supercritical Fluids: Methods, Fundamentals and Modeling covers the synthesis of nanostructured materials using supercritical fluid-based processes. The interesting properties of supercritical fluids enable the tailoring of the nanostructure which is not possible using other technologies, and which results in the creation of novel nanostructured materials with superior properties. The book covers fundamental aspects such as high-pressure phase behaviour of complex mixtures, thermodynamics and kinetics of adsorption from supercritical solutions, mechanisms of particle formation phenomena in supercritical fluid-based processes, and models for further development. It bridges the gap between theory and application, and is a valuable resource for scientists, researchers, and students alike. The book offers a comprehensive review of the current status of research and development and provides insights on promising future directions. Includes thermodynamic and mass transfer data necessary for industrial plant design Explains the mechanisms of reactions in a supercritical fluid environment Lists numerous industrial processes for the production of many consumer products

Supercritical Fluids and Organometallic Compounds
Author : Can Erkey
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2011
ISBN 10 : 0080453295
Pages : 233 pages
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Organometallic compounds are utilized as reagents in the preparation and processing of advanced nanostructured materials, as catalysts in the production of a wide variety of specialty chemicals and polymers, and as drugs. Supercritical fluid science and technology has a wide variety of applications ranging from extraction of pharmaceutically active compounds to the synthesis of advanced materials. The combination of organometallic chemistry and supercritical fluids has significant potential. This book covers the fundamental aspects and related applications in this rapidly growing area. Covers the preparation of nanostructured composite materials using supercritical fluids Focuses on the intersection of organometallic chemistry and supercritical fluids Addresses the behavior of organometallic compounds in supercritical fluid environments

Supercritical Fluid Nanotechnology
Author : Concepcion Domingo Pascual,Pascale Subra-Paternault
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2015-10-22
ISBN 10 : 981461341X
Pages : 566 pages
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The environmental and climate program demands technological solutions in the chemical industry that incorporate prevention of pollution. Major advances are needed to reduce the use of organic solvents, such as methanol, toluene, xylene, methyl ethyl ketone, and dichloromethane, which account for 27 percent of total toxics release inventory chemical

Self-assembled Nanostructured Materials
Author : Yunfeng Lu
Publisher : N.A
Release Date : 2003
ISBN 10 :
Pages : 394 pages
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Nanostructures with critical dimensions less than 100nm endow materials with unique and often superior mechanical, electronic, magnetic and optical properties, which are expected to lead to numerous advanced applications. The current nanotechnology roadmap focuses on exploration and prediction of novel properties of materials at the nanoscale, of efficient synthesis and manufacture of nanoscale materials, and of the integration of nanoscale materials into real-world devices and applications. Self assembly, in which complex building blocks are organized into hierarchical structures via noncovalent interactions, has emerged as one of the most promising techniques for the efficient fabrication of nanostructured materials. This proceedings volume focuses on synthesis of novel nanostructured materials via self assembly, the fundamental understanding of self-assembly processes, the unique properties of nanostructured materials, and their potential applications. The volume is a compendium of current discussions of these topics with special emphasis on the synthesis and fabrication of nanostructured materials via self assembly of organic molecules such as surfactants and block copolymers, inorganic and metallic nanoclusters, nanoparticles, nanorods, nanowires, and other building blocks. It also contains reports on the novel properties and applications of nanostructured materials.

Green Sustainable Process for Chemical and Environmental Engineering and Science
Author : Dr. Inamuddin,Rajender Boddula,Mohd Imran Ahamed,Abdullah M. Asiri
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2020-12-01
ISBN 10 : 0128218991
Pages : 374 pages
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Green Sustainable Process for Chemical and Environmental Engineering and Science: Solvents for the Pharmaceutical Industry aims at providing a detailed overview of applications of green solvents in pharmaceutical industries. It also focuses on providing a detailed literature survey on the green solvents for pharmaceutical analysis, drug design, synthesis, and production, etc. It summarizes the applications of various greens solvents such as water, cyrene, vegetable oils, ionic liquids, ethyl lactate, eutectic solvents, and glycerol in contrast to toxic solvents. This book provides an overview of the use of green solvents for the sustainable and environmentally friendly development of synthetic methodologies for biomedical and pharmaceutical industries. Up-to-date developments towards the development of solvents for pharmaceutical industry Includes latest advances in pharmaceutical analysis and synthesis using green solvents Outlines eco-friendly green solvents for medicinal applications State-of-the-art overview on the exploration of green solvents for pharmaceutical industries

Supercritical and Other High-pressure Solvent Systems
Author : Andrew J Hunt,Thomas M Attard
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release Date : 2018-08-24
ISBN 10 : 1788015185
Pages : 678 pages
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Exploring the range and utility of high-pressure solvent systems across a variety of different chemical applications, this book brings together recent advances in supercritical technology and other pressurised-solvent systems. It provides an in-depth overview of the latest advances and developments and discusses the limitations and drawbacks that need to be addressed. Wherever possible, the greenness and economic viability of the different solvent systems is highlighted. This book is ideal for researchers and industrialists working in environmental science, green chemistry and biorefineries.

Supercritical Fluid Technology for Energy and Environmental Applications
Author : Vladimir Anikeev,Maohong Fan I
Publisher : Newnes
Release Date : 2013-12-21
ISBN 10 : 0444626972
Pages : 284 pages
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Supercritical Fluid Technology for Energy and Environmental Applications covers the fundamental principles involved in the preparation and characterization of supercritical fluids (SCFs) used in the energy production and other environmental applications. Energy production from diversified resources — including renewable materials — using clean processes can be accomplished using technologies like SCFs. This book is focused on critical issues scientists and engineers face in applying SCFs to energy production and environmental protection, the innovative solutions they have found, and the challenges they need to overcome. The book also covers the basics of sub- and supercritical fluids, like the thermodynamics of phase and chemical equilibria, mathematical modeling, and process calculations. A supercritical fluid is any substance at a temperature and pressure above its critical point where distinct liquid and gas phases do not exist. At this state the compound demonstrates unique properties, which can be "fine-tuned," making them suitable as organic solvents in a range of industrial and laboratory processes. This volume enables readers to select the most appropriate medium for a specific situation. It helps instructors prepare course material for graduate and postgraduate courses in the area of chemistry, chemical engineering, and environmental engineering. And it helps professional engineers learn supercritical fluid-based technologies and use them in solving the increasingly challenging environmental issues. Relates theory, chemical characteristics, and properties of the particular supercritical fluid to its various applications Covers the fundamentals of supercritical fluids, like thermodynamics of phase and chemical equilibria, mathematical modeling, and process calculations Includes the most recent applications of supercritical fluids, including energy generation, materials synthesis, and environmental protection

Nanostructured Materials
Author : Jackie Ying
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2001-12-28
ISBN 10 : 9780127444512
Pages : 222 pages
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This thematic volume of Advances in Chemical Engineering presents the latest advances in the exciting interdisciplinary field of nanostructured materials. Written by chemical engineers, chemists, physicists, materials scientists, and bioengineers, this volume focuses on the molecular engineering of materials at the nanometer scale for unique size-dependent properties. It describes a "bottom-up" approach to designing nanostructured systems for a variety of chemical, physical, and biological applications.

Dekker Encyclopedia of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Author : James A. Schwarz,Cristian I. Contescu,Karol Putyera
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2004
ISBN 10 : 9780824750480
Pages : 4014 pages
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Supercritical Fluid Technology in Materials Science and Engineering
Author : Ya-Ping Sun
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2002-03-26
ISBN 10 : 0824744713
Pages : 600 pages
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This title analyzes the chemical reactions, structures and fundamental properties of supercritical fluid systems for the production of new compounds, nanomaterials, fibers, and films. It complies contemporary research and technological advances for increased selectivity and reduced waste in chemical, industrial, pharmaceutical, and biomedical applications. Topics include fluid dynamics, catalysis, hydrothermal synthesis, surfactants, conducting polymers, crystal growth, and other aspects and applications of supercritical fluids.

Synthesis, Characterization and Properties of Energetic/reactive Nanomaterials
Author : Ronald D. Armstrong,Ronald W.. Armstrong
Publisher : N.A
Release Date : 2004
ISBN 10 :
Pages : 396 pages
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The advent of nanomaterials has introduced a new dimension in applications of energetic and reactive materials. A fundamental understanding of their synthesis mechanisms, atomic- and molecular-scale structural characteristics, and an evaluation of properties combined with modeling of the limits to those properties are required to realize the full potential of energetic and reactive nanomaterials. Many techniques have been recently developed that make it possible to exploit the benefits of the "nano" structure and design materials with desired energy release rates and energy densities, while they also improve their safety, reliability and load-bearing capability. Advances in modeling and characterization have made it possible to determine mechanisms controlling the thermal, chemical and mechanical behavior of nanomaterials. This volume brings together researchers from around the world to assess fundamental studies on synthesis, characterization of structure, and evaluation of properties of energetic/reactive nanomaterials. Applications such as new propellant formulations, underwater detonation developments, biomedical research, and combustion of nanolayered metal films for cladding materials are featured. Topics include: applications and toxicology; synthesis; characterization; characterization and theory; theory and modeling; and general discussion.

Supercritical Fluid Technology in Materials Science and Engineering
Author : Ya-Ping Sun
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2002-03-26
ISBN 10 : 0824744713
Pages : 600 pages
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This title analyzes the chemical reactions, structures and fundamental properties of supercritical fluid systems for the production of new compounds, nanomaterials, fibers, and films. It complies contemporary research and technological advances for increased selectivity and reduced waste in chemical, industrial, pharmaceutical, and biomedical applications. Topics include fluid dynamics, catalysis, hydrothermal synthesis, surfactants, conducting polymers, crystal growth, and other aspects and applications of supercritical fluids.