Sweetened Concentrated Milks: Science, Technology, and Engineering provides the most updated and comprehensive knowledge on different SCM products, delving into all aspects of the production processes for each. Written by international experts on dairy products, this book discusses existing information on concentrated milk and its more commercial forms, including evaporated and condensed. Other products detailed in this text include dulce de leches such as sweetened caramelized goat's milk, panelitas de leche (milk panels), and various milk-based delicacies; the book presents the definition, main characteristics, common defects, and elaboration process for each commercial form. It also includes lifetime calculation data and results of the addition of whey into milk candies. Lastly, this book provides information on the quality parameters which all SCMs must meet, including experimental design and application examples in SCM research and development. Sweetened Concentrated Milks: Science, Technology, and Engineering is a vital resource for researchers and practitioners in dairy science with interests and work in SCM product formulation, technology, and seeking solutions for their defects. Students in dairy science and product development courses will also find this text useful for gleaning information on this option for sweet dairy production. Offers the most current data and information on sweetened concentrated milk products Discusses formulations, technology, product defects, and solutions for each SCM product Includes examples of experimental design and application of innovative processes for those working in SCM research and development
The economic importance of dairy powders and concentrated products to dairy-producing countries is very significant, and there is a large demand for them in countries where milk production is low or non-existent. In these markets, dairy products are made locally to meet the demand of consumers from recombined powders, anhydrous milk fat and concentrated dairy ingredients (evaporated and sweetened condensed milk). This volume is the latest book in the Technical Series of The Society of Dairy Technology (SDT). Numerous scientific data have been available in journals and books in recent years, and the primary aim of this text is to detail in one publication the manufacturing methods, scientific aspects, and properties of milk powders (full-fat, skimmed and high protein powders made from milk retentates), whey powders (WP) including WP concentrates, lactose, caseinates, sweetened condensed milk, evaporated milk and infant baby feed. The book also covers the international standards relating to these products for trading purposes, as well as the hazards, such as explosion and fire, that may occur during the manufacture of dairy powders. The authors, who are all specialists in these products, have been chosen from around the world. The book will be of interest to dairy scientists, students, researchers and dairy operatives around the world. For information regarding the SDT, please contact Maurice Walton, Executive Director, Society of Dairy Technology, P.O. Box 12, Appleby in Westmorland, CA16 6YJ, UK. email: [email protected] Also available from Wiley-Blackwell Milk Processing and Quality Management Edited by A.Y. Tamime ISBN 978 1 4051 4530 5 Cleaning-in-Place Edited by A.Y. Tamime ISBN 978 1 4051 5503 8 Advanced Dairy Science and Technology Edited by T. Britz and R. Robinson ISBN 978 1 4051 3618 1 International Journal of Dairy Technology Published quarterly Print ISSN: 1364 727X Online ISSN: 1471 0307
Dairy Processing and Quality Assurance, Second Edition describes the processing and manufacturing stages of market milk and major dairy products, from the receipt of raw materials to the packaging of the products, including the quality assurance aspects. The book begins with an overview of the dairy industry, dairy production and consumption trends. Next are discussions related to chemical, physical and functional properties of milk; microbiological considerations involved in milk processing; regulatory compliance; transportation to processing plants; and the ingredients used in manufacture of dairy products. The main section of the book is dedicated to processing and production of fluid milk products; cultured milk including yogurt; butter and spreads; cheese; evaporated and condensed milk; dry milks; whey and whey products; ice cream and frozen desserts; chilled dairy desserts; nutrition and health; sensory evaluation; new product development strategies; packaging systems; non-thermal preservation technologies; safety and quality management systems; and dairy laboratory analytical techniques. This fully revised and updated edition highlights the developments which have taken place in the dairy industry since 2008. The book notably includes: New regulatory developments The latest market trends New processing developments, particularly with regard to yogurt and cheese products Functional aspects of probiotics, prebiotics and synbiotics A new chapter on the sensory evaluation of dairy products Intended for professionals in the dairy industry, Dairy Processing and Quality Assurance, Second Edition, will also appeal to researchers, educators and students of dairy science for its contemporary information and experience-based applications.
|Author||: Geoff Talbot|
|Release Date||: 2009-06-26|
|ISBN 10||: 1845696433|
|Pages||: 468 pages|
Enrobed and filled confectionery and bakery products, such as praline-style chocolates, confectionery bars and chocolate-coated biscuits and ice-creams, are popular with consumers. The coating and filling can negatively affect product quality and shelf-life, but with the correct product design and manufacturing technology, the characteristics of the end-product can be much improved. This book provides a comprehensive overview of quality issues affecting enrobed and filled products and strategies to enhance product quality. Part one reviews the formulation of coatings and fillings, with chapters on key topics such as chocolate manufacture, confectionery fats, compound coatings and fat and sugar-based fillings. Product design issues, such as oil, moisture and ethanol migration and chocolate and filling rheology are the focus of Part two. Shelf-life prediction and testing are also discussed. Part three then covers the latest ingredient preparation and manufacturing technology for optimum product quality. Chapters examine tempering, enrobing, chocolate panning, production of chocolate shells and deposition technology. With its experienced team of authors, Science and technology of enrobed and filled chocolate, confectionery and bakery products is an essential purchase for professionals in the chocolate, confectionery and bakery industries. Provides a comprehensive review of quality issues affecting enrobed and filled products Reviews the formulation of coatings and fillings, addressing confectionery fats, compound coatings and sugar based fillings Focuses on product design issues such as oil, moisture and chocolate filling rheology
This Is The Second Edition Of A Manual That Has Achieved A Distinguished Place In The Dairy Industry And Has Rendered A Service To The Industry Throughout The World. The General Form Of Presentation Of The Text Has Been Retained But The Material Has Been Rearranged Under A Greater Number Of Chapter Headings To Provide More Clarity And To Facilitate Ease In Locating The Various Topics When Using The Manual. A Consistent Effort Has Been Made To Cite The Best Available Reference Material For The Contents Of All Chapters. The Book Divided Into 7 Parts And 43 Chapters Along With Appendix. This Well Illustrated Book Will Satisfy Its Readers Requirements And Form A Valuable Book For All Those Concerned With Milk Industry And Utilisation Of Their Products. Contents Part I: Organization Of A Dairy Laboratory; Chapter 1: The Milk Control Laboratory, Routine Control Measures, Bacteriological Equipment, Babcock Equipment, Mojonnier Equipment; Chapter 2: Suggested Schedule Of Routine Laboratory Procedure, Receiving Stations And Milk Processing Plants, Creameries, Ice Cream Plants; Part Ii: Microbiological Control Of Dairy Products; Chapter 3: Agar Plate Counts, Introduction, American Public Health Association Standard Methods, Preparation Of Materials, Agar Plate Count, Gravimetric Samples For The Agar Plate Methods, Simplified Procedure For Making Bacteria Counts; Chapter 4: Agar Plate Counts On Special Products, Butter, Cheese, Cheese Spreads, Materials Of Pasty Consistency And Fruits, Condensed Milk, Cream, Evaporated Milk, Granulated Materials, Ice Cream, Powdered Materials; Chapter 5: Determination Of Special Types Of Organisms, Acidophilus, Brucella, Coliform Group, Pathogenic Streptococci, Protein Digesting Bacteria, Ropy Milk Organisms, Sporogenes Test, Thermoduric And Thermophilic Bacteria; Chapter 6: Determination Of Sanitization Of Utensils And Equipment, Bacterial Counts Of Containers, Tests For Sanitary Condition Of Equipment; Chapter 7: Direct Microscopic Examination Of Dairy Products, Market Milk, Other Dairy Products; Chapter 8: Detection Of Mastitis, Black Cloth Or Strip Cup Test, Bromthymol Blue Test (Thybromol Test) Catalase Test, Field Test For Chlorides, Quantitative Test For Chlorides, Direct Microscopic Test, Hotis Test, Whiteside Test; Chapter 9: Reduction Tests, Methylene Blue Test, Modification Of The Methylene Blue Technic, Resazurin Test; Chapter 10: Special Culture Propagation, Propagation Of Butter Cultures In The Bacteriological Laboratory, Starter Making; Chapter 11: Determination Of Yeasts And Molds, Determination In Butter, Parson S Method For Visual Demonstration Of Mold In Cream, Widlman Method Of Detecting Mold In Butter, Mold Mycelia In Butter, Practical Determination Of The Keeping Quality Of Butter, Determination Of Yeasts And Mold In Soft Cheeses, Microbial Control Of Parchment Wrappers And Liners. Part Iii: Chemical Control Methods For Dairy Products; Chapter 12: Collection And Care Of Samples, Milk And Cream, Composite Milk Samples, Ice Cream Mix And Ice Cream, Butter, Cheese, Dry Milk, Evaporated Milk, Condensed Milk; Chapter 13: Babcock Test For Fat, Babcock Test For Fat In Milk, Babcock Test For Fat In Homogenized Milk, Modified Babcock Test For Fat In Homogenized Milk, Babcock Test For Fat In Cream, Tests For Fat In Skim Milk Or Buttermilk, Pennsylvania Test For Fat In Chocolate Milk Or Drink, Modified Babcock Tests For Milk Fat In Ice Cream And Ice Cream Mix, Modified Pennsylvania Test For Fat In Ice Cream And Ice Cream Mix (Borden), Calibration Of Babcock Glassware; Chapter 14: Roese-Gottlieb Fat Determination, Mojonnier Tester, Milk, Skim Milk, Buttermilk And Whey, Cream, Ice Cream, Evaporated Milk, Condensed Buttermilk And Unsweetened Condensed Milk, Sweetened Condensed Milk, Butter, Cheese, Malted Milk, Chocolate, And Cocoa, Dry Skim Milk, Buttermilk Powder, And Whole Milk Powder, Causes For High And Low Fat Tests, Liquid Eggs, Frozen Eggs And Dried Eggs; Chapter 15: Gerber Test For Fat, Milk, Plain Or Homogenized, Skim Milk And Buttermilk, Chocolate Milk And Chocolate Drink, Cream, Ice Cream And Ice Cream Mix; Chapter 16: Mojonnier Determination Of Total Solids, Milk, Skim Milk, Buttermilk And Whey, Cream, Ice Cream, Unsweetened Condensed Milk And Condensed Buttermilk, Sweetened Condensed Milk, Butter, Cheese, Soft Cheeses, Malted Milk, Chocolate And Cocoa, Dry Milk Powder, Whole Milk Powder And Buttermilk Powder, Egg Yolk, Gelatin, Causes For High And Low Total Solids Tests; Chapter 17: Total Solids Determination Without Mojonnier Equipment, Milk, Skim Milk, Buttermilk And Whey, Dried Milk, Cheese; Chapter 18: Moisture, Salt, And Fat Determination In Butter And Cheese, Butter, Cheese; Chapter 19: Titratable Acidity, Milk And Cream, Skim Milk And Buttermilk, Ice Cream And Ice Cream Mix, Sherberts And Ices, Condensed Milk, Dry Whole Milk, Non-Fat Dry Milk Solids, Sour Or Ripened Cream And Starter, Butter, Cream Cheese; Chapter 20: Hydrogen Ion Determination, Theory, Colorimetric Method Of Ph Measurements, Potentiometric Method Of Measuring Ph, Oxidation-Reduction Potential Measurements; Chapter 21: Phosphatase Test For Pasteurization Control, Gilcreas Method, Scharer Methods, General Precautions In Interpreting Phosphatase Tests, Sanders And Sager Method; Chapter 22: Neutralizer Detection, Hankinson And Anderson Method, Ph Method. Part Iv: Physical Control Methods For Dairy Products; Chapter 23: Specific Gravity Determination Of Milk, Lactometer Method (Conventional), Lactometer Method (Sharp And Hart Modification), The Westphal Balance, Detecting Adulterated Milk Watering, Skimming; Chapter 24: Determination Of Added Water, Cryoscopic Method, Acetic Serum Method, Sour Serum Method, Copper Serum Method; Chapter 25: Sediment Tests, Milk As Received From Farm, Milk After Processing (In Final Consumer Package), Fresh Fluid Cream (In Final Consumer Package), Sweet Cream (As Received), Dry Whole Milk, Non-Fat Dry Milk Solids, Sweetened Condensed Milk, Plain Or Superheated Condensed Milk, Sour Cream (American Butter Institute Methods), Butter (American Butter Institute Method), Butter (Borax Method), Ice Cream And Ice Cream Mix, Cheese, Sugar, Salt, Stabilizers; Chapter 26: Cream Volume Determination, Milk Industry Foundation Method, Milk Bottle Gage Method, Plant Method, Burette Method; Chapter 27: Curd Tension Determination, American Dairy Science Association Method; Chapter 28: Viscosity Determination Of Dairy Products, Borden Method For Cream, Babcock Method, Saybolt Viscosimeter Method, Pipette Method, Falling Ball Method For Sweetened Condensed Milk; Chapter 29: Homogenization Efficiency Determination, Determination Of The Usphs Index Of Homogenized Milk, Microscopic Method. Part V: Miscellaneous And Special Tests Of Dairy Products, Chapter 30: Miscellaneous Tests, Brom Thymol Blue Test, Chloride Test, Blood In Milk, Alcohol Test For Determining Coagulability Of Milk, Catalase Test For Butter, Detection Of Coloring Matter, Copper Determination In Milk, Diacetyl And Acetylmethylcarbinal (Acetoin) Determination In Butter And Butter Starters, Differential Of Oleomargarine, Butter And Renovated Butter, Egg Yolk Determination In Dairy Products, Gelatin Detection In Dairy Products, Heated Milk (Over 172 F) Detection, Lactic Acid Determination In Milk, Oiling Off Test For Cream, Preservative Detection, Solubility Index Of Dry Whole Milk, Solubility Index Of Non-Fat Dry Milk Solids, Stiffness And Stability Determination Of Whipped Cream, Sucrose And Lactose Simultaneous Determinations In Dairy Products, Vitamin C Determination In Dairy Products. Part Vi: Microbiological, Chemical, And Physical Tests For Non Dairy Products; Chapter 31: Chemical Control Procedures For Washing And Sterilizing Solutions And Brine, Total Hardness Of Water, Determination Of Strength Of Washing Solutions, Determination Of Strength Of Washing Powders, Phosphoric Acid Determination, Polyphosphate Determination In The Presence Of One Another, Alkyl Benzene Sulfonate Determination, Chlorine Solution Strength, Determination Of Strength Of Quaternary Ammonium Solutions, Testing Brines For Purity, Strength, And Corrosion Inhibitor; Chapter 32: Physical Tests Applied To Glass Milk Bottles, Discussion, Capacity Measurement, Annealing Test, Hydrostatic Internal Pressure Test, Thermal Shock Test, Impact Test; Chapter 33: Sugar Syrup Tests, Cane Sugar Syrup, Maple Syrup; Chapter 34: Gelatin Examination, Water Absorption Property, Rate Of Solution, Organoleptic Examination, Moisture Determination, Ash Determination, Ph Value Determination, Acidity Determination, Gel Strength Determination, Viscosity Determination; Chapter 35: Vanilla Flavor Tests, Specific Gravity, Alcohol Content, Gravimetric Test For Vanillin And Coumarin, Colorimetric Method For Vanillin, Mojonnier Method For Vanillin, Lead Number, Total Solids, Quality Of Vanilla Flavor; Chapter 36: Chocolate And Cocoa Testing, Moisture Test, Total Ash, Soluble And Insoluble Ash, Alkalinity Of Total Ash, Detection Of Alkali, Percentage Of Cocoa Butter, Test For Adulteration Of Cocoa With Shells, Fibers, Carbon, Foreign Starches And Dyes, Test For Fineness, Bacteriological Analysis Of Chocolate Products; Chapter 37: Fruit Tests, Canned Fruit Grades, Determination Of Drained Weight, Determination Of Syrup Concentration, Detection Of Chemical Preservatives, Determination Of Total Solids, Microscopic Examination For Bacteria, Yeasts, And Molds; Chapter 38: Tin Determinations, Determination Of Tin Thickness On Tin Plant Cans, Determination Of The Parosity Of Tin Coatings On Steel; Chapter 39: Biochemical Oxygen Demand Determination, Bod Test. Part Vii: Preparation Of Media And Reagents; Chapter 40: Culture Media, Hydrogen Ion Determination, Standard Nutrient Agar, Media For Hemolytic Streptococci, Media For The Determination Of Coliform Types, Lactose Broth, Potato Dextrose Agar, Tomato Juice Agar, Tributyrin Agar, Trypsin Digest Agar (Modified), Whey Agar, Yeast Dextrose Agar, Bacto Nutritive Caseinate Agar, Skim Milk Nutrient Agar, Burri Medium, Buttered Phosphate Stock Solution, Litmus Milk; Chapter 41: Stains, Acid Stain For Beed Smears, Differential Color Stain, Gram Stain, Loeffler S Modified Methylene Blue Stain, Modified Newman-Lampert Stain; Chapter 42: Standard Solutions, Preparation Of Standard Solutions, Hydrochloric Acid Solutions, Iodine Solution-Tenth Normal, Molybdate Solution (For Phosphorus Determination), Potassium Acid Phthalate Solution-Tenth Normal, Potassium Dichromate Solution-Tenth Normal, Potassium Permanaganate Solution-Tenth Normal, Silver Nitrate Solution-Tenth Normal, Silver Nitrate Solution, Sodium Chloride Solution-Tenth Normal, Sodium Hydroxide Solution, Sodium Oxalate Solution-Tenth Normal, Sodium Thiosulfate-Tenth Normal, Sulfuric Acid Solutions; Chapter 43: Indicators And Reagents, Indicators, Reagents. Appendix: Conversion Tables, Length, Area, Mass, Volume (Fluid Measures), Volume And Capacity (Dry Measures), Pressure, Energy, Avoirdupois Weights, Force, Metric Weights And Measures, Troy Weights, Apothecaries Weights, Avoirdupois Weight, Table For Computing Pounds Of Milk From Cases And Cans, Bae Equivalents, Comparisons Of Thermometer Scales, Baume Conversion Tables;
Winner of the 2018 James Beard Foundation Book Award (Baking and Desserts) A New York Times bestseller and named a Best Baking Book of the Year by the Atlantic, the Wall Street Journal, the Chicago Tribune, Bon Appétit, the New York Times, the Washington Post, Mother Jones, the Boston Globe, USA Today, Amazon, and more "The most groundbreaking book on baking in years. Full stop."—Saveur From One-Bowl Devil’s Food Layer Cake to a flawless Cherry Pie that’s crisp even on the very bottom, BraveTart is a celebration of classic American desserts. Whether down-home delights like Blueberry Muffins and Glossy Fudge Brownies or supermarket mainstays such as Vanilla Wafers and Chocolate Chip Cookie Dough Ice Cream, your favorites are all here. These meticulously tested recipes bring an award-winning pastry chef’s expertise into your kitchen, along with advice on how to “mix it up” with over 200 customizable variations—in short, exactly what you’d expect from a cookbook penned by a senior editor at Serious Eats. Yet BraveTart is much more than a cookbook, as Stella Parks delves into the surprising stories of how our favorite desserts came to be, from chocolate chip cookies that predate the Tollhouse Inn to the prohibition-era origins of ice cream sodas and floats. With a foreword by The Food Lab’s J. Kenji López-Alt, vintage advertisements for these historical desserts, and breathtaking photography from Penny De Los Santos, BraveTart is sure to become an American classic.
Special edition of the Federal Register, containing a codification of documents of general applicability and future effect ... with ancillaries.
Dairy Science includes the study of milk and milk-derived food products, examining the biological, chemical, physical, and microbiological aspects of milk itself as well as the technological (processing) aspects of the transformation of milk into its various consumer products, including beverages, fermented products, concentrated and dried products, butter and ice cream. This new edition includes information on the possible impact of genetic modification of dairy animals, safety concerns of raw milk and raw milk products, peptides in milk, dairy-based allergies, packaging and shelf-life and other topics of importance and interest to those in dairy research and industry. Fully reviewed, revised and updated with the latest developments in Dairy Science Full color inserts in each volume illustrate key concepts Extended index for easily locating information