Although there are several gaps in understanding the many issues related to neurological disorders, we know enough to be able to shape effective policy responses to some of the most common. This book describes and discusses the increasing public health impact of common neurological disorders such as dementia, epilepsy, headache disorders, multiple sclerosis, neuroinfections, neurological disorders associated with malnutrition, pain associated with neurological disorders, Parkinson's disease, stroke and traumatic brain injuries. It provides information and advice on public health interventions that may reduce their occurrence and consequences, and offers health professionals and planners the opportunity to assess the burden caused by these disorders. The clear message that emerges is that unless immediate action is taken globally, the neurological burden is likely to become an increasingly serious and unmanageable.
Though we have other distinguishing characteristics (walking on two legs, for instance, and relative hairlessness), the brain and the behavior it produces are what truly set us apart from the other apes and primates. And how this three-pound organ composed of water, fat, and protein turned a mammal species into the dominant animal on earth today is the story John S. Allen seeks to tell.
Focusing on applied and clinical examples, the Second Edition of PRINCIPLIES OF NEUROPSYCHOLOGY is an exciting and dynamic approach to neuropsychology that should inspire both students and teachers. This progressive and accessible text teaches brain function in a clear and interesting manner by providing the most recent studies and research available in this ever-developing field. Applying the underlying thesis that all interactions in daily life, whether adaptive or maladaptive, can be explained neuropsychologically, the authors emphasize five specific ideas: human neuropsychology-both experimental and clinical, integration of theory and research, coverage of the relationship between neuroscience and behavioral function, real-life examples, and the presentation of didactic aids. Integrating these themes with the most up-to-date research provides all readers-whether or not they have had previous exposure to the field-with the most current and accessible text available. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
This book offers representative examples from fly and mouse models to illustrate the ongoing success of the synergistic, state-of-the-art strategy, focusing on the ways it enhances our understanding of sensory processing. The authors focus on sensory systems (vision, olfaction), which are particularly powerful models for probing the development, connectivity, and function of neural circuits, to answer this question: How do individual nerve cells functionally cooperate to guide behavioral responses? Two genetically tractable species, mice and flies, together significantly further our understanding of these processes. Current efforts focus on integrating knowledge gained from three interrelated fields of research: (1) understanding how the fates of different cell types are specified during development, (2) revealing the synaptic connections between identified cell types (“connectomics”) using high-resolution three-dimensional circuit anatomy, and (3) causal testing of how iden tified circuit elements contribute to visual perception and behavior.
Clinical Neuroanatomy offers an extensive review of higher cortical – behavioral functions and their anatomical substrates. The book begins with a review of the basic internal and external morphology, major nerve and fiber tracts, behavioral correlates, and clinical syndromes associated with spinal cord, brain stem, and cerebellum, reacquainting readers with the functional anatomy of the subtentorial central nervous system. The central chapters offer more detailed, integrated, and, at times, theoretical models of cortical systems and their internal organization. Additional chapters highlight vascular anatomy and neurochemical systems. Nearly 300 illustrations help identify key structures and pathways, as well as providing clinical and pathological examples.
This handbook provides research guidelines to study roles of the genes and other factors involved in a variety of complex behaviors. Utilizing methodologies and theories commonly used in behavior genetics, each chapter features an overview of the selected topic, current issues, as well as current and future research.
This volume reviews major topics in human, primate, and mammalian evolution with an emphasis on systematic paleoenvironmental and behavioral questions, and the epistemological problems of interpreting the past with fossil data.
This book provides comprehensive information on fungal infections of the central nervous system (CNS). Fungal infections are still a major public health challenge for most of the developing world and even for developed countries due to the rising numbers of immune compromised patients, refugee movements, and international travel. Although fungal infections involving the CNS are not particularly common, when they do occur, the results can be devastating in spite of recent advances and currently available therapies. Further, over the past several years, the incidence of these infections has seen a steep rise among immunodeficient patients. In this context, aggressive surgery remains the mainstay of management, but conservative antifungal drug treatment complemented by aggressive surgical debridement may be necessary. Yet the optimal management approach to fungal infections of the CNS remains controversial, owing to the limited individual experience and the variable clinical course of the conditions. Addressing that problem, this comprehensive book offers the ideal resource for neurosurgeons, neurologists and other specialists working with infectious diseases.
While medical professionals continue to practice traditional allopathic medicine, the public has turned toward nutritional and integrative medical therapies, especially for addressing the proliferation of chronic diseases. Written by leaders in the academic and scientific world, Nutrition and Integrative Medicine: A Primer for Clinicians presents various modalities to help restore health. This book provides users with a guide to evaluating and recommending nutritional and integrative therapies. The book offers insights on the microbiome of the human body, examines the relationship of human health to the microbiome of the food we ingest, and introduces the concept of "food as information." It provides enlightenment on anti-aging and healing modalities, mind–body medicine, and an investigation of psychological trauma as related to disease causation. Integrative therapies, including water, light, and sound therapy, are explored, and information on healing chronic disease through nutrition, the tooth–body connection, the role of toxins in disease causation, and electromagnetic field hypersensitivity, as well as its management, is presented.
Visually Memorable Neuroanatomy for Beginners takes a close look at the anatomy of the human brain and teaches readers to identify and examine its structures in a relatable way. Unlike large textbooks that deliver a superficial overview of the subject, this book explores the anatomy and physiology of the brain using mnemonic techniques and informative comic figures that present brain regions at an introductory level, allowing readers to easily identify different parts of the brain. This volume is appropriate for undergraduate and graduate students, postdoctoral fellows, and researchers in the medicine, health sciences, and biological sciences. Beginning with the morphology of the brain and spinal cord, this book then explores the somatic nerve and autonomic nerve, the cranial nerve and spinal nerve, the function of the brain, and concludes with the development of the nervous system. Features simplified illustrations for understanding the complicated neuroanatomy structures Introduces memorizing tips (mnemonics) to help students learn Describes how best to identify structures in cadaver specimens Includes comic-style figures to make neuroanatomy approachable for newcomers
Human Brainstem: Cytoarchitecture, Chemoarchitecture, Myeloarchitecture explores how the human brainstem has been impeded by the unavailability of an up-to-date, comprehensive, diagrammatic and photographic atlas. Now, with the first detailed atlas on the human brainstem in more than twenty years, this book presents an accurate, comprehensive and convenient reference for students, researchers and pathologists. Presents the first detailed atlas on the human brainstem in more than twenty years Represents all areas of the medulla, pons and midbrain in the plane transverse to the longitudinal axis of the brainstem Consists of 63 plates and 63 accompanying diagrams with an interplate distance of one millimeter Includes photographs of Nissl and acetylcholinesterase (AChE) stained sections at alternate levels Provides an accurate and convenient guide for students, researchers and pathologists
Commended in the Endocrinology category of the 2008 BMA Medical Book Competition The Handbook of Clinical Pediatric Endocrinology provides an up-to-date clinical guide presenting best (and, where possible, evidence-based) practice in the diagnosis, treatment and management of pediatric endocrine disorders. It is a companion title to Brook's Clinical Pediatric Endocrinology, which is well established as the leading international work of reference in the field of pediatric endocrinology, covering endocrine disorders, their diagnosis and treatment.
Functional and Clinical Neuroanatomy: A Guide for Health Care Professionals is a comprehensive, yet easy-to read, introduction to neuroanatomy that covers the structures and functions of the central, peripheral and autonomic nervous systems. The book also focuses on the clinical presentation of disease processes involving specific structures. It is the first review of clinical neuroanatomy that is written specifically for nurses, physician assistants, nurse practitioners, medical students and medical assistants who work in the field of neurology. It will also be an invaluable resource for graduate and postgraduate students in neuroscience. With 22 chapters, including two that provide complete neurological examinations and diagnostic evaluations, this book is an ideal resource for health care professionals across a wide variety of disciplines. Written specifically for "mid-level" providers in the field of neurology Provides an up-to-date review of clinical neuroanatomy based on the latest guidelines Provides a logical, step-by-step introduction to neuroanatomy Offers hundreds of full-color figures to illustrate important concepts Highlights key subjects in "Focus On" boxes Includes Section Reviews at critical points in the text of each chapter
This concise, evidence-based text contains essential topics important for every pain management student, trainee, and practitioner. Both acute and chronic pain management principles and techniques are discussed, while numerous case vignettes help reinforce basic concepts and improve clinical decision making. Throughout, a multidisciplinary approach to pain is stressed. Behavioral and physical therapies, plus ethical considerations, are also discussed in this indispensable guide for anyone involved in the management of pain.
|Author||: Rifat Latifi,Peter Rhee,Rainer W.G. Gruessner|
|Release Date||: 2015-09-25|
|ISBN 10||: 1493926713|
|Pages||: 659 pages|
This text is designed to provide a comprehensive and state-of-the-art overview of the major issues specific to technological advances the field trauma, critical care and many aspects of surgical science and practice. Care of these patients and clinical conditions can be quite complex, and materials have been collected from the most current, evidence-based resources. The sections of the text have been structured to review the overall scope of issues dealing with trauma, critical care and surgery, including cardiothoracic surgery, vascular surgery, urology, gynecology and obstetrics, fetal surgery and orthopedics. This volume represents the most comprehensive textbook covering a wide range of topics and technological advances including genomics and nanotechnologies that affect patients’ care and surgeons’ practice daily. The multidisciplinary authorship includes experts from all aspects of trauma, surgery and critical care. The volume highlights the dramatic changes in the field including hand held devices and smart phones used in daily medical and surgical practice, complex computers in the critical care units around the world, and robotics performing complex surgical procedures and tissue engineering. Technological Advances in Surgery, Trauma and Critical Care provides a comprehensive, state-of-the art review of this field, and will serve as a valuable resource for clinicians, surgeons and researchers with an interest in trauma, critical care, and all the specialties of surgery. It provides a concise yet comprehensive summary of the current status of the field that will help guide patient management and stimulate investigative efforts.
A psychiatric disorder is defined as any complex condition that involves the impairment of cognitive, emotional, or behavioral functioning. Aside from knowing the physical organic factors, its causal pathology has remained a mystery. Regarding recent advances in psychiatry and neurosciences, psychiatric disorders have been closely associated with socio-cultural, psychological, biochemical, epigenetic or neural-networking factors. A need for diverse approaches or support strategies is present, which should serve as common knowledge, empathetic views or useful skills for specialists in the filed. This book contains multifarious and powerful papers from all over the world, addressing themes such as the neurosciences, psychosocial interventions, medical factors, possible vulnerability and traumatic events. Doubtlessly, this book will be fruitful for future development and collaboration in "world psychiatry".
Atlas of the Developing Mouse Brain, Second Edition builds on the features of successful first edition, providing a comprehensive and convenient reference for all areas of the mouse brain at Fetal-Day 17.5 (E17.5), Day-of-Birth (P0), and Day-Six postnatal (P6). The book also delineates the parts of the eye, features of the skull, ganglia, nerves, arteries, veins, bones and foramina. This atlas is an essential tool for researchers and students who study the development of the mouse brain, or for those who interpret findings from genetic manipulation. Contains 176 high-resolution color scans of Nissl-stained coronal sections of the brain and skull of the fetal (E17.5), day-of-birth (P0), and day-six postnatal mouse (P6) Includes diagrams that delineate all structures of the brain, as well as peripheral nerves, ganglia, muscles, bones, veins and arteries of the head Presents approximately 5000 corrections and updates from the first edition Includes color codes of the veins, arteries, nerves and ganglions of the skull in diagrams