Stem cell bioprocessing describes the main large-scale bioprocessing strategies for both stem cell culture and purification, envisaging the application of these cells for regenerative medicine and drug screening. Bioreactor configurations are described, including their applications for stem cell expansion, and stem cell separation techniques such as isolation and purification are discussed. Basic definitions are provided concerning the different types of stem cells, from adult stem cells to the more recent induced pluripotent stem cells. The main characteristics of these different stem cell types are described, alongside the molecular mechanisms underlying their self-renewal and differentiation. The book also focuses on methodologies currently used for in vitro stem cell culture under static conditions, including the challenge of xeno-free culture conditions, as well as culture parameters that influence stem cell culture. Approaches for both stem cell culture and separation in micro-scale conditions are presented, including the use of cellular microarrays for high-throughput screening of the effect of both soluble and extracellular matrix molecules. A further section is dedicated to application of stem cells for regenerative medicine. Maintains a unique focus on both the basic stem cell biology concepts, and their translation to large-scale bioprocessing approaches Envisages the use of stem cells in regenerative medicine and drug screening applications Discusses the application of microscale techniques as a tool to perform basic stem cell biology studies
|Author||: Joaquim M.S. Cabral,Claudia Lobato da Silva|
|Publisher||: CRC Press|
|Release Date||: 2018-09-03|
|ISBN 10||: 0429841825|
|Pages||: 334 pages|
An international team of investigators presents thought-provoking reviews of bioreactors for stem cell expansion and differentiation and provides cutting-edge information on different bioreactor systems. The authors offer novel insights into bioreactor-based culture systems specific for tissue engineering, including sophisticated and cost-effective manufacturing strategies geared to overcome technological shortcomings that currently preclude advances towards product commercialization. This book in the fields of stem cell expansion, bioreactors, bioprocessing, and bio and tissue engineering, gives the reader a full understanding of the state-of-art and the future of these fields. Key selling features: Describes various bioreactors or stem cell culturing systems Reviews methods for stem cell expansion and differentiation for neural, cardiac, hemopoietic, mesenchymal, hepatic and other tissues cell types Distinguishes different types of bioreactors intended for different operational scales of tissue engineering and cellular therapies Includes contributions from an international team of leaders in stem cell research
With contributions from leading, international academics and industrial practitioners, Bioprocessing for Cell-Based Therapies explores the very latest techniques and guidelines in bioprocess production to meet safety, regulatory and ethical requirements, for the production of therapeutic cells, including stem cells. An authoritative, cutting-edge handbook on bioprocessing for the production of therapeutic cells with extensive illustrations in full colour throughout An authoritative, cutting-edge handbook on bioprocessing for the production of therapeutic cells with extensive illustrations in full colour throughout In depth discussion of the application of cell therapy including methods used in the delivery of cells to the patient Includes contributions from experts in both academia and industry, combining a practical approach with cutting edge research The only handbook currently available to provide a state of the art guide to Bioprocessing covering the complete range of cell-based therapies, from experts in academia and industry
Stem Cell Manufacturing discusses the required technologies that enable the transfer of the current laboratory-based practice of stem cell tissue culture to the clinic environment as therapeutics, while concurrently achieving control, reproducibility, automation, validation, and safety of the process and the product. The advent of stem cell research unveiled the therapeutic potential of stem cells and their derivatives and increased the awareness of the public and scientific community for the topic. The successful manufacturing of stem cells and their derivatives is expected to have a positive impact in the society since it will contribute to widen the offer of therapeutic solutions to the patients. Fully defined cellular products can be used to restore the structure and function of damaged tissues and organs and to develop stem cell-based cellular therapies for the treatment of cancer and hematological disorders, autoimmune and other inflammatory diseases and genetic disorders. Presents the first ‘Flowchart‘ of stem cell manufacturing enabling easy understanding of the various processes in a sequential and coherent manner Covers all bioprocess technologies required for the transfer of the bench findings to the clinic including the process components: cell signals, bioreactors, modeling, automation, safety, etc. Presents comprehensive coverage of a true multidisciplinary topic by bringing together specialists in their particular area Provides the basics of the processes and identifies the issues to be resolved for large scale cell culture by the bioengineer Addresses the critical need in bioprocessing for the successful delivery of stem cell technology to the market place by involving professional engineers in sections of the book
The next healthcare revolution will apply regenerative medicines using human cells and tissues. The aim of the regenerative medicine approach is to create biological therapies or substitutes in vitro for the replacement or restoration of tissue function in vivo lost through failure or disease. However, whilst science has revealed the potential, and early products have shown the power of such therapies, there is an immediate and long-term need for expertise with the necessary skills to face the engineering and life science challenges before the predicted benefits in human healthcare can be realized. Specifically, there is a need for the development of bioprocess technology for the successful transfer of laboratory-based practice of stem cell and tissue culture to the clinic as therapeutics through the application of engineering principles and practices. This Special Issue of Bioengineering on Stem Cell Bioprocessing and Manufacturing addresses the central role in defining the engineering sciences of cell-based therapies, by bringing together contributions from worldwide experts on stem cell biology and engineering, bioreactor design and bioprocess development, scale-up, and manufacturing of stem cell-based therapies.
With the discovery of stem cells capable of multiplying indefinitely in culture and differentiating into many other cell types in appropriate conditions, new hopes were born in repair and replacement of damaged cells and tissues. The features of stem cells may provide treatment for some incurable diseases with some therapies are already in clinics, particularly those from adult stem cells. Some treatments will require large number of cells and may also require multiple doses, generating a growing demand for generating and processing large numbers of cells to meet the need of clinical applications. With this in mind, our aim is to provide a book on the subject of stem cells and cell therapy for researchers and students of cell biotechnology, bioengineering and bioproduction. This book is exceptional as it teaches researchers stem cells and cell therapy in that it covers the concepts and backgrounds necessary so that readers get a good understanding of the production of stem cells. The book covers three topics: The basics of stem cells and cell therapy, the use of stem cells for the treatment of human diseases, and stem cell processing. It includes chapters on neural and vascular stem vascular stem cell therapy, expansion engineering of embryonic stem cells, stem cell based production of blood cells and separation technologies for stem cells and cell therapy products. It is an informed and informative presentation of what modern research, science and engineering have learned about stem cells and their production and therapies. Addressing both the medical and production issues, this book is an invaluable contribution to having an academic and industrial understanding with respect to R&D and manufacturing of clinical grade stem cells.
This book describes a global assessment of stem cell engineering research, achieved through site visits by a panel of experts to leading institutes, followed by dedicated workshops. The assessment made clear that engineers and the engineering approach with its quantitative, system-based thinking can contribute much to the progress of stem cell research and development. The increased need for complex computational models and new, innovative technologies, such as high-throughput screening techniques, organ-on-a-chip models and in vitro tumor models require an increasing involvement of engineers and physical scientists. Additionally, this book will show that although the US is still in a leadership position in stem cell engineering, Asian countries such as Japan, China and Korea, as well as European countries like the UK, Germany, Sweden and the Netherlands are rapidly expanding their investments in the field. Strategic partnerships between countries could lead to major advances of the field and scalable expansion and differentiation of stem cells. This study was funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF), the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST).
Stem cells have generated considerable interest recently in the scientific, clinical, and public arenas. The third book in the Stem Cell Repair and Regeneration series offers contributions from numerous areas bridging medicine and the life sciences. Significant research activities in the tissue engineering or regenerative medicine (the term recently used) field started in the 1970s, and there is currently great excitement over the possibility of replacing damaged body parts through regenerative medicine. Potential strategies to replace, repair and restore the function of damaged tissues or organs include stem cell transplantation, transplantation of tissues engineered in the laboratory, and the induction of regeneration by the body's own cells. It is believed that novel cellular therapeutics outperform any medical device, recombinant protein or chemical compound. This volume explores novel stem cell therapeutic strategies for myriad diseases, including renal failure, retinal disease and myocardial infarction. Contents:The Biology of Human Mesenchymal Stem Cells (C Westwood & M O Clements)Mesenchymal Stem Cells: From Culture to Clinic (C A Gregory)Stem Cell Bioprocessing for Clinical Applications of Regenerative Medicine (A Mantalaris et al.)Defining and Overcoming the Immunological Barriers to Stem Cell Therapies (N J Robertson et al.)Activation of the Immune System: A Corollary of Transplantation with ES Cell-Derived Tissues (A S Boyd et al.)Suppression of HLA Expression by Lentivirus-Mediated Gene Transfer of siRNA Cassettes (N Kasahara)Cord Blood Cells for Myocardial Regeneration (C Stamm & M Nan)Clinical Trials in Cardiac Stem Cell Therapy: An Update (R Kam & I Dimarakis)Stem Cell Therapy in Neurodegenerative Disease (C T Flores & M Y Gordon)Adult Human Stem Cell Therapy for Ischemic Stroke (D Williamson et al.)Cell Therapy in Renal Disease (H D Humes)Regenerative Medicine of the Eye: A Short Review (D T Harris et al.)A Clearer View of Stem Cells in Retinal Disease (M D Hodges et al.)Limbal Epithelial Stem Cells: Biology and Therapeutic Potential (M Notara et al.)The Use of Mesenchymal Stem Cells for Bone and Cartilage Repair (R Behan et al.) Readership: Life science scientists; biomedical researchers; academics, postgraduate students and advanced undergraduate students in cell biology, biochemistry and genetics; surgeons; clinicians; biotechnology and pharmaceutical industry professionals. Keywords:Stem Cell;Cardiac;Renal;RetinalKey Features:Comprehensive and up-to-date overview for clinicians and scientistsContains chapters by the field's leading scientists from some of the world's top research institutions and universitiesChapters cover basic stem cell science and topics related to many areas of translational “from bench to bedside” stem cell researchInformation presented in a form accessible to all interested students, clinicians and scientists
Stem cell research is one of the leading "cutting edge" areas of life science research in the world today and is a topic of significant interest to a broad range of the medical and scientific community. This authoritative book provides reviews by the field's leading scientists and covers many of the areas in which stem cells are becoming increasingly important, such as in organ repair and regeneration. Stem cells offer the possibility of cell therapy issues to treat a myriad of diseases, conditions, and disabilities including Parkinson's and Alzheimer's diseases, spinal cord injury, stroke, heart disease, and diabetes.
Offers a detailed introduction to the fundamental phenomena that govern cell adhesion and describes bioengineering processes that employ cell adhesion, focusing on both biochemical and biomedical applications. All industrially relevant issues of cell adhesion - from basic concepts, quantitative experiments, and mathematical models to applications in bioreactors and other process equipment - are examined.
Bioprocess Engineering for a Green Environment examines numerous bioprocesses that are crucial to our day-to-day life, specifically the major issues surrounding the production of energy relating to biofuels and waste management. The nuance of this discussion is reflected by the text’s chapter breakdown, providing the reader with a fulsome investigation of the energy sector; the importance of third-generation fuels; and the application of micro- and macroalgae for the production of biofuels. The book also provides a detailed exploration of biocatalysts and their application to the food industry; bioplastics production; conversion of agrowaste into polysaccharides; as well as the importance of biotechnology in bio-processing. Numerous industries discharge massive amounts of effluents into our rivers, seas, and air systems. As such, two chapters are dedicated to the treatment of various pollutants through biological operation with hopes of achieving a cleaner, greener, environment. This book represents the most comprehensive study of bioprocessing—and its various applications to the environment—available on the market today. It was furthermore written with various researchers in mind, ranging from undergraduate and graduate students looking to enhance their knowledge of the topics presented to scholars and engineers interested in the bioprocessing field, as well as members of industry and policy-makers. Provides a comprehensive overview of bioprocesses that apply to day-to-day living. Is learner-centered, providing detailed diagrams for easy understanding. Explores the importance of biocatalysts and their applications to the food industry, as well as bioplastics production. Examines the unique capabilities of bioprocess engineering and its ability to treat various pollutants. .