Adsorption science and technology is a well-established field with a broad range of applications. Nevertheless, the handover of knowledge and experience from expert seniors is not always optimal. For example, most publications in the literature merely mention successful results. This means that incorrect results and relevant mistakes are not made public or are shared only in a small circle. For successful research it is necessary to learn from mistakes in the past to avoid mistakes in the future. Solid-Liquid Adsorption: How to Do Correct Batch Experiments and Analyze Data provides a critical review of the available literature, showing the most frequently made interpretation errors, and provides methodological guidance on the practical use of fundamental concepts in adsorption science and technology to help early career researchers and students to properly plan and carry out adsorption experiments and how to process/interpret the experiment data correctly. Guides early career researchers how to setup and perform adsorption experiments correctly Provides practical aspects of adsorption experiment and adsorbent preparation Helps to identify mistakes made in the past and to how avoid potential mistakes in the future Includes mathematic modelling of adsorption data based on recent theory Illustrated with figures and informative tables along with the relevant information in the main text to illustrate and explain the concepts of the book
|Author||: G. D. Parfitt,Colin H. Rochester,C. C. Rochester|
|Release Date||: 1983|
|Pages||: 416 pages|
Non-electrolytes. Adsorption of small molecules. Adsorption from mixtures of miscible liquids. Adsorption of nonionic surfactants. Adsorption of polymers. Electrolytes. Adsorption of small ions. Adsorption of ionic surfactants. Adsorption of dyes. Adsorption of polyelectrolytes from dilute solution.
|Author||: Marc A. Anderson,Alan J. Rubin|
|Publisher||: Ann Arbor Science Publishers|
|Release Date||: 1981|
|Pages||: 357 pages|
|Author||: Yury Konstantinovich Tovbin|
|Publisher||: CRC Press|
|Release Date||: 2017-10-17|
|ISBN 10||: 1351652885|
|Pages||: 780 pages|
In the adsorption phenomenon the substances from the external environment the gas or liquid are absorbed by a solid surface (adsorbent). Adsorption is used to separate gaseous and liquid mixtures, for drying and purification of gases and liquids. This reference broadly explores the calculation of the equilibrium and dynamic characteristics of adsorption in porous bodies at the molecular level. Two new theories of statistical physics are presented, both developed by the author for the consistent description of the equilibrium distribution of molecules and dynamics of flows in complex porous materials to be able to solve a wide range of practical tasks in the development of new technologies.
This text offers an overview of the recent theoretical and practical results achieved in gas-solid, liquid-solid and gas-liquid adsorption research.
Adsorption from Solutions of Non-Electrolytes provides a general discussion of the subject, which has so far been given little or no attention in current textbooks of physical chemistry. A general view of the subject is particularly needed at a time when we wish to see how far it will be possible to use theories of solutions to explain the phenomena of adsorption. The book opens with an introductory chapter on the types of interface, aspects of adsorption from solution, types of adsorption, and classification of systems. This is followed by separate chapters on experimental methods, adsorption at the liquid-solid interface, adsorption from completely miscible and partially liquids, adsorption of gases and solids from solution, adsorption of polymers, and adsorption in multicomponent systems. Subsequent chapters deal with factors influencing competitive adsorption at the liquid-solid interface. adsorption at the liquid-vapor and liquid-liquid interface, kinetics and thermodynamics of adsorption from the liquid phase, the use of columns in adsorption, and use of adsorption from solution to measure surface area.
The declared objective of this book is to provide an introductory review of the various theoretical and practical aspects of adsorption by powders and porous solids with particular reference to materials of technological importance. The primary aim is to meet the needs of students and non-specialists, who are new to surface science or who wish to use the advanced techniques now available for the determination of surface area, pore size and surface characterization. In addition, a critical account is given of recent work on the adsorptive properties of activated carbons, oxides, clays and zeolites. Provides a comprehensive treatment of adsorption at both the gas/solid interface and the liquid/solid interface Includes chapters dealing with experimental methodology and the interpretation of adsorption data obtained with porous oxides, carbons and zeolites Techniques capture the importance of heterogeneous catalysis, chemical engineering and the production of pigments, cements, agrochemicals, and pharmaceuticals
|Author||: Kenneth S.W. Sing,Jean Rouquerol|
|Release Date||: 2009-06-04|
|ISBN 10||: 0080960472|
|Pages||: 525 pages|
Adsorption at the Gas-Solid and Liquid-Solid Interface
The socio-economic activities due to world development are promoting increasing pressures on land, creating competition and conflicts, resulting in suboptimal use of resources. Integrated planning and management of land resources is a top subject of Agenda 21 (managed by FAO), which deals with the cross-sectoral aspects of decision-making for the sustainable use and development of natural resources. This is essential for life-support systems and its productive capacity. In this context, there is a need to find new strategies for sustainable development that links social and economic progress with environmental protection and enhancement. Electrokinetic transport processes (EK) uses a low-level direct current as the “cleaning agent”. EK has been applied to the remediation of polluted soils and other contaminated matrices. It also shows a great potential to be used in different fields, as in saline soil restoration, nutrients recovery from wastes or repair and maintenance of building structures. EK may be an integrated approach for new strategies aiming at sustainable development and to support waste strategies, with worldwide interest. EK can also be coupled with phytoremediation and integrated with nanotechnology, enlarging the scope of its application. The conciliation of the EK in the recovery of secondary resources, remediation and conservation is a multidisciplinary novel approach that opens new technical possibilities for waste minimization, through upgrading of particulate waste products and the recovery of secondary resources for industrial, agricultural or social use.
Adsorption From Solution discusses the significance of adsorption behavior in thermodynamic terms, with emphasis on the interplay between enthalpic and entropic contributions to the free energy. This book examines the role of simple models and of elementary thermodynamic and statistical mechanical arguments in relation to the concept of surface phase. Organized into 22 chapters, this book starts with an overview of the theoretical model for the solid/liquid interface. This text then proceeds with a discussion of the general thermodynamic treatment of adsorption from mixed solvents, which is designed to apply in situations where adsorbed species may be regarded as distinct from their bulk counterparts. Other chapters discuss the adsorption from solutions of various interfaces of liquid/gas, liquid/liquid, or liquid/solid. The final chapter deals with the roles of adsorption from solution in controlling other phenomena, such as liquid–liquid displacement, wetting, and the forces between colloidal particles. Physicists, chemists, and materials scientists will find this book extremely useful.
The subject matter of this book is not entirely new in that much has been written about the state of the interfacial chemistry in other textbooks. However, the authors have found that there is really a need for a book which can lead an investigator, a student, or a beginn er through the in-depth understanding and descriptions involved in the derivations and usage of the adsorption equations based on the unified concept of the Gibbs surface excess. The derivation of the original Gibbs equation for the liquid interface has been amplified with reformulations and criticisms. Attempts have been frequently made to relate the surface excess quantities with the thermodynamic properties of the physically defined interfacial phase. In the last two decades, useful applications of the Gibbs equations have been made for the study of adsorption at solid-liquid as weIl as liquid-gas interfaces formed in the presence of the multicomponent solutions in the bulk. These recent treatments become useful for the experimental studies of the adsorption of electrolytes and interfacial properties related to neutral and charged monolayers. The consistency of the experimental results with those to be expected from the theories of the electrical double layer needs careful examination. An attempt has been made to present in a single volume all these developments based on the unified concept of the Gibbs surface excess. The study of the adsorption from solution is of considerable importance in the field of biology and in many other branches of applied science.
|Author||: Francesco Dondi,Georges Guiochon|
|Publisher||: Springer Science & Business Media|
|Release Date||: 2012-12-06|
|ISBN 10||: 9401126860|
|Pages||: 641 pages|
Chromatography and all the related separation techniques are experimental in their origin and justification. However, the spectacular progress made in this area since World War II has given rise to a theoretical underpinning. The present book covers the current status of the research area and places it in perspective with the general concepts of the fields of physical chemistry involved. The ASI lectures/authors -- well known leaders in their fields -- have written presentations at the graduate level, accessible to all those who have a good general background in the thermodynamics and mass transfer theory of phase equilibria. The book will be useful to young scientists and engineers who wish to access the current frontiers in chromatography and other separation sciences.