smart healthcare for disease diagnosis and prevention

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Smart Healthcare for Disease Diagnosis and Prevention
Author : Sudip Paul,Dinesh Bhatia
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2020-01-14
ISBN 10 : 0128179147
Pages : 270 pages

Smart Healthcare for Disease Diagnosis and Prevention focuses on the advancement in healthcare technology to improve human health at all levels using smart technologies. It covers all necessary topics from basic concepts (such as signal and image processing) to advanced knowledge on topics such as tissue engineering, virtual and intelligent instrumentation (or VLSI) and Embedded Systems. This book can be used to guide students and young researchers, providing basic knowledge on signal/image processing and smart technologies. Users will find a perfect blend of the interdisciplinary approach to biomedical engineering. The book considers many technical concepts, emerging technologies, real-world healthcare applications, and many other technical, multidisciplinary notions in the same content. Finally, it systemically introduces the technologies and devices for healthcare objects and targets disease diagnosis and prevention in different views. Discusses how new advanced technologies are used in real healthcare applications to improve patient safety Explores how medical data such as signals and images can be used in diagnosis Covers how wireless communications devices, such as sensor networks, RFID, wireless body area network, and wearable sensors are used in the medical environment

Innovation in Health Informatics
Author : Miltiadis D. Lytras,Akila Sarirete
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2019-11-13
ISBN 10 : 0128190442
Pages : 440 pages

Innovation in Health Informatics: A Smart Healthcare Primer explains how the most recent advances in information and communication technologies have paved the way for new breakthroughs in healthcare. The book showcases current and prospective applications in a context defined by an imperative to deliver efficient, patient-centered and sustainable healthcare systems. Topics discussed include big data, medical data analytics, artificial intelligence, machine learning, virtual and augmented reality, 5g and sensors, Internet of Things, nanotechnologies and biotechnologies. Additionally, there is a discussion on social issues and policy- making for the implementation of smart healthcare. This book is a valuable resource for undergraduate and graduate students, practitioners, researchers, clinicians and data scientists who are interested in how to explore the intersections between bioinformatics and health informatics. Provides a holistic discussion on the new landscape of medical technologies, including big data, analytics, artificial intelligence, machine learning, virtual and augmented reality, 5g and sensors, Internet of Things, nanotechnologies and biotechnologies Presents a case study driven approach, with references to real-world applications and systems Discusses topics with a research-oriented approach that aims to promote research skills and competencies of readers

Smart Healthcare
Author : Hongxu Yin,Ayten Ozge Akmandor,Arsalan Mosenia,Niraj K. Jha
Publisher : Foundations and Trends (R) in Electronic Design Automation
Release Date : 2018-05-30
ISBN 10 : 9781680834406
Pages : 80 pages

Defines a standard framework for smart healthcare aimed at both daily and clinical settings. Discusses various considerations and challenges that should be taken into account while designing smart healthcare systems.

Computing Paradigms for Smart Healthcare
Author : B. Vinoth Kumar
Publisher : N.A
Release Date : 2020-11-20
ISBN 10 : 9781536186192
Pages : 337 pages

Smart healthcare has gradually gained its popularity because of the development of information technologies and computing paradigms such as internet of things (loT), big data, Cloud computing and artificial intelligence. These technologies transform the conventional medical system in to smarter one by making healthcare more convenient, efficient, accurate, and more customized. Smart healthcare will lead to a revolutionized healthcare system that enables the participation of all people for the early prediction and prevention of diseases so that preemptive and pro-active treatment can be delivered. The aim of this edited book is to publish the latest research advancements in the convergence of automation technology, artificial intelligence, biomedical engineering and health informatics. This will help the readers to grasp the extensive point of view and the essence of the recent advances in this field. This book solicits contributions which include theory, case studies and computing paradigms pertaining to the healthcare applications. The prospective audience would be researchers, professionals, practitioners, and students from academia and industry who work in this field. We hope the chapters presented will inspire future research both from theoretical and practical viewpoints to spur further advances in the field.The entire book is the contribution of interdisciplinary expertise available in the esteemed Institution PSG College of Technology, an ISO 9001:2015 certified Government aided Institution, belonging to Department of Information Technology, Computer Science and Engineering, Electronics and Communication Engineering, Biomedical Engineering and Biotechnology. A brief introduction about each chapter is as follows.Chapter 1 focuses on health informatics which provides an overview of the various types of data originating from the medical information,Chapter 2 objective is to provide a 'smart connected environment' which includes storing, processing and exchange information seamlessly using technologies.Chapter 3 deals with an intelligent healthcare system for automatic diagnosis of diseases based on IOT enabled cloud computing framework and deep learningChapter 4 discuss about basic concepts of digital twin technology and implementation of digital twin in various health care domains.Chapter 5 proposes a graph based framework for classification, feature selection method which uses the existing notion, histograms for extracting isotonic features from a data set.Chapter 6 explains the significance of convolution neural network in medical image analysis.Chapter 7 summarizes recent advances in AI tools applied in cancer diagnosis and research for disease prediction and biomarker discovery.Chapter 8 explores DNA microarray data followed by the implementation of machine learning algorithms to obtain the highly predictive genes for classification. Chapter 9 uses various data structures such as hash tables and prefix-based search trees to efficiently query the EHR data present in the Blockchain.Chapter 10 focuses on agreeing upon a common symmetric cryptographic key generated from the ECG signal collected at different locations of a patient using linear prediction and error control coding techniques.We are grateful to the authors and reviewers for their excellent contributions for making this book possible.

Sustainable Smart Cities and Smart Villages Research
Author : Miltiadis D. Lytras,Anna Visvizi
Publisher : MDPI
Release Date : 2018-10-19
ISBN 10 : 303897224X
Pages : 338 pages

This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Sustainable Smart Cities and Smart Villages Research" that was published in Sustainability

Improving Diagnosis in Health Care
Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Care Services,Committee on Diagnostic Error in Health Care
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date : 2016-01-29
ISBN 10 : 0309377692
Pages : 472 pages

Getting the right diagnosis is a key aspect of health care - it provides an explanation of a patient's health problem and informs subsequent health care decisions. The diagnostic process is a complex, collaborative activity that involves clinical reasoning and information gathering to determine a patient's health problem. According to Improving Diagnosis in Health Care, diagnostic errors-inaccurate or delayed diagnoses-persist throughout all settings of care and continue to harm an unacceptable number of patients. It is likely that most people will experience at least one diagnostic error in their lifetime, sometimes with devastating consequences. Diagnostic errors may cause harm to patients by preventing or delaying appropriate treatment, providing unnecessary or harmful treatment, or resulting in psychological or financial repercussions. The committee concluded that improving the diagnostic process is not only possible, but also represents a moral, professional, and public health imperative. Improving Diagnosis in Health Care a continuation of the landmark Institute of Medicine reports To Err Is Human (2000) and Crossing the Quality Chasm (2001) finds that diagnosis-and, in particular, the occurrence of diagnostic errorsâ€"has been largely unappreciated in efforts to improve the quality and safety of health care. Without a dedicated focus on improving diagnosis, diagnostic errors will likely worsen as the delivery of health care and the diagnostic process continue to increase in complexity. Just as the diagnostic process is a collaborative activity, improving diagnosis will require collaboration and a widespread commitment to change among health care professionals, health care organizations, patients and their families, researchers, and policy makers. The recommendations of Improving Diagnosis in Health Care contribute to the growing momentum for change in this crucial area of health care quality and safety.

Smart Healthcare Applications and Services: Developments and Practices
Author : R”cker, Carsten,Ziefle, Martina
Publisher : IGI Global
Release Date : 2010-12-31
ISBN 10 : 1609601823
Pages : 384 pages

"This book provides an in-depth introduction into medical, social, psychological, and technical aspects of smart healthcare applications as well as their consequences for the design, use and acceptance of future systems"--Provided by publisher.

Translational Informatics in Smart Healthcare
Author : Bairong Shen
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2017-09-15
ISBN 10 : 9811057176
Pages : 220 pages

This book is about the transformation of the biomedical information to smart healthcare, the chapters are designed to discuss the health associated factors such as genetics, lifestyle, nutrition and environmental factors. The interactions of these factors and the informatics for the analyses of their effects on health are also covered. The era of aging is approaching and the P4 (predictive, preventive, personalized and participatory) medicine paradigm is becoming practical and reality. According to the Kondratiev's long wave theory, IT (information technology) and health will be the next technological revolution for the new economic cycle. This book is written for biomedical informatics scientists, clinicians, health practitioners and researchers, etc.

Wearable Technology in Medicine and Health Care
Author : Raymond Tong
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2018-08-08
ISBN 10 : 0128498811
Pages : 340 pages

Wearable Technology in Medicine and Health Care provides readers with the most current research and information on the clinical and biomedical applications of wearable technology. Wearable devices provide applicability and convenience beyond many other means of technical interface and can include varying applications, such as personal entertainment, social communications and personalized health and fitness. The book covers the rapidly expanding development of wearable systems, thus enabling clinical and medical applications, such as disease management and rehabilitation. Final chapters discuss the challenges inherent to these rapidly evolving technologies. Provides state-of-the-art coverage of the latest advances in wearable technology and devices in healthcare and medicine Presents the main applications and challenges in the biomedical implementation of wearable devices Includes examples of wearable sensor technology used for health monitoring, such as the use of wearables for continuous monitoring of human vital signs, e.g. heart rate, respiratory rate, energy expenditure, blood pressure and blood glucose, etc. Covers examples of wearables for early diagnosis of diseases, prevention of chronic conditions, improved clinical management of neurodegenerative conditions, and prompt response to emergency situations

Smart Health
Author : Andreas Holzinger,Carsten Röcker,Martina Ziefle
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2015-02-24
ISBN 10 : 3319162268
Pages : 275 pages

Prolonged life expectancy along with the increasing complexity of medicine and health services raises health costs worldwide dramatically. Whilst the smart health concept has much potential to support the concept of the emerging P4-medicine (preventive, participatory, predictive, and personalized), such high-tech medicine produces large amounts of high-dimensional, weakly-structured data sets and massive amounts of unstructured information. All these technological approaches along with “big data” are turning the medical sciences into a data-intensive science. To keep pace with the growing amounts of complex data, smart hospital approaches are a commandment of the future, necessitating context aware computing along with advanced interaction paradigms in new physical-digital ecosystems. The very successful synergistic combination of methodologies and approaches from Human-Computer Interaction (HCI) and Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining (KDD) offers ideal conditions for the vision to support human intelligence with machine learning. The papers selected for this volume focus on hot topics in smart health; they discuss open problems and future challenges in order to provide a research agenda to stimulate further research and progress.

Author : Thomas F. Heston
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2018-08-01
ISBN 10 : 1789235227
Pages : 184 pages

eHealth has revolutionized health care and the practice of medicine. Internet technologies have given the most rural communities access to healthcare services, and automated computer algorithms are improving medical diagnoses and speeding up the delivery of care. Handheld apps, wearable devices, and artificial intelligence lead the way, creating a global healthcare solution that is smarter and more accessible. Read what leaders in the field are doing to advance the use of electronic technology to improve global health.

Nutrition in the Prevention and Treatment of Disease
Author : Ann M. Coulston,Carol J. Boushey,Mario Ferruzzi,Linda Delahanty
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2017-04-28
ISBN 10 : 0128029471
Pages : 1072 pages

Nutrition in the Prevention and Treatment of Disease, Fourth Edition, is a compilation of current knowledge in clinical nutrition and an overview of the rationale and science base of its application to practice in the prevention and treatment of disease. In its fourth edition, this text continues the tradition of incorporating new discoveries and methods related to this important area of research Generating and analyzing data that summarize dietary intake and its association with disease are valuable tasks in treating disease and developing disease prevention strategies. Well-founded medical nutrition therapies can minimize disease development and related complications. Providing scientifically sound, creative, and effective nutrition interventions is both challenging and rewarding. Two new chapters on metabolomics and translational research, which have come to be used in nutrition research in recent years. The new areas of study are discussed with the perspective that the application of the scientific method is by definition an evolutionary process. A new chapter on Genetics and Diabetes which reviews the latest research on causal genetic variants and biological mechanisms responsible for the disease, and explores potential interactions with environmental factors such as diet and lifestyle. Includes all major "omics" – the exposome, metabolomics, genomics, and the gut microbiome. Expands the microbiota portions to reflect complexity of diet on gut microbial ecology, metabolism and health

Swarm Intelligence and Evolutionary Algorithms in Healthcare and Drug Development
Author : Sandeep Kumar,Anand Nayyar,Anand Paul
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2019-12-05
ISBN 10 : 1000727033
Pages : 146 pages

Healthcare sector is characterized by difficulty, dynamism and variety. In 21st century, healthcare domain is surrounded by tons of challenges in terms of Disease detection, prevention, high costs, skilled technicians and better infrastructure. In order to handle these challenges, Intelligent Healthcare management technologies are required to play an effective role in improvising patient’s life. Healthcare organizations also need to continuously discover useful and actionable knowledge to gain insight from tons of data for various purposes for saving lives, reducing medical operations errors, enhancing efficiency, reducing costs and making the whole world a healthy world. Applying Swarm Intelligence and Evolutionary Algorithms in Healthcare and Drug Development is essential nowadays. The objective of this book is to highlight various Swarm Intelligence and Evolutionary Algorithms techniques for various medical issues in terms of Cancer Diagnosis, Brain Tumor, Diabetic Retinopathy, Heart disease as well as drug design and development. The book will act as one-stop reference for readers to think and explore Swarm Intelligence and Evolutionary Algorithms seriously for real-time patient diagnosis, as the book provides solutions to various complex diseases found critical for medical practitioners to diagnose in real-world. Key Features: Highlights the importance and applications of Swarm Intelligence and Evolutionary Algorithms in Healthcare industry. Elaborates Swarm Intelligence and Evolutionary Algorithms for Cancer Detection. In-depth coverage of computational methodologies, approaches and techniques based on Swarm Intelligence and Evolutionary Algorithms for detecting Brain Tumour including deep learning to optimize brain tumor diagnosis. Provides a strong foundation for Diabetic Retinopathy detection using Swarm and Evolutionary algorithms. Focuses on applying Swarm Intelligence and Evolutionary Algorithms for Heart Disease detection and diagnosis. Comprehensively covers the role of Swarm Intelligence and Evolutionary Algorithms for Drug Design and Discovery. The book will play a significant role for Researchers, Medical Practitioners, Healthcare Professionals and Industrial Healthcare Research and Development wings to conduct advanced research in Healthcare using Swarm Intelligence and Evolutionary Algorithms techniques.

Author : H. Gilbert Welch
Publisher : Beacon Press
Release Date : 2011-01-18
ISBN 10 : 0807022012
Pages : 248 pages

From a nationally recognized expert, an exposé of the worst excesses of our zeal for medical testing Going against the conventional wisdom reinforced by the medical establishment and Big Pharma that more screening is the best preventative medicine, Dr. Gilbert Welch builds a compelling counterargument that what we need are fewer, not more, diagnoses. Documenting the excesses of American medical practice that labels far too many of us as sick, Welch examines the social, ethical, and economic ramifications of a health-care system that unnecessarily diagnoses and treats patients, most of whom will not benefit from treatment, might be harmed by it, and would arguably be better off without screening. Drawing on twenty-five years of medical practice and research on the effects of medical testing, Welch explains in a straightforward, jargon-free style how the cutoffs for treating a person with "abnormal" test results have been drastically lowered just when technological advances have allowed us to see more and more "abnormalities," many of which will pose fewer health complications than the procedures that ostensibly cure them. Citing studies that show that 10 percent of two thousand healthy people were found to have had silent strokes, and that well over half of men over age sixty have traces of prostate cancer but no impairment, Welch reveals overdiagnosis to be rampant for numerous conditions and diseases, including diabetes, high cholesterol, osteoporosis, gallstones, abdominal aortic aneuryisms, blood clots, as well as skin, prostate, breast, and lung cancers. With genetic and prenatal screening now common, patients are being diagnosed not with disease but with "pre-disease" or for being at "high risk" of developing disease. Revealing the economic and medical forces that contribute to overdiagnosis, Welch makes a reasoned call for change that would save us from countless unneeded surgeries, excessive worry, and exorbitant costs, all while maintaining a balanced view of both the potential benefits and harms of diagnosis. Drawing on data, clinical studies, and anecdotes from his own practice, Welch builds a solid, accessible case against the belief that more screening always improves health care.

Pervasive and Smart Technologies for Healthcare: Ubiquitous Methodologies and Tools
Author : Coronato, Antonio,De Pietro, Giuseppe
Publisher : IGI Global
Release Date : 2010-03-31
ISBN 10 : 161520766X
Pages : 408 pages

"This book reports several experiences concerning the application of pervasive computing technologies, methodologies and tools in healthcare"--Provided by publisher.

Smart Biosensors in Medical Care
Author : Jyotismita Chaki,Nilanjan Dey,Debashis De
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2020-02-18
ISBN 10 : 0128209364
Pages : 244 pages

Smart Biosensors in Medical Care discusses the characteristics of biosensors and their potential applications in healthcare. This book is aimed at professionals, scientists and engineers who are interested in integrating biosensors into medical care systems for patients. It also provides fundamental and foundational knowledge for undergraduate and post graduate students. The book presents a comprehensive view of up-to-date requirements in hardware and communication, offers future perspectives on next-generation medical care systems, and includes global case studies of recent system operations in healthcare. Sections cover smart biosensors, such as wearable, implantable, patch based, and enzyme based for medical care. Advances in ubiquitous sensing applications for healthcare is a series which covers new systems based on ubiquitous sensing for healthcare (USH). Volumes in this series cover a wide range of interdisciplinary areas, including wireless sensors networks, wireless body area networks, Big data, Internet-of-Things (IoT), security, monitoring, real time data collection, data management, systems design/analysis, and much more. Covers the basics of biosensor based medical care data analysis and management Discusses data transmission techniques, presenting applications with extensive studies for biosensor based medical healthcare systems Offers solutions to the challenges of designing biosensor based medical healthcare systems

Precision Health and Medicine
Author : Arash Shaban-Nejad,Martin Michalowski
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2019-08-01
ISBN 10 : 3030244091
Pages : 197 pages

This book highlights the latest advances in the application of artificial intelligence to healthcare and medicine. It gathers selected papers presented at the 2019 Health Intelligence workshop, which was jointly held with the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence (AAAI) annual conference, and presents an overview of the central issues, challenges, and potential opportunities in the field, along with new research results. By addressing a wide range of practical applications, the book makes the emerging topics of digital health and precision medicine accessible to a broad readership. Further, it offers an essential source of information for scientists, researchers, students, industry professionals, national and international public health agencies, and NGOs interested in the theory and practice of digital and precision medicine and health, with an emphasis on risk factors in connection with disease prevention, diagnosis, and intervention.

Healthcare Associated Infections
Author : Stephen G. Weber,Cassandra Salgado
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release Date : 2013-02-21
ISBN 10 : 0199796386
Pages : 226 pages

Healthcare Associated Infections is an easy-to-use, point-of-care guidebook for busy clinicians and trainees seeking to learn about the clinical management of these infections.

Wearable Technologies
Author : Jesús Hamilton Ortiz
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2018-10-03
ISBN 10 : 1789840031
Pages : 268 pages

This edited volume Wearable Technologies is a collection of reviewed and relevant research chapters, offering a comprehensive overview of recent developments in the field of computer engineering. The book comprises single chapters authored by various researchers and edited by an expert active in the computer engineering research area. All chapters are complete in themselves but united under a common research study topic. This publication aims at providing a thorough overview of the latest research efforts.

CDC Yellow Book 2020
Author : Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release Date : 2019-05-14
ISBN 10 : 0190928956
Pages : 704 pages

The definitive reference for travel medicine, updated for 2020! "A beloved travel must-have for the intrepid wanderer." -Publishers Weekly "A truly excellent and comprehensive resource." -Journal of Hospital Infection The CDC Yellow Book offers everything travelers and healthcare providers need to know for safe and healthy travel abroad. This 2020 edition includes: · Country-specific risk guidelines for yellow fever and malaria, including expert recommendations and 26 detailed, country-level maps · Detailed maps showing distribution of travel-related illnesses, including dengue, Japanese encephalitis, meningococcal meningitis, and schistosomiasis · Guidelines for self-treating common travel conditions, including altitude illness, jet lag, motion sickness, and travelers' diarrhea · Expert guidance on food and drink precautions to avoid illness, plus water-disinfection techniques for travel to remote destinations · Specialized guidelines for non-leisure travelers, study abroad, work-related travel, and travel to mass gatherings · Advice on medical tourism, complementary and integrative health approaches, and counterfeit drugs · Updated guidance for pre-travel consultations · Advice for obtaining healthcare abroad, including guidance on different types of travel insurance · Health insights around 15 popular tourist destinations and itineraries · Recommendations for traveling with infants and children · Advising travelers with specific needs, including those with chronic medical conditions or weakened immune systems, health care workers, humanitarian aid workers, long-term travelers and expatriates, and last-minute travelers · Considerations for newly arrived adoptees, immigrants, and refugees Long the most trusted book of its kind, the CDC Yellow Book is an essential resource in an ever-changing field -- and an ever-changing world.