self cleaning of surfaces and water droplet mobility

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Self-Cleaning of Surfaces and Water Droplet Mobility
Author : Bekir Sami Yilbas,Abdullah Al-Sharafi,Haider Ali
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2019-04-25
ISBN 10 : 0128147776
Pages : 454 pages

Self-Cleaning of Surfaces and Water Droplet Mobility deals with the self-cleaning of hydrophobic surfaces. Chapters cover the basics of wetting states of fluids and surface characteristics in terms of texture topology and free energy. The self-cleaning aspects of surfaces, such as various synthesizing and fabrication processes are then introduced and discussed, along with environmental dust properties, including elemental compositions, particle sizes and shapes, and their chemo-mechanics characteristics. In addition, mud formation in humid air, as well as ambient and dry mud adhesion on optically transparent surfaces is explored, as is water droplet dynamics on hydrophilic and hydrophobic surfaces, amongst other topics. The book fills the gap between the physical fundamentals of surface energy and texture characteristics for practical applications of surface cleaning and provides a basic understanding of the self-cleaning of surfaces that will be idea for academics, researchers and students. Showcases the fundamental aspects of the self-cleaning of surfaces Includes practical applications in energy and other sectors Contains a review of the characterization of environmental dust on hydrophilic and hydrophobic surfaces Discusses the fabrication and optimization of surfaces towards self-cleaning Presents practical applications of the self-cleaning of surfaces via water droplet mobility

Bioinspired Design of Materials Surfaces
Author : Yongmei Zheng
Publisher : Materials Today
Release Date : 2019-08
ISBN 10 : 0128148438
Pages : 338 pages

Bioinspired Design of Materials Surfaces reviews novel methods and technologies used to design surfaces and materials for smart material and device applications. The author discusses how materials wettability can be impacted by the fabrication of micro- and nanostructures, anisotropic structures, gradient structures, and heterogeneous patterned structures on the surfaces of materials. The design of these structures was inspired by nature, including lotus, cactus, beetle back and butterfly wings, spider silk, and shells. The author reviews the various wettability functions that can result from these designs, such as self-cleaning, directional adhesion, droplet driving, anti-adhesion, non-wetting, liquid repellent properties, liquid separation, liquid splitting, and more. This book presents a key reference on how to fabricate bioinspired structures on materials for desired functions of materials wettability. It also discusses challenges, opportunities and many potential applications, such as oil-water separation devices, water harvesting devices and photonic device applications. Introduces the fundamentals of both bioinspired materials design and the theory behind dynamic materials wettability Reviews the latest methods and technologies used to create functional surfaces and structured materials that impact and potentially control wettability Provides a snapshot of potential device applications, such as oil-water separation, water harvesting, fluid transport, photonic applications, and much more

Self-Cleaning Materials and Surfaces
Author : Walid A. Daoud
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2013-07-12
ISBN 10 : 1118652363
Pages : 368 pages

With increasing demand for hygienic, self-disinfecting and contamination free surfaces, interest in developing self-cleaning protective materials and surfaces has grown rapidly in recent times. This new title comprises of invited chapters from renowned researchers in the area of self-cleaning nano-coatings and the result is a comprehensive review of current research on both hydrophobic and hydrophilic (photocatalytic effect) self-cleaning materials.

Comprehensive Energy Systems
Author : N.A
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2018-02-07
ISBN 10 : 0128149256
Pages : 5540 pages

Comprehensive Energy Systems provides a unified source of information covering the entire spectrum of energy, one of the most significant issues humanity has to face. This comprehensive book describes traditional and novel energy systems, from single generation to multi-generation, also covering theory and applications. In addition, it also presents high-level coverage on energy policies, strategies, environmental impacts and sustainable development. No other published work covers such breadth of topics in similar depth. High-level sections include Energy Fundamentals, Energy Materials, Energy Production, Energy Conversion, and Energy Management. Offers the most comprehensive resource available on the topic of energy systems Presents an authoritative resource authored and edited by leading experts in the field Consolidates information currently scattered in publications from different research fields (engineering as well as physics, chemistry, environmental sciences and economics), thus ensuring a common standard and language

Superhydrophobic Surfaces
Author : Russell J. Crawford,Elena P. Ivanova
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2015-02-19
ISBN 10 : 0128013311
Pages : 180 pages

Superhydrophobic Surfaces analyzes the fundamental concepts of superhydrophobicity and gives insight into the design of superhydrophobic surfaces. The book serves as a reference for the manufacturing of materials with superior water-repellency, self-cleaning, anti-icing and corrosion resistance. It thoroughly discusses many types of hydrophobic surfaces such as natural superhydrophobic surfaces, superhydrophobic polymers, metallic superhydrophobic surfaces, biological interfaces, and advanced/hybrid superhydrophobic surfaces. Provides an adequate blend of complex engineering concepts with in-depth explanations of biological principles guiding the advancement of these technologies Describes complex ideas in simple scientific language, avoiding overcomplicated equations and discipline-specific jargon Includes practical information for manufacturing superhydrophobic surfaces Written by experts with complementary skills and diverse scientific backgrounds in engineering, microbiology and surface sciences

Materials in Sports Equipment
Author : Aleksandar Subic
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2019-05-18
ISBN 10 : 0081025831
Pages : 604 pages

Materials in Sports Equipment, Second Edition, provides a detailed review on the design and performance of materials in sports apparel, equipment and surfaces in a broad range of sporting applications. Chapters cover materials modeling, non-destructive testing, design issues for sports apparel, skull and mouth protection, and new chapters on artificial sport surfaces, anthropometric design customization, and 3D printing in sports equipment. In addition, the book covers sports-specific design and material choices in a range of key sports, from baseball, rowing, and archery, to ice hockey, snowboarding, and fishing. Users will find a valuable resource that explicitly links materials, engineering and design principles directly to sports applications, thus making it an essential resource to materials scientists, engineers, sports equipment designers and sports manufacturers developing products in this evolving field. Provides both updated and new chapters on recent developments in the design and performance of advanced materials in a number of sports applications Discusses varying aspects, such as the modeling of materials behavior and non-destructive testing Analyzes the aerodynamic properties of materials and the design of sports apparel and smart materials Explores new topics on athletic equipment, such as 3D printing and anthropometric design customization and on artificial sports surfaces

Wetting and Wettability
Author : Mahmood Aliofkhazraei
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2015-12-16
ISBN 10 : 9535122150
Pages : 384 pages

On the liquid 's surface, the molecules have fewer neighbors in comparison with the bulk volume. As a result, the energy interaction shows itself in the surface tension. Traditionally, the surface tension can be assumed as a force in the unit of the length which can be counted by the unit of Newton on squared meter, or energy on the units of the surface. The surface tension, implies the interface between liquid and vapor, which is an example of the surface tensions. The equilibrium between these surface tensions, decides that a droplet on a solid surface, would have a droplet form or will change to layer form. This book collects new developments in wetting and wettability science.

Author : Dionysios D Dionysiou,Gianluca Li Puma,Jinhua Ye,Jenny Schneider,Detlef Bahnemann
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release Date : 2016-03-30
ISBN 10 : 1782627103
Pages : 394 pages

From environmental remediation to alternative fuels, this book explores the numerous important applications of photocatalysis. The book covers topics such as the photocatalytic processes in the treatment of water and air; the fundamentals of solar photocatalysis; the challenges involved in developing self-cleaning photocatalytic materials; photocatalytic hydrogen generation; photocatalysts in the synthesis of chemicals; and photocatalysis in food packaging and biomedical and medical applications. The book also critically discusses concepts for the future of photocatalysis, providing a fascinating insight for researchers. Together with Photocatalysis: Fundamentals and Perspectives, these volumes provide a complete overview to photocatalysis.

Microscale Surface Tension and Its Applications
Author : Pierre Lambert,Massimo Mastrangeli
Publisher : MDPI
Release Date : 2019-10-21
ISBN 10 : 3039215647
Pages : 240 pages

Building on advances in miniaturization and soft matter, surface tension effects are a major key to the development of soft/fluidic microrobotics. Benefiting from scaling laws, surface tension and capillary effects can enable sensing, actuation, adhesion, confinement, compliance, and other structural and functional properties necessary in micro- and nanosystems. Various applications are under development: microfluidic and lab-on-chip devices, soft gripping and manipulation of particles, colloidal and interfacial assemblies, fluidic/droplet mechatronics. The capillary action is ubiquitous in drops, bubbles and menisci, opening a broad spectrum of technological solutions and scientific investigations. Identified grand challenges to the establishment of fluidic microrobotics include mastering the dynamics of capillary effects, controlling the hysteresis arising from wetting and evaporation, improving the dispensing and handling of tiny droplets, and developing a mechatronic approach for the control and programming of surface tension effects. In this Special Issue of Micromachines, we invite contributions covering all aspects of microscale engineering relying on surface tension. Particularly, we welcome contributions on fundamentals or applications related to: Drop-botics: fluidic or surface tension-based micro/nanorobotics: capillary manipulation, gripping, and actuation, sensing, folding, propulsion and bio-inspired solutions; Control of surface tension effects: surface tension gradients, active surfactants, thermocapillarity, electrowetting, elastocapillarity; Handling of droplets, bubbles and liquid bridges: dispensing, confinement, displacement, stretching, rupture, evaporation; Capillary forces: modelling, measurement, simulation; Interfacial engineering: smart liquids, surface treatments; Interfacial fluidic and capillary assembly of colloids and devices; Biological applications of surface tension, including lab-on-chip and organ-on-chip systems.

Surface Wetting
Author : Kock-Yee Law,Hong Zhao
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2015-11-18
ISBN 10 : 3319252143
Pages : 162 pages

This book describes wetting fundamentals and reviews the standard protocol for contact angle measurements. The authors include a brief overview of applications of contact angle measurements in surface science and engineering. They also discuss recent advances and research trends in wetting fundamentals and include measurement techniques and data interpretation of contract angles.

Non-wettable Surfaces
Author : Robin Ras,Abraham Marmur
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release Date : 2016-11-25
ISBN 10 : 1782621547
Pages : 405 pages

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Heat Transfer
Author : Konstantin Volkov
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2018-06-27
ISBN 10 : 1789232643
Pages : 370 pages

The book focuses on new analytical, experimental, and computational developments in the field of research of heat and mass transfer phenomena. The generation, conversion, use, and exchange of thermal energy between physical systems are considered. Various mechanisms of heat transfer such as thermal conduction, thermal convection, thermal radiation, and transfer of energy by phase changes are presented. Theory and fundamental research in heat and mass transfer, numerical simulations and algorithms, experimental techniques, and measurements as they applied to all kinds of applied and emerging problems are covered.