Segregation in Vibrated Granular Systems explains the individual mechanisms that influence the segregation of granular media under vibration, along with their interactions. Drawing on research from a wide range of academic disciplines, the book focuses on vibrated granular systems that are used in industry, providing a guide that will solve practical problems and help researchers. The applications of vibration-based segregation in industries, including pharmaceuticals, mining, food and chemical processing are all investigated with appropriate examples. In addition, relevant theory behind the behavior of granular media and segregation processes is explained, along with investigations of the technologies and techniques used. Analyzes all phenomena involved in the vibration-based segregation of bulk solids, including those relating to size, material properties and shape Explores how different segregation mechanisms interact Compares different technologies for investigating granular media, including PIV, MRI and X-ray tomography Explains how to use computational techniques to model the behavior of granular media, including DM, CFD and FEM
Segregation is a pervasive phenomenon whereby a flowing granular mass consisting of particles with diverse physical properties becomes spatially inhomogeneous. In the industrial sector that deals with the handling and processing of bulk solids, this non-uniformity is highly undesirable since blend homogeneity is generally a stringent requirement of most products. In the arena of geophysical flows, segregation can enhance the destructive capabilities of natural events such as avalanches and landslides. During the last 15 years, these issues have provided motivation and fostered collaborations between the communities of mathematicians, engineers, industrial researchers, and physicists to develop predictive models of segregation by integrating the perspectives and approaches of each. The collection of unique papers brings to light many of the perplexing scientific and technical issues in our current understanding of this complex phenomenon. It addresses advances in experiment, computational modeling and theory. This volume is one of the very few books devoted entirely to problems of segregation of particulate solids.
|Author||: Li Kai|
|Publisher||: World Scientific|
|Release Date||: 2010|
|ISBN 10||: 9814295043|
|Pages||: 548 pages|
Held in Singapore from 9 to 11 October 2009, the 2009 International Conference on Chemical, Biological and Environmental Engineering (CBEE 2009) aims to provide a platform for researchers, engineers, academicians as well as industrial professionals from all over the world to present their research and development activities in chemical, biological and environmental engineering. Conference delegates will also have the opportunity to exchange new ideas and application experiences, establish business or research relations and find global partners for future collaboration. Sample Chapter(s). Chapter 1: The Future of Biopharmaceutics'' Production (92 KB). Contents: Study on Pyrolysis Characteristics of Electronic Waste (J Sun et al.); Application of Noise Mapping on Environmental Management (K-T Tsai et al.); Characteristics and Transport Properties of Two Modified Zero Valent Iron (Y-H Lin et al.); Synthesis of Visible Light Active N-Doped Titania Photocatalyst (C Kusumawardani et al.); CFD-PBM Modeling of Vertical Bubbly Flows (M R Rahimi & H Karimi); Hydrotalcite-Like Synthesis Using Magnesium from Brine Water (E Heraldy et al.); Cement/Activated-Carbon Solidification/Stabilization Treatment of Nitrobenzene (Z Su et al.); Investigation of Fish Species Biodiversity in Haraz River (I Piri et al.); Risk Assessment of Fluoride in Indian Context (V Chaudhary & M Kumar); Light Transmission In Fluidized Bed (E Shahbazali et al.); Drying of Mushroom Using a Solar Tunnel Dryer (M A Basunia et al.); and other papers. Readership: Researchers, engineers, academicians and industrial professionals in related fields of chemical, biological and environmental engineering.
Deep connections are emerging in the physics of non-thermal systems,such as granular media, and other "complex systems" such as glass formers, spin glasses, colloids or gels. This book discusses the unifying physical theories, developed in recent years, for the description of these systems. The special focus of the book is on recent important developments in the formulation of a Statistical Mechanics approach to granular media and the description of out-of-equilibrium dynamics, such as "jamming" phenomena, ubiquitous in these "complex systems". The book collects contributions from leading researchers in these fields, providing both an introduction, at a graduate level, to these rapidly developing subjects and featuring an up to date, self contained, presentation of theoretical and experimental developments for researchers in areas ranging from Chemistry, to Engineering and Physical Sciences. · the book discusses very hot topics in physical sciences · it includes contributions from the most prominent researchers in the area · it is clearly written and self contained
Soft matters differ from hard ones essentially due to former's relatively weak interaction which is comparable to kBTrm (Trm = room temperature) — this results in the major characteristics of soft matters such as 'strong reactions upon weak actions'.Developed over a period of 10 years through soft matter physics lectures for both graduate and undergraduate students in Fudan University, this textbook not only concentrates on the basic interactions inside soft matters through a reductionist approach, but also introduces the exploratory works on the complexity of soft matters in methods of system science.Other important topics in soft matter physics which are included involve static and dynamic electrorheological (ER) effects — an important 'model animal' in the subject, granular media — which explains the thermodynamics of sands and its dynamics, and the Onsager principle of least energy dissipation rate which has been adapted in this textbook to see how it governs the optimal paths of a system's deviation from and restoration to equilibrium.The subject of soft matter physics is still in its infancy, making it highly exciting and attractive. If you like a challenging subject, you will most certainly fall in love with soft matter physics at first read!
This Volume 44 of Advances in Solid State Physics contains the written versions of most of the invited lectures of the Spring Meeting of the Condensed Matter Physics section of the Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft held from March 8 to 12, 2004 in Regensburg, Germany. Many of the topical talks given at the numerous and very lively symposia are also included. They have covered extremely interesting and timely subjects. Thus the book truly reflects the status of the field of solid state physics in 2004, and indicates its importance, not only in Germany but also internationally.
Dry granular materials, such as sand, sugar and powders, can be poured into a container like a liquid and can also form a pile, resisting gravity like a solid, which is why they can be regarded as a fourth state of matter, neither solid nor liquid. This book focuses on defining the physics of dry granular media in a systematic way, providing a collection of articles written by recognised experts. The physics of this field is new and full of challenges, but many questions (such as kinetic theories, plasticity, continuum and discrete modelling) also require the strong participation of mechanical and chemical engineers, soil mechanists, geologists and astrophysicists. The book gathers into a single volume the relevant concepts from all these disciplines, enabling the reader to gain a rapid understanding of the foundations, as well as the open questions, of the physics of granular materials. The contributors have been chosen particularly for their ability to explain new concepts, making the book attractive to students or researchers contemplating a foray into the field. The breadth of the treatment, on the other hand, makes the book a useful reference for scientists who are already experienced in the subject.
The MRS Symposium Proceeding series is an internationally recognised reference suitable for researchers and practitioners.
This volume contains the proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on the Micromechanics of Granular Media, Powders and Grains 2005. Powders and Grains is an international scientific conference held every 4 years that brings together engineers and physicists interested in the micromechanics of granular media.The book is a guide to the hotte
Now in its second edition, this authoritative reference provides comprehensive coverage of the fundamentals of powder science and technology and builds upon them.
This introductory text develops the fundamental physics of the behavior of granular materials. It covers the basic properties of flow, friction, and fluidization of uniform granular materials; discusses mixing and segregation of heterogeneous materials (the famous "brazil-nut problem"); and concludes with an introduction to numerical models. The presentation begins with simple experiments and uses their results to build concepts and theorems about materials whose behavior is often quite counter-intuitive; presenting in a unified way the background needed to understand current work in the field. Developed for students at the University of Paris, the text will be suitable for advanced undergraduates and beginning graduates; while also being of interest to researchers and engineers just entering the field.
"Granular Gases" are diluted many-particle systems in which the mean free path of the particles is much larger than the typical particle size, and where particle collisions occur dissipatively. The dissipation of kinetic energy can lead to effects such as the formation of clusters, anomalous diffusion and characteristic shock waves to name but a few. The book is organized as follows: Part I comprises the rigorous theoretical results for the dilute limit. The detailed properties of binary collisions are described in Part II. Part III contains experimental investigations of granular gases. Large-scale behaviour as found in astrophysical systems is discussed in Part IV. Part V, finally, deals with possible generalizations for dense granular systems.
|Author||: A.T. Skjeltorp,Arne Skjeltorp,Sam F. Edwards|
|Publisher||: Springer Science & Business Media|
|Release Date||: 2000-08-31|
|ISBN 10||: 9780792364023|
|Pages||: 295 pages|
The term `soft condensed matter' encompasses a wide range of substances which are neither ordinary solids nor ordinary liquids. They do have vestigial liquid and solid properties, but their character is much more complex and subtle. Systems range from foams and complex fluids to granular materials and biomaterials (proteins, DNA, membranes). The structural states they adopt are driven by subtle competition between intermolecular interaction energies and entropic forces, both of which are often close to thermal energies at room temperature. Configurations and their dynamic evolution are significant determinants of a wide variety of mesoscopic and microscopic properties. The book reviews both the language needed to discuss such systems, as well as basic questions about such phenomena as competing ground states, nonlinear feedback, and slow dynamics. The approach is pedagogical and tutorial, while the work presented is fully up to date. The level is appropriate to graduate researchers, either moving into the field or already active in it.
Rotary Kilns—rotating industrial drying ovens—are used for a wide variety of applications including processing raw minerals and feedstocks as well as heat-treating hazardous wastes. They are particularly critical in the manufacture of Portland cement. Their design and operation is critical to their efficient usage, which if done incorrectly can result in improperly treated materials and excessive, high fuel costs. This professional reference book will be the first comprehensive book in many years that treats all engineering aspects of rotary kilns, including a thorough grounding in the thermal and fluid principles involved in their operation, as well as how to properly design an engineering process that uses rotary kilns. Chapter 1: The Rotary Kiln Evolution & Phenomenon Chapter 2: Basic Description of Rotary Kiln Operation Chapter 3: Freeboard Aerodynamic Phenomena Chapter 4: Granular Flows in Rotary Kilns Chapter 5: Mixing & Segregation Chapter 6: Combustion and Flame Chapter 7: Freeboard Heat Transfer Chapter 8: Heat Transfer Processes in the Rotary Kiln Bed Chapter 9: Mass & Energy Balance Chapter 10: Rotary Kiln Minerals Process Applications ·Covers fluid flow, granular flow, mixing and segregation, and aerodynamics during turbulent mixing and recirculation ·Offers hard-to-find guidance on fuels used for rotary kilns, including fuel options such as natural gas versus coal-fired rotary kilns ·Explains principles of combustion and flame control, heat transfer and heating and material balances
Despite seeming simplicity of granular materials, their physical properties are very different from conventional solids, liquids and gases due to the dissipative and highly nonlinear nature of forces among grains. This leads to a rich diversity of patterns which emerge in granular materials upon external excitation, which includes ripples, avalanches, or bands of segregated materials. This book presents a comprehensive review of experiments and novel theoreticalconcepts needed to understand the mechanisms of pattern formation in granular materials. The unique feature of our book is that we make a strong effort to connect concepts and ideas developed ingranular physics with new emergent fields, especially in biology, such as cytoskeleton dynamics, molecular motors transport, organization of active (self-propelled) particles and dynamic self-assembly.
The field of granular physics has burgeoned since its development in the late 1980s, when physicists first began to use statistical mechanics to study granular media. They are prototypical of complex systems, manifesting metastability, hysteresis and bistability, and a range of other fascinating phenomena. This 2007 book is a wide-ranging account of developments in granular physics, and lays out the foundations of the statics and dynamics of granular physics. It covers a wide range of subfields, ranging from fluidisation to jamming, and these are modelled through a range of computer simulation and theoretical approaches. Written with an eye to pedagogy and completeness, this book will be valuable asset to any researcher in this field. The book also contains contributions from Professor Sir Sam Edwards, with Dr Raphael Blumenfeld, Professor Isaac Goldhirsch and Professor Philippe Claudin.