science and engineering of short fibre reinforced polymer composites

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Science and Engineering of Short Fibre-Reinforced Polymer Composites
Author : Shao-yun Fu,Bernd Lauke,Y.-W. Mai
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2019-08-24
ISBN 10 : 0081026242
Pages : 470 pages
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Science and Engineering of Short Fibre Reinforced Polymer Composites, Second Edition, provides the latest information on the ‘short fiber reinforced composites' (SFRP) that have found extensive applications in automobiles, business machines, durable consumer items, sporting goods and electrical industries due to their low cost, easy processing and superior mechanical properties over parent polymers. This updated edition presents new developments in this field of research and includes new chapters on electrical conductivity, structural monitoring, functional properties, self-healing, finite element method techniques, multi-scale SFRCs, and both modern computational and process engineering methods. Reviews the mechanical properties and functions of short fiber reinforced polymer composites (SFRP) Examines recent developments in the fundamental mechanisms of SFRP's Assesses major factors affecting mechanical performance, such as stress transfer and strength Includes new chapters on electrical conductivity, structural monitoring, functional properties, self-healing, finite element method techniques, multi-scale SFRCs, modern computational methods, and process engineering methods

Science and Engineering of Short Fibre Reinforced Polymer Composites
Author : S. Y. Yu,Y. W. Mai,B. Lauke
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2009-08-05
ISBN 10 : 9781439810996
Pages : 364 pages
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A summary of recent research on short fiber reinforced polymers, this book focuses on the fundamental mechanisms that govern the mechanical properties including strength, modulus, fracture toughness and thermal properties of SFRP materials. It covers extrusion compounding and injection molding, major factors affecting mechanical performance, stress transfer, strength, elastic modulus flexural modulus, thermal conductivity and expansion, non-linear stress-strain behavior and fracture mechanics of short fiber reinforced polymers. Written by a team of distinguished authors, it provides an in-depth understanding of the behavior of these versatile materials.

Short Fibre-Polymer Composites
Author : S K De,J R White
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 1996-10-31
ISBN 10 : 1845698673
Pages : 272 pages
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Provides a detailed insight into short fibres of different types (metallic and organic) in a polymer matrix, as well as reporting on the design considerations and applications of such composites. It relates unparalleled research into a diverse range of composites.

Multi-Scale Continuum Mechanics Modelling of Fibre-Reinforced Polymer Composites
Author : Wim Van Paepegem
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2020-11-25
ISBN 10 : 0128189851
Pages : 764 pages
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Multi-scale modelling of composites is a very relevant topic in composites science. This is illustrated by the numerous sessions in the recent European and International Conferences on Composite Materials, but also by the fast developments in multi-scale modelling software tools, developed by large industrial players such as Siemens (Virtual Material Characterization toolkit and MultiMechanics virtual testing software), MSC/e-Xstream (Digimat software), Simulia (micromechanics plug-in in Abaqus), HyperSizer (Multi-scale design of composites), Altair (Altair Multiscale Designer) This book is intended to be an ideal reference on the latest advances in multi-scale modelling of fibre-reinforced polymer composites, that is accessible for both (young) researchers and end users of modelling software. We target three main groups: This book aims at a complete introduction and overview of the state-of-the-art in multi-scale modelling of composites in three axes: • ranging from prediction of homogenized elastic properties to nonlinear material behaviour • ranging from geometrical models for random packing of unidirectional fibres over meso-scale geometries for textile composites to orientation tensors for short fibre composites • ranging from damage modelling of unidirectionally reinforced composites over textile composites to short fibre-reinforced composites The book covers the three most important scales in multi-scale modelling of composites: (i) micro-scale, (ii) meso-scale and (iii) macro-scale. The nano-scale and related atomistic and molecular modelling approaches are deliberately excluded, since the book wants to focus on continuum mechanics and there are already a lot of dedicated books about polymer nanocomposites. A strong focus is put on physics-based damage modelling, in the sense that the chapters devote attention to modelling the different damage mechanisms (matrix cracking, fibre/matrix debonding, delamination, fibre fracture,...) in such a way that the underlying physics of the initiation and growth of these damage modes is respected. The book also gives room to not only discuss the finite element based approaches for multi-scale modelling, but also much faster methods that are popular in industrial software, such as Mean Field Homogenization methods (based on Mori-Tanaka and Eshelby solutions) and variational methods (shear lag theory and more advanced theories). Since the book targets a wide audience, the focus is put on the most common numerical approaches that are used in multi-scale modelling. Very specialized numerical methods like peridynamics modelling, Material Point Method, eXtended Finite Element Method (XFEM), isogeometric analysis, SPH (Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics),... are excluded. Outline of the book The book is divided in three large parts, well balanced with each a similar number of chapters:

Composite Materials
Author : Frank L. Matthews,R D Rawlings
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 1999-09-15
ISBN 10 : 9780849302510
Pages : 480 pages
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As composite materials gain increasing prominence in engineering applications, it becomes essential for designers and engineers to have a thorough grounding in the various material forms, their production, their benefits, and their limitations. Composite Materials: Engineering and Science helps build the groundwork needed to begin incorporating these remarkable materials-with high strength and stiffness yet low weight-into projects, and effectively exploit their advantages. The authors, acknowledged experts in the composites community, set forth the underlying science and engineering applications of composite materials. The text discusses the different forms of reinforcement and matrix and their interaction. Although it focuses on the most widely used composites-polymer matrices and fibrous reinforcement-it also addresses metal and ceramic matrix systems. A substantial portion of the text deals with methods for calculating stiffness and strength, and the authors provide worked examples and representative data. The final chapters address the various aspects of mechanical behavior, including toughness, fatigue, impact resistance, and the properties of joints-including toughening mechanisms and repair. The book concludes with a presentation of non-destructive testing methods. The use and development of composites for engineering purposes will undoubtedly continue to grow, in both applications and importance. Now is the time for engineering professionals to make sure they are not left behind. With its numerous examples and self-assessment questions, Composite Materials: Engineering and Science makes the ideal text for designers and engineers new to the world of composites.

Modelling of Damage Processes in Biocomposites, Fibre-Reinforced Composites and Hybrid Composites
Author : Mohammad Jawaid,Mohamed Thariq,Naheed Saba
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2018-11-23
ISBN 10 : 0081022972
Pages : 252 pages
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Modelling of Damage Processes in Biocomposites, Fibre-Reinforced Composites and Hybrid Composites focuses on the advanced characterization techniques used for the analysis of composite materials developed from natural fiber/biomass, synthetic fibers and a combination of these materials used as fillers and reinforcements to enhance materials performance and utilization in automotive, aerospace, construction and building components. It will act as a detailed reference resource to encourage future research in natural fiber and hybrid composite materials, an area much in demand due to the need for more sustainable, recyclable, and eco-friendly composites in a broad range of applications. Written by leading experts in the field, and covering composite materials developed from different natural fibers and their hybridization with synthetic fibers, the book's chapters provide cutting-edge, up-to-date research on the characterization, analysis and modelling of composite materials. Contains contributions from leading experts in the field Discusses recent progress on failure analysis, SHM, durability, life prediction and the modelling of damage in natural fiber-based composite materials Covers experimental, analytical and numerical analysis Provides detailed and comprehensive information on mechanical properties, testing methods and modelling techniques

Fundamentals of Fibre Reinforced Composite Materials
Author : A.R. Bunsell,J Renard
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2005-06-15
ISBN 10 : 1420056964
Pages : 398 pages
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Fiber reinforced composite materials encompass a wide range of material classes from reinforced glasses, plastics, and rubbers through to more recently developed metals and ceramics. Fundamentals of Fibre Reinforced Composite Materials is a comprehensive and authoritative book that introduces the topic with a brief history of composite development, a review of composite applications, the types of fibre used, and their respective indiviual properties. An entire chapter considers organic matrices and their behavior, reviewing all of the most commonly encountered polymer matrix systems. Composite manufacturing techniques are then discussed, including those methods employed in the production of advanced metal and ceramic matrix composites. The remaining chapters are devoted primarily to theoretical treatments of composite behavior, with emphasis on the understanding of damage mechanisms such as cracking, delamination, and fibre breakage. Where a mathematical approach is required, an attempt is made to relate the sometimes rather abstract notions back at the structure of the material being discussed. With extensive sets of sample problems accompanying each chapter, Fundamentals of Fibre Reinforced Composite Materials is ideally suited to undergraduate and graduate students of materials science, structural, mechanical, and aeronautical engineering, polymer science, metallurgy, physics and chemistry. It will also be of use as a reference to researchers working with composite materials and material scientists in general.

Engineering Mechanics of Fibre Reinforced Polymers and Composite Structures
Author : J. Hult,Jan A. H. Hult,F.G. Rammerstorfer
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 1994-12-15
ISBN 10 : 9783211826522
Pages : 314 pages
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The book aims at giving an overview of current methods in engineering mechanics of FRP components and structures as well as hybrid components and structures. Main emphasis is on basic micro and macro mechanics of laminates. Long as well as short fibre composites are studied, and criteria for different kinds of rupture are treated. Micromechanical considerations for material characterization and mechanisms of static ductile and brittle rupture are studied, as well as FRP structures under thermal and dynamic loading programs. Optimum design and manufacture situations are described as well. The book makes designers familiar with the opportunities and limitations of modern high quality fibre composites. Practical engineering applications of the described analytical and numerical methods are also presented.

Mechanical and Physical Testing of Biocomposites, Fibre-Reinforced Composites and Hybrid Composites
Author : Mohammad Jawaid,Mohamed Thariq,Naheed Saba
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2018-09-14
ISBN 10 : 0081023006
Pages : 478 pages
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Mechanical and Physical Testing of Biocomposites, Fibre-Reinforced Composites and Hybrid Composites covers key aspects of fracture and failure in natural/synthetic fiber reinforced polymer based composite materials, ranging from crack propagation, to crack growth, and from notch-size effect, to damage-tolerant design. Topics of interest include mechanical properties, such as tensile, flexural, compression, shear, impact, fracture toughness, low and high velocity impact, and anti-ballistic properties of natural fiber, synthetic fibers and hybrid composites materials. It also covers physical properties, such as density, water absorption, thickness swelling, and void content of composite materials fabricated from natural or synthetic materials. Written by leading experts in the field, and covering composite materials developed from different natural fibers and their hybridization with synthetic fibers, the book's chapters provide cutting-edge, up-to-date research on the characterization, analysis and modelling of composite materials. Contains contributions from leading experts in the field Discusses recent progress on failure analysis, SHM, durability, life prediction and the modelling of damage in natural fiber-based composite materials Covers experimental, analytical and numerical analysis Provides detailed and comprehensive information on mechanical properties, testing methods and modelling techniques

Fatigue in Composites
Author : Bryan Harris
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2003-11-14
ISBN 10 : 9781855736085
Pages : 742 pages
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Fiber composites, like metals, exhibit a form of degradation in service described as fatigue. Engineers must understand composite fatigue because it is a causative agent of design and structural failures. Engineers need to increase their knowledge of the mechanisms which result in degradation in order to predict the life of a composite under specified conditions and produce composites with greater durability. This book provides an extensive account of contemporary research on fatigue from a selection of internationally recognized researchers. Part one introduces the concept, delivering a historical review of the fatigue behavior of fiber-reinforced plastics and illustrating fatigue test methods and fatigue under multiaxial stress systems. The second part reviews current research on micromechanical aspects, emphasizing long-term behavior, interface performance, delamination, and damage accumulation. The next two sections cover the analysis and testing of fatigue behavior and detail physical, micromechanical, computational, statistical, and life-prediction models for constant and variable stress. The final parts offer an overview of the wide range of composite fatigue-related problems experienced by engineers in aerospace, marine, and structural engineering.

Developments in Fiber-Reinforced Polymer (FRP) Composites for Civil Engineering
Author : Nasim Uddin
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2013-05-15
ISBN 10 : 0857098950
Pages : 558 pages
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The use of fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composite materials has had a dramatic impact on civil engineering techniques over the past three decades. FRPs are an ideal material for structural applications where high strength-to-weight and stiffness-to-weight ratios are required. Developments in fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites for civil engineering outlines the latest developments in fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites and their applications in civil engineering. Part one outlines the general developments of fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) use, reviewing recent advancements in the design and processing techniques of composite materials. Part two outlines particular types of fiber-reinforced polymers and covers their use in a wide range of civil engineering and structural applications, including their use in disaster-resistant buildings, strengthening steel structures and bridge superstructures. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Developments in fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composites for civil engineering is an essential text for researchers and engineers in the field of civil engineering and industries such as bridge and building construction. Outlines the latest developments in fiber-reinforced polymer composites and their applications in civil engineering Reviews recent advancements in the design and processing techniques of composite materials Covers the use of particular types of fiber-reinforced polymers in a wide range of civil engineering and structural applications

Flow-Induced Alignment in Composite Materials
Author : T D Papthanasiou,D C Guell
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 1997-10-21
ISBN 10 : 1855737477
Pages : 384 pages
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The purpose of aligning short fibres in a fibre-reinforced material is to improve the mechanical properties of the resulting composite. Aligning the fibres, generally in a preferred direction, allows them to contribute as much as possible to reinforcing the material. Flow induced alignment in composite materials details, in a single volume, the science, processing, applications, characterisation and properties of composite materials reinforced with short fibres that have been orientated in a preferred direction by flows arising during processing. The topics discussed include fibre alignment and materials rheology; processes that can produce fibre alignment in polymeric, liquid crystal polymeric, and metallic composites; materials characterization and mechanical properties; and modelling of processes and materials properties. The technology of fibre-reinforced composites is continually evolving and this book provides timely and much needed information about this important class of engineering materials. The bookis an essential reference work for industry and an indispensable guide for the research worker, advanced student and materials scientist.