About ten years after the publication of the Second Edition (1973), it became apparent that it was time for an up-date of this book. This was especially true in this case, since the subject matter has traditionally dealt mainly with the structure, properties, and technology of the various elastomers used in industry, and these are bound to undergo significant changes over the period of a decade. In revising the contents of this volume, it was thought best to keep the orig inal format. Hence the first five chapters discuss the same general subject matter as before. The chapters dealing with natural rubber and the synthetic elastomers are up-dated, and an entirely new chapter has been added on the thermoplastic elastomers, which have, of course, grown tremendously in importance. Another innovation is the addition of a new chapter, "Miscellaneous Elastomers," to take care of "old" elastomers, e.g., polysulfides, which have decreased some what in importance, as well as to introduce some of the newly-developed syn thetic rubbers which have not yet reached high production levels. The editor wishes to express his sincere appreciation to all the contributors, without whose close cooperation this task would have been impossible. He would especially like to acknowledge the invaluable assistance of Dr. Howard Stephens in the planning of this book, and for his suggestion of suitable authors.
Written for the following rubber industry personnel: purchasing agent, engineer, polymer chemist, student of rubber technology, shop floor manager, and the president and upper management. Customers who use rubber in their products can obtain an understanding of those technical aspects with which they are unfamiliar.
For technicians, research scientists, sales and purchasing personnel and others.
History; Am pitçome pf ribber technology; The physics of raw and vulcanised rubbers; Raw polymeric materials; The chemistry and technology of vulcanisation; Materials for compounding and reinforcement; Reinforcement by fillers; Processing technology; Principles of compounding; Manufacturing techniques; Testing procedures and standards; Professional, trade, research, and standards organizations; Bibliography; References; Subject Index.
This book is intended for those people who have a knowledge or understanding of rubber materials and processes but who wish to update their knowledge. It should be read in conjunction with Developments in Rubber Technology-l as that volume discussed developments in natural rubber and selected special purpose synthetic rubbers as well as additives. The authors have been selected for their expertise in each particular field and we, as editors, would like to express our appreciation to the individual authors and also to their companies. Such a book would be impossible to produce without such active cooperation as we have received. Volumes 1 and 2 of Developments in Rubber Technology cover rubbers which are processed and vulcanised in the traditional manner. It is appreciated that the omission of non-vulcanised rubber materials (the so called thermoplastic elastomers) will be unwelcome to many readers but it is intended, because of the size of the subject, to cover these materials in a subsequent volume. A.W. K.S.L.
This volume, the fourth in a series which began in 1979, covers a greater variety of subjects than any previous single volume. The basis of selection has been topical interest; hence the tailor-making of polymers to develop specific properties, methods of improving com pound processability and the use of rubbers in the oil industry are featured alongside a discussion of safety aspects. We have again sought the cooperation of the foremost authorities on the chosen subjects and have been delighted at the response which has yielded a list of authors of international repute. A. w. K. S. L. CONTENTS Preface v List of Contributors ix 1. Recent Developments in Synthetic Rubbers by Anionic Polymerization 1 I. G. HARGIS, R. A. LIVIGNI and S. L. AGGARWAL 2. Advances in Nitrile Rubber (NBR) 57 P. W. MILNER 3. Epoxidized Natural Rubber. 87 C. S. L. BAKER and I. R. GELLING 4. Process Aids and Plasticizers . 119 B. G. CROWTHER 5. A Review of Elastomers Used for Oilfield Sealing Environments . 159 W. N. K. REVOLTA and G. C. SWEET 6. Using Modern Mill Room Equipment . 193 H. ELLWOOD 7. Quality Requirements and Rubber Mixing . 221 P. S. JOHNSON 8. Health and Safety . . 253 B. G. WILLOUGHBY Index . 307 vii LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS s. L. AGGARWAL Gen Corp , Research Division, 2990 Gilchrist Road, Akron, Ohio 44305, USA C. S. L. BAKER Malaysian Rubber Producers' Research Association, Tun Abdul Razak Laboratory, Brickendonbury, Hertford SG13 8NL, UK B. G.
The core content of this book is derived from the author’s experience as a Senior Technocrat, associated with the rubber industry in the aspects of Production, R&D and new plant erection and commissioning. This book is dedicated to a variety of Rubber Starting Point Formulations that could be very useful for the rubber industry. The rubber industry is an important resource-based industry in India. Over many decades, the rubber industry has witnessed steady and strong growth. Rubber can be processed in many ways to manufacture a wide range of products. This book provides the starting point formulations that cover the manufacturing processes of rubber products such as calendaring, extrusion and molding. Thus, the book is very useful for new entrepreneurs, existing units, technical institutions and technocrats. These formulations are based on General Compounding Principles and properties such as Tensile Strength, Tear Resistance, The Crescent Tear Test, The Hardness of Rubber, Abrasion Resistance, Flex Cracking Resistance, Resilience, Heat Build-up, and Temperature Resistance. The formulations are aimed at products like Retreading Materials, Conveyor Belting, Transmission Belting and Hose, Footwear, Rubber Roller, Medical Applications, O rings and Seals, Rubber Blends and Manufacture of Latex Products.
Rubber Technology: Compounding and Testing for Performance is a practical guide to cost-effective formulating of rubber compounds to achieve optimal processing and performance. It provides a thorough discussion of the principles of rubber compounding, rubber testing, and how various compound changes will effect different properties and test measurements.
"This major new handbook describes and summarizes the state of the art in rubber technology. It includes information on properties, processes and applications for both natural and synthetic rubber products. Each chapter details data on monomer production, polymerization, molecular structure, recipes for compounds, compounding and processing, vulcanization, and properties of rubber products, in addition to chemicals for mastification, vulcanization, stabilization, reinforcing and filling, processing aids, and more."--Publisher description.
Natural and synthetic rubbers play an important role in many aspects of modern life, and have been essential to developments in the automotive, aerospace, building and communication industries amongst many others. There is therefore an enormous range of knowledge that the engineering, designer or technologist working in these fields must have access to, from raw material properties to the behaviour of reinforced and composite materials. This book provides this information. The text opens with an historical account, followed by an outline of the whole of rubber technology which serves as a guide to the subsequent chapters. Initial chapters cover the physics of rubbers, the source and properties of raw materials, the vulcanisation process, and the reinforcement phenomena. They provide the background for the practical description of manufacturing processes and compounding principles to which the subsequent chapters are devoted. Testing methods and standards are then concisely summarised, and reviews of professional, trade and research organisations are included. Finally, there are abundant references to the literature and patent specifications and a full bibliography. Professor Hepburn acts as Editor once again for the third edition of this well-established book. The text has been substantially revised and updated with the inclusion of new data and illustrations in respect not only of the commercial information regarding materials and equipment but also of the important scientific and technological developments that have taken place since the last edition. Second Edition ISBN: 0 408 00587 4
This review discusses the different types of curing systems available today for different rubber types, including natural rubber, SBR, NBR, BR, IIR, CR, XIIR and EPDM. The uses of primary and secondary accelerators, prevulcanisation inhibitors (PVIs) and antireversion chemicals are outlined.Typical rubber formulations for applications in industrial rubber products and tyres are given. Cure systems are described and compared with extensive tables of data on formulae and compound properties. An additional indexed section containing several hundred abstracts from the Rapra Polymer Library database gives useful references for further reading.
Provides authoritative coverage of compounding, mixing, calendering, extrusion, vulcanization, rubber bonding, computer-aided design and manufacturing, automation and control using microprocessors, just-in-time technology and rubber plant waste disposal.
Covers Almost All The Basic And Advanced Details To Set Up Own Rubber Goods Industries. The New Addition Of The Book Is Covering Latest Technology Inc Luding Natural Rubber, Classification, Properties, Uses And Manufacture, Latex Processing And Application; Chemical Aspects Of Rubber Technology, Physical Aspects Of Rubber Technology, Styrene Butadince Rubber (Sbr); Butyl And Halobutyl Rubbers; Nitrile And Polyacrelic Rubber, Neoprene (Polychloroprene) And Hypalon Rubber, Silicon Ruber, Relaim Rubber, Elastometric Composites With Reference To Tyre Techology, Latex And Foam Rubber, Vulcanisation, Manufacturing Techniques Of Rubber Products, Recycling Of Wastes From Rubbers And Plastics, Useful Information, Quality Control In Rubber Industry, Supliers Of Lant And Equipment, Supppliers Of Raw Materails. The Book Has Been Written For The Benifit And To Prove An Asset And A Handy Reference Guide In The Hands Of New Entrepreneures And Well Established Industrialists.
Science and Technology of Rubber covers the most important aspects of rubber science and technology, from synthesis and structure to elasticity and flow, blending, filling, and cross-linking. Polymerization and copolymerization, the rheological behavior of unvulcanized rubber, vulcanization, reinforcement of elastomers by particulate fillers, and the chemical modification of polymers are also discussed. This book is comprised of 14 chapters; the first ten of which take the reader from an introduction through synthesis characterization, mechanical behavior, and flow to the major processing steps of filling, compounding, and vulcanization and to the theories and measurement of elastomeric performance, leaning strongly on the ""materials"" approach. The next three chapters deal with blended, modified, and thermoplastic elastomers, touching on topics such as polymer esterification, etherification, hydrolysis, and hydrogenation as well as the influence of blending on the properties of elastomer/plastic blends, especially impact strength and crack resistance. The book concludes with a chapter on tire manufacture and engineering, with emphasis on the geometric, structural, and chemical aspects of tire. This book will be of vital interest to students, practitioners, and research and development managers, as well as to anyone interested in the unusual chemistry and physics and the outstanding properties and usefulness of elastomers.
Science and Technology of Rubber, Second Edition provides a general survey of elastomers and an examination of rubberlike elasticity, with an emphasis on a unified treatment ranging from physical theory to final applications. Researchers in polymer science and engineering fields will find coverage of recent advances, unsolved problems and projections, and processing. Expanded coverage Updated chapters featuring substantially more information A unified treatment of the subject, with comprehensive coverage ranging from chemical aspects such as elastomer synthesis and curing, through theoretical developments and characterization of equilibrium and dynamic properties, to final applications