Risky Decision Making in Psychological Disorders provides readers with a detailed examination of how risky decision making is affected by a wide array of individual psychological disorders. The book starts by providing important background information on the construct of risky decision making, the assessment of risky decision making, and the neuroscience behind such decision making. The Iowa Gambling Task, Balloon Analogue Risk Task, and other behavioral measures are covered, as are topics such as test reliability and the pros and cons of utilizing tasks that have strong practice effects. The book then moves into how risky decision making is affected by specific psychological disorders, such as addictive behaviors, anxiety disorders, mood disorders, schizophrenia, sleep disorders, eating disorders, and more. Explores how risky decision making is affected by different psychological disorders Examines risky decision making and ADHD, psychosis, mood/anxiety disorders, and more Synthesizes the research on risky decision making Discusses merits/limitations of the Iowa Gambling Task and other behavioral measures Covers risky decision making and its associations with other executive functions
|Author||: United States. National Bioethics Advisory Commission|
|Release Date||: 1998|
|Pages||: 329 pages|
This latest volume in the critically acclaimed and highly influential Attention and Performance series focuses on two of the fastest moving research areas in cognitive and affective neuroscience - decision making and emotional processing. Decision Making, Affect, and Learning investigates the psychological and neural systems underlying decision making, and the relationship with reward, affect, and learning. In addition, it considers neurodevelopmental and clinical aspects of these issues - for example the role of decision making and reward in drug addiction. It also looks at the applied aspects of this knowledge to other disciplines, including the growing field of Neuroeconomics. After an introductory chapter from the Volume editors, the book is then arranged according to the following themes: Psychological Processes underlying decision-making. Neural systems of decision-making Neural systems of emotion, reward and learning Neurodevelopmental and clinical aspects Superbly written and edited, the book highlights the complex interplay between emotional and decision-making processes and their relationship with learning.
|Release Date||: 2012-12-26|
|ISBN 10||: 1464997373|
|Pages||: 224 pages|
Advances in Limbic System Research and Application / 2012 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Limbic System. The editors have built Advances in Limbic System Research and Application / 2012 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Limbic System in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Advances in Limbic System Research and Application / 2012 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.
|Author||: Yifrah Kaminer|
|Publisher||: Elsevier Health Sciences|
|Release Date||: 2010-06-29|
|ISBN 10||: 1455700207|
|Pages||: 225 pages|
This comprehensive issue on Substance Abuse in youth begins with articles on epidemiological trends, genetic risk factors, neurobiology of substance use disorders, and race and gender associations, and then provides detailed reviews on prevention and various treatment methodologies. Treatments discussed include individual and group interventions (motivational interviewing and cognitive behavioral therapy), contingency reinforcement, multidimentional family therapy, pharmacotherapy, and post-treatment aftercare. Also reviewed in detail are substance use disorders and psychiatric comorbidity. The issue then takes a close look at two emerging areas of concern in youth: gambling and internet occupation, and energy drink use. By all accounts, a must-read issue for psychiatrists everywhere.
|Author||: Daniel Gabriel|
|Release Date||: 2019|
|Pages||: 329 pages|
Excessive risky decision-making is common in multiple psychiatric disorders, including substance abuse disorder. The risky decision-making task (RDT) models addiction-relevant risk-taking in rats by measuring preference between a small reward and large reward associated with systematically increasing risk of shock. This Thesis examined the relationship between risk-taking in the RDT and multiple cognitive and neurobiological addiction-relevant phenotypes. Risk-taking was associated with elevated impulsive action, but not impulsive choice or habit formation. Furthermore, risk-taking predicted locomotor sensitivity to first-time nicotine exposure and resilience to nicotine-evoked anxiety. Finally, risk-taking was associated with elevated phasic dopamine release and sensitivity to the dopamine transporter inhibitor nomifensine in the nucleus accumbens. Collectively, these data demonstrate that risk preference in the RDT predicts a cluster of traits associated with substance abuse, and may have utility for identification of neurobiological and genetic biomarkers that engender addiction vulnerability.
First Published in 2001. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
"First published 1996 in the United Kingdom by Hodder and Stoughton Educational as'The complete A-Z psychology handbook'"--T.p. verso.
Proven Classic Updated to Reflect the DSM-5 The accessible format, overview chapters on broader issues—such as interviewing—that affect all diagnoses, and case study approach provide the ideal support for students to examine and understand how diagnoses are reached and applied. Updated to reflect the latest neurobiological advancements in psychopathology, this edition follows the same proven chapter structure for the disorder chapters of previous editions to facilitate readers' understanding and learning. Updates include topics such as: The new Schizophrenic Spectrum designation and other psychotic disorders The revised approach to eating disorders An alternative DSM-5 Model for personality disorders Conditions considered unsettled in the latest update Encompassing the most current research in the field, Adult Psychopathology and Diagnosis, Seventh Edition provides a thorough introduction to our current conceptualization of psychopathology and its application in clinical practice, including dimensional and categorical classifications.
|Author||: Hyun Kook Lim,Howard Aizenstein|
|Publisher||: Frontiers Media SA|
|Release Date||: 2020-08-05|
|ISBN 10||: 2889639177|
|Pages||: 329 pages|
A definitive guide to the growing field of behavioral finance This reliable resource provides a comprehensive view of behavioral finance and its psychological foundations, as well as its applications to finance. Comprising contributed chapters written by distinguished authors from some of the most influential firms and universities in the world, Behavioral Finance provides a synthesis of the most essential elements of this discipline, including psychological concepts and behavioral biases, the behavioral aspects of asset pricing, asset allocation, and market prices, as well as investor behavior, corporate managerial behavior, and social influences. Uses a structured approach to put behavioral finance in perspective Relies on recent research findings to provide guidance through the maze of theories and concepts Discusses the impact of sub-optimal financial decisions on the efficiency of capital markets, personal wealth, and the performance of corporations Behavioral finance has quickly become part of mainstream finance. If you need to gain a better understanding of this topic, look no further than this book.
This book offers expert, balanced, concise guidance on how clinicians can navigate a number of complex considerations to formulate a treatment plan for chronic pain that either includes or advisedly excludes opioids.
|Author||: Rick Hughes,Andrew Kinder,Cary L. Cooper|
|Publisher||: John Wiley & Sons|
|Release Date||: 2012-04-10|
|ISBN 10||: 1119942993|
|Pages||: 512 pages|
The International Handbook of Workplace Trauma Support provides a comprehensive overview of contemporary standards and best practices in trauma support that draws from the latest research findings and experience of international experts in the field. Reviews the major contemporary post-trauma intervention models in both theory and practice Includes Trauma Risk Management (TRiM), Support Post Trauma (SPoT), Eye-Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR), Mindfulness and Psychological First Aid (PFA) Incorporates multi-cultural perspectives by reporting on the pervasive violence in South Africa, constant threats in Israel and emerging developments in China Includes social, psychosocial, psychological, and organizational dimensions to offer a detailed mapping of trauma support Provides latest thinking for supporting those in the military context
Throughout the world, the population of older adults continues to grow. The rise in geriatric populations has seen an increase in research on clinical diagnostic, assessment, and treatment issues aimed at this population. Clinical geropsychologists have increased their interest both in providing mental health services as well as developing approaches to improve quality of life for all older adults. The Oxford Handbook of Clinical Geropsychology is a landmark publication in this field, providing broad and authoritative coverage of the research and practice issues in clinical geropsychology today, as well as innovations expanding the field's horizons. Comprising chapters from the foremost scholars in clinical geropsychology from around the world, the handbook captures the global proliferation of activity in this field. In addition to core sections on topics such as sources of psychological distress, assessment, diagnosis, and intervention, the handbook includes valuable chapters devoted to methodological issues such as longitudinal studies and meta-analyses in the field, as well as new and emerging issues such as technological innovations and social media use in older populations. Each chapter offers a review of the most pertinent international literature, outlining current issues as well as important cultural implications and key practice issues where relevant, and identifying possibilities for future research and policy applications. The book is essential to all psychology researchers, practitioners, educators, and students with an interest in the mental health of older adults. In addition, health professionals - including psychiatrists, social workers, mental health nurses, and trainee geriatric mental heatlh workers - will find this a invaluable resource. Older adults comprise a growing percentage of the population worldwide. Clinical psychologists with an interest in older populations have increased the amount of research and applied knowledge about effectively improving mental health later in life, and this book captures that information on an international level. The book addresses how to diagnose, assess and treat mental illness in older persons, as well as ways to improve quality of life in all older persons. It has a great breadth of coverage of the area, including chapters spanning how research is conducted to how new technologies such as virtual reality and social media are used with older people to improve mental health. The book would appeal to all psychology researchers, practitioners, educators and students with an interest in the mental health of older adults. It would also appeal to other health professionals, including psychiatrists, social workers, and mental health nurses who work with older people. It is a valuable resource for trainee geriatric mental health workers because it highlights key readings and important practice implications in the field.
|Author||: Ricardo Jorge|
|Publisher||: Elsevier Health Sciences|
|Release Date||: 2014-02-22|
|ISBN 10||: 0323287190|
|Pages||: 169 pages|
It is widely recognized that neuropsychiatric disturbances contribute substantially to disability among persons with traumatic brain injury (TBI). This issue of Psychiatric Clinics addresses the most common and the most clinically challenging neuropsychiatric sequelae of TBI. The overarching aim of this publication is to provide clinicians with information about the clinical characteristics, diagnostic assessment, neurobiology and treatment of these conditions that will be useful in their work with individuals and families affected by TBI. Topics include: Posttraumatic Encephalopathy; Cognitive Disorders after TBI; Emotional and Behavioral Dyscontrol after TBI; Mood Disorders following TBI; Apathy following TBI; Psychotic Disorders following TBI; Sleep and Fatigue following TBI; TBI and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder; Neuropsychiatry of Persistent Post-concussive Symptoms; Psychiatric Disorders following Pediatric TBI.
The National Bioethics Advisory Commission (NBAC) was established in 1995 to advise various government entities on issues arising from research on human biology and behavior. During its five-year tenure, NBAC submitted six reports to the White House containing 120 recommendations on several complex bioethical issues including the cloning of human beings and embryonic stem cell research. This study assesses NBAC's contribution to policymaking by tracking the response to NBAC's recommendations from the president, Congress, government, societies and foundations, other countries, and international groups.
|Author||: William B. Shore|
|Publisher||: Elsevier Health Sciences|
|Release Date||: 2014-08-21|
|ISBN 10||: 0323323405|
|Pages||: 305 pages|
This issue of Primary Care: Clinics in Office Practice, devoted to Adolescent Medicine, is edited by Drs. William B. Shore, Francesco Leanza, and Nicole Chaisson. Articles in this issue include: Health Care Maintenance for Adolescents; Adolescent Growth and Development; Puberty; Current Concepts of Psychosocial Development; Body Image and Health: Eating Disorders and Obesity; Working with Families with Adolescents; Care for Adolescents with Developmental Delay; Sports Medicine; Sports Injuries; Teens and Technology; Care of Incarcerated Youth; Mental Illness in Adolescence; Substance Use/Abuse; Current Approach to Contraception and Pregnancy; Oral/Hormonal Contraception; Sexually Transmitted Infections; Teen Sexuality and GLBT Youth; and Bullying and Violence Prevention.
Decision Neuroscience addresses fundamental questions about how the brain makes perceptual, value-based, and more complex decisions in non-social and social contexts. This book presents compelling neuroimaging, electrophysiological, lesional, and neurocomputational models in combination with hormonal and genetic approaches, which have led to a clearer understanding of the neural mechanisms behind how the brain makes decisions. The five parts of the book address distinct but inter-related topics and are designed to serve both as classroom introductions to major subareas in decision neuroscience and as advanced syntheses of all that has been accomplished in the last decade. Part I is devoted to anatomical, neurophysiological, pharmacological, and optogenetics animal studies on reinforcement-guided decision making, such as the representation of instructions, expectations, and outcomes; the updating of action values; and the evaluation process guiding choices between prospective rewards. Part II covers the topic of the neural representations of motivation, perceptual decision making, and value-based decision making in humans, combining neurcomputational models and brain imaging studies. Part III focuses on the rapidly developing field of social decision neuroscience, integrating recent mechanistic understanding of social decisions in both non-human primates and humans. Part IV covers clinical aspects involving disorders of decision making that link together basic research areas including systems, cognitive, and clinical neuroscience; this part examines dysfunctions of decision making in neurological and psychiatric disorders, such as Parkinson’s disease, schizophrenia, behavioral addictions, and focal brain lesions. Part V focuses on the roles of various hormones (cortisol, oxytocin, ghrelin/leptine) and genes that underlie inter-individual differences observed with stress, food choices, and social decision-making processes. The volume is essential reading for anyone interested in decision making neuroscience. With contributions that are forward-looking assessments of the current and future issues faced by researchers, Decision Neuroscience is essential reading for anyone interested in decision-making neuroscience. Provides comprehensive coverage of approaches to studying individual and social decision neuroscience, including primate neurophysiology, brain imaging in healthy humans and in various disorders, and genetic and hormonal influences on decision making Covers multiple levels of analysis, from molecular mechanisms to neural-systems dynamics and computational models of how we make choices Discusses clinical implications of process dysfunctions, including schizophrenia, Parkinson’s disease, eating disorders, drug addiction, and pathological gambling Features chapters from top international researchers in the field and full-color presentation throughout with numerous illustrations to highlight key concepts