recent advances in ipsc disease modeling

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Recent Advances in iPSC Disease Modeling, Volume 1
Author : ALEXANDER BIRBRAIR
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2020-07-16
ISBN 10 : 0128232692
Pages : 320 pages
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Recent Advances in iPSC Disease Modeling, Volume 1 addresses how induced pluripotent stem cells can be used to model various diseases. Somatic cells are reprogrammed into induced pluripotent stem cells by the expression of specific transcription factors. These cells are transforming biomedical research in the last 15 years. This volume teaches readers about current advances in the field. This book describes the use of induced pluripotent stem cells to model several diseases in vitro, enabling us to study the cellular and molecular mechanisms involved in different pathologies. Further insights into these mechanisms will have important implications for our understanding of disease appearance, development, and progression. In recent years, remarkable progress has been made in the obtention of induced pluripotent stem cells and their differentiation into several cell types, tissues, and organs using state-of-art techniques. These advantages facilitated identification of key targets and definition of the molecular basis of several disorders. The volume is written for researchers and scientists in stem cell therapy, cell biology, regenerative medicine and organ transplantation; and is contributed by world-renowned authors in the field. Provides overview of the fast-moving field of induced pluripotent stem cell technology, regenerative medicine, and therapeutics Covers the following diseases: severe congenital neutropenia, sickle cell and Diamond-Blackfan anemias, muscular dystrophies, Bernard-Soulier syndrome, familial hypercholesterolemia type II A, Werner syndrome, lysosomal storage diseases, and more Contains description of cutting-edge research on the development of disease-specific human pluripotent stem cells. These cells allow us to study cellular and molecular processes involved in several human diseases

Recent Advances in Parkinson's Disease
Author : Angela Cenci-Nilsson
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2020-03
ISBN 10 : 0444642609
Pages : 358 pages
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Recent Advances in Parkinson ́s Disease Research, Volume 252, represents a follow-up on two previous volumes presented in the Progress in Brain Research series, Volumes 193 and 193, both published in 2010. It contains a collection of overview articles written by leading researchers in Parkinson's, discussing the most important advances made in basic, translational and clinical research. Topics of note in this new release include What can we learn from iPS cell models of PD, What can we learn from animal models of PD?, Molecular basis of selective neuronal vulnerability in PD, Role of innate and adaptive immunity in Parkinson ́s disease, and much more.

Medical Applications of iPS Cells
Author : Haruhisa Inoue,Yukio Nakamura
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2019-04-01
ISBN 10 : 9811336725
Pages : 190 pages
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This volume highlights recent advances using iPS cells in disease modeling and medical applications along with new technologies that enhance the power of iPS cells. While the discovery of iPS cells has provided excellent opportunities for developing models of human diseases, platforms for drug discovery and cell therapies, iPS cell technology still faces many challenges. Presenting the latest advances in this rapidly evolving research area, this book is intended to widen the community of researchers and clinicians interested in the exciting field of iPS cells.

Recent Advances in Parkinsons Disease
Author : N.A
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2010-08-20
ISBN 10 : 0444536248
Pages : 332 pages
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This first volume starts with an overview on current perspectives in genetic research and on the molecular mechanisms of neurodegeneration. This is followed by a selection of hot topics in pathophysiological research, from molecular studies to system-level investigations based on in vivo electrophysiological recordings and neurocomputational methods. Complete overview of hot topics and approaches to current PD research, from molecules, to brain circuits, to clinical and therapeutic applications. Leading authors review the state-of-the-art in their field of investigation, and provide their views and perspectives for future research. All chapters include comprehensive background information and are written in a clear form that is accessible also to the non-specialist.

Recent Advances in iPSC-Derived Cell Types, Volume 4
Author : Alexander Birbrair
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2021-02-21
ISBN 10 : 0128224541
Pages : 282 pages
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The series Advances in Stem Cell Biology is a timely and expansive collection of comprehensive information and new discoveries in the field of stem cell biology. Recent Advances in iPSC-derived Cell Types, Volume 4 addresses how different cell types can be derived from induced pluripotent stem cells. Somatic cells can be reprogrammed into Induced pluripotent stem cells by the expression of specific transcription factors. These cells are transforming biomedical research in the last 15 years. The volume teaches readers about current advances in the field. This book describes the use of induced pluripotent stem cells to form different cell types which can be used in cell therapy as well as to model several diseases in vitro, enabling us to study the cellular and molecular mechanisms involved in different pathologies. In recent years, remarkable progress has been made in the obtention of induced pluripotent stem cells and their differentiation into several cellular populations, tissues and organs using state-of-art techniques. This volume will cover what we know so far about the use of iPSCs to derive different cell types, such as: erythroid cells, mucosal-associated invariant T cells, megakaryocytes, cerebral cortical neurons, inner ear cell types, airway epithelial cells, male germ cells, trophoblasts, cardiomyocytes, βpancreatic cells, and more. The volume is written for researchers and scientists interested in stem cell therapy, cell biology, regenerative medicine, and organ transplantation; and is contributed by world-renowned authors in the field. Provides overview of the fast-moving field of induced pluripotent stem cell technology, regenerative medicine and therapeutics. Covers the following cell types derived from iPSCs: erythroid cells, mucosal-associated invariant T cells, megakaryocytes, cerebral cortical neurons, inner ear cell types, airway epithelial cells, male germ cells, trophoblasts, cardiomyocytes, βpancreatic cells, and more. Contributions from stem cell leaders around the world

Recent Advances in iPSC Technology, Volume 5
Author : Alexander Birbrair
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2021-03-31
ISBN 10 : 012822326X
Pages : 334 pages
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The series Advances in Stem Cell Biology is a timely and expansive collection of comprehensive information and new discoveries in the field of stem cell biology. Recent Advances in iPSC Technology, Volume 5 addresses the progress in induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) technologies. Somatic cells can be reprogrammed into iPSCs by the expression of specific transcription factors. These cells are transforming biomedical research in the last 15 years. The volume teaches readers about current advances in the field. This book describes different technologies and strategies to use iPSCs for biological and clinical benefit. In recent years, remarkable progress has been made in the obtention of iPSCs and their differentiation into several cell types, tissues, and organs using state-of-the-art techniques. These advantages facilitated identification of key targets and definition of the molecular basis of several disorders. This volume will cover hot topics in the iPSC field, such as iPSCs for modeling the cardiovascular toxicities of anticancer therapies, iPSC differentiation through the lens of the noncoding genome, modeling of blood–brain barrier with iPSCs, mathematical modeling of iPSCs, iPSCs to study human brain evolution, selfrenewal in iPSCs, differences and similarities between iPSCs and embryonic stem cells, and more. The volume is written for researchers and scientists interested in stem cell therapy, cell biology, regenerative medicine, and organ transplantation and is contributed by world-renowned authors in the field. Provides overview of the fast-moving field of induced pluripotent stem cell technology, regenerative medicine, and therapeutics. Covers the following topics: iPSCs for modeling the cardiovascular toxicities of anticancer therapies, iPSC differentiation through the lens of the non-coding genome, modeling of blood-brain barrier with iPSCs, mathematical modelling of iPSCs, iPSCs to study human brain evolution, self-renewal in iPSCs, differences and similarities between iPSCs and embryonic stem cells, and more. Contributed by world-renown experts in the field

iPSCs in Tissue Engineering, Volume 11
Author : Alexander Birbrair
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2021-08-01
ISBN 10 : 012824190X
Pages : 300 pages
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The series Advances in Stem Cell Biology is a timely and expansive collection of comprehensive information and new discoveries in the field of stem cell biology. iPSCs in Tissue Engineering, Volume 11 addresses how important induced pluripotent stems cells are and how can they be used in patient-specific disease models. Somatic cells can be reprogrammed into induced pluripotent stem cells by the expression of specific transcription factors. These cells have been transforming biomedical research over the last 15 years. This volume will address the advances in research of how induced pluripotent stem cells from various, species such as: bovine, equine, non-human primate, rat, etc., are being used for treatment of different diseases. The volume is written for researchers and scientists in stem cell therapy, cell biology, regenerative medicine and organ transplantation; and is contributed by world-renowned authors in the field. Provides overview of the fast-moving field of stem cell biology and function, regenerative medicine and therapeutics Covers equine, non-human primate, porcine, canine, prairie vole, rabbit, naked mole rat, and other species Contributed by world-renown experts in the field

Patient-Specific Stem Cells
Author : Deepak A. Lamba
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2017-04-07
ISBN 10 : 1315402165
Pages : 280 pages
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One of the biggest challenges faced in medical research had been to create accurate and relevant models of human disease. A number of good animal models have been developed to understand the pathophysiology. However, not all of them reflect the human disorder, a classic case being Usher’s syndrome where the mutant mice do not have the same visual and auditory defects that patients face. There are others which have been even more difficult to model due to the multi-factorial nature of the condition and due to lack of discovery of a single causative gene such as age-related macular degeneration or Alzheimer’s syndrome. Thus a more relevant and accurate system will allow us to make better predictions on relevant therapeutic approaches. The discovery of human pluripotent stem cells in 1998 followed by the technological advances to reprogram somatic cells to pluripotent-stem cell-like cells in 2006 has completely revolutionized the way we can now think about modelling human development and disease. This now coupled with genome editing technologies such as TALENS and CRISPRs have now set us up to develop in vitro models both 2D as well as 3D organoids, which can more precisely reflect the disease in the patients. These combinatorial technologies are already providing us with better tools and therapeutics in drug discovery or gene therapy. This book summarizes both the technological advances in the field of generation of patient specific lines as well as various gene editing approaches followed by its applicability in various systems. The book will serve as a reference for the current state of the field as it: -Provides a comprehensive overview of the status of the field of patients derived induced pluripotent stem cells. -Describes the use of cardiac cells as a main featured component within the book. -Examines drug toxicity analysis as a working example throughout the book.

Pluripotent Stem Cells
Author : Deepa Bhartiya,Nibedita Lenka
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2013-08-28
ISBN 10 : 9535111922
Pages : 640 pages
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Stem cells have generated a lot of excitement among the researchers, clinicians and the public alike. Various types of stem cells are being evaluated for their regenerative potential. Marginal benefit resulting by transplanting autologus stem cells (deemed to be absolutely safe) in various clinical conditions has been proposed to be a growth factor effect rather than true regeneration. In contrast, various pre-clinical studies have been undertaken, using differentiated cells from embryonic stem cells or induced pluripotent stem cells have shown promise, functional improvement and no signs of teratoma formation. The scientists are not in a rush to reach the clinic but a handful of clinical studies have shown promise. This book is a collection of studies/reviews, beginning with an introduction to the pluripotent stem cells and covering various aspects like derivation, differentiation, ethics, etc., and hence would provide insight into the recent standing on the pluripotent stem cells biology. The chapters have been categorized into three sections, covering subjects ranging from the generation of pluripotent stem cells and various means of their derivation from embryonic as well as adult tissues, the mechanistic understanding of pluripotency and narrating the potential therapeutic implications of these in vitro generated cells in various diseases, in addition to the associated pros and cons in the same.

Huntington's Disease
Author : Nagehan Ersoy Tunalı
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2017-03-22
ISBN 10 : 9535130498
Pages : 152 pages
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Huntington's disease is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder of the brain. It is one of the quite devastating and currently incurable human conditions. Degeneration of specific types of neurons in the brain results in a triad of clinical features: serious behavioral disturbances, uncontrolled movements of body parts, and deterioration of intellectual capabilities. The underlying complex mechanisms and molecular players of the cellular cascades still need to be deciphered in detail despite considerable advances. Once solved, the related molecular mechanisms will not only enlighten the HD story but will also shed light on other polyglutamine diseases and similar brain disorders. This book, Huntington's Disease-Molecular Pathogenesis and Current Models, is planned to cover recent scientific achievements in understanding the cellular mechanisms of HD. The chapters provide comprehensive description of the key issues in HD research. In this regard, this book will serve as a source for clinicians and researchers in the field and also for life science readers in increasing their understanding and awareness of the clinical correlates, genetic aspects, neuropathological findings, and potential therapeutic interventions related to HD.

Pluripotent Stem Cells
Author : Minoru Tomizawa
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2016-07-20
ISBN 10 : 9535124714
Pages : 532 pages
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Pluripotent stem cells have distinct characteristics: self-renewal and the potential to differentiate into various somatic cells. In recent years, substantial advances have been made from basic science to clinical applications. The vast amount knowledge available makes obtaining concise yet sufficient information difficult, hence the purpose of this book. In this book, embryonic stem cells, induced pluripotent stem cells, and mesenchymal stem cells are discussed. The book is divided into five sections: pluripotency, culture methods, toxicology, disease models, and regenerative medicine. The topics covered range from new concepts to current technologies. Readers are expected to gain useful information from expert contributors.

Progenitor and Stem Cell Technologies and Therapies
Author : Anthony Atala
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2012-03-15
ISBN 10 : 0857096079
Pages : 568 pages
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Progenitor and stem cells have the ability to renew themselves and change into a variety of specialised types, making them ideal materials for therapy and regenerative medicine. Progenitor and stem cell technologies and therapies reviews the range of progenitor and stem cells available and their therapeutic application. Part one reviews basic principles for the culture of stem cells before discussing technologies for particular cell types. These include human embryonic, induced pluripotent, amniotic and placental, cord and multipotent stem cells. Part two discusses wider issues such as intellectual property, regulation and commercialisation of stem cell technologies and therapies. The final part of the book considers the therapeutic use of stem and progenitor cells. Chapters review the use of adipose tissue-derived stem cells, umbilical cord blood (UCB) stem cells, bone marrow, auditory and oral cavity stem cells. Other chapters cover the use of stem cells in therapies in various clinical areas, including lung, cartilage, urologic, nerve and cardiac repair. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Progenitor and stem cell technologies and therapies is a standard reference for both those researching in cell and tissue biology and engineering as well as medical practitioners investigating the therapeutic use of this important technology. Reviews the range of progenitor and stem cells available and outlines their therapeutic application Examines the basic principles for the culture of stem cells before discussing technologies for particular cell types, including human embryonic, induced pluripotent, amniotic and placental, cord and multipotent stem cells Includes a discussion of wider issues such as intellectual property, regulation and commercialisation of stem cell technologies and therapies