This new addition to the Practical Guides in Psychiatry series is a clinically oriented pocket guide to diagnosis and treatment of schizophrenia and other psychoses. Using the conversational style and case vignettes found in all Practical Guides in Psychiatry titles, Dr. Freudenreich shows how to recognize psychotic signs and symptoms, arrive at a clinical diagnosis that explains the psychosis, and treat the disorder. Close attention is given to management of medical comorbidity, antipsychotic-induced side effects, and drug interactions. Coverage also includes prognostic considerations and forensic and social aspects of schizophrenia. Appendices contain pocket cards covering emergencies, rating scales, and wellness. The Practical Guides in Psychiatry series provides quick, concise information for professionals on the front lines of mental health care. Written in an easy-to-read, conversational style, these invaluable resources take you through each step of the psychiatric care process, delivering fast facts and helpful strategies that help you provide effective and compassionate care to your patients.
The spectrum of psychotic disorders encompasses as many as 25 different etiologies, ranging from the primary psychoses through those secondary to medical conditions, drugs and medications, and sensory impairments. This 2007 book provides a one-stop, comprehensive review of these disorders and gives quick comparisons for diagnostic decision-making to help with difficult differential diagnoses. Every chapter is uniformly structured to show comparisons between each disorder of presentation, course, and underlying neuropathology. Evidence for each etiology is also rated, indicating the confidence level the reader can place in the current findings. The international team of authors also examines data supporting a unitary neurobiological model of psychosis and the hypothesis that psychosis is a neurobiological syndrome similar to aphasia or apraxia. This book represents a paradigm shift in understanding, classifying and diagnosing these disorders, providing directions for future research and treatment. It will be of great interest to psychiatrists and neuroscientists alike.
The papers presented here, written by experts from all parts of the globe, describe efforts that represent a revolutionary moment in the treatment of schizophrenia disorders as, with caution, we begin to shift the standard of treatment toward early intervention and prevention. Contributions are organised according to the early course of psychosis. The book is of critical importance to anyone interested in psychotic disorders and the revolutionary impact that the field of early detection and intervention is having on traditional conceptualisations of psychotic illness.
|Author||: Gillian Haddock,Peter D. Slade|
|Publisher||: Psychology Press|
|Release Date||: 1996|
|ISBN 10||: 9780415102902|
|Pages||: 284 pages|
Traditionally, people with psychotic symptoms have been treated with anti-psychotic or neuroleptic drugs. While this approach is beneficial to a number of people, there are many for whom it is problematic. Recent recognition of these problems has led to the development of effective complementary treatments of a specifically psychological nature. In Cognitive Behavioural Interventions with Psychotic Disorders leading researchers and practitioners in this area provide a comprehensive overview for all those undergoing related training in psychology and psychiatry, as well as nursing and social work. The book provides a general background to cognitive treatment, and also discusses specific uses of the therapy in treating those who have hallucinations, as well as those with delusions and schizophrenia. The contributors also suggest how cognitive behavioural approaches can be integrated with other strategies such as pharmacological methods, or in the context of the family.
Psychotic Disorders: Comprehensive Conceptualization and Treatments emphasizes a dimensional approach to psychosis--one of the most fascinating manifestations of altered brain behavior--that cuts across a broad array of psychiatric diagnoses from schizophrenia to affective psychosis and organic disorders like epilepsy and dementias. Written by an international roster of over seventy leading experts in the field, this volume comprehensively reviews, critiques, and integrates available knowledge on the etiology, mechanisms, and treatments of psychotic disorders, and outlines ways forward in both research and clinical practice towards more objective, mechanistically-based definitions of psychotic disorders. Chapters address topics such as psychosis phenomenology, biomarkers and treatments, the overlaps and interfaces between psychiatric disorders within the psychosis dimension, and novel disease definitions. Furthermore, the volume incorporates findings on potential mechanisms, bridges between various system levels (i.e., genetic, epigenetic, molecular and cellular, brain circuit and function, psychological, social, environmental and cultural) and their interactions, as well as the potential role in causation and/or mediation in psychotic disorders. Finally, the volume outlines a broad array of treatment approaches, from the readily available (e.g., psychopharmacology, various modalities of psychotherapy) to the experimental (e.g., cognitive interventions, neuromodulation). With a concluding section of forward perspectives conjecturing future directions and related challenges, this book aspires to stimulate new knowledge, generate novel frameworks, and carry new directions forward on psychotic disorders.
Psychotic disorders can be misunderstood or misdiagnosed by clinicians that deal with children, including clinical social workers, counselors, child psychiatrists, and child psychologists. Many times it is difficult for a mental health professional to determine whether the problematic behaviors exhibited are the result of an altered normal developmental process or the result of a serious mental disorder. This book provides professionals and students with the specific information needed to assess better the exact nature of what is affecting the young patient.
|Release Date||: 2012-12-10|
|ISBN 10||: 1464984921|
|Pages||: 20 pages|
Psychotic Disorders: New Insights for the Healthcare Professional / 2012 Edition is a ScholarlyPaper™ that delivers timely, authoritative, and intensively focused information about Psychotic Disorders in a compact format. The editors have built Psychotic Disorders: New Insights for the Healthcare Professional / 2012 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Psychotic Disorders in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Psychotic Disorders: New Insights for the Healthcare Professional / 2012 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.
In this book, with the involvement not only of clinical psychiatrists but also of neurobiologists, specific issues of psychotic disorders (mainly schizophrenia and mood disorders) are reviewed. The focus of attention ranges from therapeutics to the new frontiers of epigenetics. A special focus is on the individual reactions to psychosis (ranging from psychological ones to treatments and neurobiological basis). Because of the rapid development of neurosciences, which are showing common underling factors to different phenotypical expressions of mental illness, we are facing an enormous growth of biological data, which is not always easy to interpret. The risk is to forget that we are relating to other individuals, with their stories, and, most of all, with their environmental resources and interactions. The contributions to this book will range from individual experience (a personal history of illness) through some aspects of individual management of illness (insight), from correct use of available psychosocial resources to the environment-gene relationships (epigenetics).
Discusses the evidence-based assessment of deliberate self-harm, and covers the special problems of general psychiatric practice when alcohol misuse and severe personality disorder complicate the picture.
|Author||: Richard Noll|
|Publisher||: Infobase Publishing|
|Release Date||: 2009-01-01|
|ISBN 10||: 0816075085|
|Pages||: 409 pages|
Deals with the subject of Schizophrenia and Other Psychotic Disorders. With more than 600 entries, this work features a foreword and an introduction, and references and appendixes. Its coverage includes the history, treatment, diagnosis, and medical research and theories regarding this class of mental illness.
A Life Course Approach to Mental Disorders examines the interplay of social and biological factors in the production of a wide range of mental disorders throughout life, from the peri-natal period through to old age. The aging into adulthood of numerous birth cohorts, especially over the past twenty years, has provided increasing evidence that mental disorders previously perceived to emerge in adulthood may have their origins early in life. This book brings together, in a single resource, the research in life course epidemiology of mental disorders, forging a consensus on the current science and pointing the way forward for the field. Assembling researchers across disparate disciplines including epidemiology, developmental psychopathology, psychiatric genetics, sociology, developmental cognitive neuroscience, and epigenetics the book reviews the methods and synthesizes existing knowledge about the life course epidemiology of mental disorders in populations. It also presents discussions of the mechanisms that drive the production of mental disorders over the life course including emerging areas of research in the field. A Life Course Approach to Mental Disorders brings together the state-of-the-art science of life course epidemiology to inform training, research, practice and policy with regard to mental disorders. The first comprehensive articulation of a life course perspective in the area, it will be a key resource for academics, researchers and students.
Sleep-related complaints are extremely common across the spectrum of psychiatric illness. Accurate diagnosis and management of sleep disturbances requires an understanding of the neurobiological mechanisms underlying sleep and wakefulness, the characteristics of sleep disturbance inherent to psychiatric illness and primary sleep disorders, as well as the psychopharmacologic and behavioral treatments available. Foundations of Psychiatric Sleep Medicine provides a uniquely accessible, practical, and expert summary of current clinical concepts at the sleep-psychiatry interface. Topics covered include: basic principles in sleep science, clinical sleep history taking, primary sleep disorders in psychiatric contexts, and sleep disturbance across a range of mood, anxiety, psychotic, substance use, cognitive and developmental disorders. Written by outstanding experts in the field of sleep medicine and psychiatry, this academically rigorous and clinically useful text is an essential resource for psychiatrists, psychologists and other health professionals interested in the relationship between sleep and mental illness.
|Author||: Michael B. First,Allan Tasman|
|Publisher||: John Wiley & Sons|
|Release Date||: 2010-02-08|
|ISBN 10||: 0470745207|
|Pages||: 558 pages|
Two key challenges face mental health practitioners: making the correct psychiatric diagnosis and choosing the most appropriate treatment option. This book aims to help with both. Clinical Guide to the Diagnosis and Treatment of Mental Disorders - Second Edition combines clinically-relevant information about each of theDSM-IV-TR diagnoses with clear, detailed information on treatment options, giving full clinical management advice. Once again, the editors, both leading psychiatrists, have condensed the chapters on Disorders from Tasman et al’s acclaimed two volume textbook of Psychiatry (now in its Third Edition), retaining only the content they deem particularly relevant to the clinician for ease of use. Each disorder is discussed under the headings of Diagnosis (including Assessment Issues, Comorbidity, Course, and Differential Diagnosis, giving diagnostic decision trees where relevant) and Treatment (listing all therapeutic options, giving practical advice for patient management, summarising treatment specifics with tables and treatment flowcharts). The original edition established itself as the first point of reference for any clinician or mental health practitioner needing expert advice on therapeutic options for any psychiatric disorder. This edition features an additional chapter on the psychiatric interview and assessment of mental status to increase its utility. It echoes the progress in psychiatry regarding the establishment of an evidenced-based model of taxonomy, diagnosis, etiology, and treatment. Indeed, from a psychologist's perspective, the equal consideration provided to empirically supported psychosocial treatments versus somatic treatment is a significant development in the field of psychiatry. Jonathan Weinand in PsycCritiques, the American Psychological Association Review of Books
Dr. Kiesler's book demonstrates that mental disorders are not the result of singular causal factors, but are caused by a particular combination of biological, psychological, and sociological developmental influences. Rather than continuing to adopt unicausal explanation, Kiesler carefully documents how the field of psychopathology needs a multicausal, biopsychosocial model as a universal theoretical and research guide. This work will be of interest to those students and scientists in the disciplines of psychopathology--psychiatry, psychology, sociology, social work, etc.
From four practicing physicians comes this down-to-earth, easy to understand introduction to mental disorders_essentially a 'what is it' book to help identify disorders, understand the ramifications, and assist teachers and families in providing a supportive environment for anyone who suffers from mental disorders. Arranged by broad category (following the DSM-IV-TR, the standard reference for medical professionals), disorders and their treatments are described, along with a list of helpful resources for the classroom, library, and home. Appendixes list important advocacy and support groups, appropriate videos for classroom viewing, and Web sites for further information. This useful tool makes a difficult subject readily accessible to students, teachers, and the general public. A Primer on Mental Disorders belongs in every school and public library and institutions of higher learning, as well as the offices of school counselors and administrators.
The Wiley Concise Guides to Mental Health: Substance UseDisorders uses clear, highly accessible language to guidethe reader through the entire continuum of addiction care andpresent the latest scientific understanding of substance use andabuse. This comprehensive, informative reference provides acomplete overview of diagnosis, treatment, research, emergingtrends, and other critical information about chemical addictions.Both biomedical and psychiatric conditions and complications arethoroughly covered. Like all the books in the Wiley Concise Guides to MentalHealth series, Substance Use Disorders features acompact, easy-to-use format that includes: Vignettes and case illustrations A practical approach that emphasizes real-life treatment overtheory Resources for specific readers such as clinicians, students, orpatients In addition to the fundamentals of chemical addictions andtreatment, Substance Use Disorders covers some of themost cutting-edge topics in the field, including innovativetreatment approaches, outcome demands, brain science,relapse-prevention strategies, designer drugs, spirituality, andother areas. This straightforward resource is admirably suited fora wide variety of readers, from those in the helping professions,to law enforcement personnel, to recommended reading for clientscurrently in treatment.
Common Mental Disorders in Primary Care provides a thorough overview of the diagnosis, treatment and management of the most common mental disorders encountered in primary care. In this book, published to mark the retirement of Professor Sir David Goldberg, distinguished contributors bring together clinical and research work drawn from psychiatry, medicine, psychology, social work and sociology, covering such topics as: * the biological basis of common mental disorders * disability and depression in primary care * the limits of mental health care in general medical clinics * improving the management of mental disorders in the elderly * training the whole primary care team. Common Mental Disorders in Primary Care provides an authoritative review of the subject for professionals working in the area of primary care.
|Author||: American Psychiatric Association|
|Publisher||: American Psychiatric Pub|
|Release Date||: 2013-05-22|
|ISBN 10||: 0890425574|
|Pages||: 991 pages|
This new edition of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5®), used by clinicians and researchers to diagnose and classify mental disorders, is the product of more than 10 years of effort by hundreds of international experts in all aspects of mental health. Their dedication and hard work have yielded an authoritative volume that defines and classifies mental disorders in order to improve diagnoses, treatment, and research. The criteria are concise and explicit, intended to facilitate an objective assessment of symptom presentations in a variety of clinical settings -- inpatient, outpatient, partial hospital, consultation-liaison, clinical, private practice, and primary care. New features and enhancements make DSM-5® easier to use across all settings: The chapter organization reflects a lifespan approach, with disorders typically diagnosed in childhood (such as neurodevelopmental disorders) at the beginning of the manual, and those more typical of older adults (such as neurocognitive disorders) placed at the end. Also included are age-related factors specific to diagnosis. The latest findings in neuroimaging and genetics have been integrated into each disorder along with gender and cultural considerations. The revised organizational structure recognizes symptoms that span multiple diagnostic categories, providing new clinical insight in diagnosis. Specific criteria have been streamlined, consolidated, or clarified to be consistent with clinical practice (including the consolidation of autism disorder, Asperger's syndrome, and pervasive developmental disorder into autism spectrum disorder; the streamlined classification of bipolar and depressive disorders; the restructuring of substance use disorders for consistency and clarity; and the enhanced specificity for major and mild neurocognitive disorders). Dimensional assessments for research and validation of clinical results have been provided. Both ICD-9-CM and ICD-10-CM codes are included for each disorder, and the organizational structure is consistent with the new ICD-11 in development. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition, is the most comprehensive, current, and critical resource for clinical practice available to today's mental health clinicians and researchers of all orientations. The information contained in the manual is also valuable to other physicians and health professionals, including psychologists, counselors, nurses, and occupational and rehabilitation therapists, as well as social workers and forensic and legal specialists.
For centuries the "treatment" of mentally disturbed individuals was quite simple. They were accused of collusion with evil spirits, hunted, and persecuted. The last "witch" was killed as late as 1782 in Switzerland. Mentally disturbed people did not fare much better even when the witchhunting days were gone. John Christian Reil gave the following description of mental pa tients at the crossroads of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries: We incarcerate these miserable creatures as if they were criminals in abandoned jails, near to the lairs of owls in barren canyons beyond the city gates, or in damp dungeons of prisons, where never a pitying look of a humanitarian penetrates; and we let them, in chains, rot in their own excrement. Their fetters have eaten off the flesh of their bones, and their emaciated pale faces look expectantly toward the graves which will end their misery and cover up our shamefulness. (1803) The great reforms introduced by Philippe Pinel at Bicetre in 1793 augured the beginning of a new approach. Pinel ascribed the "sick role," and called for compas sion and help. One does not need to know much about those he wants to hurt, but one must know a lot in order to help. Pinel's reform was followed by a rapid develop ment in research of causes, symptoms, and remedies of mental disorders. There are two main prerequisites for planning a treatment strategy.