In today’s competitive environment, airlines are doing everything they can to increase efficiencies while improving productivity. Productivity and Efficiency Analysis of Airlines: A Data Envelopment Analysis Approach helps achieve these goals through identifying and explaining the best strategies for measuring airline performance. Each chapter measures airline performance through the model of data envelopment analysis (DEA), as well as other models, such as stochastic frontier analysis (SFA), where applicable. The book thoroughly discusses topics such as financial performance, greenhouse gas management, and complex airline data analysis, employing appropriate models for each. Model methodologies are also discussed. The in-depth coverage is useful for all audiences, including students with a basic understanding of models, researchers, and airline operators and management. Productivity and Efficiency Analysis of Airlines: A Data Envelopment Analysis Approach provides codes for various data software, helping readers generate results and quantify efficient practices. These results provide airline decision makers with the essential information they need to create better policies and avoid underperforming practices. Comprehensive overview of the key strategies for measuring productivity and efficiency of airlines Guides users in generating airline performance results, with a focus on the data envelopment analysis (DEA) model Features software codes useful for generating empirical results, and best practices, promoting quality policy and management decisions
An efficient air transport system is critical to countries attaining and sustaining healthy economies in an increasingly interconnected world economy. This volume 5 of Advances in Airline Economics includes literature surveys and original empirical research examining airline efficiency in the twenty first century.
Covers low-cost carrier growth in Japan, competition against full service hub carriers in the Middle East, aviation market liberalization in Central Asia, high-speed-rail and airline competition in China, air transport and tourism in Asia and Australia, airline performance and outsourcing, airports development, and airport-airline cooperation.
|Author||: Harold O. Fried,C. A. Knox Lovell,Shelton S. Schmidt|
|Publisher||: Oxford University Press|
|Release Date||: 2008-02-04|
|ISBN 10||: 9780198040507|
|Pages||: 656 pages|
When Harold Fried, et al. published The Measurement of Productive Efficiency: Techniques and Applications with OUP in 1993, the book received a great deal of professional interest for its accessible treatment of the rapidly growing field of efficiency and productivity analysis. The first several chapters, providing the background, motivation, and theoretical foundations for this topic, were the most widely recognized. In this tight, direct update, these same editors have compiled over ten years of the most recent research in this changing field, and expanded on those seminal chapters. The book will guide readers from the basic models to the latest, cutting-edge extensions, and will be reinforced by references to classic and current theoretical and applied research. It is intended for professors and graduate students in a variety of fields, ranging from economics to agricultural economics, business administration, management science, and public administration. It should also appeal to public servants and policy makers engaged in business performance analysis or regulation.
|Author||: Almas Heshmati,Jungsuk Kim|
|Release Date||: 2016-05-18|
|ISBN 10||: 981101017X|
|Pages||: 192 pages|
This book focuses on the factors that support the strengths of international airlines in general and the Asian airline carriers in particular. Defining the quality of human capital as the level of education and the competence of airline employees, it analyzes the efficiency of 39 airlines in various regions, both in terms of production and cost structures. It argues that, despite Asia’s well-developed and globally competitive manufacturing sector, aided by open market practices, its overall service sector still lags far behind more advanced economies. As this does not stop Asia-based carriers from generally being more efficient than their counterparts in Europe and North America, the book investigates how competitiveness analysis of the airline industry can help Asian policymakers better prepare for the liberalization of the service sector, given how crucial this aspect is for the future growth of the Asia-Pacific region. Efficiency and Competitiveness of International Airlines offers a valuable resource for policymakers, airline employees, and researchers and students of microeconomics.
Major institutional, regulatory, and structural changes have occurred in international air transport during the past two decades. Many countries have deregulated their domestic airline industries and open skies continental blocs have formed in Europe and North America A movement is now underway to create a liberalized continental bloc in Australasia. International air transport has been substantially liberalized due to the diminishing role of lATA as an industry cartel, and via a series of liberalized bilateral agreements signed between many countries, including the u.s. and UK Increased liberalization and continentalization have induced major airlines to create global service networks through inter-carrier alliances. And all these changes are intensifYing competition between major carriers in both domestic and international markets. The increased competition and economic recession in the early 1990s led many airlines to massive fmancial losses, forcing them to undertake major restructuring to improve efficiency and reduce costs. Although it is important for an airline to map out proper strategies in the globalizing airline industry, the ultimate ability of a carrier to swvive and prosper in increasingly competitive markets greatly depends on its productivity and cost competitiveness.
|Publisher||: DEStech Publications, Inc|
|Release Date||: 2014-07-09|
|ISBN 10||: 1605951854|
|Pages||: 565 pages|
SEME2014 is a convention which aims at calling for people’s attention to the improvements of education environments and providing excellent researchers from the world an opportunity to present their creative and inspiring ideas. The wide range of topics for SEME2014 includes social research like social network analysis, social system dynamics and area studies, education science and technology like higher education, teaching theory, multimedia teaching and lifelong teaching, management science and engineering like management theory, decision analysis and economics management etc. SEME2014 holds the advance and improvement of Social, Education and Management Engineering as its earnest purpose. And to achieve this goal, experts and scholars of excellence in their domains are invited to present their latest and inspiring works. All the attendees will gain great benefits both on his academic ability and personal experience.
The fourth of a four-volume set of conference proceedings. This one covers transport management, with 38 papers on the management and operation of transport businesses, organized into modal themes, freight and logistics, maritime, rail, road, and aviation.
|Author||: Rosário Macário,Eddy Van de Voorde|
|Release Date||: 2010-10-04|
|ISBN 10||: 1136926445|
|Pages||: 400 pages|
This book offers material for strategic thinking featuring contributions from key figures in Europe, the US and Asia. The focus of the book expands from economic to legal issues, bankruptcy and safety and security. The carefully selected papers offer a thorough and structured analysis of major current developments in the air transport industry. Fully up to date, topics covered include competitive strength, capacity utilisation and risk. The most likely future scenarios are more or less known. Only, the timeframe remains uncertain. The speed at which the various market players in the air transport chain will implement their strategies remains the key question. This depends on a whole range of exogenous and endogenous variables, as this book aspires to demonstrate. As both an overview of the current issues affecting the industry and as a cohesive set of strategic documents, therefore, this collection will prove invaluable for policy makers and researchers alike.
Regulatory reform in the late 1970s and early 1980s vastly transformed the labor market for transportation workers. Most research in this area focuses on the effect of deregulation on the earnings of nonmanagement company workers in airline, trucking and rail. Deregulation of transportation industries, though, has had a broader effect on workers. For instance, deregulation also influences workers' hours worked per week, working conditions, worker safety, and a host of other labor issues. Deregulation might also influence the earnings of managers and self-employed workers in transportation industries. Examining these issues is valuable because such analysis provides a more complete assessment of labor market changes following the shift to a more market oriented business environment. Transportation Labor Issues and Regulatory Reform adds to the debate on deregulation's influence on transportation labor markets by presenting empirical evidence on an array of labor market outcomes in transportation industries. Contributions to this volume are categorized by their analysis on worker safety, working conditions and employment opportunities, and by their analysis on managerial and self-employed earnings
|Author||: A. Ravi Ravindran|
|Publisher||: CRC Press|
|Release Date||: 2016-04-19|
|ISBN 10||: 9781420009712|
|Pages||: 904 pages|
Operations Research (OR) began as an interdisciplinary activity to solve complex military problems during World War II. Utilizing principles from mathematics, engineering, business, computer science, economics, and statistics, OR has developed into a full fledged academic discipline with practical application in business, industry, government and military. Currently regarded as a body of established mathematical models and methods essential to solving complicated management issues, OR provides quantitative analysis of problems from which managers can make objective decisions. Operations Research and Management Science (OR/MS) methodologies continue to flourish in numerous decision making fields. Featuring a mix of international authors, Operations Research and Management Science Handbook combines OR/MS models, methods, and applications into one comprehensive, yet concise volume. The first resource to reach for when confronting OR/MS difficulties, this text – Provides a single source guide in OR/MS Bridges theory and practice Covers all topics relevant to OR/MS Offers a quick reference guide for students, researchers and practitioners Contains unified and up-to-date coverage designed and edited with non-experts in mind Discusses software availability for all OR/MS techniques Includes contributions from a mix of domestic and international experts The 26 chapters in the handbook are divided into two parts. Part I contains 14 chapters that cover the fundamental OR/MS models and methods. Each chapter gives an overview of a particular OR/MS model, its solution methods and illustrates successful applications. Part II of the handbook contains 11 chapters discussing the OR/MS applications in specific areas. They include airlines, e-commerce, energy systems, finance, military, production systems, project management, quality control, reliability, supply chain management and water resources. Part II ends with a chapter on the future of OR/MS applications.
As operations research (OR) applications continue to grow and flourish in a number of decision making fields, a reference that is comprehensive, concise, and easy to read is more than a nicety, it is a necessity. This book provides a single volume overview of OR applications in practice, making it the first resource a practitioner would reach for when faced with an OR problem or application. Written by leading authorities in the field, the book covers functional and industry specific areas of OR applications. Ideally suited for practitioners in business, industry, and government, the book can also be used as a supplemental text in undergraduate or graduate OR courses.
|Author||: Ivan L. Pitt,John Randolph Norsworthy|
|Publisher||: Springer Science & Business Media|
|Release Date||: 2012-12-06|
|ISBN 10||: 1461550319|
|Pages||: 191 pages|
Economics of the U.S. Commercial Airline Industry: Productivity, Technology and Deregulation illustrates the impact of upstream technological change in capital goods (aircraft and aircraft engines) on demand, productivity, and cost reduction in the U.S. airline industry for the years 1970-1992. The aim is to separate supply-side technology push from demand pull in determining investment in aircraft in the US airline industry. The focus of inquiry in this study is at the company level, so the measures are sensitive to company differences such as financial costs, payload, and existing aircraft inventory rather than industry averages. This monograph builds on the new developments in econometric modeling and has a substantial technical component. The quantitative results lead to implications for understanding technology and its impact on the airline industry, as well as for formulating regulatory policy.
The second edition of Rigas Doganis' book brings the airline industry story up to date, exploring airline mergers and alliances, price wars, the impact of disasters and the future prospects for the industry as a whole.
|Author||: Tsu-Tan Fu,Cliff J. Huang,C. A. Knox Lovell|
|Publisher||: Edward Elgar Pub|
|Release Date||: 1999|
|Pages||: 351 pages|
Asian and western economists apply a variety of empirical techniques to measure productivity growth, factor accumulation, and economic efficiency at both large and small scales in the region as a whole and in specific countries over the past three decades. Their techniques include traditional growth accounting, econometric frontier estimation, and data envelopment analysis. Among the issues they discuss are the influential role of trade in the region, macroeconomic management, income, capital, labor productivity, technology, and investment. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR
Air transport industry finance, with its complexity and special needs such as route rights, airport slots, aircraft leasing options and frequent flyer programmes, requires specific knowledge. While there are numerous financial management and corporate finance texts available, few of these provide explanations for the singularities of the airline industry with worked examples drawn directly from the industry itself. Revised and updated in its fourth edition, this internationally renowned and respected book provides the essentials to understanding all areas of airline finance. Designed to address each of the distinct areas of financial management in an air transport industry context, it also shows how these fit together, while each chapter and topic provides a detailed resource which can be also consulted separately. Supported at each stage by practical airline examples, it examines the financial trends and prospects for the airline industry as a whole, contrasting the developments for the major regions and airlines. Important techniques in financial analysis are applied to the airline industry, together with critical discussion of key issues. Thoroughly amended and updated throughout, the fourth edition reflects the many developments that have affected the industry, with a particular emphasis on the full impact of the global banking and sovereign debt crises. This edition also features new material discussing the increased airline mergers and acquisitions (M&A) activity of recent years, and considers the likelihood of further consolidation in the future. The book is a key resource for students of airline management, and a sophisticated and authoritative guide for analysts in financial institutions and consultancies, executives in airlines and related industries, and civil aviation departments.
|Author||: Pablo Coto-Millán|
|Publisher||: Springer Science & Business Media|
|Release Date||: 2012-12-06|
|ISBN 10||: 3790826707|
|Pages||: 386 pages|
Essays on Microeconomics and Industrial Organisation aim to serve as a source and work of reference and consultation for the field of Microeconomics in general and of Industrial Organisation in particular. Traditionally, Microeconomics is essentially taught as theory and hardly ever an estimation of a demand, production and cost function is offered . Over the last two decades, however, Microeconomics has greatly broadened its field of empirical application. Therefore, this text combines microeconomic theories with a variety of empirical cases. The standardised microeconomic analysis of demand, production and costs is set forth along with appropriate econometric techniques. The text consists of four parts: Demand, Production and Costs (Supply), Market and Industrial Structure and Failure of Market and Industrial Regulation. It includes eleven new chapters with respect to the first edition.
This proceedings volume examines the state-of-the art of productivity and efficiency analysis and adds to the existing research by bringing together a selection of the best papers from the 8th North American Productivity Workshop (NAPW). It also aims to analyze world-wide perspectives on challenges that local economies and institutions may face when changes in productivity are observed. The volume comprises of seventeen papers that deal with productivity measurement, productivity growth, dynamics of productivity change, measures of labor productivity, measures of technical efficiency in different sectors, frontier analysis, measures of performance, industry instability and spillover effects. These papers are relevant to academia, but also to public and private sectors in terms of the challenges firms, financial institutions, governments and individuals may face when dealing with economic and education related activities that lead to increase or decrease of productivity. The North American Productivity Workshop brings together academic scholars and practitioners in the field of productivity and efficiency analysis from all over the world. It is a four day conference exploring topics related to productivity, production theory and efficiency measurement in economics, management science, operations research, public administration, and related fields. The papers in this volume also address general topics as health, energy, finance, agriculture, utilities, and economic dev elopment, among others. The editors are comprised of the 2014 local organizers, program committee members, and celebrated guest conference speakers.
|Author||: Tae Hoon Oum|
|Release Date||: 1995|
|Pages||: 28 pages|