power generation technologies for low temperature and distributed heat

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Power Generation Technologies for Low-Temperature and Distributed Heat
Author : Christos Markides
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2020-08-15
ISBN 10 : 9780128180228
Pages : 300 pages

Power Generation Technologies for Low and Medium-Temperature Distributed Heat presents a systematic and detailed analysis of a wide range of power generation systems for low-temperature (lower than 700-800°C) and distributed heat recovery applications. Each technology presented is reviewed by a well-known specialist to provide the reader with an accurate, insightful and up-to-date understanding of the latest research and knowledge in the field. Technologies are introduced before the fundamental concepts and theoretical technical and economic aspects are discussed, as well as the practical performance expectations. Cutting edge technical progress, key applications, markets, as well as emerging and future trends are also provided, to provide a multifaceted and complete view of the most suitable technologies. Editor Christos Markides and his team of expert contributors provide a complete discussion on the power generation technologies for low-temperature and distributed heat which enables reader to compare the advantages and disadvantages in a well-informed and systematic way. A chapter on the various options for thermal and electrical energy storage is also included with practical examples, making this a valuable resource for engineers, researchers, policy makers and engineering students in the fields of thermal energy, distributed power generation systems and renewable and clean energy technology systems. Presents detailed characteristics of power generation systems based on thermomechanical cycles, membrane technology, thermochemical, thermoelectric, photoelectric and electrochemical effects Includes practical examples of all technologies discussed Details advantages and disadvantages to allow the reader to make informed decisions of their own

Power Generation Technologies
Author : Paul Breeze
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2005-02-04
ISBN 10 : 9780080480107
Pages : 288 pages

This book makes intelligible the wide range of electricity generating technologies available today, as well as some closely allied technologies such as energy storage. The book opens by setting the many power generation technologies in the context of global energy consumption, the development of the electricity generation industry and the economics involved in this sector. A series of chapters are each devoted to assessing the environmental and economic impact of a single technology, including conventional technologies, nuclear and renewable (such as solar, wind and hydropower). The technologies are presented in an easily digestible form. Different power generation technologies have different greenhouse gas emissions and the link between greenhouse gases and global warming is a highly topical environmental and political issue. With developed nations worldwide looking to reduce their emissions of carbon dioxide, it is becoming increasingly important to explore the effectiveness of a mix of energy generation technologies. Power Generation Technologies gives a clear, unbiased review and comparison of the different types of power generation technologies available. In the light of the Kyoto protocol and OSPAR updates, Power Generation Technologies will provide an invaluable reference text for power generation planners, facility managers, consultants, policy makers and economists, as well as students and lecturers of related Engineering courses. · Provides a unique comparison of a wide range of power generation technologies - conventional, nuclear and renewable · Describes the workings and environmental impact of each technology · Evaluates the economic viability of each different power generation system

Thermal Energy
Author : Yatish T. Shah
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2018-01-12
ISBN 10 : 1315305941
Pages : 854 pages

The book details sources of thermal energy, methods of capture, and applications. It describes the basics of thermal energy, including measuring thermal energy, laws of thermodynamics that govern its use and transformation, modes of thermal energy, conventional processes, devices and materials, and the methods by which it is transferred. It covers 8 sources of thermal energy: combustion, fusion (solar) fission (nuclear), geothermal, microwave, plasma, waste heat, and thermal energy storage. In each case, the methods of production and capture and its uses are described in detail. It also discusses novel processes and devices used to improve transfer and transformation processes.

Distributed Renewable Energies for Off-Grid Communities
Author : Nasir El Bassam,Daniele Pagani,Thamer Mohamed,Marcia Schlichting
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2021-02-01
ISBN 10 : 0323851398
Pages : 594 pages

Distributed Renewable Energies for Off-Grid Communities: Empowering a Sustainable, Competitive, and Secure Twenty-First Century, Second Edition, is a fully revised reference on advances in achieving successful energy transition. Addressing the highly dynamic, complex and multidimensional process of a dominant socio-technical system transforming into another, this up-to-date reference addresses all stages of this complex process with data and figures to demonstrate how to tackle the process of changing a society's energy circumstance. This new edition provides an updated picture of renewables in communities and their use, covering energy concepts, strategies, prospects and combining all aspects to provide a roadmap to self-sustainable development. Addressing the influence of society on the development of renewable industry, this book provides guidelines with case studies, along with trends and innovative practices regarding renewable energy and their applications with a goal of successfully establishing smooth energy transitions in self-sustainable communities. Includes case studies that provide solutions for future decentralized energy supply problems Contains fully updated equations, data sections and figures for all energy technologies Shares a blueprint for the development of self-sustainable Integrated Renewable Communities

Electric Power Research Trends
Author : Michael C. Schmidt
Publisher : Nova Publishers
Release Date : 2007
ISBN 10 : 9781600219788
Pages : 306 pages

The world is becoming increasingly electrified. For the foreseeable future, coal will continue to be the dominant fuel used for electric power production. The low cost and abundance of coal is one of the primary reasons for this. Electric power transmission, a process in the delivery of electricity to consumers, is the bulk transfer of electrical power. Typically, power transmission is between the power plant and a substation near a populated area. Electricity distribution is the delivery from the substation to the consumers. Due to the large amount of power involved, transmission normally takes place at high voltage (110 kV or above). Electricity is usually transmitted over long distance through overhead power transmission lines. Underground power transmission is used only in densely populated areas due to its high cost of installation and maintenance, and because the high reactive power gain produces large charging currents and difficulties in voltage management. A power transmission system is sometimes referred to colloquially as a "grid"; however, for reasons of economy, the network is rarely a true grid. Redundant paths and lines are provided so that power can be routed from any power plant to any load centre, through a variety of routes, based on the economics of the transmission path and the cost of power. Much analysis is done by transmission companies to determine the maximum reliable capacity of each line, which, due to system stability considerations, may be less than the physical or thermal limit of the line. Deregulation of electricity companies in many countries has led to renewed interest in reliable economic design of transmission networks. This new book presents leading-edge research on electric power and its generation, transmission and efficiency.

Author : Claire Soares
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2011-04-08
ISBN 10 : 9780080549484
Pages : 320 pages

Small-scale gas turbines, known as Microturbines, represent an exciting new development in gas turbine technology. They can run in size from small, human-scale machines down to micro-sized mini-machines that can barely be seen by the naked eye. They also run a great diversity of fuel types, from various types of commercial gases to waste-generated gases. This new book by industry expert Claire Soares will fully describe the various types of microturbines, their applications, and their particular requirements for installation, maintenance and repair. It will explain how a microturbine the size of a refrigerator can power an entire school, hospital or small factory, which is particularly useful for onsite, remote installations. The book will also show how microturbines can be paired with one or more fuel cells to form a hybrid energy source, or can be teamed with any source of distributed power, such as a mall hydro-turbine or a wind turbine. Moreover, the reader will learn how microturbines can run on a variety of fuels that are far cruder than those required by most standard gas turbines; they can be made to run, for instance, using gas from a landfill or biomass source. The reader will find detailed information on costs, specifications, and maintenance and repair guidelines. Ample references and resources will provide the reader with tools for finding manufacturers and product specifications for their own particular needs. Covers major categories of microturbines, including factors common to their design, installation, operation, optimization, maintenance, and repair Invaluable guidance on market factors and economics affecting microturbines and their applications, particularly for distributed power generation Provides current case studies showing microturbines used in hybrid systems with fuel cells and other types of power generation systems

Design for Innovative Value Towards a Sustainable Society
Author : Mitsutaka Matsumoto,Yasushi Umeda,Keijiro Masui,Shinichi Fukushige
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2012-04-03
ISBN 10 : 9400730101
Pages : 1195 pages

Since the first EcoDesign International Symposium held in 1999, this symposium has led the research and practices of environmentally conscious design of products, services, manufacturing systems, supply chain, consumption, as well as economics and society. EcoDesign 2011 - the 7th International Symposium on Environmentally Conscious Design and Inverse Manufacturing - was successfully held in the Japanese old capital city of Kyoto, on November 30th – December 2nd, 2011. The subtitle of EcoDesign 2011 is to “design for value innovation towards sustainable society.” During this event, presenters discussed the way to achieve both drastic environmental consciousness and value innovation in order to realise a sustainable society.

Nonimaging Optics, Maximum Efficiency Light Transfer
Author : N.A
Publisher : N.A
Release Date : 2003
ISBN 10 :
Pages : 329 pages

Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Technology
Author : K Huang,J B Goodenough
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2009-07-30
ISBN 10 : 1845696514
Pages : 340 pages

High temperature solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) technology is a promising power generation option that features high electrical efficiency and low emissions of environmentally polluting gases such as CO2, NOox and SOx. It is ideal for distributed stationary power generation applications where both high-efficiency electricity and high-quality heat are in strong demand. For the past few decades, SOFC technology has attracted intense worldwide R&D effort and, along with polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) technology, has undergone extensive commercialization development. This book presents a systematic and in-depth narrative of the technology from the perspective of fundamentals, providing comprehensive theoretical analysis and innovative characterization techniques for SOFC technology. The book initially deals with the basics and development of SOFC technology from cell materials to fundamental thermodynamics, electronic properties of solids and charged particle transport. This coverage is extended with a thorough analysis of such operational features as current flow and energy balance, and on to voltage losses and electrical efficiency. Furthermore, the book also covers the important issues of fuel cell stability and durability with chapters on performance characterization, fuel processing, and electrode poisoning. Finally, the book provides a comprehensive review for SOFC materials and fabrication techniques. A series of useful scientific appendices rounds off the book. Solid oxide fuel cell technology is a standard reference for all those researching this important field as well as those working in the power industry. Provides a comprehensive review of solid oxide fuel cells from history and design to chemistry and materials development Presents analysis of operational features including current flow, energy balance, voltage losses and electrical efficiency Explores fuel cell stability and durability with specific chapters examining performance characterization, fuel processing and electrode poisoning

Stirling Engines for Low-temperature Solar-thermal-electric Power Generation
Author : Artin Der Minassians
Publisher : N.A
Release Date : 2007
ISBN 10 :
Pages : 372 pages

Polymers for PEM Fuel Cells
Author : Hongting Pu
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2014-10-01
ISBN 10 : 1118869281
Pages : 432 pages

Including chemical, synthetic, and cross-disciplinary approaches; this book includes the necessary techniques and technologies to help readers better understand polymers for polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cells. The methods in the book are essential to researchers and scientists in the field and will lead to further development in polymer and fuel cell technologies. • Provides complete, essential, and comprehensive overview of polymer applications for PEM fuel cells • Emphasizes state-of-the-art developments and methods, like PEMs for novel fuel cells and polymers for fuel cell catalysts • Includes detailed chapters on major topics, like PEM for direct liquid fuel cells and fluoropolymers and non-fluorinated polymers for PEM • Has relevance to a range of industries – like polymer engineering, materials, and green technology – involved with fuel cell technologies and R&D

Environment, Energy and Sustainable Development
Author : Wen-Pei Sung,Jimmy C.M. Kao,Ran Chen
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2013-12-17
ISBN 10 : 0203799011
Pages : 1200 pages

Environment, Energy and Sustainable Development brings together 242 peer-reviewed papers presented at the 2013 International Conference on Frontiers of Energy and Environment Engineering, held in Xiamen, China, November 28-29, 2013.The main objective of this proceedings set is to take the environment-energydevelopments discussion a step further. Vo

Fuel Cells
Author : Bei Gou,Woonki Na,Bill Diong
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2009-08-06
ISBN 10 : 9781420071627
Pages : 248 pages

Fuel Cells: Modeling, Control, and Applications describes advanced research results on modeling and control designs for fuel cells and their hybrid energy systems. Filled with simulation examples and test results, it provides detailed discussions on fuel cell modeling, analysis, and nonlinear control. The book begins with an introduction to fuel cells and fuel cell power systems as well as the fundamentals of fuel cell systems and their components. It then presents the linear and nonlinear modeling of fuel cell dynamics, before discussing typical approaches of linear and nonlinear modeling and control design methods for fuel cells. The authors also explore the Simulink implementation of fuel cells, including the modeling of PEM fuel cells and control designs. They cover the applications of fuel cells in vehicles, utility power systems, stand-alone systems, and hybrid renewable energy systems. The book concludes with the modeling and analysis of hybrid renewable energy systems, which integrate fuel cells, wind power, and solar power. Mathematical preliminaries on linear and nonlinear control are provided in an appendix. With the need for alternative power well established, we are seeing unprecedented research in fuel cell technology. Written by scientists directly involved with the research, this book presents approaches and achievements in the linear and nonlinear modeling and control design of PEM fuel cells.

China Functional Materials Technology and Industry Forum
Author : Guang Ming Zhao,Li Ping Lu,Bin Long,Zun Yu Nie
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release Date : 2013-05-27
ISBN 10 : 3038260665
Pages : 830 pages

Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS). The collection of peer reviewed papers concentrated on the following topics: (1) Environmental Functional Materials and Energy Materials; (2) Biological Functional Materials and Functional Polymer Materials; (3) Nano Functional Materials; (4) Mechanical, Thermal, Acoustical, Optical, Electrical and Magnetic Functional Materials, Sensing and Photoelectric Materials; (5) Thin-film, Functional Membrane, Rare earth, Metallic, Ceramic, Composite and Electromagnetic Protective Materials, Detection and Evaluation Technology of Functional Materials; (6) Applications and Industrialization of Functional Materials in Space, Ocean, Military field.

Advances in Energy Science and Technology
Author : Xiao Chun Tang,Xiao Hong Chen,Yu Xiang Dong,Xiu Guo Wei,Qing Sheng Yang
Publisher : Trans Tech Publications Ltd
Release Date : 2013-02-13
ISBN 10 : 3038260150
Pages : 3298 pages

Selected, peer reviewed papers from the 2012 International Conference on Sustainable Energy and Environmental Engineering (ICSEEE 2012), December 29 -30, 2012, Guangzhou, China. Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS). The studies cover topics such as: Development and Utilization of Solar Energy, Development and Utilization of Biomass Energy, Development and Utilization of Wind Energy, Nuclear Energy, Hydrogen, Fuel Cell and Other New Energy, Energy Storage Technologies and Energy-Saving Technologies, Energy Materials and Energy Chemical Engineering, Energy Security and Clean Use, New Energy Vehicles and Electric Vehicles, Green Building, Energy-Saving Buildings and Construction Technology, Development and Management of the Energy and Resource Industry, Power System and Automation.

Materials for High-Temperature Fuel Cells
Author : San Ping Jiang,Yushan Yan
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2013-06-26
ISBN 10 : 3527644288
Pages : 392 pages

The world's ever-growing demand for power has created an urgent need for new efficient and sustainable sources of energy and electricity. Today's consumers of portable electronics also demand devices that not only deliver more power but are also environmentally friendly. Fuel cells are an important alternative energy source, with promise in military, commercial and industrial applications, for example power vehicles and portable devices. A fuel cell is an electrochemical device that directly converts the chemical energy of a fuel into electrical energy. Fuel cells represent the most efficient energy conversion technologies to-date and are an integral part in the new and renewable energy chain (e.g., solar, wind and hydropower). Fuel cells can be classified as either high-temperature or lowtemperature, depending on their operating temperature, and have different materials requirements. This book is dedicated to the study of high temperature fuel cells. In hightemperature fuel cells, the electrolyte materials are ceramic or molten carbonate, while the electrode materials are ceramic or metal (but not precious metal). High operation temperature fuel cells allow internal reforming, promote rapid kinetics with non-precious materials and offer high flexibilities in fuel choice, and are potential and viable candidate to moderate the fast increase in power requirements and to minimize the impact of the increased power consumption on the environment. 'Materials for High Temperature Fuel Cells' is part of the series on Materials for Sustainable Energy and Development edited by Prof. Max Q. Lu. The series covers advances in materials science and innovation for renewable energy, clean use of fossil energy, and greenhouse gas mitigation and associated environmental technologies.

Advancements in Energy Storage Technologies
Author : Xiangping Chen,Wenping Cao
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2018-05-02
ISBN 10 : 1789230543
Pages : 202 pages

Energy storage technologies play an important role in terms of high-efficient energy utilisation and stable energy flow in the system. This book provides a glimpse of some latest advancements in energy storage technologies, management and control, innovative energy conversion, energy efficiency and system integration. It is aimed at providing a guideline for developing similar storage systems and for the readers who are interested in energy storage-related technologies, wind energy, solar energy, smart grid and smart buildings.

Proceedings of ... ASME Power
Author : N.A
Publisher : N.A
Release Date : 2006
ISBN 10 :
Pages : 329 pages

Thermal Engineering in Power Systems
Author : Ryoichi Amano,Bengt Sundén
Publisher : WIT Press
Release Date : 2008-01-01
ISBN 10 : 1845640624
Pages : 391 pages

Research and development in thermal engineering for power systems are of significant importance to many scientists who are engaged in research and design work in power-related industries and laboratories. This book focuses on variety of research areas including Components of Compressor and Turbines that are used for both electric power systems and aero engines, Fuel Cells, Energy Conversion, and Energy Reuse and Recycling Systems. To be competitive in today's market, power systems need to reduce the operating costs, increase capacity factors and deal with many other tough issues. Heat Transfer and fluid flow issues are of great significance and it is likely that a state-of-the-art edited book with reference to power systems will make a contribution for design and R&D engineers and the development towards sustainable energy systems.

Publisher : PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
Release Date : 2012-06-12
ISBN 10 : 8120346122
Pages : 348 pages

This textbook has been designed for a one-semester course on Power Plant Engineering studied by both degree and diploma students of mechanical and electrical engineering. It effectively exposes the students to the basics of power generation involved in several energy conversion systems so that they gain comprehensive knowledge of the operation of various types of power plants in use today. After a brief introduction to energy fundamentals including the environmental impacts of power generation, the book acquaints the students with the working principles, design and operation of five conventional power plant systems, namely thermal, nuclear, hydroelectric, diesel and gas turbine. The economic factors of power generation with regard to estimation and prediction of load, plant design, plant operation, tariffs and so on, are discussed and illustrated with the help of several solved numerical problems. The generation of electric power using renewable energy sources such as solar, wind, biomass, geothermal, tidal, fuel cells, magneto hydrodynamic, thermoelectric and thermionic systems, is discussed elaborately. The book is interspersed with solved problems for a sound understanding of the various aspects of power plant engineering. The chapter-end questions are intended to provide the students with a thorough reinforcement of the concepts discussed.