portable medical biosensors

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Medical Biosensors for Point of Care (POC) Applications
Author : Roger J Narayan
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2016-08-21
ISBN 10 : 0081000782
Pages : 316 pages

Medical Biosensors for Point of Care (POC) Applications discusses advances in this important and emerging field which has the potential to transform patient diagnosis and care. Part 1 covers the fundamentals of medical biosensors for point-of-care applications. Chapters in part 2 go on to look at materials and fabrication of medical biosensors while the next part looks at different technologies and operational techniques. The final set of chapters provide an overview of the current applications of this technology. Traditionally medical diagnostics have been dependent on sophisticated technologies which only trained professionals were able to operate. Recent research has focused on creating point-of-care diagnostic tools. These biosensors are miniaturised, portable, and are designed to be used at the point-of-care by untrained individuals, providing real-time and remote health monitoring. Provides essential knowledge for designers and manufacturers of biosensors for point-of-care applications Provides comprehensive coverage of the fundamentals, materials, technologies, and applications of medical biosensors for point-of-care applications Includes contributions from leading international researchers with extensive experience in developing medical biosensors Discusses advances in this important and emerging field which has the potential to transform patient diagnosis and care

Portable Biosensing of Food Toxicants and Environmental Pollutants
Author : Dimitrios P. Nikolelis,Theodoros Varzakas,Arzum Erdem,Georgia-Paraskevi Nikoleli
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2013-10-21
ISBN 10 : 1466576332
Pages : 830 pages

Biosensors are poised to make a large impact in environmental, food, and biomedical applications, as they clearly offer advantages over standard analytical methods, including minimal sample preparation and handling, real-time detection, rapid detection of analytes, and the ability to be used by non-skilled personnel. Covering numerous applications of biosensors used in food and the environment, Portable Biosensing of Food Toxicants and Environmental Pollutants presents basic knowledge on biosensor technology at a postgraduate level and explores the latest advances in chemical sensor technology for researchers. By providing useful, state-of-the-art information on recent developments in biosensing devices, the book offers both newcomers and experts a roadmap to this technology. In the book, distinguished researchers from around the world show how portable and handheld nanosensors, such as dynamic DNA and protein arrays, enable rapid and accurate detection of environmental pollutants and pathogens. The book first introduces the basic principles of biosensing for newcomers to the technology. It then explains how the integration of a "receptor" can provide analytically useful information. It also describes trends in biosensing and examines how a small-sized device can have portability for the in situ determination of toxicants. The book concludes with several examples illustrating how to determine toxicants in food and environmental samples.

Portable Biosensors and Point-of-Care Systems
Author : Spyridon E. Kintzios
Publisher : IET
Release Date : 2017
ISBN 10 : 1849199620
Pages : 379 pages

This book describes the principles, design and applications of a new generation of analytical and diagnostic biomedical devices, characterized by their very small size, ease of use, multi-analytical capabilities and speed to provide handheld and mobile point-of-care (POC) diagnostics.

Advanced Biosensors for Health Care Applications
Author : Dr. Inamuddin,Raju Khan,Ali Mohammad,Abdullah M. Asiri
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2019-06-15
ISBN 10 : 0128165227
Pages : 432 pages

Advanced Biosensors for Health Care Applications highlights the different types of prognostic and diagnostic biomarkers associated with cancer, diabetes, Alzheimer's disease, brain and retinal diseases, cardiovascular diseases, bacterial infections, as well as various types of electrochemical biosensor techniques used for early detection of the potential biomarkers of these diseases. Many advanced nanomaterials have attracted intense interests with their unique optical and electrical properties, high stability, and good biocompatibility. Based on these properties, advanced nanoparticles have been used as biomolecular carriers, signal producers, and signal amplifiers in biosensor design. Recent studies reported that there are several diagnostic methods available, but the major issue is the sensitivity and selectivity of these approaches. This book outlines the need of novel strategies for developing new systems to retrieve health information of patients in real time. It explores the potential of nano-multidisciplinary science in the design and development of smart sensing technology using micro-nanoelectrodes, novel sensing materials, integration with MEMS, miniaturized transduction systems, novel sensing strategy, that is, FET, CMOS, System-on-a-Chip (SoC), Diagnostic-on-a-Chip (DoC), and Lab-on-a-Chip (LOC), for diagnostics and personalized health-care monitoring. It is a useful handbook for specialists in biotechnology and biochemical engineering. Describes advanced nanomaterials for biosensor applications Relates the properties of available nanomaterials to specific biomarkers applications Includes diagnosis and electrochemical studies based on biosensors Explores the potential of nano-multidisciplinary science to design and develop smart sensing technologies Describes novel strategies for developing a new class of assay systems to retrieve the desired health information

Author : Toonika Rinken
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2015-09-24
ISBN 10 : 9535121731
Pages : 468 pages

Nowadays, the implementation of novel technological platforms in biosensor-based developments is primarily directed to the miniaturization of analytical systems and lowering the limits of detection. Rapid scientific and technological progress enables the application of biosensors for the online detection of minute concentrations of different chemical compounds in a wide selection of matrixes and monitoring extremely low levels of biomarkers even in living organisms and individual cells. This book, including 16 chapters, characterizes the present state of the art and prospective options for micro and nanoscale activities in biosensors construction and applications.

Advances in Biosensing Technology for Medical Diagnosis
Author : Han-Sheng Chuang,Yi-Ping Ho
Publisher : Bentham Science Publishers
Release Date : 2020-10-14
ISBN 10 : 9811464766
Pages : 530 pages

Biosensing technology is rapidly flourishing in recent years due to the advancement of bio-MEMS/NEMS. However, the booming development of biosensors has not been very well addressed to the unmet clinical needs. Advances in Biosensing Technology for Medical Diagnosis initiates a headway into the realm of cutting-edge diagnostic tools which are expected to become routine clinical practice. This book aims to broaden the readers’ horizon and guide them in tailoring different biosensing techniques for specific diagnostic procedures. Key Features: - 12 chapters cover several aspects of biosensing technologies including working principles and clinical validations - highlights the state-of-the-art biosensing technology developed in all fields - provides information about specific applications of novel biosensors used in clinical diagnosis, - provides step-by-step guidance of microfabrication for biosensors - focuses on bridging the gap between the scientific and the clinical communities - provides information about the diagnostic applications of biosensors for different diseases (including infectious diseases and neurodegenerative diseases). - covers Information about unconventional nano/microfluidic biosensor systems - features contributions from renowned experts in the field of biomedical engineering Advances in Biosensing Technology for Medical Diagnosis serves as a reference for healthcare providers and biomedical engineers who are interesting in biosensing techniques in medicine. The information provided in this reference will also benefit healthcare policymakers who are interested in new technologies that can impact the delivery of diagnostic services in healthcare systems.

Biosensors for Medical Applications
Author : Séamus Higson
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2012-08-21
ISBN 10 : 0857097180
Pages : 360 pages

Biomedical sensors are an essential tool in the detection and monitoring of a wide range of medical conditions from cancer to Parkinson’s disease. Biosensors for medical applications provides a comprehensive review of established, cutting edge and future trends in biomedical sensors and their applications. Part one focuses on key principles and transduction approaches, reviewing electrochemical, piezoelectric and nano-sized biosensors. Impedence interrogated affinity biosensors for medical applications and practical applications of enzyme biosensors are explored, before part two goes on to review specific medical applications. Biosensors for DNA and RNA detection and characterization, disease biomarker detection, and the use of affibodies as an alternative to antibodies in cancer marker biosensors are investigated, along with biosensors for drug testing and discovery, non-invasive measurements, and wearable biosensors for medical applications. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Biosensors for medical applications is an essential guide for all those involved in the research, design, production and use of medical biosensors. Provides a comprehensive review of established, cutting edge and future trends in biomedical sensors and their applications Examines key principles and transduction approaches, reviewing electrochemical, piezoelectric and nano-sized biosensors Reviews biosensors for DNA and RNA detection and characterisation, disease biomarker detection, and the use of affibodies as an alternative to antibodies in cancer marker biosensors

Detection of Pathogens in Water Using Micro and Nano-technology
Author : Giampaolo Zuccheri,Nikolaos Asproulis
Publisher : IWA Publishing
Release Date : 2012
ISBN 10 : 1780401086
Pages : 298 pages

Detection of Pathogens in Water Using Micro and Nano-Technology aims to promote the uptake of nano-technological approaches by developing an integrated cost-effective nano-biological sensor for detection of bioterrorism and environmental assays.

Chemical, Gas, and Biosensors for Internet of Things and Related Applications
Author : Kohji Mitsubayashi,Osamu Niwa,Yuko Ueno
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2019-06-14
ISBN 10 : 0128154101
Pages : 406 pages

Chemical, Gas, and Biosensors for the Internet of Things and Related Applications brings together the fields of sensors and analytical chemistry, devices and machines, and network and information technology. This thorough resource enables researchers to effectively collaborate to advance this rapidly expanding, interdisciplinary area of study. As innovative developments in the Internet of Things (IoT) continue to open new possibilities for quality of life improvement, sensor technology must keep pace, Drs. Mitsubayashi, Niwa and Ueno have brought together the top minds in their respective fields to provide the latest information on the numerous uses of this technology. Topics covered include life-assist systems, network monitoring with portable environmental sensors, wireless livestock health monitoring, point-of-care health monitoring, organic electronics and bio-batteries, and more. Describes the latest advances and underlying principles of sensors used in biomedicine, healthcare, biotechnology, nanotechnology and food and environment safety Focuses on sensors’ methods of data communication, logging and analysis for IoT applications Explains the specific requirements of sensor design and performance improvement, helping researchers enhance sensitivity, selectivity, stability, reproducibility and response time

Biosensors: Kinetics of Binding and Dissociation Using Fractals
Author : Ajit Sadana
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2003-12-31
ISBN 10 : 9780444515124
Pages : 401 pages

Effect of Reynolds number on fractal binding kinetics on a surface-based biosensor -- DNA fractal binding and dissociation kinetics -- Fractal analysis of binding and dissociation interactions of estrogen receptors to ligands on biosensor surfaces -- A fractal analysis of analyte-estrogen receptor binding and dissociation kinetics using biosensors : environmental effects -- A fractal analysis of analyte-estrogen receptor binding and dissociation kinetics using biosensors : biomedical effects -- Fractal analysis of binding interactions of nuclear estrogen receptors occurring on biosensor surfaces -- A kinetic study of analyte-receptor binding and dissociation for biosensor applications : a fractal analysis for cholera toxin and peptide-protein interactions / -- The temporal nature of the binding and dissociation rate coefficients and the affinity values for biosensor kinetics -- Fractal analysis of analyte-receptor binding and dissociation, and dissociation alone for biosensor applicati ...

Commercial Biosensors and Their Applications
Author : Mustafa Kemal Sezgintürk
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2020-06-12
ISBN 10 : 0128196858
Pages : 374 pages

Commercial Biosensors and Their Applications: Clinical, Food, and Beyond offers professionals an in-depth look at some of the most significant applications of commercially available biosensor-based instrumentation in the clinical, food quality control, bioprocess monitoring, and bio threat fields. Featuring contributions by an international team of scientists, this book provides readers with an unparalleled opportunity to see how their colleagues around the world are using these powerful tools. This book is an indispensable addition to the reference libraries of biosensor technologists, analytical chemists, clinical chemists, biochemists, physicians, medical doctors, engineers, and clinical biochemists. The book discusses the need for portable, rapid, and smart biosensing devices and their use as cost-effective, in situ, real-time analytical tools in a variety of fields. Devotes several chapters to applications of biosensors to clinical samples, exploring how biosensors are currently used for in-home diabetes monitoring, point-of-care diagnostics, non-invasive sensing, and biomedical research Includes a section on food applications covering how biosensors can detect genetically modified organisms, toxins, allergens, hormones, microorganisms, species-specificity, pesticides, insecticides, and related components Discusses nanobiosensor and applications, including a chapter on nanotechnological approaches and materials in commercial biosensors

Fundamentals of Food Biotechnology
Author : Byong H. Lee
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2014-12-01
ISBN 10 : 1118384911
Pages : 544 pages

Food biotechnology is the application of modern biotechnologicaltechniques to the manufacture and processing of food, for examplethrough fermentation of food (which is the oldest biotechnologicalprocess) and food additives, as well as plant and animal cellcultures. New developments in fermentation and enzyme technologicalprocesses, molecular thermodynamics, genetic engineering, proteinengineering, metabolic engineering, bioengineering, and processesinvolving monoclonal antibodies, nanobiotechnology and quorumsensing have introduced exciting new dimensions to foodbiotechnology, a burgeoning field that transcends many scientificdisciplines. Fundamentals of Food Biotechnology, 2nd edition is basedon the author’s 25 years of experience teaching on a foodbiotechnology course at McGill University in Canada. The book willappeal to professional food scientists as well as graduate andadvanced undergraduate students by addressing the latest excitingfood biotechnology research in areas such as genetically modifiedfoods (GMOs), bioenergy, bioplastics, functionalfoods/nutraceuticals, nanobiotechnology, quorum sensing andquenching. In addition, cloning techniques for bacterial and yeastenzymes are included in a “New Trends and Tools”section and selected references, questions and answers appear atthe end of each chapter. This new edition has been comprehensively rewritten andrestructured to reflect the new technologies, products and trendsthat have emerged since the original book. Many new aspectshighlight the short and longer term commercial potential of foodbiotechnology.

Electrochemical Biosensors
Author : Ali A. Ensafi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2019-07-25
ISBN 10 : 0128164921
Pages : 388 pages

Electrochemical Biosensors summarizes fundamentals and trends in electrochemical biosensing. It introduces readers to the principles of transducing biological information to measurable electrical signals to identify and quantify organic and inorganic substances in samples. The complexity of devices related to biological matrices makes this challenging, but this measurement and analysis are critically valuable in biotechnology and medicine. Electrochemical biosensors combine the sensitivity of electroanalytical methods with the inherent bioselectivity of the biological component. Some of these sensor devices have reached the commercial stage and are routinely used in clinical, environmental, industrial and agricultural applications. Describes several electrochemical methods used as detection techniques with biosensors Discusses different modifiers, including nanomaterials, for preparing suitable pathways for immobilizing biomaterials at the sensor Explains various types of signal monitoring, along with several recognition systems, including antibodies/antigens, DNA-based biosensors, aptamers (protein-based), and more

Smartphone Based Medical Diagnostics
Author : Jeong-Yeol Yoon
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2019-11
ISBN 10 : 9780128170441
Pages : 350 pages

Smartphone Based Medical Diagnostics provides the theoretical background and practical applications for leveraging the strengths of smartphones toward a host of different diagnostics, including, but not limited to, optical sensing, electrochemical detection, integration with other devices, data processing, data sharing and storage. The book also explores the translational, regulatory and commercialization challenges of smartphone incorporation into point-of-care medical diagnostics and food safety settings. Presents the first comprehensive textbook on smartphone based medical diagnostics Includes a wide array of practical applications, including glucose monitoring, flow cytometry, rapid kit, microfluidic device, microscope attachment, and basic vital sign/activity monitoring Covers translational, regulatory and commercialization issues

Different Types of Field-Effect Transistors
Author : Momčilo Pejović,Milić M. Pejovic
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2017-06-07
ISBN 10 : 9535131753
Pages : 192 pages

In 1959, Atalla and Kahng at Bell Labs produced the first successful field-effect transistor (FET), which had been long anticipated by other researchers by overcoming the "surface states" that blocked electric fields from penetrating into the semiconductor material. Very quickly, they became the fundamental basis of digital electronic circuits. Up to this point, there are more than 20 different types of field-effect transistors that are incorporated in various applications found in everyday's life. Based on this fact, this book was designed to overview some of the concepts regarding FETs that are currently used as well as some concepts that are still being developed.

Biosensing Technologies for the Detection of Pathogens
Author : Toonika Rinken,Kairi Kivirand
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2018-03-21
ISBN 10 : 9535139150
Pages : 216 pages

Rapid multiplex detection of pathogens in the environment and in our food is a key factor for the prevention and effective treatment of infectious diseases. Biosensing technologies combining the high selectivity of biomolecular recognition and the sensitivity of modern signal detection platforms are a prospective option for automated analyses. They allow rapid detection of single molecules as well as cellular substances. This book, including 12 chapters from 50 authors, introduces the principles of identification of specific pathogen biomarkers along with different biosensor-based technologies applied for pathogen detection.

Principles of Bacterial Detection: Biosensors, Recognition Receptors and Microsystems
Author : Mohammed Zourob,Sauna Elwary,Anthony P. F. Turner
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2008-09-03
ISBN 10 : 0387751130
Pages : 970 pages

Principles of Bacterial Detection: Biosensors, Recognition Receptors and Microsystems will cover the up-to-date biosensor technologies used for the detection of bacteria. Written by the world's most renowned and learned scientists each in their own area of expertise, Principles of Bacterial Detection: Biosensors, Recognition Receptors and Microsystems is the first title to cover this expanding research field.

Nanomaterials for Medical Applications
Author : Zoraida Aguilar
Publisher : Newnes
Release Date : 2012
ISBN 10 : 0123850894
Pages : 461 pages

This title covers recent advances in a variety of biomedical applications of nanostructured materials, as the field evolves from prototype device to real-world application. It presents the main types of nanomaterial used in medical application today: semiconductor nanomaterials, Magnetic nanomaterials, metal nanoparticles, Carbon nanomaterials, Hydrogel nanocomposites, Liposomes, Dendrimers, Polymer nanocomposites, and Biodegradable polymers. Structurally the work is demarcated into the six most popular areas of research: (1) biocompatibility of nanomaterials with living organisms in their various manifestations (2) nanobiosensors for clinical diagnostics, detecting biomolecules which are useful in the clinical diagnosis of genetic, metabolically acquired, induced or infectious disease (3) targeted drug delivery for nanomaterials in their various modifications (4) nanomedical devices and structures which are used in the development of implantable medical devices and structures such as nanorobots (5) nanopharmacology, as novel nanoparticles are increasingly engineered to diagnose conditions and recognize pathogens, identify ideal pharmaceutical agents to treat the condition or pathogens,fuel high-yield production of matched pharmaceuticals (potentially in vivo), locate, attach or enter target tissue, structures or pathogens; and dispense the ideal mass of matched biological compound to the target regions (6) nanotoxicology and remediation, which focuses on finished and on-going various toxicity evaluations on various nanomaterials that are used and currently being developed for medical applications Discusses the most important biomedical applications and devices of nanomaterials: drug delivery, medical imaging, gene therapy, nanorobots, biosensors and diagnostics Focuses on current commercialized techniques and applications, ensuring the work is entirely relevant to a rapidly evolving field Reviews the most recent studies on nanomaterial toxicity, thereby responding to the widescale private, policy and public interest in nanoscience

MEMS Sensors
Author : Siva Yellampalli
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2018-07-18
ISBN 10 : 1789233941
Pages : 218 pages

MEMS by becoming a part of various applications ranging from smartphones to automobiles has become an integral part of our everyday life. MEMS is building synergy between previously unrelated fields such as biology, microelectronics and communications, to improve the quality of human life. The sensors in MEMS gather information from the surrounding, which is then processed by the electronics for decision-making to control the environment. MEMS offers opportunities to miniaturize devices, integrate them with electronics and realize cost savings through batch fabrication. MEMS technology has enhanced many important applications in domains such as consumer electronics, biotechnology and communication and it holds great promise for continued contributions in the future. This book focuses on understanding the design, development and various applications of MEMS sensors.

Biosensors and Nanotechnology
Author : Zeynep Altintas
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2017-12-18
ISBN 10 : 1119065011
Pages : 400 pages

General introduction to biosensors and recognition receptors -- Biomarkers in health care -- The use of nanomaterials and microfluidics in medical diagnostics -- SPR-based biosensor technologies in disease detection and diagnostics -- Piezoelectric-based biosensor technologies in disease detection and diagnostics -- Electrochemical-based biosensor technologies in disease detection and diagnostics -- MEMS-based cell counting methods -- Lab-on-a-chip platforms for disease detection and diagnosis -- Applications of quantum dots in biosensors and diagnostics -- Applications of molecularly imprinted nanostructures in biosensors and diagnostics -- Smart nanomaterial's : applications in biosensors and diagnostics -- Applications of magnetic nanomaterial's in biosensors and diagnostics -- Graphene applications in biosensors and diagnostics -- Optical biosensors and applications to drug discovery for cancer cases -- Biosensors for detection of anticancer drug-DNA interactions