The first book on this topic provides a comprehensive and well-structured overview of the fundamentals, synthesis and emerging applications of magnetoelectric polymer materials. Following an introduction to the basic aspects of polymer based magnetoelectric materials and recent developments, subsequent chapters discuss the various types as well as their synthesis and characterization. There then follows a review of the latest applications, such as memories, sensors and actuators. The book concludes with a look at future technological advances. An essential reference for entrants to the field as well as for experienced researchers.
|Author||: Lloyd H. Hihara,Ralph P.I. Adler,Ronald M. Latanision|
|Publisher||: CRC Press|
|Release Date||: 2013-10-23|
|ISBN 10||: 1439819270|
|Pages||: 719 pages|
One of the main, ongoing challenges for any engineering enterprise is that systems are built of materials subject to environmental degradation. Whether working with an airframe, integrated circuit, bridge, prosthetic device, or implantable drug-delivery system, understanding the chemical stability of materials remains a key element in determining their useful life. Environmental Degradation of Advanced and Traditional Engineering Materials is a monumental work for the field, providing comprehensive coverage of the environmental impacts on the full breadth of materials used for engineering infrastructure, buildings, machines, and components. The book discusses fundamental degradation processes and presents examples of degradation under various environmental conditions. Each chapter presents the basic properties of the class of material, followed by detailed characteristics of degradation, guidelines on how to protect against corrosion, and a description of testing procedures. A complete, self-contained industrial reference guide, this valuable resource is designed for students and professionals interested in the development of deterioration-resistant technological systems constructed with metallurgical, polymeric, ceramic, and natural materials.
|Author||: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,National Materials Advisory Board,Committee on Durability and Life Prediction of Polymer Matrix Composites in Extreme Environments|
|Publisher||: National Academies Press|
|Release Date||: 2005-10-22|
|ISBN 10||: 0309097150|
|Pages||: 80 pages|
Advanced polymer matrix composites (PMC) have many advantages such as light weight and high specific strength that make them useful for many aerospace applications. Enormous uncertainty exists, however, in predicting long-term changes in properties of PMCs under extreme environmental conditions, which has limited their use. To help address this issue, the Department of Defense requested a study from the NRC to identify the barriers and limitations to the use of PMCs in extreme environments. The study was to focus on issues surrounding methodologies for predicting long-term performance. This report provides a review of the challenges facing application of PMCs in extreme environments, the current understanding of PMC properties and behavior, an analysis of the importance of data in developing effective models, and recommendations for improving long-term predictive methodologies.
|Author||: Ramesh Kumar Nayak,Bankim Chandra Ray,Dibyaranjan Rout,Kishore Kumar Mahato|
|Publisher||: CRC Press|
|Release Date||: 2020-04-23|
|ISBN 10||: 1000045730|
|Pages||: 224 pages|
Hydrothermal Behavior of Fiber- and Nanomaterial-Reinforced Polymer Composites provides critical information regarding the in-service environmental damage and degradation studies of nano/fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) composites focusing on hydrothermal degradation. Covering hydrothermal properties of a wide range of polymer composites, the book is aimed at graduate students, researchers, and professionals in material engineering, composite materials, nanomaterials, and related fields.
|Author||: G P Tandon,Srinivasan Arjun Tekalur,Carter Ralph,Nancy R Sottos,Benjamin Blaiszik|
|Publisher||: Springer Science & Business Media|
|Release Date||: 2013-08-28|
|ISBN 10||: 3319008730|
|Pages||: 257 pages|
Experimental Mechanics of Composite, Hybrid, and Multifunctional Materials: Proceedings of the 2013 Annual Conference on Experimental and Applied Mechanics, the sixth volume of eight from the Conference, brings together contributions to this important area of research and engineering. The collection presents early findings and case studies on a wide range of areas, including: Characterization of Energy Storage Materials Microvascular & Natural Composites Nanocomposites for Multifunctional Performance Composite/Hybrid Characterization Using Digital Image Correlation Failure Behavior of Polymer Matrix Composites Non-Destructive Testing of Composites Composite Test Methods Joints/Bonded Composites
|Author||: Charles E. Harris,American Society for Testing and Materials|
|Publisher||: ASTM International|
|Release Date||: 1993|
|ISBN 10||: 9780803114913|
|Pages||: 221 pages|
Aerospace and naval applications of polymers in conditions once thought too harsh for them, take center stage in the survey of how polymer composites react to environmental conditions. A dozen papers from a symposium in San Diego, October 1991, describe damage mechanisms and failure, materials behavior under combined effects, and constitutive models, sometimes considering polymers as a whole, but more often specific groups or composites. No index. Annotation copyright by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR.
This unified guide brings together the underlying principles, and predictable material responses, that connect metals, polymers, brittle solids and energetic materials as they respond to extreme external stresses. Previously disparate scientific principles, concepts and terminology are combined within a single theoretical framework, across different materials and scales, to provide all the tools necessary to understand, and calculate, the responses of materials and structures to extreme static and dynamic loading. Real-world examples illustrate how material behaviours produce a component response, enabling recognition – and avoidance – of the deformation mechanisms that contribute to mechanical failure. A final synoptic chapter presents a case study of extreme conditions brought about by the infamous Chicxulub impact event. Bringing together simple concepts from diverse fields into a single, accessible, rigorous text, this is an indispensable reference for all researchers and practitioners in materials science, mechanical engineering, physics, physical chemistry and geophysics.
|Author||: VRIJE UNIV BRUSSELS (Belgium)|
|Release Date||: 1991-01-31|
|Pages||: 536 pages|
Advanced, high-performance composite materials are really material systems. The constituent materials interact in such a way that their collective response is more than the linear sum of the response of the constituents. This simple reality provides the technical community with a remarkable opportunity to create composite material systems which are uniquely suited to perform specific engineering tasks. At the same time, this systems aspect of composite materials is a very great challenge to the research community. In introduces complexity, nonlinearity, and scaling problems (to name a few) which require the development of new representations of material behavior, from the standpoint of mechanics, chemistry, and physics.
This book is a collection of the marketing/technical/regulatory sessions of the Composites Institute's International Composites EXPO '97 held at Nashville, Tennessee on January 27-29, 1997.
|Author||: Kishore V. Pochiraju,Gyaneshwar P. Tandon,Gregory A. Schoeppner|
|Publisher||: Springer Science & Business Media|
|Release Date||: 2011-09-25|
|ISBN 10||: 9781441993083|
|Pages||: 677 pages|
Long-Term Durability of Polymeric Matrix Composites presents a comprehensive knowledge-set of matrix, fiber and interphase behavior under long-term aging conditions, theoretical modeling and experimental methods. This book covers long-term constituent behavior, predictive methodologies, experimental validation and design practice. Readers will also find a discussion of various applications, including aging air craft structures, aging civil infrastructure, in addition to engines and high temperature applications.
Computational Modeling of Polymer Composites: A Study of Creep and Environmental Effects details the development of polymeric materials and their use in smart materials and composite structures in aerospace and automotive industries. Based on the authors' work during the past 30 years, this book provides a strong understanding of the theories and associated finite element life-prediction models for elastic and viscoelastic response of polymers and polymer composites in aggressive environments. The subject is an interdisciplinary one where chemists, material scientists, and chemical, mechanical, and structural engineers contribute to the overall product. Books on polymer composites are usually of three types: material science, mechanics, and computational. This book combines mechanics of materials with the computational element. The authors suggest an introductory course on mechanics of materials to cover all bases. The book begins with mathematical preliminaries, equations of anisotropic elasticity, virtual work principles, and variational methods. It provides an introduction to the finite element method and finite element analysis of viscoelastic materials, and then moves on to the solvent diffusion process in polymers and polymeric composites, as well as the linear and nonlinear viscoelastic models and the implementation of finite element models of viscoelastic materials. Computational Modeling of Polymer Composites: A Study of Creep and Environmental Effects delves into both uniaxial and multiaxial cases and delayed failure before discussing the finite element analysis of the nonlinear diffusion process in polymers. It also includes non-Fickean diffusion of polymers, the coupled hygrothermal cohesive layer model for simulating debond growth in bimaterial interfaces, and the viscoelastic cohesive layer model for the prediction of interlaminar shear strength of carbon/epoxy composites. The final chapter covers a multi-scale viscoelastic cohesive layer model for predicting delamination in high temperature polymer composites. This book can be used as a reference or as a graduate course textbook on theory and/or finite element analysis of polymers and polymeric composites.
|Publisher||: CRC Press|
|Release Date||: 1998-01-16|
|ISBN 10||: 9781566766425|
|Pages||: 731 pages|
This book discusses how the excess value, of the products using braid, is captured in prosthetic limbs, aircraft and automotive components, commercial furniture, and trenchless sewer repair structures. It outlines the braided pultrusion process and also discusses impregnation states.
Providing a useful summary of current knowledge on the friction and wear properties of composite materials, this book fills the gap between publications on fundamental principles of tribology and those on the friction and wear behavior of metals and polymers. Detailed coverage is given of: the fundamental aspects of tribology in general and polymer composites in particular; the effects of the microstructure of composites on friction and wear behavior under different external loading conditions; and the problem of the control of friction and wear behavior in practical situations. Although emphasis is on polymer composites associated with bearing-type applications, part of the book is also devoted to the friction and wear of metal-based composites and rubber compounds. The data are represented in the form of 277 figures, diagrams and photographs, and 68 tables. The author index covers more than 670 references, and the subject index more than 1,000 keywords. The book will be of particular interest to: those involved in research on some aspects of polymer composites tribology (material scientists, physical chemists, mechanical engineers); those wishing to learn more methods for solving practical friction or wear problems (designers, engineers and technologists in industries, dealing with selection, reprocessing and application of polymer engineering materials); and teachers and students at universities.
|Release Date||: 1998|
|Pages||: 706 pages|
Collection of selected, peer reviewed papers from the 3rd International Conference Advances in Engineering and Management (ADEM 2014), September 11-12, 2014, Drobeta Turnu-Severin, Romania. The 55 papers are grouped as follows: Chapter 1: Advanced Materials and Processing Technologies; Chapter 2: Engineering Decisions and Investigations for Mechanical Engineering; Chapter 3: Environmental Engineering and Safety at Work; Chapter 4: Navigation and Maritime and Inland Transport Systems; Chapter 5: Management and Industrial Engineering
The topics covered in this proceedings volume include: Synthesis, characterization and processing (including some novel approaches) of a variety of polyimides and other high temperature polymers; structure-property relationships; segmental dynamics in polyimide materials; photoalignable polyimides; photoconductivity and photosensitivity of polyimides; ultrafiltration membranes from polyetherimide; polymer materials for nonlinear optical applications; alignment of SWNTs in rigid-rod polymer compositions; surface modification of polyimide; adhesion of Cu to polyimide surfaces; and polyimide erosion in a low Earth orbit space environment.
Keeping in mind the advantages of bio-based materials, this book focuses on the potential efficacy of different biocomposites procured from diverse natural resources and the preparation and processing of the biocomposites to be used for a variety of applications. Each chapter gives an overview on a particular biocomposite material and its processing and successful utilization for selected applications. The chapters summarize recently developed research on such topics as: • Spider silk biocomposites • Biogenic hydroxyapatite-based implant biocomposites • Liquid crystals and cellulose derivatives biocomposites • Bio-based epoxy resins • Bio-based polyphenols and lignocellulosic fibers • Wood-based biocomposites • Flame retardant biocomposites • Biocomposites for industrial noise control • Cellulose-based bionanocomposites Each individual chapter also focuses on the knowledge and understanding of the interfaces manifested in these biocomposites systems and the optimization of different parameters for novel properties. In addition to this, the book also summarizes the recent developments made in the area of injection molding of biocomposites, chemical functionalization of natural fibers, processing of biocomposites, and their applications in the automotive and biomedical industries. A number of critical issues and suggestions for future work are discussed, underscoring the roles of researchers for the efficient development of biocomposite materials through value addition to enhance their use.
Provides coverage on the full range of topics associated with polyimides, including structure, polymer fundamentals, and product areas. The text addresses both basic and applied aspects of the subject. It details the synthesis of polyimides, polyamideimides, and flourinated polyimides, explains the molecular design of photosensitive polyimides, and more.