Concerns and potential risks regarding the use of synthetic chemicals have renewed the interests of consumers using natural and safe alternatives. Plant extracts represent an interesting ingredient, mainly due to their natural origin and phytochemical properties, allowing for obtaining active materials to extend shelf-life and add value to the product. Plant Extracts in Food Applications is the first book of its kind focusing on application of plant extracts in the food industry and covers; sources, extraction and encapsulation techniques, chemistry and stability of plant extracts; antimicrobials, preservatives, nutrient enhancers, enzymes, flavoring and coloring agents, packaging aid, Health benefits and opportunities and challenges of plant extracts to use in food applications. Written by several experts in the field, this book is a valuable resource for students, scientists, and professionals in food science, food chemistry and nutrition. Presents chapters that deal with different sources of plant extracts and their applications in food industry Covers the various extraction procedures which are used for plant extracts Includes health benefits and stability of plant extracts Provides role of plant extracts as shelf life enhancement, packaging aid, flavouring and colouring agent
Free radicals are atoms or molecules containing unpaired electrons. Damage occurs when the free radical encounters another molecule and seeks to find another electron to pair its unpaired electron. Free radicals can cause mutation in different biological compounds such as protein, nucleic acids, and lipids, and the damage caused by the free radicals lead to various diseases (cancer, cardiovascular disease, aging, etc.). Antioxidants are helpful in reducing and preventing damage from free radical reactions because of their ability to donate electrons, which neutralize the radical without forming another. Ascorbic acid, for example, can lose an electron to a free radical and remain stable itself by passing its unstable electron around the antioxidant molecule. Unfortunately, new data indicate that the synthetic antioxidants used in the industry could have carcinogenic effects on human cells, thus fueling an intense search for new, natural, and efficient antioxidants. Therefore, the current book discusses the role and source of antioxidant compounds in nutrition and diets. Also, the current book includes nine chapters contributed by experts around the world, and the chapters are categorized into two sections: "Antioxidant Compounds and Biological Activities" and "Natural Antioxidants and Applications."
Food Applications of Nanotechnology, Volume 88, consolidates the literature on recent developments in nanotechnology, addressing production, safety and nutritional aspects pertaining to foods and nutraceuticals. Chapters in this new release include Assembled protein nanoparticles in food and nutrition applications, Nano-scale carbohydrate Materials in food/nutrition/agricultural applications, Nanotechnology-based colloidal delivery systems in foods, Electrospinning and Electrospraying in food, Bioavailability of nanotechnology-based bioactives and nutraceuticals, and more. Contains contributions from experts in the areas of food nano-science and technology Provides extensive citation of references to cover up-to-date and background literature Covers past, present and future aspects of food nano science and technology
In this book, the authors present current research in the study of the role in agriculture, health effects and medical applications of plant extracts. Topics discussed include the risks and benefits of phytochemicals present in fruits and vegetables; medicinal plants and their pharmacological attributes; Moringa oleifera and its benefits in nutrition and health; the potential health benefits and applications of the agave species; herbal medicinal plants used in the treatment of diabetes in Africa; phenolic compounds extracted from medicinal plants as an alternative for cancer prevention and treatment; using the antifeedant and repellent effects of plant extracts in the protection of plants and human health; essential oils and extracts of medicinal plants in the control of diseases in plants; herbal therapies for dermatological disorders; polyphenols as a source of antimicrobial agents against human pathogens; and new trends in plant extract use for food-borne pathogenic bacterial control.
Bioactive Seaweed Substances for Functional Food Applications: Natural Ingredients for Healthy Diets presents various types of bioactive seaweed substances and introduces their applications in functional food products. Presenting summaries of the substances derived from seaweed, this book systematically explores new ingredients and the bioactive substances that are both environmentally friendly and highly beneficial to human health. This evidence-based resource offers an abundance of information on the applications of seaweed as a solution to meet an increasing global demand for sustainable food sources. It is an essential reference for anyone involved in seaweed substance research, seaweed processing, and food and health disciplines. Discusses the use of bioactive seaweed substances as a new class of food ingredients Outlines the use of seaweed as gelling agents used for food restructuring, coating and encapsulation Systematically explores new ingredients and the bioactive substances that are both environmentally friendly and highly beneficial to human health
|Author||: M Taylor|
|Release Date||: 2014-11-04|
|ISBN 10||: 1782420428|
|Pages||: 442 pages|
Natural additives are increasingly favoured over synthetic ones as methods of ensuring food safety and long shelf-life. The antimicrobial properties of both plant-based antimicrobials such as essential oils and proteins such as bacteriocins are used in, for example, edible preservative films, in food packaging and in combination with synthetic preservatives for maximum efficacy. New developments in delivery technology such as nanoencapsulation also increase the potential of natural antimicrobials for widespread use in industry. Part one introduces the different types of natural antimicrobials for food applications. Part two covers methods of application, and part three looks at determining the effectiveness of natural antimicrobials in food. Part four focuses on enhancing quality and safety, and includes chapters on specific food products. Reviews different types of antimicrobials used in food safety and quality Covers how antimicrobials are created to be used in different foods Examines how the antimicrobials are used in foods to enhance the safety and quality
Nature has always been, and still is, a source of food and ingredients that are beneficial to human health. Nowadays, plant extracts are increasingly becoming important additives in the food industry due to their antimicrobial and antioxidant activities that delay the development of off-flavors and improve the shelf life and color stability of food products. Due to their natural origin, they are excellent candidates to replace synthetic compounds, which are generally considered to have toxicological and carcinogenic effects. The efficient extraction of these compounds from their natural sources and the determination of their activity in commercialized products have been great challenges for researchers and food chain contributors to develop products with positive effects on human health. The objective of this Special Issue is to highlight the existing evidence regarding the various potential benefits of the consumption of plant extracts and plant-extract-based products, with emphasis on in vivo works and epidemiological studies, the application of plant extracts to improving shelf life, the nutritional and health-related properties of foods, and the extraction techniques that can be used to obtain bioactive compounds from plant extracts.
This volume presents a wide range of new approaches aimed at improving the safety and quality of food products and agricultural commodities. Each chapter provides in-depth information on new and emerging food preservation techniques including those relating to decontamination, drying and dehydration, packaging innovations and the use of botanicals as natural preservatives for fresh animal and plant products. The 28 chapters, contributed by an international team of experienced researchers, are presented in five sections, covering: Novel decontamination techniques Novel preservation techniques Active and atmospheric packaging Food packaging Mathematical modelling of food preservation processes Natural preservatives This title will be of great interest to food scientists and engineers based in food manufacturing and in research establishments. It will also be useful to advanced students of food science and technology.
|Author||: Kamel A. Abd-Elsalam,Ram Prasad|
|Publisher||: Springer Nature|
|Release Date||: 2019-10-04|
|ISBN 10||: 303013296X|
|Pages||: 291 pages|
Nanobiotechnology Applications in Plant Protection: Volume 2 continues the important and timely discussion of nanotechnology applications in plant protection and pathology, filling a gap in the literature for nano applications in crop protection. Nanobiopesticides and nanobioformulations are examined in detail and presented as powerful alternatives for eco-friendly management of plant pathogens and nematodes. Leading scholars discuss the applications of nanobiomaterials as antimicrobials, plant growth enhancers and plant nutrition management, as well as nanodiagnostic tools in phytopathology and magnetic and supramagnetic nanostructure applications for plant protection. This second volume includes exciting new content on the roles of biologically synthesized nanoparticles in seed germination and zinc-based nanostructures in protecting against toxigenic fungi. Also included is new research in phytotoxicity, nano-scale fertilizers and nanomaterial applications in nematology and discussions on Botyris grey mold and nanobiocontrol. This book also explores the potential effects on the environment, ecosystems and consumers and addresses the implications of intellectual property for nanobiopesticides. Further discussed are nanotoxicity effects on the plant ecosystem and nano-applications for the detection, degradation and removal of pesticides.
|Author||: Eugene Vorobiev,Nikolai Lebovka|
|Publisher||: Springer Science & Business Media|
|Release Date||: 2009-02-28|
|ISBN 10||: 9780387793740|
|Pages||: 281 pages|
Recently, the electrotechnologies based on the effects of pulsed electric fields (PEF), such as ohmic heating (OH) and DC electric field, have gained real interest in the field of food processing. These techniques efficiently enhance methods of extraction from food plants and dehydration of biosolids. The PEF and pulsed OH techniques preserve the nutritional, functional, structural and sensory properties of products better than conventional extraction technologies. The electrofiltration and electro-osmotic dewatering can be very effective for the separation of bioproducts and dehydration of food wastes. The first source book in the field, this book gives an overview the fundamental principles of electrical techniques, electrophysical properties of foods and agricultural products, application of various emerging electrotechnologies for enhancing the solid-liquid separation and drying processes, extraction techniques of pigments, processing methods of different in-plant tissues and biosolids, electro-osmotic dewatering and electrofiltration of biomaterials, recent industrial- scale gains, and other aspects. Each chapter is complementary to other chapters and addresses the latest efforts in the field.
Twelve years have passed since its last edition - making Antimicrobials in Foods, Third Edition the must-have resource for those interested in the latest information on food antimicrobials. During that time, complex issues regarding food preservation and safety have emerged. A dozen years ago, major outbreaks of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Listeria monocytogenes had not yet occurred, consumer and regulatory demands for improved food safety were just surfacing, the use of naturally occurring antimicrobials was in its infancy, and lysozyme, lactoferrin, ozone, and several other compounds were not approved for use in or on foods in the United States. The editors have addressed these contemporary topics by synthesizing information from internationally recognized authorities in their fields. Five new chapters have been added in this latest release, including the most recent details on lysozyme, naturally occurring antimicrobials from both animal and plant sources, hurdle technology approaches, and mechanisms of action, resistance, and stress adaptation. Existing chapters have been extensively revised to reflect the most relevant research and information available on antimicrobials. Complementing these topics is information on the progress that has been made in determining the effects and mechanisms of action involved in a number of naturally occurring antimicrobials.
Recent major shifts in global health care management policy have been instrumental in renewing interest in herbal medicine. However, literature on the development of products from herbs is often scattered and narrow in scope. Herbal Bioactives and Food Fortification: Extraction and Formulation provides information on all aspects of the extraction of biological actives from plants and the development of dietary supplements and fortified food using herbal extracts. The book begins with a brief survey of the use of herbs in different civilizations and traces the evolution of herbal medicine, including the emergence of nutraceuticals from the discipline of ethnopharmacology and the Alma Ata Declaration of 1978. It moves on to describe various aspects of the extraction process, including selection of plant species, quality control of raw materials, the comminution of herbs, and the selection of solvents. It also describes the optimization of extraction in relation to response surface methodology before describing uses of herbal extracts in food supplements and fortified foods. With special attention paid to stability analysis and the masking of tastes, the book gives an overview of the formulation of various types of tablets, capsules, and syrups using herbal extracts. It also describes the benefits of foods fortified with herbal extracts such as soups, yogurt, sauces, mayonnaise, pickles, chutneys, jams, jellies, marmalades, cheese, margarine, sausages, bread, and biscuits, as well as some beverages. Herbal Bioactives and Food Fortification covers the fundamental steps in herbal extraction and processing in a single volume. It explains how to choose, optimize, analyze, and use extracts for fortification, making it an excellent source for nutraceutical researchers and practitioners in science and industry.
Australian Native Plants: Cultivation and Uses in the Health and Food Industries provides a comprehensive overview of native food crops commercially grown in Australia that possess nutritional and health properties largely unknown on a global basis. These native foods have been consumed traditionally, have a unique flavor diversity, offer significant health promoting effects, and contain useful functional properties. Australian native plant foods have also been identified for their promising antioxidant and antimicrobial properties that have considerable commercial potential. This book is divided into three parts: The first part reviews the cultivation and production of many Australian native plants (ANP), including Anise Myrtle, Bush Tomato, Desert Raisin, Davidson’s Plum, Desert Limes, Australian Finger Lime, Kakadu Plum, Lemon Aspen, Lemon Myrtle, Muntries, Native Pepper, Quandong, Riberry, and Wattle Seed. It then examines the food and health applications of ANP and discusses alternative medicines based on aboriginal traditional knowledge and culture, nutritional characteristics, and bioactive compounds in ANP. In addition, it reviews the anti-obesity and anti-inflammatory properties of ANP and discusses food preservation, antimicrobial activity of ANP, and unique flavors from Australian native plants. The third section covers the commercial applications of ANP. It focuses on native Australian plant extracts and cosmetic applications, processing of native plant foods and ingredients, quality changes during packaging, and storage of Australian native herbs. The final few chapters look into the importance of value chains that connect producers and consumers of native plant foods, new market opportunities for Australian indigenous food plants, and the safety of using native foods as ingredients in the health and food sectors.
|Author||: Joyce I. Boye|
|Publisher||: John Wiley & Sons|
|Release Date||: 2014-12-03|
|ISBN 10||: 1118504976|
|Pages||: 400 pages|
For several years, the food industry has been interested inidentifying components in foods which have health benefits to beused in the development of functional food and nutraceuticalproducts. Examples of these ingredients include fibre,phytosterols, peptides, proteins, isoflavones, saponins, phyticacid, probiotics, prebiotics and functional enzymes. Although muchprogress has been made in the identification, extraction andcharacterisation of these ingredients, there remains a need forready and near-market platform technologies for processing theseingredients into marketable value-added functional food andnutraceutical products. This book looks at how these ingredientscan be effectively incorporated into food systems for market, andprovides practical guidelines on how challenges in specific foodsectors (such as health claims and marketing) can be addressedduring processing. Nutraceutical and Functional Food Processing Technologyis a comprehensive overview of current and emerging trends in theformulation and manufacture of nutraceutical and functional foodproducts. It highlights the distinctions between foods falling intothe nutraceutical and functional food categories. Topics includesustainable and environmentally–friendly approaches to theproduction of health foods, guidelines and regulations, and methodsfor assessing safety and quality of nutraceutical and functionalfood products. Specific applications of nutraceuticals in emulsionand salad dressing food products, beverages and soft drinks, bakedgoods, cereals and extruded products, fermented food products arecovered, as are novel food proteins and peptides, and methods forencapsulated nutraceutical ingredients and packaging. The impact ofprocessing on the bioactivity of nutraceutical ingredients,allergen management and the processing of allergen-free foods,health claims and nutraceutical food product commercialization arealso discussed. Nutraceutical and Functional Food Processing Technologyis a comprehensive source of practical approaches that can be usedto innovate in the nutraceutical and health food sectors. Fullyup-to-date and relevant across various food sectors, the book willbenefit both academia and industry personnel working in the healthfood and food processing sectors.
|Author||: Hussaini Makun|
|Publisher||: BoD – Books on Demand|
|Release Date||: 2016-04-13|
|ISBN 10||: 9535122770|
|Pages||: 314 pages|
Food-borne diseases are major causes of morbidity and mortality in the world. It is estimated that about 2.2 million people die yearly due to food and water contamination. Food safety and consequently food security are therefore of immense importance to public health, international trade and world economy. This book, which has 10 chapters, provides information on the incidence, health implications and effective prevention and control strategies of food-related diseases. The book will be useful to undergraduate and postgraduate students, educators and researchers in the fields of life sciences, medicine, agriculture, food science and technology, trade and economics. Policy makers and food regulatory officers will also find it useful in the course of their duties.
|Author||: Alexandru Mihai Grumezescu,Alina Maria Holban|
|Publisher||: Academic Press|
|Release Date||: 2017-07-26|
|ISBN 10||: 0128112026|
|Pages||: 638 pages|
Ingredients Extraction by Physico-chemical Methods, Volume Four, the latest release in the Handbook of Food Bioengineering series, reveals the most investigated extraction methods of ingredients and their impact on the food industry. This resource describes types of ingredients that may be extracted through physico-chemical methods (i.e. specific plants, fruits, spices, etc.), along with their particularities to help readers understand their biological effect and solve research problems. The extraction methods of bioactive compounds and functional ingredients are discussed, along with information on green ingredient extraction strategies to help reduce harmful environmental and health effects. Extraction methods in this book can be applied for multiple purposes within the food industry, such as ingredients separation for food development, the purification and separation of toxic compounds from a food mixture, and the recovery of natural bioactive compounds. Offers advanced knowledge and skills of physiochemical analysis for ingredient extraction Presents various methods for food component analysis to evaluate structure function relations in changing environments Discusses the importance of enzymes during processing and storage of foods Includes methods to evaluate and enhance extraction, such as ultrasound, to produce novel foods more efficiently
Food additives is intended to provide the readers with knowledge on some very significant aspects of the food additives currently in use. Food additives have become essential in the food sector with the rising need for food processing and preservation. However, the use of food additives is regulated imposing strict rules as the impact of those additives on health cannot be neglected. The first chapter starts off with a general overview of food additives highlighting the novel trends that enhance the attributes of those additives. Thereafter, the chapters are devoted mainly to plant-derived food additives and microbially derived food additives. The main topics discussed under 'additives from plant origin' are the efficacy of beetroot formulations as a source of nitrate ions, plant-derived food preservatives and plant-derived food additives used in meat and meat-based products. The further chapters discuss 'additives from microbial origin' focusing on lactic acid bacteria and additives derived from lactic acid bacteria and food additives used in 'bread-making'. Overall, this manuscript emphasises the concept of 'clean labelling' and the importance of natural food additives.
|Author||: Victor R. Preedy|
|Publisher||: Academic Press|
|Release Date||: 2015-09-28|
|ISBN 10||: 012416644X|
|Pages||: 930 pages|
Essential Oils in Food Preservation, Flavor and Safety discusses the major advances in the understanding of the Essential Oils and their application, providing a resource that takes into account the fact that there is little attention paid to the scientific basis or toxicity of these oils. This book provides an authoritative synopsis of many of the complex features of the essential oils as applied to food science, ranging from production and harvesting, to the anti-spoilage properties of individual components. It embraces a holistic approach to the topic, and is divided into two distinct parts, the general aspects and named essential oils. With more than 100 chapters in parts two and three, users will find valuable sections on botanical aspects, usage and applications, and a section on applications in food science that emphasizes the fact that essential oils are frequently used to impart flavor and aroma. However, more recently, their use as anti-spoilage agents has been extensively researched. Explains how essential oils can be used to improve safety, flavor, and function Embraces a holistic approach to the topic, and is divided into two distinct parts, the general aspects and named essential oils Provides exceptional range of information, from general use insights to specific use and application information, along with geographically specific information Examines traditional and evidence-based uses Includes methods and examples of investigation and application