phytorestoration of abandoned mining and oil drilling sites

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Phytorestoration of Abandoned Mining and Oil Drilling Sites
Author : Kuldeep Bauddh,John Korstad,Pallavi Sharma
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2020-11-27
ISBN 10 : 0128232080
Pages : 538 pages
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Phytorestoration of Abandoned Mining and Oil Drilling Sites presents case studies and the latest research on the most effective methods to address the large amounts of waste materials released due to mining and oil drilling. In particular, phytoremediation is described as a novel, eco-friendly, cost-effective method for extracting toxic compounds by plants for the restoration of contaminated sites. Plantings on these contaminated areas lead to the removal of toxic substances such as heavy metals and hydrocarbons, improvement in the physicochemical and biological properties of the soil, long-term forest ecosystem rehabilitation, restoration of ecosystem productivity, stability and biological diversity, and reductions in CO2. Utilizing worldwide examples, this book discusses the potential of phytoremediation as an ideal solution for sites contaminated by mining and oil drilling sites. Includes exploration of efficient plants for restoring contaminated former mining and oil drilling sites Addresses adverse impacts of toxicants released from mining activities on living organisms, including human health Presents characteristics of contaminated former mining and oil drilling sites

Bio-Geotechnologies for Mine Site Rehabilitation
Author : M.N.V. Prasad,Paulo Jorge de Campos Favas,Subodh Kumar Maiti
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2018-01-10
ISBN 10 : 0128129875
Pages : 730 pages
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Bio-Geotechnologies for Mine Site Rehabilitation deals with the biological, physical, chemical, and engineering approaches necessary for the reclamation of mine waste. As mining has negative effects on natural resources and deteriorates the quality of the surrounding environment, this book provides coverage across different types of mining industries, which are currently creating industrial deserts overloaded with technogenic waste. The book offers cost-effective strategies and approaches for contaminated sites, along with remediation and rehabilitation methods for contaminated soils and waste dumps. It is an essential resource for students and academics, but is also ideal for applied professionals in environmental geology, mineral geologists, biotechnologists and policymakers. Deals with global and holistic approaches of abandoned mine land rehabilitation Includes mine waste rehabilitation case studies from around the world Covers integrated technologies, such as bioremediation of metalliferous soil Provide strategies for sustainable ecosystems on mine spoil dumps Offers novel methods for the remediation of acid mine drainage

Coal Fly Ash Beneficiation
Author : Segun Akinyemi,Mugera Gitari
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2018-01-31
ISBN 10 : 9535137522
Pages : 208 pages
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The present book deals with various, very significant topics of coal fly ash beneficiation, such as treatment of acid mine drainage with coal fly ash, toxic metal adsorption using coal fly ash, recovery of metals from coal fly ash and phytoreclamation of abandoned acid mine drainage site after treatment with coal fly ash, the status of research in coal fly ash utilization and applications and some other related topics in this growing and increasingly important research area. Overall, coal fly ash beneficiation has come to assume an important role in most areas of waste management research today. Continued growth and emphasis on scientific research is expected in all areas of waste management and conversion of waste to wealth technologies.

Applied Geochemistry
Author : Athanas S. Macheyeki,Dalaly Peter Kafumu,Feng Yuan,Xiaohui Li
Publisher : N.A
Release Date : 2020-02-14
ISBN 10 : 0128194952
Pages : 210 pages
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Applied Geochemistry: Advances in Mineral Exploration Techniques is a book targeting all levels of exploration geologists, geology students and geoscientists working in the mining industry. This reference book covers mineral exploration techniques from multiple dimensions, including the application of statistics - both principal component analysis and factor analysis - to multifractal modeling. The book explains these approaches step-by-step and gives their limitations. In addition to techniques and applications in mineral exploration, Applied Geochemistry describes mineral deposits and the theories underpinning their formation through worldwide case studies. Includes both conventional and nonconventional techniques for mineral exploration, including lithogeochemical methods Highlights the importance and applications of multifractal models, 3D - mineral prospectivity modeling Features case studies from mines and mineral exploration ventures around the world

Core Analysis
Author : Colin McPhee,Jules Reed,Izaskun Zubizarreta
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2015-12-10
ISBN 10 : 0444636579
Pages : 852 pages
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Core Analysis: A Best Practice Guide is a practical guide to the design of core analysis programs. Written to address the need for an updated set of recommended practices covering special core analysis and geomechanics tests, the book also provides unique insights into data quality control diagnosis and data utilization in reservoir models. The book's best practices and procedures benefit petrophysicists, geoscientists, reservoir engineers, and production engineers, who will find useful information on core data in reservoir static and dynamic models. It provides a solid understanding of the core analysis procedures and methods used by commercial laboratories, the details of lab data reporting required to create quality control tests, and the diagnostic plots and protocols that can be used to identify suspect or erroneous data. Provides a practical overview of core analysis, from coring at the well site to laboratory data acquisition and interpretation Defines current best practice in core analysis preparation and test procedures, and the diagnostic tools used to quality control core data Provides essential information on design of core analysis programs and to judge the quality and reliability of core analysis data ultimately used in reservoir evaluation Of specific interest to those working in core analysis, porosity, relative permeability, and geomechanics

Microorganisms for Sustainable Environment and Health
Author : Pankaj Chowdhary,Abhay Raj,Digvijay Verma,Yusuf Akhter
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2020-07-21
ISBN 10 : 0128190043
Pages : 534 pages
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Microorganisms for Sustainable Environment and Health covers hazardous pollutants released from natural as well as anthropogenic activities and implications on environmental and human health. This book serves as a valuable source of basic knowledge and recent developments in the clean technologies and pollution-associated diseases and abnormalities in the context of microorganisms. Focused on current solutions to various environmental problems in the field of bioremediation, it provides a detailed knowledge on the various types of toxic environmental pollutants discharged from different sources, their toxicological effects in environments, humans, animals and plants as well as their biodegradation and bioremediation approaches. This book helps environmental scientists and microbiologists learn about existing environmental problems and suggests ways to control or contain their effects by employing various treatment approaches. Provides information on waste treatment approaches using microbes Includes applications in biofuel and bioenergy production Covers green belt development, hydroponics, phytoremediation, wetland treatment technology, and common effluent treatment plants (CETPs) Discusses dissemination of antibiotic resistance among pathogenic microbes and strategies to combat multi-drug resistance (MDR)

Computational Geo-Electromagnetics
Author : Viacheslav V. Spichak
Publisher : N.A
Release Date : 2020-02
ISBN 10 : 0128196319
Pages : 462 pages
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Computational Geo-Electromagnetics: Methods, Models, and Forecasts, Volume Five in the Computational Geophysics series, is devoted to techniques for building of geoelectrical models from electromagnetic data, featuring Bayesian statistical analysis and neural network algorithms. These models are applied to studying the geoelectrical structure of famous volcanoes (i.e., Vesuvio, Kilauea, Elbrus, Komagatake, Hengill) and geothermal zones (i.e., Travale, Italy; Soultz-sous-Forets, Elsace). Methodological recommendations are given on electromagnetic sounding of faults as well as geothermal and hydrocarbon reservoirs. Techniques for forecasting of petrophysical properties from the electrical resistivity as proxy parameter are also considered. Computational Geo-Electromagnetics: Methods, Models, and Forecasts offers techniques and algorithms for building geoelectrical models under conditions of rare or irregularly distributed EM data and/or lack of prior geological and geophysical information. This volume also includes methodological guidelines on interpretation of electromagnetic sounding data depending on goals of the study. Finally, it details computational algorithms for using electrical resistivity for properties beyond boreholes. Provides algorithms for inversion of incomplete, rare or irregularly distributed EM data Features methodological issues of building geoelectrical models Offers techniques for retrieving petrophysical properties from EM sounding data and well logs

Urban Water Reuse Handbook
Author : Saeid Eslamian
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2016-01-05
ISBN 10 : 1482229153
Pages : 1177 pages
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Examining the current literature, research, and relevant case studies, presented by a team of international experts, the Urban Water Reuse Handbook discusses the pros and cons of water reuse and explores new and alternative methods for obtaining a sustainable water supply. The book defines water reuse guidelines, describes the historical and curren

Understanding Faults
Author : David Tanner,Christian Brandes
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2019-10-08
ISBN 10 : 0128159863
Pages : 380 pages
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Understanding Faults: Detecting, Dating, and Modeling offers a single resource for analyzing faults for a variety of applications, from hazard detection and earthquake processes, to geophysical exploration. The book presents the latest research, including fault dating using new mineral growth, fault reactivation, and fault modeling, and also helps bridge the gap between geologists and geophysicists working across fault-related disciplines. Using diagrams, formulae, and worldwide case studies to illustrate concepts, the book provides geoscientists and industry experts in oil and gas with a valuable reference for detecting, modeling, analyzing and dating faults. Presents cutting-edge information relating to fault analysis, including mechanical, geometrical and numerical models, theory and methodologies Includes calculations of fault sealing capabilities Describes how faults are detected, what fault models predict, and techniques for dating fault movement Utilizes worldwide case studies throughout the book to concretely illustrate key concepts

Marine Pollution
Author : Ricardo Beiras
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2018-07-19
ISBN 10 : 0128137371
Pages : 408 pages
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Marine Pollution: Sources, Fate and Effects of Pollutants in Coastal Ecosystems bring together the theoretical background on common and emerging marine pollutants and their effects on organisms (ecotoxicology). Written by a well-renowned expert in the field who is a researcher, teacher and advisor of national and international institutions on issues, such as oil spills, water quality assessment and plastic pollution, the book offers a thorough account of the effects (ecotoxicology) of pollutants on marine organisms and the public health implications, along with the biological tools advocated by the international institutions for marine pollution monitoring. Marine Pollution: Sources, Fate and Effects of Pollutants in Coastal Ecosystems presents information in a rigorous and contrasted manner derived from a comprehensive review of solid scientific knowledge, but also illustrated with examples of practical applications. Contains up-to-date background levels and regulations on marine pollutants Conveys an in-depth analysis of the uptake, accumulation and fate of pollutants in the marine compartments Delivers a critical appraisal on biological tools for the practical monitoring of coastal pollution Includes a comprehensive glossary of technical terms and appendices with useful transversal information (units, acronyms, etc.)

Waste Management: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications
Author : Management Association, Information Resources
Publisher : IGI Global
Release Date : 2019-12-06
ISBN 10 : 1799812111
Pages : 1680 pages
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As the world’s population continues to grow and economic conditions continue to improve, more solid and liquid waste is being generated by society. Improper disposal methods can not only lead to harmful environmental impacts but can also negatively affect human health. To prevent further harm to the world’s ecosystems, there is a dire need for sustainable waste management practices that will safeguard the environment for future generations. Waste Management: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications is a vital reference source that examines the management of different types of wastes and provides relevant theoretical frameworks about new waste management technologies for the control of air, water, and soil pollution. Highlighting a range of topics such as contaminant removal, landfill treatment, and recycling, this multi-volume book is ideally designed for environmental engineers, waste authorities, solid waste management companies, landfill operators, legislators, environmentalists, policymakers, government officials, academicians, researchers, and students.

Murray-Darling Basin, Australia
Author : Barry Hart,Neil Byron,Nick Bond,Carmel Pollino,Michael Stewardson
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2020-10-30
ISBN 10 : 0128181532
Pages : 470 pages
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Murray-Darling River System, Australia clearly links the catchment with the estuary, including such topics as the recent major water reforms in the Murray-Darling Basin (MDB); the MDB system (hydrology, water-related ecological assets, land use and social systems); management within the MDB (catchments and natural resources, water resources, irrigation water, environmental water, and monitoring and evaluation); future challenges; and finally, a synthesis chapter that summarized the main points made in the book. Murray-Darling River System, Australia sets the context for these recent changes, discusses the development of the Murray-Darling Basin Plan (Basin Plan), details the biophysical and social components of the MDB, then focuses on what is currently happening with the management of water (environmental and irrigation), land (catchments, agriculture), and finally addresses several of the looming challenges for the management of this system, including what policy and management changes need to be made for the entire system to be managed as an integrated whole. This is a much-needed text for water resources managers, water, catchment, estuarine and coastal scientists and aquatic ecologists. Provides a consolidated account of the Murray-Darling Basin system; an area of huge and global relevance to those interested in rebalancing river systems where the water resources have been over allocated Offers detailed analysis of the current management of the system, with a focus on water and ecosystem management Identifies and discusses of a number of key challenges still facing those responsible for continuing to consolidate the water reforms and expanding to include management of the Basin as an integrated whole (from catchment to estuary)

The Handbook of Histopathological Practices in Aquatic Environments
Author : Pedro M. Costa
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2017-09-27
ISBN 10 : 0128120312
Pages : 292 pages
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The Handbook of Histopathological Practices in Aquatic Environments: Guide to Histology for Environmental Toxicology offers readers in aquatic biology and other water-based environmental sciences a comprehensive resource on histopathology, which is a key tool in the growing field of ecotoxicology. This work brings together the necessary knowledge, from sample preparation, to trait identification, and scoring and data treatment. Furthermore, with examples from several groups of organisms (from worms to fish), these practices can be applied across a wide array of aquatic ecosystems. This book provides a step-by-step approach to solving the questions researchers encounter in aquatic biology and related fields. Offers examples from a broad range of aquatic organisms, replacing sparse, dispersed and often aged literature Covers a variety of organisms, including hard to find, non-commercial and non-model species Provides an in-depth understanding of how and why techniques are used, as opposed to just a list of procedures Combines, in a single work, everything from sample handling to scoring

Integrating Disaster Science and Management
Author : Pijush Samui,Dookie Kim,Chandan Ghosh
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2018-05-04
ISBN 10 : 0128120576
Pages : 486 pages
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Integrated Disaster Science and Management: Global Case Studies in Mitigation and Recovery bridges the gap between scientific research on natural disasters and the practice of disaster management. It examines natural hazards, including earthquakes, landslides and tsunamis, and uses integrated disaster management techniques, quantitative methods and big data analytics to create early warning models to mitigate impacts of these hazards and reduce the risk of disaster. It also looks at mitigation as part of the recovery process after a disaster, as in the case of the Nepal earthquake. Edited by global experts in disaster management and engineering, the book offers case studies that focus on the critical phases of disaster management. Identifies advanced techniques and models based on natural disaster science for forecasting disasters and analyzing risk Offers a holistic approach to the problem of disaster management, including preparation, recovery, and resilience Includes coverage of social, economic, and environmental impacts on disasters

Sandy Beach Morphodynamics
Author : Derek Jackson,Andrew Short
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2020-05-19
ISBN 10 : 0081029284
Pages : 814 pages
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Sandy beaches represent some of the most dynamic environments on Earth and examining their morphodynamic behaviour over different temporal and spatial scales is challenging, relying on multidisciplinary approaches and techniques. Sandy Beach Morphodynamics brings together the latest research on beach systems and their morphodynamics and the ways in which they are studied in 29 chapters that review the full spectrum of beach morphodynamics. The chapters are written by leading experts in the field and provide introductory level understanding of physical processes and resulting landforms, along with more advanced discussions. Includes chapters that are written by the world’s leading experts, including the latest up-to-date thinking on a variety of subject areas Covers state-of-the-art techniques, bringing the reader the latest technologies/methods being used to understand beach systems Presents a clear-and-concise description of processes and techniques that enables a clear understanding of coastal processes

Regional Geology and Tectonics: Principles of Geologic Analysis
Author : Nicola Scarselli,Jürgen Adam,Domenico Chiarella
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2020-06-17
ISBN 10 : 0444641351
Pages : 894 pages
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Regional Geology and Tectonics: Principles of Geologic Analysis, 2nd edition is the first in a three-volume series covering Phanerozoic regional geology and tectonics. The new edition provides updates to the first edition’s detailed overview of geologic processes, and includes new sections on plate tectonics, petroleum systems, and new methods of geological analysis. This book provides both professionals and students with the basic principles necessary to grasp the conceptual approaches to hydrocarbon exploration in a wide variety of geological settings globally. Discusses in detail the principles of regional geological analysis and the main geological and geophysical tools Captures and identifies the tectonics of the world in detail, through a series of unique geographic maps, allowing quick access to exact tectonic locations Serves as the ideal introductory overview and complementary reference to the core concepts of regional geology and tectonics offered in volumes 2 and 3 in the series

Mycorrhizae: Sustainable Agriculture and Forestry
Author : Zaki Anwar Siddiqui,Mohammad Sayeed Akhtar,Kazuyoshi Futai
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2008-07-27
ISBN 10 : 1402087705
Pages : 362 pages
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Mycorrhizal fungi are microbial engines which improve plant vigor and soil quality. They play a crucial role in plant nutrient uptake, water relations, ecosystem establishment, plant diversity, and the productivity of plants. Scientific research involves multidisciplinary approaches to understand the adaptation of mycorrhizae to the rhizosphere, mechanism of root colonization, effect on plant physiology and growth, biofertilization, plant resistance and biocontrol of plant pathogens. This book discusses and goes into detail on a number of topics: the molecular basis of nutrient exchange between arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi and host plants; the role of AM fungi in disease protection, alleviation of soil stresses and increasing grain production; interactions of AM fungi and beneficial saprophytic mycoflora in terms of plant growth promotion; the role of AM fungi in the restoration of native ecosystems; indirect contributions of AM fungi and soil aggregation to plant growth and mycorrhizosphere effect of multitrophic interaction; the mechanisms by which mycorrhizas change a disturbed ecosystem into productive land; the importance of reinstallation of mycorrhizal systems in the rhizosphere is emphasized and their impact on landscape regeneration, and in bioremediation of contaminated soils; Ectomycorrhizae (ECM) and their importance in forest ecosystems and associations of ECM in tropical rain forests function to maintain tropical monodominance; in vitro mycorrhization of micro-propagated plants, and visualizing and quantifying endorhizal fungi; the use of mycorrhizae, mainly AM and ECM, for sustainable agriculture and forestry.

Comprehensive Geographic Information Systems
Author : N.A
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2017-07-21
ISBN 10 : 0128047933
Pages : 1474 pages
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Geographical Information Systems is a computer system used to capture, store, analyze and display information related to positions on the Earth’s surface. It has the ability to show multiple types of information on multiple geographical locations in a single map, enabling users to assess patterns and relationships between different information points, a crucial component for multiple aspects of modern life and industry. This 3-volumes reference provides an up-to date account of this growing discipline through in-depth reviews authored by leading experts in the field. Covers a rapidly expanding discipline, providing readers with a detailed overview of all aspects of geographic information systems, principles and applications Emphasizes the practical, socioeconomic applications of GIS Provides readers with a reliable, one-stop comprehensive guide, saving them time in searching for the information they need from different sources

Approaches to Water Sensitive Urban Design
Author : Ashok Sharma,Ted Gardner,Don Begbie
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing Limited
Release Date : 2018-09
ISBN 10 : 9780128128435
Pages : 626 pages
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Approaches to Water Sensitive Urban Design: Potential, Design, Ecological Health, Economics, Policies and Community Perceptions covers all aspects on the implementation of sustainable storm water systems for urban and suburban areas whether they are labeled as WSUD, Low Impact Development (LID), Green Infrastructure (GI), Sustainable Urban Drainage Systems (SUDS) or the Sponge City Concept. These systems and approaches are becoming an integral part of developing water sensitive cities as they are considered very capable solutions in addressing issues relating to urbanization, climate change and heat island impacts in dealing with storm water issues. The book is based on research conducted in Australia and around the world, bringing in perspectives in an ecosystems approach, a water quality approach, and a sewer based approach to stormwater, all of which are uniquely covered in this single resource. Presents a holistic examination of the current knowledge on WSUD and storm water, including water quality, hydrology, social impacts, economic impacts, ecosystem health, and implementation guidelines Includes additional global approaches to WSUD, including SUDS, LID, GI and the Sponge City Concept Covers the different perspectives from Australia (ecosystem based), the USA (water quality based) and Europe (sewer based) Addresses storm water management during the civil construction stage when much of the ecological damage can be done

Phytoremediation
Author : Steven C. McCutcheon,Jerald L. Schnoor
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2004-04-05
ISBN 10 : 9780471459323
Pages : 1024 pages
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Phytormediation is an exciting new method for controlling and cleaning up hazardous wastes using green plants. This book is the first to compile the state of the science and engineering arts in this rapidly advancing field. Phytormediation: - Approaches the subject from the perspectives of biochemistry, genetics, toxicology, and pathway analysis. - Is written by two of the premier experts in the field.