physical properties and applications of polymer nanocomposites

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Physical Properties and Applications of Polymer Nanocomposites
Author : S C Tjong,Y.-W. Mai
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2010-10-29
ISBN 10 : 0857090240
Pages : 936 pages
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Polymer nanocomposites are polymer matrices reinforced with nano-scale fillers. This new class of composite materials has shown improved mechanical and physical properties. The latter include enhanced optical, electrical and dielectric properties. This important book begins by examining the characteristics of the main types of polymer nanocomposites, then reviews their diverse applications. Part one focuses on polymer/nanoparticle composites, their synthesis, optical properties and electrical conductivity. Part two describes the electrical, dielectric and thermal behaviour of polymer/nanoplatelet composites, whilst polymer/nanotube composites are the subject of Part three. The processing and industrial applications of these nanocomposite materials are discussed in Part four, including uses in fuel cells, bioimaging and sensors as well as the manufacture and applications of electrospun polymer nanocomposite fibers, nanostructured transition metal oxides, clay nanofiller/epoxy nanocomposites, hybrid epoxy-silica-rubber nanocomposites and other rubber-based nanocomposites. Polymer nanocomposites: Physical properties and applications is a valuable reference tool for both the research community and industry professionals wanting to learn about the these materials and their applications in such areas as fuel cell, sensor and biomedical technology. Examines the characteristics of the main types of polymer nanocomposites and reviews their diverse applications Comprehensively assesses polymer/nanoparticle composites exploring experimental techniques and data associated with the conductivity and dielectric characterization A specific section on polymer/nanotube composites features electrical and dielectric behaviour of polymer/carbon nanotube composites

Functional and Physical Properties of Polymer Nanocomposites
Author : Aravind Dasari,James Njuguna
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2016-06-13
ISBN 10 : 1118542320
Pages : 216 pages
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The first book to extensively cover nanoparticles, this addresses some of the key issues in nanocomposites. Polymer nanocomposites (polymers reinforced with nanoparticles), are of great interest due to their remarkable mechanical, thermal, chemical properties as well as optical, electronic, and magnetic applications Potential applications include automobile body parts, high-barrier packaging materials, flame-retardants, scratch-resistant composites, and biodegradable nanocomposites Combines basic theory as well as advanced and in-depth knowledge of these properties Broad audience includes researchers in Materials Science, Physics, Polymer Chemistry, and Engineering, and those in industry

Fundamentals, Properties, and Applications of Polymer Nanocomposites
Author : Joseph H. Koo
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release Date : 2016-10-31
ISBN 10 : 1107029961
Pages : 697 pages
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Discusses polymer nanocomposites composed of a family of polymeric materials whose properties are capable of being tailored to meet specific applications.

Properties and Applications of Polymer Nanocomposites
Author : Deba Kumar Tripathy,Bibhu Prasad Sahoo
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2017-05-07
ISBN 10 : 3662535173
Pages : 222 pages
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The aim of the present edited book is to furnish scientific information about manufacturing, properties, and application of clay and carbon based polymer nanocomposites. It can be used as handbook for undergraduate and post graduate courses (for example material science and engineering, polymer science and engineering, rubber technology, manufacturing engineering, etc.) as well as as reference book for research fellows and professionals. Polymer nanocomposites have received outstanding importance in the present decade because of their broad range of high-performance applications in various areas of engineering and technology due to their special material properties. A great interest is dedicated to nanofiller based polymeric materials, which exhibit excellent enhancement in macroscopic material properties (mechanical, thermal, dynamic mechanical, electrical and many more) at very low filler contents and can therefore be used for the development of next-generation composite materials.

Polymer Nanocomposites
Author : Aravind Dasari,Zhong-Zhen Yu,Yiu-Wing Mai
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2016-06-28
ISBN 10 : 1447168097
Pages : 305 pages
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This highlights ongoing research efforts on different aspects of polymer nanocomposites and explores their potentials to exhibit multi-functional properties. In this context, it addresses both fundamental and advanced concepts, while delineating the parameters and mechanisms responsible for these potentials. Aspects considered include embrittlement/toughness; wear/scratch behaviour; thermal stability and flame retardancy; barrier, electrical and thermal conductivity; and optical and magnetic properties. Further, the book was written as a coherent unit rather than a collection of chapters on different topics. As such, the results, analyses and discussions presented herein provide a guide for the development of a new class of multi-functional nanocomposites. Offering an invaluable resource for materials researchers and postgraduate students in the polymer composites field, they will also greatly benefit materials

Carbon-based Polymer Nanocomposites for Environmental and Energy Applications
Author : Ahmad Fauzi Ismail,Pei Sean Goh
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2018-03-28
ISBN 10 : 0128135751
Pages : 632 pages
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Carbon-Based Polymer Nanocomposites for Environmental and Energy Applications provides the fundamental physico-chemical characterizations of recently explored carbon-based polymer nanocomposites, such as carbon nanotubes, graphene and its derivatives, nanodiamond, fullerenes and other nano-sized carbon allotropes. The book also covers the applications of carbon-based polymer nanocomposite in the environmental and energy fields. Topics range from the various approaches that have been explored and developed for the fabrication of carbon-based polymer nanocomposite, to their applications in tackling environmental and energy related issues. Provides a clear picture of the current state-of-the-art and future trends in carbon-based polymer nanomaterials Explains the interactions between nanofiller-polymer matrices and mechanisms related to applications in environmental pollution and energy shortage Includes computational and experimental studies of the physical and chemical properties of carbon-based polymer nanocomposites Features chapters written by world leading experts

Nanocomposites
Author : Subbarayan Sivasankaran
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2019-01-23
ISBN 10 : 1789850118
Pages : 230 pages
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To have unimaginably outstanding useful properties (physical, mechanical, electrical, optical, chemical, and magnetic) in a single material design is a highly challenging task in the material science community, which can be achieved through nanocomposites. These nanocomposites can be produced from all conventional materials, which include polymers, metals/alloys, and ceramics, by modifying their internal structures. Due to modification of the structures of all kinds of conventional materials, at either the nano or ultra-fine level, the materials exhibit superior performance, which is a boon for all fields of science. In general, nanocomposite materials can be manufactured by solid-state processing techniques, liquid metallurgy, ex-situ and in-situ powder metallurgy, and other basic science synthesis routes. Furthermore, the possibility of making environmentally friendly materials is also possible with nanotechnology. Therefore, to investigate and demonstrate developments in the field of nanocomposites, this book is targeted at all the scientific personnel working in this field.

Clay-Polymer Nanocomposites
Author : Khouloud Jlassi,Mohamed M. Chehimi,Sabu Thomas
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2017-07-26
ISBN 10 : 0323461611
Pages : 546 pages
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Clay–Polymer Nanocomposites is a complete summary of the existing knowledge on this topic, from the basic concepts of synthesis and design to their applications in timely topics such as high-performance composites, environment, and energy issues. This book covers many aspects of synthesis such as in- situ polymerization within the interlamellar spacing of the clays or by reaction of pristine or pre-modified clays with reactive polymers and prepolymers. Indeed, nanocomposites can be prepared at industrial scale by melt mixing. Regardless the synthesis method, much is said in this book about the importance of theclay pre-modification step, which is demonstrated to be effective, on many occasions, in obtaining exfoliated nanocomposites. Clay–Polymer Nanocomposites reports the background to numerous characterization methods including solid state NMR, neutron scattering, diffraction and vibrational techniques as well as surface analytical methods, namely XPS, inverse gas chromatography and nitrogen adsorption to probe surface composition, wetting and textural/structural properties. Although not described in dedicated chapters, numerous X-ray diffraction patterns of clay–polymer nanocomposites and reference materials are displayed to account for the effects of intercalation and exfoliations of layered aluminosilicates. Finally, multiscale molecular simulation protocols are presenting for predicting morphologies and properties of nanostructured polymer systems with industrial relevance. As far as applications are concerned, Clay–Polymer Nanocomposites examines structural composites such as clay–epoxy and clay–biopolymers, the use of clay–polymer nanocomposites as reactive nanocomposite fillers, catalytic clay-(conductive) polymers and similar nanocomposites for the uptake of hazardous compounds or for controlled drug release, antibacterial applications, energy storage, and more. The most comprehensive coverage of the state of the art in clay–polymer nanocomposites, from synthesis and design to opportunities and applications Covers the various methods of characterization of clay–polymer nanocomposites - including spectroscopy, thermal analyses, and X-ray diffraction Includes a discussion of a range of application areas, including biomedicine, energy storage, biofouling resistance, and more

Polymer-based Nanocomposites for Energy and Environmental Applications
Author : Mohammad Jawaid,Mohammad Mansoob Khan
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2018-01-03
ISBN 10 : 0081019114
Pages : 700 pages
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Polymer-Based Nanocomposites for Energy and Environmental Applications provides a comprehensive and updated review of major innovations in the field of polymer-based nanocomposites for energy and environmental applications. It covers properties and applications, including the synthesis of polymer based nanocomposites from different sources and tactics on the efficacy and major challenges associated with successful scale-up fabrication. The chapters provide cutting-edge, up-to-date research findings on the use of polymer based nanocomposites in energy and environmental applications, while also detailing how to achieve material’s characteristics and significant enhancements in physical, chemical, mechanical and thermal properties. It is an essential reference for future research in polymer based nanocomposites as topics such as sustainable, recyclable and eco-friendly methods for highly innovative and applied materials are current topics of importance. Covers a wide range of research on polymer based nanocomposites Provides updates on the most relevant polymer based nanocomposites and their prodigious potential in the fields of energy and the environment Demonstrates systematic approaches and investigations from the design, synthesis, characterization and applications of polymer based nanocomposites Presents a useful reference and technical guide for university academics and postgraduate students (Masters and Ph.D.)

Clay-Containing Polymer Nanocomposites
Author : Suprakas Sinha Ray
Publisher : Newnes
Release Date : 2013-04-01
ISBN 10 : 0444594604
Pages : 416 pages
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Clay-Containing Polymer Nanocomposites covers everything from fundamental understanding to real applications of clay-containing polymer nanocomposites, including environmental considerations. The book's coverage of fundamentals and generalities, in addition to in-depth coverage of polymer layered silicate nanocomposites, make it a valuable companion for beginners in the field as well as more seasoned researchers. This book provides a rare coherent approach to this class of materials. This title is ideal for polymer and material scientists, researchers, and engineers, including under- and post-graduate students who are interested in this exciting field of research. This book will also help industrial researchers and R&D managers who want to bring advanced polymeric material based products into the market. Details crystallization behavior and kinetics to aid in applications such as injection molding Covers melt-state rheological properties, aiding understanding of the processability of materials Presents applications and market potential, supporting R&D managers who want to bring advanced polymeric material-based products into the market.

Polymer Composites with Carbonaceous Nanofillers
Author : Sie Chin Tjong
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2012-12-20
ISBN 10 : 3527648747
Pages : 404 pages
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Written by an expert in the field of nanomaterials, composites, and polymers, this book provides up-to-date information on recent advances in various aspects of polymer composites reinforced by carbonaceous nanofillers, including their fabrication and their electrical, thermal, and mechanical properties. It also extensively covers applications of these nanocomposites in fuel cells, sensors, electromagnetic interference shielding, human implants and scaffolds.

Silica and Clay Dispersed Polymer Nanocomposites
Author : Md Rezaur Rahman
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2018-06-13
ISBN 10 : 0081021305
Pages : 300 pages
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The production of ‘polymer nanocomposites’ has recently gained considerable attention from both the academic and industrial community, especially in the area of nanoscience. This is mainly due to their enhanced improvements in physico-mechanical, thermal and barrier properties compared to micro and more conventional composites. Their nanoscale dimensions, biodegradable character, cost-effectiveness and sustainability have constituted a stimulus for this increasing interest. Currently there is no limit to the possibility of applications. However, despite all this progress, it is still difficult to achieve uniform dispersion between the filler and the matrix, as agglomerations form far too easily and the production of polymer nanocomposites with high mechanical and thermal properties is still limited. The authors of this proposed book, are of the opinion, that with the increase in scientific publications and the rapid progress in processing possibilities to produce nanocomposites based on various nanoscale fillers (silica/clay), a book that collects all of these scientific findings in one place would be timely and of great interest to both students and scientific researchers, who are concerned with the production, and application of nanocomposites as new innovative materials. The authors aim is to present the latest research findings on the fabrication, properties and applications of nanofillers as reinforcement in polymer nanocomposites. Particular emphasis will be placed on the introduction of various nanofillers (silica/clay) into different elastomeric polymer matrices that will enhance the properties of these materials and their applications. The book will provide an up-to-date review of major innovations in the field and act as a reference for future research in materials science and engineering, which is highly topical due to the demand to produce more sustainable and eco-friendly innovative advanced materials from elastomeric polymers. Emphasis on silica/clay as outstanding reinforcing potential in elastomeric polymer matrices Up-to-date on the most relevant innovations in the field of silica/clay nanocomposites and their extensive applications in advanced material science Establishes the most suitable fabrication methods, properties and applications as a solid foundation in materials science and engineering disciplines Includes the incorporation of dual nanofillers that significantly improve the properties of nanocomposites