pan genomics applications challenges and future prospects

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Pan-genomics: Applications, Challenges, and Future Prospects
Author : Debmalya Barh,Siomar C. Soares,Sandeep Tiwari,Vasco Azevedo
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2020-03-06
ISBN 10 : 0128170778
Pages : 474 pages

Pan-genomics: Applications, Challenges, and Future Prospects covers current approaches, challenges and future prospects of pan-genomics. The book discusses bioinformatics tools and their applications and focuses on bacterial comparative genomics in order to leverage the development of precise drugs and treatments for specific organisms. The book is divided into three sections: the first, an "overview of pan-genomics and common approaches, brings the main concepts and current approaches on pan-genomics research; the second, “case studies in pan-genomics, thoroughly discusses twelve case, and the last, “current approaches and future prospects in pan-multiomics , encompasses the developments on omics studies to be applied on bacteria related studies. This book is a valuable source for bioinformaticians, genomics researchers and several members of biomedical field interested in understanding further bacterial organisms and their relationship to human health. Covers the entire spectrum of pangenomics, highlighting the use of specific approaches, case studies and future perspectives Discusses current bioinformatics tools and strategies for exploiting pangenomics data Presents twelve case studies with different organisms in order to provide the audience with real examples of pangenomics applicability

Plant Virus-Host Interaction
Author : R.K. Gaur,S.M. Paul Khurana,Pradeep Sharma,Thomas Hohn
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2021-01-18
ISBN 10 : 0128244836
Pages : 582 pages

Plant Virus-Host Interaction: Molecular Approaches and Viral Evolution, Second Edition, provides comprehensive coverage of molecular approaches for virus-host interaction. The book contains cutting-edge research in plant molecular virology, including pathogenic viroids and transport by insect vectors, interference with transmission to control viruses, synergism with pivotal coverage of RNA silencing, and the counter-defensive strategies used by viruses to overcome the silencing response in plants. This new edition introduces new, emerging proteins involved in host-virus interactions and provides in-depth coverage of plant virus genes’ interactions with host, localization and expression. With contributions from leading experts, this is a comprehensive reference for plant virologists, molecular biologists and others interested in characterization of plant viruses and disease management. Introduces new, emerging proteins involved during the host-virus interaction and new virus strains that invade new crops through recombination, resorting and mutation Provides molecular approaches for virus-host interaction Highlights RNA silencing and counter-defensive strategies for disease management Discusses the socioeconomic implications of viral spread and mitigation techniques

Molecular Medicines for Cancer
Author : Deepak Chitkara,Anupama Mittal,Ram I. Mahato
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2018-09-03
ISBN 10 : 1351978373
Pages : 610 pages

The field of molecular medicine covers the medical interventions targeting molecular structures and mechanisms that are involved in disease progression. In cancer, several molecular mechanisms have been shown to impact its progression, aggressiveness and chemoresistance. Increasing evidence demonstrates the role of nanotechnology and outcome of molecular therapy. Several books have discussed molecular biology and mechanisms involved in cancer, but this text gives an account of molecular therapeutics in cancer relating to advancements of nanotechnology. It provides a description of the multidisciplinary field of molecular medicines and its targeted delivery to cancer using nanotechnology. Key Features: Provides current information in the multidisciplinary field of molecular medicines and its targeted delivery to cancer using nanotechnology Presents important aspects of nanotechnology in the site-specific delivery of anticancer agents Includes up to date information on oligonucleotide and gene based therapies in cancer Describes small targeted molecules, antibodies and oligonucleotides which have shown to selectively target the molecular structures thereby influencing signal transduction Facilitates discussion between researchers involved in cancer therapy and nanoscientists

Microbial Biotechnology
Author : Yuan Kun Lee
Publisher : World Scientific Publishing Company
Release Date : 2013-01-30
ISBN 10 : 9814513091
Pages : 896 pages

The rapidly expanding molecular biological techniques and approaches have significant impact on microbial biotechnology, hence the need for the addition of four new chapters in the third edition of this textbook — “Chapter 3: Application of ‘Omics’ Technologies in Microbial Fermentation”, “Chapter 5: Microbial Genome Mining for Identifying Antimicrobial Targets”, “Chapter 21: Bacterial Biofilm: Molecular Characterization and Impacts on Water Management” and “Chapter 23: Microbial Biomining”. “Chapter 15: Transgenic Plants” has been completely revised while most of the other chapters have been thoroughly updated in this new edition. There already exist a number of excellent general textbooks on microbiology and biotechnology that deal with the basic principles of microbial biotechnology. To complement them, this book focuses on the various applications of microbial-biotechnological principles. A teaching-based format is adopted, whereby working problems, as well as answers to frequently asked questions, supplement the main text. The book also includes real life examples of how the application of microbial-biotechnological principles has achieved breakthroughs in both research and industrial production. Although written for polytechnic students and undergraduates, the book contains sufficient information to be used as a reference for postgraduate students and lecturers. It may also serve as a resource book for corporate planners, managers and applied research personnel.

Genetically Engineered Crops
Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources,Committee on Genetically Engineered Crops: Past Experience and Future Prospects
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release Date : 2017-01-28
ISBN 10 : 0309437385
Pages : 606 pages

Genetically engineered (GE) crops were first introduced commercially in the 1990s. After two decades of production, some groups and individuals remain critical of the technology based on their concerns about possible adverse effects on human health, the environment, and ethical considerations. At the same time, others are concerned that the technology is not reaching its potential to improve human health and the environment because of stringent regulations and reduced public funding to develop products offering more benefits to society. While the debate about these and other questions related to the genetic engineering techniques of the first 20 years goes on, emerging genetic-engineering technologies are adding new complexities to the conversation. Genetically Engineered Crops builds on previous related Academies reports published between 1987 and 2010 by undertaking a retrospective examination of the purported positive and adverse effects of GE crops and to anticipate what emerging genetic-engineering technologies hold for the future. This report indicates where there are uncertainties about the economic, agronomic, health, safety, or other impacts of GE crops and food, and makes recommendations to fill gaps in safety assessments, increase regulatory clarity, and improve innovations in and access to GE technology.

Author : Ibrokhim Y. Abdurakhmonov
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2016-07-27
ISBN 10 : 953512546X
Pages : 268 pages

An interdisciplinary bioinformatics science aims to develop methodology and analysis tools to explore large-volume of biological data using conventional and modern computer science, statistics, and mathematics, as well as pattern recognition, reconstruction, machine learning, simulation and iterative approaches, molecular modeling, folding, networking, and artificial intelligence. Written by international team of life scientists, this Bioinformatics book provides some updates on bioinformatics methods, resources, approaches, and genome analysis tools useful for molecular sciences, medicine and drug designs, as well as plant sciences and agriculture. I trust chapters of this book should provide advanced knowledge for university students, life science researchers, and interested readers on some latest developments in the bioinformatics field.

The Chickpea Genome
Author : Rajeev K. Varshney,Mahendar Thudi,Fred Muehlbauer
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2018-01-02
ISBN 10 : 3319661175
Pages : 142 pages

This book sheds new light on the chickpea genome sequencing and resequencing of chickpea germplasm lines and provides insights into classical genetics, cytogenetics, and trait mapping. It also offers an overview of the latest advances in genome sequencing and analysis. The growing human population, rapid climate changes and limited amounts of arable land are creating substantial challenges in connection with the availability and affordability of nutritious food for smallholder farmers in developing countries. In this context, climate smart crops are essential to alleviating the hunger of the millions of poor and undernourished people living in developing countries. In addition to cereals, grain legumes are an integral part of the human diet and provide sustainable income for smallholder farmers in the arid and semi-arid regions of the world. Among grain legumes, the chickpea (Cicer arietinum) is the second most important in terms of production and productivity. Besides being a rich source of proteins, it can fix atmospheric nitrogen through symbiosis with rhizobia and increase the input of combined nitrogen. Several abiotic stresses like drought, heat, salinity, together with biotic stresses like Fusarium wilt, Ascochyta blight, and Botrytis grey mould have led to production losses, as the chickpeas is typically grown in the harsh climates of our planet’s semi-arid regions.

'Essentials of Cancer Genomic, Computational Approaches and Precision Medicine
Author : Nosheen Masood,Saima Shakil Malik
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date : 2020-03-20
ISBN 10 : 9811510679
Pages : 499 pages

This book concisely describes the role of omics in precision medicine for cancer therapies. It outlines our current understanding of cancer genomics, shares insights into the process of oncogenesis, and discusses emerging technologies and clinical applications of cancer genomics in prognosis and precision-medicine treatment strategies. It then elaborates on recent advances concerning transcriptomics and translational genomics in cancer diagnosis, clinical applications, and personalized medicine in oncology. Importantly, it also explains the importance of high-performance analytics, predictive modeling, and system biology in cancer research. Lastly, the book discusses current and potential future applications of pharmacogenomics in clinical cancer therapy and cancer drug development.

Advances in Cell and Molecular Diagnostics
Author : Pongali Raghavendra,Thammineni Pullaiah
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2018-01-10
ISBN 10 : 0128136804
Pages : 298 pages

Advances in Cell and Molecular Diagnostics brings the scientific advances in the translation and validation of cellular and molecular discoveries in medicine into the clinical diagnostic setting. It enumerates the description and application of technological advances in the field of cellular and molecular diagnostic medicine, providing an overview of specialized fields, such as biomarker, genetic marker, screening, DNA-profiling, NGS, cytogenetics, transcriptome, cancer biomarkers, prostate specific antigen, and biomarker toxicologies. In addition, it presents novel discoveries and clinical pathologic correlations, including studies in oncology, infectious diseases, inherited diseases, predisposition to disease, and the description or polymorphisms linked to disease states. This book is a valuable resource for oncologists, practitioners and several members of the biomedical field who are interested in understanding how to apply cutting-edge technologies into diagnostics and healthcare. Encompasses the current scientific advances in the translation and validation of cellular and molecular discoveries into the clinical diagnostic setting Explains the application of cellular and molecular diagnostics methodologies in clinical trials Focuses on translating preclinical tests to the bedside in order to help readers apply the most recent technologies to healthcare

Comprehensive Biotechnology
Author : N.A
Publisher : Newnes
Release Date : 2011-08-26
ISBN 10 : 0080885047
Pages : 5320 pages

The second edition of Comprehensive Biotechnology continues the tradition of the first inclusive work on this dynamic field with up-to-date and essential entries on the principles and practice of biotechnology. The integration of the latest relevant science and industry practice with fundamental biotechnology concepts is presented with entries from internationally recognized world leaders in their given fields. With two volumes covering basic fundamentals, and four volumes of applications, from environmental biotechnology and safety to medical biotechnology and healthcare, this work serves the needs of newcomers as well as established experts combining the latest relevant science and industry practice in a manageable format. It is a multi-authored work, written by experts and vetted by a prestigious advisory board and group of volume editors who are biotechnology innovators and educators with international influence. All six volumes are published at the same time, not as a series; this is not a conventional encyclopedia but a symbiotic integration of brief articles on established topics and longer chapters on new emerging areas. Hyperlinks provide sources of extensive additional related information; material authored and edited by world-renown experts in all aspects of the broad multidisciplinary field of biotechnology Scope and nature of the work are vetted by a prestigious International Advisory Board including three Nobel laureates Each article carries a glossary and a professional summary of the authors indicating their appropriate credentials An extensive index for the entire publication gives a complete list of the many topics treated in the increasingly expanding field

Metagenomics: Techniques, Applications, Challenges and Opportunities
Author : Reena Singh Chopra
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date :
ISBN 10 : 9811565295
Pages : 329 pages

Molecular Approaches in Plant Biology and Environmental Challenges
Author : Sudhir P. Singh,Santosh Kumar Upadhyay,Ashutosh Pandey,Sunil Kumar
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date : 2019-10-01
ISBN 10 : 9811506906
Pages : 499 pages

This book discusses molecular approaches in plant as response to environmental factors, such as variations in temperature, water availability, salinity, and metal stress. The book also covers the impact of increasing global population, urbanization, and industrialization on these molecular behaviors. It covers the natural tolerance mechanism which plants adopt to cope with adverse environments, as well as the novel molecular strategies for engineering the plants in human interest. This book will be of interest to researchers working on the impact of the changing environment on plant ecology, issues of crop yield, and nutrient quantity and quality in agricultural crops. The book will be of interest to researchers as well as policy makers in the environmental and agricultural domains.

Encyclopedia of Food Microbiology
Author : Carl A. Batt
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2014-04-02
ISBN 10 : 0123847338
Pages : 3248 pages

Written by the world's leading scientists and spanning over 400 articles in three volumes, the Encyclopedia of Food Microbiology, Second Edition is a complete, highly structured guide to current knowledge in the field. Fully revised and updated, this encyclopedia reflects the key advances in the field since the first edition was published in 1999 The articles in this key work, heavily illustrated and fully revised since the first edition in 1999, highlight advances in areas such as genomics and food safety to bring users up-to-date on microorganisms in foods. Topics such as DNA sequencing and E. coli are particularly well covered. With lists of further reading to help users explore topics in depth, this resource will enrich scientists at every level in academia and industry, providing fundamental information as well as explaining state-of-the-art scientific discoveries. This book is designed to allow disparate approaches (from farmers to processors to food handlers and consumers) and interests to access accurate and objective information about the microbiology of foods. Microbiology impacts the safe presentation of food. From harvest and storage to determination of shelf-life, to presentation and consumption. This work highlights the risks of microbial contamination and is an invaluable go-to guide for anyone working in Food Health and Safety. Has a two-fold industry appeal (1) those developing new functional food products and (2) to all corporations concerned about the potential hazards of microbes in their food products.

Advances in Microbial Biotechnology
Author : Pradeep Kumar, PhD.,Jayanta Kumar Patra,Pranjal Chandra
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2018-10-03
ISBN 10 : 1351248898
Pages : 574 pages

Over the last few decades, the rapid and vast development of advanced microbial bioresources and metagenomics techniques has completely transformed the field of microbial biotechnology. Our understanding of microbial diversity, evolutionary biology, and microbial interaction with their animal and plant hosts at molecular level has been revolutionized with an abundance of new research. This new volume, Advances in Microbial Biotechnology: Current Trends and Future Prospect, focuses on the application of microorganisms for several purposes: for plant protection and improvement, for environmental remediation purposes, and for the improvement of human health. Various applications of microorganisms are covered broadly and have been appropriately reflected in depth in different chapters. The book is divided into four major sections: applied microbiology in agriculture microbes in the environment microbes in human health microbes in nanotechnology The book provides insight into the diverse microorganisms that have been explored and exploited in the development of various applications for agricultural improvements. The book also looks at the application of microbes for the removal of pollutants and the recovery of metals and oils. Also discussed is the detection and exploitation of microorganisms in the diagnosis of human diseases, providing possible holistic approaches to health. This new volume will provide a wealth of information on new research on the application of microbial biotechnology today.

Molecular Medical Microbiology, Three-Volume Set
Author : Yi-Wei Tang,Dongyou Liu,Ian Poxton,Joseph Schwartzman,Max Sussman
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2001-10-23
ISBN 10 : 0080536883
Pages : 2223 pages

The molecular age has brought about dramatic changes in medical microbiology, and great leaps in our understanding of the mechanisms of infectious disease. Molecular Medical Microbiology is the first book to synthesise the many new developments in both molecular and clinical research in a single comprehensive resource. This timely and authoritative 3-volume work is an invaluable reference source of medical bacteriology. Comprising over 100 chapters, organised into 17 major sections, the scope of this impressive work is wide-ranging. Written by experts in the field, chapters include cutting edge information, and clinical overviews for each major bacterial group, in addition to the latest updates on vaccine development, molecular technology and diagnostic technology. * The first comprehensive and accessible reference on Molecular Medical Microbiology * Two color presentation throughout * Full colour plate section * Fully integrated and meticulously organised * In depth discussion of individual pathogenic bacteria in a system-oriented approach * Includes a clinical overview for each major bacterial group * Presents the latest information on vaccine development, molecular technology and diagnostic technology * Extensive indexing and cross-referencing throughout * Over 100 chapters covering all major groups of bacteria * Written by an international panel of authors expert in their respective disciplines * Over 2300 pages in three volumes

Microbial Genomics in Sustainable Agroecosystems
Author : Vijay Tripathi,Pradeep Kumar,Pooja Tripathi,Amit Kishore,Madhu Kamle
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date : 2019-11-23
ISBN 10 : 981329860X
Pages : 370 pages

Today, microbiology is a rapidly growing discipline in the life sciences, and the technologies are evolving on a virtually daily basis. Next-generation sequencing technologies have revolutionized microbial analysis, and can help us understand the biology and genomic diversity of various bacterial species with significant impacts on agro-ecosystems. In addition, advances in molecular biology and microbiology techniques hold the potential to improve the productivity and sustainability of agriculture and forestry. This new volume addresses the role of microbial genomics in understanding the living systems that exist in the soil and their interactions with plants, an aspect that is also important for crop improvement. The topics covered focus on a deeper and clearer understanding of how microbes cause diseases, the genome-based development of novel antibacterial agents and vaccines, and the role of microbial genomics in crop improvement and agroforestry. Given its scope, the book offers a valuable resource for researchers and students of agriculture and infectious biology.

Artificial Intelligence in Precision Health
Author : Debmalya Barh
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2020-03-04
ISBN 10 : 0128173386
Pages : 544 pages

Artificial Intelligence in Precision Health: From Concept to Applications provides a readily available resource to understand artificial intelligence and its real time applications in precision medicine in practice. Written by experts from different countries and with diverse background, the content encompasses accessible knowledge easily understandable for non-specialists in computer sciences. The book discusses topics such as cognitive computing and emotional intelligence, big data analysis, clinical decision support systems, deep learning, personal omics, digital health, predictive models, prediction of epidemics, drug discovery, precision nutrition and fitness. Additionally, there is a section dedicated to discuss and analyze AI products related to precision healthcare already available. This book is a valuable source for clinicians, healthcare workers, and researchers from diverse areas of biomedical field who may or may not have computational background and want to learn more about the innovative field of artificial intelligence for precision health. Provides computational approaches used in artificial intelligence easily understandable for non-computer specialists Gives know-how and real successful cases of artificial intelligence approaches in predictive models, modeling disease physiology, and public health surveillance Discusses the applicability of AI on multiple areas, such as drug discovery, clinical trials, radiology, surgery, patient care and clinical decision support

Encyclopedia of Food Chemistry
Author : N.A
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2018-11-22
ISBN 10 : 0128140453
Pages : 2194 pages

Encyclopedia of Food Chemistry is the ideal primer for food scientists, researchers, students and young professionals who want to acquaint themselves with food chemistry. Well-organized, clearly written, and abundantly referenced, the book provides a foundation for readers to understand the principles, concepts, and techniques used in food chemistry applications. Articles are written by international experts and cover a wide range of topics, including food chemistry, food components and their interactions, properties (flavor, aroma, texture) the structure of food, functional foods, processing, storage, nanoparticles for food use, antioxidants, the Maillard and Strecker reactions, process derived contaminants, and the detection of economically-motivated food adulteration. The encyclopedia will provide readers with an introduction to specific topics within the wider context of food chemistry, as well as helping them identify the links between the various sub-topics. Offers readers a comprehensive understanding of food chemistry and the various connections between the sub-topics Provides an authoritative introduction for non-specialists and readers from undergraduate levels and upwards Meticulously organized, with articles structured logically based on the various elements of food chemistry

Plant Genomes
Author : Jean-Nicolas Volff
Publisher : Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
Release Date : 2008-01-01
ISBN 10 : 3805584911
Pages : 145 pages

Recent major advances in the field of comparative genomics and cytogenomics of plants, particularly associated with the completion of ambitious genome projects, have uncovered astonishing facets of the architecture and evolutionary history of plant genomes. The aim of this book was to review these recent developments as well as their implications in our understanding of the mechanisms which drive plant diversity. New insights into the evolution of gene functions, gene families and genome size are presented, with particular emphasis on the evolutionary impact of polyploidization and transposable elements. Knowledge on the structure and evolution of plant sex chromosomes, centromeres and microRNAs is reviewed and updated. Taken together, the contributions by internationally recognized experts present a panoramic overview of the structural features and evolutionary dynamics of plant genomes.This volume of Genome Dynamics will provide researchers, teachers and students in the fields of biology and agronomy with a valuable source of current knowledge on plant genomes.

Reading the past, writing the future
Author : UNESCO
Publisher : UNESCO Publishing
Release Date : 2017-04-10
ISBN 10 : 9231002147
Pages : 92 pages

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