oxidation in foods and beverages and antioxidant applications

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Oxidation in Foods and Beverages and Antioxidant Applications
Author : Eric A Decker,Ryan J Elias,D. Julian McClements
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2010-09-22
ISBN 10 : 085709033X
Pages : 552 pages
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Oxidative rancidity is a major cause of food quality deterioration, leading to the formation of undesirable off-flavours as well as unhealthy compounds. Antioxidants are widely employed to inhibit oxidation, and with current consumer concerns about synthetic additives and natural antioxidants are of much interest. The two volumes of Oxidation in foods and beverages and antioxidant applications review food quality deterioration due to oxidation and methods for its control. The second volume reviews problems associated with oxidation and its management in different industry sectors. Part one focuses on animal products, with chapters on the oxidation and protection of red meat, poultry, fish and dairy products. The oxidation of fish oils and foods enriched with omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids is also covered. Part two reviews oxidation in plant-based foods and beverages, including edible oils, fruit and vegetables, beer and wine. Oxidation of fried products and emulsion-based foods is also discussed. Final chapters examine encapsulation to inhibit lipid oxidation and antioxidant active packaging and edible films. With its distinguished international team of editors and contributors, the two volumes of Oxidation in foods and beverages and antioxidant applications is standard references for R&D and QA professionals in the food industry, as well as academic researchers interested in food quality. Reviews problems associated with oxidation and its management in different industry sectors Examines animal products, with chapters on the oxidation and protection of red meat, poultry and fish Discusses oxidation of fish oils and foods enriched with omega-3 and polyunsaturated fatty acids

Food Oxidants and Antioxidants
Author : Grzegorz Bartosz
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2013-06-21
ISBN 10 : 1439882428
Pages : 568 pages
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Food antioxidants are of primary importance for the preservation of food quality during processing and storage. However, the status of food depends on a balance of antioxidants and prooxidants occurring in food. Food Oxidants and Antioxidants: Chemical, Biological, and Functional Properties provides a single-volume reference on the effects of naturally occurring and process-generated prooxidants and antioxidants on various aspects of food quality. The book begins with a general introduction to oxidation in food and then characterizes the main oxidants present in food, including enzymatic oxidants. Chapters cover oxidation potential, mechanisms of oxidation of the main food components (proteins and lipids), addition of exogenous oxidants during food processing, and the effects of physical agents such as irradiation, freeze-thawing, and high hydrostatic pressure during processing. The book also discusses the effects of oxidation on sensory characteristics of food components and analyzes how oxidation and antioxidants affect the nutritive and health-promoting features of food components. The text examines natural antioxidants in food, including lesser-known ones such as amino acids and polysaccharides, antioxidants generated in food as a result of processing, mechanisms of antioxidant activity, and measurement of antioxidant activity of food components. It explores the bioavailability of curcuminoid and carotenoids antioxidants and presents case studies on natural food antioxidants, presenting novel extraction methods for preservation of antioxidant activity. The final chapters address functional antioxidant foods and beverages as well as general ideas on the effects of food on the redox homeostasis of the organism.

Processing and Impact on Antioxidants in Beverages
Author : Victor R. Preedy
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2014-04-05
ISBN 10 : 0124046959
Pages : 336 pages
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Processing and Impact on Antioxidants in Beverages presents information key to understanding how antioxidants change during production of beverages, how production options can be used to enhance antioxidant benefit, and how to determine the production process that will result in the optimum antioxidant benefit while retaining consumer acceptability. In the food industry, antioxidants are added to preserve the shelf life of foods and to prevent off-flavors from developing. These production-added components also contribute to the overall availability of essential nutrients for intake. Moreover, some production processes reduce the amount of naturally occurring antioxidants. Thus, in terms of food science, it is important to understand not only the physiological importance of antioxidants, but what they are, how much are in the different food ingredients, and how they are damaged or enhanced through the processing and packaging phases. This book specifically addresses the composition and characterization of antioxidants in coffee, green tea, soft drinks, beer, and wine. Processing techniques considered here include fermentation and aging, high-pressure homogenization, enzymatic debittering, and more. Lastly, the book considers several selective antioxidant assays, such as Oxygen Radical Absorbance Capacity (ORAC) and Trolox Equivalent Antioxidant Capacity (TEAC) assays. Provides insights into processing options for enhanced antioxidant bioavailability Presents correlation potentials for increased total antioxidant capacity Includes methods for the in situ or in-line monitoring of antioxidants to reduce industrial loss of antioxidants in beverages Proposes processing of concentrated fractions of antioxidants that can be added to foods

Lipid Oxidation
Author : Amy S. Logan,Uwe Nienaber,Xiangqing (Shawn) Pan
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2015-08-15
ISBN 10 : 0988856514
Pages : 548 pages
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Lipid oxidation in food systems is one of the most important factors which affect food quality, nutrition, safety, color and consumers’ acceptance. The control of lipid oxidation remains an ongoing challenge as most foods constitute very complex matrices. Lipids are mostly incorporated as emulsions, and chemical reactions occur at various interfaces throughout the food matrix. Recently, incorporation of healthy lipids into food systems to deliver the desired nutrients is becoming more popular in the food industry. Many food ingredients contain a vast array of components, many of them unknown or constituting diverse or undefined molecular structures making the need in the food industry to develop effective approaches to mitigate lipid oxidation in food systems. This book provides recent perspectives aimed at a better understanding of lipid oxidation mechanisms and strategies to improve the oxidative stability of food systems. Five chapters on naturally-derived antioxidants that focus on applications within food systems Contributors include an international group of leading researchers from academic, industrial, and governmental entities Discusses the oxidative stability of enzymatically produced oils and fats Provides overviews on the complexities of lipid oxidation mechanisms, and emulsion systems most suseptible to rapid lipid oxidation

Applied Food Protein Chemistry
Author : Zeynep Ustunol
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2014-12-19
ISBN 10 : 1118860616
Pages : 528 pages
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Food proteins are of great interest, not only because of their nutritional importance and their functionality in foods, but also for their detrimental effects. Although proteins from milk, meats (including fish and poultry), eggs, cereals, legumes, and oilseeds have been the traditional sources of protein in the human diet, potentially any proteins from a biological source could serve as a food protein. The primary role of protein in the diet is to provide the building materials for the synthesis of muscle and other tissues, and they play a critical role in many biological processes. They are also responsible for food texture, color, and flavor. Today, food proteins are extracted, modified, and incorporated into processed foods to impart specific functional properties. They can also have adverse effects in the diet: proteins, such as walnuts, pecans, almonds, and cashews, soybean, wheat, milk, egg, crustacean, and fish proteins can be powerful allergens for some people. Applied Food Protein Chemistry is an applied reference which reviews the properties of food proteins and provides in-depth information on important plant and animal proteins consumed around the world. The book is grouped into three sections: (1) overview of food proteins, (2) plant proteins, and (3) animal proteins. Each chapter discusses world production, distribution, utilization, physicochemical properties, and the functional properties of each protein, as well as its food applications. The authors for each of the chapters are carefully selected experts in the field. This book will be a valuable reference tool for those who work on food proteins. It will also be an important text on applied food protein chemistry for upper-level students and graduate students of food science programs.

Handbook of Antioxidants for Food Preservation
Author : Fereidoon Shahidi
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2015-02-25
ISBN 10 : 1782420975
Pages : 514 pages
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Lipid oxidation in food leads to rancidity, which compromises the sensory properties of food and makes it unappealing to consumers. The growing trend towards natural additives and preservatives means that new antioxidants are emerging for use in foods. This book provides an overview of the food antioxidants currently available and their applications in different food products. Part one provides background information on a comprehensive list of the main natural and synthetic antioxidants used in food. Part two looks at methodologies for using antioxidants in food, focusing on the efficacy of antioxidants. Part three covers the main food commodities in which antioxidants are used. Reviews the various types of antioxidants used in food preservation, including chapters on tea extracts, natural plant extracts and synthetic phenolics Analyses the performance of antixoxidants in different food systems Compiles significant international research and advancements

Food Oxidants and Antioxidants
Author : Grzegorz Bartosz
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2013-06-21
ISBN 10 : 143988241X
Pages : 568 pages
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Food antioxidants are of primary importance for the preservation of food quality during processing and storage. However, the status of food depends on a balance of antioxidants and prooxidants occurring in food. Food Oxidants and Antioxidants: Chemical, Biological, and Functional Properties provides a single-volume reference on the effects of naturally occurring and process-generated prooxidants and antioxidants on various aspects of food quality. The book begins with a general introduction to oxidation in food and then characterizes the main oxidants present in food, including enzymatic oxidants. Chapters cover oxidation potential, mechanisms of oxidation of the main food components (proteins and lipids), addition of exogenous oxidants during food processing, and the effects of physical agents such as irradiation, freeze-thawing, and high hydrostatic pressure during processing. The book also discusses the effects of oxidation on sensory characteristics of food components and analyzes how oxidation and antioxidants affect the nutritive and health-promoting features of food components. The text examines natural antioxidants in food, including lesser-known ones such as amino acids and polysaccharides, antioxidants generated in food as a result of processing, mechanisms of antioxidant activity, and measurement of antioxidant activity of food components. It explores the bioavailability of curcuminoid and carotenoids antioxidants and presents case studies on natural food antioxidants, presenting novel extraction methods for preservation of antioxidant activity. The final chapters address functional antioxidant foods and beverages as well as general ideas on the effects of food on the redox homeostasis of the organism.

Handbook of Antioxidants
Author : George Wypych
Publisher : Chemtec Publishing
Release Date : 2020-03-12
ISBN 10 : 1927885590
Pages : 244 pages
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Handbook of Antioxidants contains information on natural and man-made antioxidants, which are added to industrial products. The book contains 5 chapters, each discussing different aspect of phenomena occurring when materials are exposed to ambient air which contains oxygen, ozone, singlet oxygen, and many other oxidizing species (radicals).

Sulfur Dioxide
Author : Louis C. Schroeter
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2015-07-14
ISBN 10 : 1483185664
Pages : 356 pages
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Sulfur Dioxide discusses in detail the preparation and oxidation of sulfur dioxide. The book also covers the effect of the substance on organic and inorganic mixtures. The pharmaceutical application, safety, and effectiveness of the substance in the form of sulfites in food and beverage are comprehensively explained. A section of the book focuses on the physiological effects of sulfur dioxide in plants, animals, and humans. The book highlights the properties of sulfur dioxide in gaseous state and in aqueous solutions, with expanded section covering its ionic structure and spectral characteristics. Methods for determining trace amounts of sulfur dioxide in the atmosphere are summarized along with ways to identify the substance in complex mixtures such as food. The text is an excellent source of information about sulfur dioxide complexes and clathrates. The book will be a useful tool for pharmacists, scientists and chemists in the fields of medicine, and students doing research and experiment on the effect of sulfur dioxide on other compounds.

Antioxidants in Foods and Its Applications
Author : Emad Shalaby,Ghada Mostafa Azzam
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2018-07-11
ISBN 10 : 178923378X
Pages : 178 pages
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Free radicals are atoms or molecules containing unpaired electrons. Damage occurs when the free radical encounters another molecule and seeks to find another electron to pair its unpaired electron. Free radicals can cause mutation in different biological compounds such as protein, nucleic acids, and lipids, and the damage caused by the free radicals lead to various diseases (cancer, cardiovascular disease, aging, etc.). Antioxidants are helpful in reducing and preventing damage from free radical reactions because of their ability to donate electrons, which neutralize the radical without forming another. Ascorbic acid, for example, can lose an electron to a free radical and remain stable itself by passing its unstable electron around the antioxidant molecule. Unfortunately, new data indicate that the synthetic antioxidants used in the industry could have carcinogenic effects on human cells, thus fueling an intense search for new, natural, and efficient antioxidants. Therefore, the current book discusses the role and source of antioxidant compounds in nutrition and diets. Also, the current book includes nine chapters contributed by experts around the world, and the chapters are categorized into two sections: "Antioxidant Compounds and Biological Activities" and "Natural Antioxidants and Applications."

Antioxidants in Food
Author : Jan Pokorny,Nelly Yanishlieva,Michael H. Gordon
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2001-04-12
ISBN 10 : 9780849312229
Pages : 288 pages
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Antioxidants are an increasingly important ingredient in food processing. Their traditional role is, as their name suggests, in inhibiting the development of oxidative rancidity in fat-based foods, particularly meat and dairy products and fried foods. However, more recent research has suggested a new role in inhibiting cardiovascular disease and cancer. Antioxidants in Food: Practical Applications provides a review of the functional role of antioxidants and discusses how they can be effectively exploited by the food industry. The first part of the book looks at antioxidants and food stability with chapters on the development of oxidative rancidity in foods, methods for inhibiting oxidation, and ways of measuring antioxidant activity. Part 2 looks at antioxidants and health, including chapters on antioxidants and cardiovascular disease, their antitumour properties, and bioavailability. A major trend in the food industry, driven by consumer concerns, has been the shift from the use of synthetic to natural ingredients in food products. Part 3 looks at the range of natural antioxidants available to the food manufacturer. The final section of the book looks at how these natural antioxidants can be effectively exploited, covering such issues as regulation, preparation, antixoxidant processing functionality and their use in a range of food products from meat and dairy products, frying oils and fried products, to fruit and vegetables and cereal products.

Flavonoids
Author : José Justino
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2017-08-23
ISBN 10 : 953513423X
Pages : 484 pages
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Flavonoids are abundant secondary metabolites found in plants and fungi that have various roles in these organisms, including pigmentation, cell signalling, plant defence and inter-organism communication. Due to their abundance in nature, flavonoids are also important components of the human diet, and the last four decades have seen an intense study focused on the structure characterization of flavonoids and on their roles in mammal metabolism. This book reviews most of the well-established activities of flavonoids, and we also present more recent research studies on the area of flavonoids, including the chemical aspects of structure characterization of flavonoids, the biosynthesis of flavonoids in model plants as well as their role in abiotic stress situations and in agriculture, the role of flavonoids in metabolism and health and their importance in foods, from consumption to their use as bioactive components.