The developments in the area of ordered nanoporous solids have moved beyond the traditional catalytic and separation uses and given rise to a wide variety of new applications in different branches of chemistry, physics, material science, etc. The activity in this area is due to the outstanding properties of nanoporous materials that have attracted the attention of researchers from different communities. However, recent achievements in a specific field often remain out of the focus of collaborating communities. This work summarizes the latest developments and prospects in the area of ordered porous solids, including synthetic layered materials (clays), microporous zeolite-type materials, ordered mesoporous solids, metal-organic-framework compounds (MOFs), carbon, etc. All aspects, from synthesis via comprehensive characterization to the advanced applications of ordered porous materials, are presented. The chapters are written by leading experts in their respective fields with an emphasis on recent progress and the state of the art. * Summarizes the latest developments in the field of ordered nanoporous solids * Presents state-of-the-art coverage of applications related to porous solids * Incorporates 28 contributions from experts across the disciplines
In the past few decades, the increasingly routine use of advanced structural probes for studying the structure and dynamics of the solid state has led to some dramatic developments in the field of porous solids. These materials are fundamental in a diverse range of applications, such as shape-selective catalysts for energy-efficient organic transformations, new media for pollutant removal, and gas storage materials for energy technologies. Porosity in inorganic materials may range from the nano-scale to the macro-scale, and the drive towards particular properties remains the goal in this fast-developing area of research. Covering some of the key families of inorganic solids that are currently being studied, Porous Materials discusses: Metal Organic Frameworks Materials Mesoporous Silicates Ordered Porous Crystalline Transition Metal Oxides Recent Developments in Templated Porous Carbon Materials Synthetic Silicate Zeolites: Diverse Materials Accessible Through Geoinspiration Additional volumes in the Inorganic Materials Series: Low-Dimensional Solids | Molecular Materials | Functional Oxides | Energy Materials
The Fifth International Symposium on the Characterisation of Porous Solids (COPS-V) was held at Heidelberg, Germany, from May 30 to June 2, 1999. About 220 participants from 25 countries enjoyed a very successful meeting with 32 lectures and 155 poster presentations. The Symposium started with a highly stimulating lecture by Sir John Meurig Thomas, Cambridge, highlighting the recent developments in engineering of new catalysts. The following two full sessions were devoted to theory, modelling and simulation which provide the basis for the interpretation of pore structural data of adsorbents and finely dispersed solids. Sessions 2 and 3 focused on the advances in the synthesis and characterisation of highly ordered inorganic adsorbents and carbons. Sessions 4 and 5 addressed important questions with respect to the characterisation of porous solids by sorption measurement and other related techniques. The intensive three-day programme provided a stimulating forum for the exchange of novel research findings, concepts, techniques and materials which are collected in this volume.
|Author||: Antoine Gedeon,Pascale Massiani,Florence Babonneau|
|Release Date||: 2008-08-19|
|ISBN 10||: 9780080951614|
|Pages||: 1442 pages|
The present book "Zeolites and Related Materials: Trends, Targets and Challenges" reports the communications that have been presented at the 4th International FEZA (Federation of European Zeolite Associations) Conference in Paris, September 3-6, 2008. It gives an excellent overview of the present state of the art of ordered nanoporous solids including zeolites as well as synthetic layered materials (clays), nanosized molecular sieves, ordered mesoporous solids, metal-organic-framework compounds (MOFs), carbons, etc. with emphasis on the synthesis, comprehensive characterization and advanced applications. The significant research activities in this domain are due to the outstanding properties of those nanoporous materials that concentrate the collaborative efforts of researchers from material science, chemistry, physical chemistry and physics. The understanding and development of the unique properties of porous materials relies on a unique blend of multidisciplinary knowledge covering material science, with the implication of organic and colloid chemistry, to prepare micro- and mesoporous materials; surface and adsorption sciences sustained by theory and modelling to understand the peculiar behaviour of molecules in confined systems; special branches of catalysis, physics, chemical engineering and life science to design novel applications. * This book summarizes the developments in the area of nanoporous solids at the dawn of the 21st century, useful for both students/young researchers entering the field of nanoporous materials, as well as for senior scientists * Also summarizes the new family of porous compounds, e.g. MOF's and ordered porous carbon * The present state-of-the-art and prospects of nanoporous solids for advanced applications is discussed
This book covers the latest research on porous materials at the submicron scale and inspires readers to better understand the porosity of materials, as well as to develop innovative new materials. A comprehensive range of materials are covered, including carbon-based and organic-based porous materials, porous anodic alumina, silica, and titania-based sol-gel materials. The fabrication, characterization, and applications of these materials are all explored, with applications ranging from sensors, thermoelectrics, catalysis, energy storage, to photovoltaics. Also of practical use for readers are chapters that describe the basics of porous silicon fabrication and its use in optical sensing and drug delivery applications; how thermal transport is affected in porous materials; how to model diffusion in porous materials; and a unique chapter on an innovative spectroscopic technique used to characterize materials' porosity. This is an ideal book for graduate students, researchers, and professionals who work with porous materials.
This book contains 99 of the papers that were presented at the 6th in the series of Symposia on Characterization of Porous Solids held in Alicante, Spain, May 2002. Written by leading international specialists in the subject, the contributions represent an up-to-date and authoritative account of recent developments around the world in the major methods used to characterize porous solids. The book is a useful work of reference for anyone interested in characterizing porous solids, such as MCM-41 mesoporous materials, pillared clays, etc. Papers on pore structure determination using gas adsorption feature strongly, together with papers on small angle scattering methods, mercury porosimetry, microcalorimetry, scanning probe microscopies, and image analysis.
Reviews the most interesting materials on the market concerning self-ordering, including macroporous silicon, porous alumina, MCM41 and photonic bandgap.
Porous materials are of scientific and technological importance because of the presence of voids of controllable dimensions at the atomic, molecular, and nanometer scales, enabling them to discriminate and interact with molecules and clusters. Interestingly the big deal about this class of materials is about the “nothingness” within — the pore space. International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) classifies porous materials into three categories — micropores of less than 2 nm in diameter, mesopores between 2 and 50 nm, and macropores of greater than 50 nm. In this book, nanoporous materials are defined as those porous materials with pore diameters less than 100 nm. Over the last decade, there has been an ever increasing interest and research effort in the synthesis, characterization, functionalization, molecular modeling and design of nanoporous materials. The main challenges in research include the fundamental understanding of structure-property relations and tailor-design of nanostructures for specific properties and applications. Research efforts in this field have been driven by the rapid growing emerging applications such as biosensor, drug delivery, gas separation, energy storage and fuel cell technology, nanocatalysis and photonics. These applications offer exciting new opportunities for scientists to develop new strategies and techniques for the synthesis and applications of these materials. This book provides a series of systematic reviews of the recent developments in nanoporous materials. It covers the following topics: (1) synthesis, processing, characterization and property evaluation; (2) functionalization by physical and/or chemical treatments; (3) experimental and computational studies on fundamental properties, such as catalytic effects, transport and adsorption, molecular sieving and biosorption; (4) applications, including photonic devices, catalysis, environmental pollution control, biological molecules separation and isolation, sensors, membranes, hydrogen and energy storage, etc. Contents:Nanoporous Materials — An Overview (G Q Lu & X S Zhao)Advances in Mesoporous Materials Templated by Nonionic Block Copolymers (C Yu et al.)Zeolite/Mesoporous Molecular Sieve Composite Materials (D T On & S Kaliaguine)Chromium-Containing Ordered Nanoporous Materials (P Selvam)Surfactant-Templated Mesostructured Materials: Synthesis and Compositional Control (M S Wong & W V Knowles)Organic Host-Guest Structures in the Solid State (A Nangia)Nonsurfactant Route to Nanoporous Phenyl-Modified Hybrid Silica Materials (Y Wei et al.)3D Macroporous Photonic Materials Templated by Self Assembled Colloidal Spheres (Z C Zhou & X S Zhao)Hydrophobic Microporous Silica Membranes for Gas Separation and Membrane Reactors (S Giessler et al.)Synthesis and Characterization of Carbon Nanotubes for Hydrogen Storage (H-M Cheng et al.)Physical Adsorption Characterization of Ordered and Amorphous Mesoporous Materials (M Thommes)Molecular Simulation of Adsorption in Porous Materials (D Nicholson)Surface Functionalization of Ordered Nanoporous Silicates (X S Zhao et al.)Surface Alumination of Mesoporous Silicates (R Mokaya)Acidity Measurement of Nanoporous Aluminosilicates — Zeolites and MCM-41 (J Zheng et al.)Nanocatalysts Prepared by the Molecularly Designed Dispersion Process (P Cool et al.)Acidity-enhanced Nanoporous Catalytic Materials (F-S Xiao & Y Han)Modified Mesoporous Materials as Acid and Base Catalysts (D J Macquarrie)Lewis Acid/Base Catalysts Supported on Nanoporous Silica as Environmental Catalysts (V R Choudhary & B S Uphade)Nanoporous Catalysts for Shape-Selective Synthesis of Specialty Chemicals: A Review of Synthesis of 4,4'-Dialkylbiphenyl (J-P Shen & C Song)Catalysis Involving Mesoporous Molecular Sieves (W S Ahn et al.)Adsorption and Transport in Nanoporous Materials (J P B Mota)Adsorption of Organic Molecules in Nanoporous Adsorbents from Aqueous Solution (R Denoyel)Functionalized Nanoporous Adsorbents for Environmental Remediation (M C Burleigh & S Dai)Nanoporous Adsorbents for Air Pollutant Removal (P Le Cloirrec)Bioadsorption and Separation with Nanoporous Materials (A Daehler et al.)Nanoporous Materials as Supports for Enzyme Immobilization (H H P Yiu & P A Wright)A Novel Non-surfactant Route to Nanoporous Materials and its Biological Applications (Y Wei & K-Y Qiu) Readership: Researchers in nanotechnology, chemical engineering, physical chemistry and solid state chemistry.
Characterisation of Porous Solids IV provides an up-to-date survey on both theoretical and applied aspects of this important topic in one comprehensive volume. Covering international research, many areas of this multidisciplinary subject are covered in detail, including computer simulation methods applied to porous solids and aspects of model mesoporous solids such as MCM-41. As well as insights into state-of-the-art research, an indication of the likely directions of future developments is also given. While of specific interest to materials scientists, chemists and chemical engineers, Characterisation of Porous Solids IV will also have a wider appeal to scientists and engineers whose work, either directly or indirectly, involves the study or use of porous solids.