oil wealth and federal conflict in american petrofederations

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Oil Wealth and Federal Conflict in American Petrofederations
Author : Beni Trojbicz
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2021-11-15
ISBN 10 : 9780128220726
Pages : 218 pages

Oil wealth and Federal Conflict in American Petrofederations documents the critical relationship between oil rents and federal conflicts, illustrated with six representative cross-regional case studies. Each case study discusses encompasses qualitative, quantitative and comparative elements under a common structure. With each petrofederation ranging in conflict types and modalities, the work as a whole identifies key differences including oil rent decentralization (in terms of resource property, sector management and distribution of revenues); sectoral importance (considered at national and subnational levels); and federation redistribution policy (in terms of fiscal federal imbalance, fiscal equalization, and oil rent use for regional equity). Collectively, it generalizes a consistent theory of causality between oil rents and federal conflicts that take into account systemic variables. Its conclusions serve as a guide for researchers and policymakers seeking pathways to translate oil rents into development and stability. Reviews the intimate relationship between the oil sector and its governance in the political system Provides comparative analysis of the regulation, political institutions, rent decentralization, sectoral importance, and rents redistributive policy of the oil sector Generalizes approaches to the causality between oil rents and federal conflicts, including implications for policymakers

Social Issues in Transport Planning
Author : N.A
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2021-09-15
ISBN 10 : 9780128229828
Pages : 300 pages

Advances in Transport Policy and Planning assesses both successful and unsuccessful practices and policies from around the world on the topic. Provides the authority and expertise of leading contributors from an international board of authors Presents the latest release in the Advances in Transport Policy and Planning series

The Era of Chinese Multinationals
Author : Lourdes Casanova,Anne Miroux
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2019-11
ISBN 10 : 0128168579
Pages : 224 pages

Chinese multinationals have grown in size and increased their global presence dramatically over the last decade. They have emerged as formidable competitors for western incumbents. These firms have instigated profound changes, such as displaced trade and investment flows, new business models, and the emergence of a new geography of global innovation. In a single volume, The Era of Chinese Multinationals captures the forces driving the disruptive growth of Chinese multinational corporations. Following a presentation of the surge of Chinese companies, the book turns to corporate characteristics of those firms and how they compare with western multinationals in terms of revenues, profits, branding, and business strategy. The book uses data and case studies to depict the relevant issues with the goal of providing insights to global executives on collaborating and competing with Chinese companies. Covers the Chinese government's expansionist policies and Chinese firms' new role as a global acquirer of companies Examines common characteristics of Chinese companies and their efforts to make China an innovation hub Illustrates its analysis with case studies and interviews with corporate executives and experts in multilateral institutions

IFRS 9 and CECL Credit Risk Modelling and Validation
Author : Tiziano Bellini
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2019-02-08
ISBN 10 : 012814940X
Pages : 316 pages

IFRS 9 and CECL Credit Risk Modelling and Validation covers a hot topic in risk management. Both IFRS 9 and CECL accounting standards require Banks to adopt a new perspective in assessing Expected Credit Losses. The book explores a wide range of models and corresponding validation procedures. The most traditional regression analyses pave the way to more innovative methods like machine learning, survival analysis, and competing risk modelling. Special attention is then devoted to scarce data and low default portfolios. A practical approach inspires the learning journey. In each section the theoretical dissertation is accompanied by Examples and Case Studies worked in R and SAS, the most widely used software packages used by practitioners in Credit Risk Management. Offers a broad survey that explains which models work best for mortgage, small business, cards, commercial real estate, commercial loans and other credit products Concentrates on specific aspects of the modelling process by focusing on lifetime estimates Provides an hands-on approach to enable readers to perform model development, validation and audit of credit risk models

The Economics and Politics of China’s Energy Security Transition
Author : Hongtu Zhao
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2018-09-05
ISBN 10 : 0128151536
Pages : 394 pages

The Economics and Politics of China’s Energy Security Transition clarifies China’s energy and foreign policies through a comprehensive examination of energy sources, providing an insider’s unique perspective for assessing China’s energy policies. China’s historic decline in coal consumption since 2013-2014 and a plateauing of its carbon dioxide emissions have given China an unprecedented opportunity to decarbonize while growing its economy. In response to global questions about China’s institutional, administrative, and political challenges and risks, this book provides the answers that everyone is asking. Provides a rare assessment of China’s energy policies and reveals insights into the Chinese government Devotes attention to issues of global energy governance and energy sanctions Includes data and reference content suitable for researchers in economics, sustainability, energy policy, geopolitics and political science

Measuring Economic Growth and Productivity
Author : Barbara M. Fraumeni
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2019-11-08
ISBN 10 : 0128175974
Pages : 554 pages

Measuring Economic Growth and Productivity: Foundations, KLEMS Production Models, and Extensions presents new insights into the causes, mechanisms and results of growth in national and regional accounts. It demonstrates the versatility and usefulness of the KLEMS databases, which generate internationally comparable industry-level data on outputs, inputs and productivity. By rethinking economic development beyond existing measurements, the book's contributors align the measurement of growth and productivity to contemporary global challenges, addressing the need for measurements as well as the Gross Domestic Product. All contributors in this foundational volume are recognized experts in their fields, all inspired by the path-breaking research of Dale W. Jorgenson. Demonstrates how an approach based on sources of economic growth (KLEMS – capital, labor, energy, materials and services) can be used to analyze economic growth and productivity Includes examples covering the G7, E7, EU, Latin America, Norway, China, Taiwan, Japan, Korea, India and other South Asian countries Examines the effects of digital, information, communication and integrated technologies on national and regional economies

Practicing Forensic Criminology
Author : Kevin Fox Gotham,Daniel Bruce Kennedy
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2019-05-29
ISBN 10 : 0128155965
Pages : 300 pages

Practicing Forensic Criminology draws on examples from actual court cases and expert witness reports and testimony to demonstrate the merits and uses of substantive criminological knowledge in the applied setting of civil law and the courts. Throughout the book, the authors provide a highly readable, informative discussion of how forensic criminologists can apply their research and teaching skills to assist judges and juries in rendering legal decisions. Engaging and lively, the chapters include excerpts from forensic criminological investigations, in-depth discussions of the methodological and analytical bases of these investigations, and important lessons learned from real litigation cases. Case examples are drawn from the forensic realms of premises liability, administrative negligence, workplace violence, wrongful conviction litigation, and litigation involving police departments and corrections facilities. Well referenced and thoroughly researched, Practicing Forensic Criminology serves as an introduction to the vast and heterogeneous field of forensic social science that is rapidly changing and expanding. This unique and original book guides readers through the research work of expert witnesses working as consultants, researchers, and crime analysts and investigators. Offering expert criminological insights into litigation cases, the chapters reveal how forensic social science research can be an effective mechanism for reaching beyond the academy to influence public policy reform and legal proceedings. Practicing Forensic Criminology will appeal to a diverse audience, including social scientists, criminal justice students and researchers, expert witnesses, attorneys, judges, and students of judicial proceedings seeking to understand the value and impact of criminology in the civil court system. Introduces readers to the impact of evidence-based criminological theory and forensic social science investigations in the legal system Demonstrates the usefulness of forensic criminology as a research tool, revealing novel relational dynamics among crime events and the larger socio-spatial context Advances the development of a "translational criminology" – i.e., the translation of knowledge from criminological theory and research to forensic practice – as an expedient to forming robust interactive relationships among criminological social scientists and policy makers

Psychopathy and Criminal Behavior
Author : Paulo Barbosa Marques,Mauro Paulino,Laura Alho
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2021-03-15
ISBN 10 : 9780128114193
Pages : 250 pages

Psychopathy and Criminal Behavior: Current Trends and Challenges fills a gap in the market by covering new topics and angles not addressed in other literature. The book's authors approach the interaction of psychopathy with different types of crime, reflecting on comorbidity with other disorders, symptoms and emotional function. In addition to examining questions of prevention and treatment, they present new developments with solid theory and scientific evidence, also addressing forensic realities. This is a must-have guide for practitioners, students or anyone interested in psychopathy, criminal behavior and the various avenues of treatment. Provides a direct and concise approach, reflecting on the construct of psychopathy and its implications in forensic settings Includes sections on models of development in psychopathy and the neuropsychological fundamentals of the role of psychopathy in violent behavior Written for researchers, practitioners and students

Comparative Federalism
Author : Thomas O. Hueglin,Alan Fenna
Publisher : University of Toronto Press
Release Date : 2015
ISBN 10 : 144260722X
Pages : 400 pages

Comparative Federalism: A Systematic Inquiry, Second Edition is a uniquely comprehensive, analytic, and genuinely comparative introduction to the principles and practices, as well as the institutional compromises, of federalism. Hueglin and Fenna draw from their diverse research on federal systems to focus on four main models--America, Canada, Germany, and the European Union--but also to range widely over other cases. At the heart of the book is careful analysis of the relationship between constitutional design and amendment, fiscal relations, institutional structures, intergovernmental relations, and judicial review. Such analysis serves the dual role of helping the reader understand federalism and providing a comparative framework from which to assess the record of federal systems. The second edition has been extensively revised and updated, taking into account new developments in federal systems and incorporating insights from the growing body of literature in the field. It includes two new chapters, "Fiscal Federalism" and "The Limits of Federalism."

Autophagy in Health and Disease
Author : Beverly Rothermel,Abhinav Diwan
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2021-08-15
ISBN 10 : 9780128220030
Pages : 336 pages

Autophagy in Health and Disease, Second Edition provides a comprehensive overview of the process of autophagy and its impact on human physiology and pathophysiology. The editors expand the coverage from the 1st edition - focused on the cardiovascular system, where research started - to all cell types and organ systems. Starting with the foundational concepts, part I provides an overview of the area, including: history, trajectory of the research field, mechanisms of autophagy, and its regulation. Part I also cover developmental aspects, including: stem cells, embryogenesis, hematopoiesis, and paligenosis. Part II is devoted to applications to several systems in the human body including: Metabolic control and Diabetes, Cardiovascular, Nervous, Immune, Gastrointestinal, and Skeletal. The final chapters provide additional disease considerations, covering cancer, longevity, disease mechanisms, and the therapeutic targeting of Autophagy. This book is invaluable to anyone new to the field, as well as established investigators who are looking for a broader understanding of autophagy outside their specific field of study. Provides a comprehensive overview of the process of autophagy and its impact on human physiology and pathophysiology Extended coverage of the mechanisms mediating autophagy Coverage the role of autophagy in stem cells and iPSCs, as well as the regenerative process of "paligenosis” New sections on Metabolic Control and Diabetes include separate chapters covering the liver, adipose, pancreas, and skeletal muscle New section will on the nervous system and neurodegeneration New chapter on cancer and cancer therapeutics

The Forum of Federations Handbook of Federal Countries 2020
Author : Ann Griffiths,Rupak Chattopadhyay,John Light,Carl Stieren
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release Date : 2020-10-24
ISBN 10 : 3030420884
Pages : 404 pages

Federal models of government have shaped history and demonstrated how diverse people can live together and govern together in relative harmony. The Forum of Federations Handbook of Federal Countries 2020 builds on the previous 2005 edition and offers a much-needed update to this signature resource in comparative federalism. Outlining every federal country in the world, each chapter provides a brief yet comprehensive overview of the history of federalism in its specific country, the constitutional nature of federalism, and recent historical dynamics. As new countries have joined the Federal ranks, this handbook brings readers up to speed offering an authoritative look at both the older federal countries as well as new federal countries like Nepal. The Forum of Federations Handbook of Federal Countries 2020 is an essential resource for academics, researchers, university students, libraries, history and governance teachers, politicians and civil servants, and casual observers of federalism.

Urban Sustainable Energy Transitions
Author : Miguel Amado,Francesca Poggi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2021-11-01
ISBN 10 : 0128242787
Pages : 242 pages

Urban Sustainable Energy Transitions brings together empirical and applied research in both urban planning and sustainable energy, offering coherent and innovate best practices for urban energy transition planning. Using a multidisciplinary framework, the book views cities as an integrated system composed of components such as neighborhoods and districts within an overall net-zero energy balance. Intended for academics, practitioners and policymakers interested in sustainable energy transition, the book offers insights and best practices to promote the transition to a low carbon urban society. Includes real-world case studies from around the globe Examines replicable tools such as GIS, BIM and the E-City Platform for developing and implementing energy-efficient urban models Provides learning aids such as figures, maps, conceptual models, operative schemes, literature reviews, guideline tables, extensive bibliography, and links