|Author||: Izabela Sadowska-Bartosz,Grzegorz Bartosz|
|Publisher||: Academic Press|
|Release Date||: 2018-11-15|
|ISBN 10||: 9780128143056|
|Pages||: 252 pages|
There is increased understanding of the fate of intracellular and extracellular proteins, including the many types of posttranslational modifications that proteins undergo. Among these modifications, non-enzymatic protein modifications play a special role. These are unavoidable products of side reactions of reactive metabolites, and often damage proteins and induce loss of function. Non-Enzymatic Protein Modifications in Health, Diseases and Ageing discusses each type of non-enzymatic protein, both introducing non-enzymatic protein modifications, and reviewing the state of the art, presenting updates and current trends. The book covers various aspects of the subject, including formation and removal of modified proteins, their roles in disease, preventative methods, and possible roles in cellular signalling. Finally, the book not only provides well-established facts, but also discusses current hypotheses and controversies. Provides the basic chemical knowledge necessary to understand non-enzymatic protein modifications, of particular use to researchers looking for an introduction to and overview of the field Combines a systematic chemical introduction to non-enzymatic protein modifications with a review of the state of the art Presents together, types of non-enzymatic protein usually reported and reviewed separately Considers current hypotheses and controversies alongside the facts
|Author||: Syed Ibrahim Rizvi,Ufuk Çakatay|
|Release Date||: 2018-11-02|
|ISBN 10||: 9811316996|
|Pages||: 386 pages|
This book describes the nature of aging, age-related disorders, and the molecular principles of emerging strategies for anti-aging interventions, while also discussing the discovery of targets for geroprotective drugs. Although significant medical advances in the treatment and eradication of life-threatening conditions such as cardiovascular and infectious disease have been made over the past five decades, the prevalence of age-related disorders still remains high in older populations. Intervening into aging is the next frontier in contemporary medicine, and will be of increasing importance over time, as other sources of poor health are combated more and more successfully. Given the universal interest in anti-aging strategies, the book will appeal to a very broad audience. It addresses a diverse range of anti-aging interventions – including stem cells, autophagy, senolytics, anti-inflammatory methods, and telomerase induction – that will be of interest to scientists and researchers from various disciplines in the life sciences.
Aging is loosely defined as the accumulation of changes in an organism over time. At the cellular level such changes are distinct and multidimensional: DNA replication ceases, cells stop dividing, they become senescent and eventually die. DNA metabolism and chromosomal maintenance, together with protein metabolism are critical in the aging process. The focus of this book is on the role of protein metabolism and homeostasis in aging. An overview is provided of the current knowledge in the area, including protein synthesis, accuracy and repair, post-translational modifications, degradation and turnover, and how they define and influence aging. The chapters mainly focus on well-characterised factors and pathways, but new areas are also presented, where associations with aging are just being elucidated by current experimental data. Protein turnover, the balance between protein synthesis and protein degradation are carefully maintained in healthy cells. Chapters 1 and 2 illustrate that aging cells are characterised by alterations in the rate, level and accuracy of protein synthesis compared to young ones, and that mRNA translation, essential for cell growth and survival, is controlled at multiple levels. The theory that growth and somatic maintenance are believed to be antagonistic processes is described in Chapter 3: inhibition of protein synthesis results in decreased rates of growth and development, but also confers an extension of lifespan, as shown for example by the effects of dietary restriction in various models organisms.
This volume will be a reliable source on the management of the elderly with renal disease. There is an ever-increasing proportion of the aging population affected by renal disease and hypertension, and physicians are faced with atypical clinical presentations of renal disease in the aged as compared to younger people. This volume combines the fields of nephrology and geriatrics and presents a multidisciplinary approach to the topic.
Does a longer life mean a healthier life? The number of adults over 65 in the United States is growing, but many may not be aware that they are at greater risk from foodborne diseases and their nutritional needs change as they age. The IOM's Food Forum held a workshop October 29-30, 2009, to discuss food safety and nutrition concerns for older adults.
Mitochondria are crucial organelles for any cell type. Mitochondria take responsibility for not only energy production but also regulation of cell death, also called apoptosis; calcium storage; and heat production. Therefore, mitochondrial disease is implicated in the mode of action of many harmful factors for cells such as drugs and environmental contaminants, dysfunction of the oxygen transport system, malnutrition, intense exercise, and genetic variations. This book presents up-to-date knowledge about mitochondrial disease and its complex relation to some diseases such as cardiac failure, cancer, and Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases. This book will, therefore, be essential for readers who are interested in life sciences, especially in medicine.
|Author||: National Academy of Sciences (U.S.)|
|Release Date||: 1999|
|Pages||: 329 pages|
Protein Modificomics: From Modifications to Clinical Perspectives comprehensively deals with all of the most recent aspects of post-translational modification (PTM) of proteins, including discussions on diseases involving PTMs, such as Alzheimer's, Huntington's, X-linked spinal muscular atrophy-2, aneurysmal bone cyst, angelman syndrome and OFC10. The book also discusses the role PTMs play in plant physiology and the production of medicinally important primary and secondary metabolites. The understanding of PTMs in plants helps us enhance the production of these metabolites without greatly altering the genome, providing robust eukaryotic systems for the production and isolation of desired products without considerable downstream and isolation processes. Provides thorough insights into the post translational modifications (PTMs) of proteins in both the plant and animal kingdom Presents diagrammatic representations of various protein modification and estimation mechanisms in four-color Includes coverage of diseases involving post translational modifications