Some people suffer from chronic, debilitating disorders for which no conventional treatment brings relief. Can marijuana ease their symptoms? Would it be breaking the law to turn to marijuana as a medication? There are few sources of objective, scientifically sound advice for people in this situation. Most books about marijuana and medicine attempt to promote the views of advocates or opponents. To fill the gap between these extremes, authors Alison Mack and Janet Joy have extracted critical findings from a recent Institute of Medicine study on this important issue, interpreting them for a general audience. Marijuana As Medicine? provides patients--as well as the people who care for them--with a foundation for making decisions about their own health care. This empowering volume examines several key points, including: Whether marijuana can relieve a variety of symptoms, including pain, muscle spasticity, nausea, and appetite loss. The dangers of smoking marijuana, as well as the effects of its active chemical components on the immune system and on psychological health. The potential use of marijuana-based medications on symptoms of AIDS, cancer, multiple sclerosis, and several other specific disorders, in comparison with existing treatments. Marijuana As Medicine? introduces readers to the active compounds in marijuana. These include the principal ingredient in Marinol, a legal medication. The authors also discuss the prospects for developing other drugs derived from marijuana's active ingredients. In addition to providing an up-to-date review of the science behind the medical marijuana debate, Mack and Joy also answer common questions about the legal status of marijuana, explaining the conflict between state and federal law regarding its medical use. Intended primarily as an aid to patients and caregivers, this book objectively presents critical information so that it can be used to make responsible health care decisions. Marijuana As Medicine? will also be a valuable resource for policymakers, health care providers, patient counselors, medical faculty and students--in short, anyone who wants to learn more about this important issue.
The medical use of marijuana is surrounded by a cloud of social, political, and religious controversy, which obscures the facts that should be considered in the debate. This book summarizes what we know about marijuana from evidence-based medicine--the harm it may do and the relief it may bring to patients. The book helps the reader understand not only what science has to say about medical marijuana but also the logic behind the scientific conclusions. Marijuana and Medicine addresses the science base and the therapeutic effects of marijuana use for medical conditions such as glaucoma and multiple sclerosis. It covers marijuana's mechanism of action, acute and chronic effects on health and behavior, potential adverse effects, efficacy of different delivery systems, analysis of the data about marijuana as a gateway drug, and the prospects for developing cannabinoid drugs. The book evaluates how well marijuana meets accepted standards for medicine and considers the conclusions of other blue-ribbon panels. Full of useful facts, this volume will be important to anyone interested in informed debate about the medical use of marijuana: advocates and opponents as well as policymakers, regulators, and health care providers.
Addictive behaviors beg for an informed explanation to guide patients, families, students, and clinicians through the maddening and often incomprehensible nature of the addictions. Too often addiction is perceived to be merely a moral weakness or purely a brain disease, ignoring the deep personal pain that can permeate the lives of the addicted. But taking an honest look at the underlying emotional or mental issues can more clearly illuminate not only the causes of the addiction, but also the cure. Doctors Edward J. Khantzian and Mark J. Albanese, leading researchers in the field of addiction, see addictions primarily as a kind of self medication—a self medication that can temporarily soothe anxiety or pain, but that ultimately wreaks havoc on the lives and health of both the addicted and their loved ones. With practical advice, compelling case studies, and nuanced theory drawn from their years in clinical practice, Doctors Khantzian and Albanese look at the core reasons behind many addictions and provide a pathway to hope. Understanding Addiction as Self Medication looks at a range of addictions, including alcohol and substance abuse, and clearly explains how to understand other addictive behaviors through the lens of the Self Medication Hypothesis. This book provides a much-needed guide to both understanding addictions and working towards healing.
Catch up with current theories on a major public health menace! Adolescent smoking has increasingly become a concern as a public health issue, yet the theoretical and empirical literature in the area remains skimpy. Nicotine Addiction Among Adolescents furnishes researchers and medical professionals with a comprehensive overview of current theories and statistics. Moreover, it offers fresh empirical research as well as suggestions for promising avenues of investigation. The first half of Nicotine Addiction Among Adolescents provides a solid conceptual and practical context for studying adolescent nicotine addiction, drawing on the most advanced scholarly studies of why teenagers start smoking and the process of addiction. The second half evaluates nicotine replacement therapy, smoking interventions among substance-abusing adolescents, and smoking among teenage girls. Nicotine Addiction Among Adolescents addresses all phases of adolescent tobacco use. This valuable guide details: the pharmacological, psychological, and developmental factors that influence teen smoking behavior the hidden connection between depression, gender, and cigarettes the grounds for the debate over whether most teens become addicted to nicotine emerging practices and methods to help adolescents stop smoking links between smoking and other kinds of substance abuse ways to improve prevention and intervention programs unanswered questions about teenage smoking that demand further research Nicotine Addiction Among Adolescents recognizes the need for developmentally sensitive approaches for conceptualizing and treating nicotine addiction and offers you thought-provoking strategies and models that will spark future research.
Nicotine is almost universally believed to be the major factor that motivates smoking and impedes cessation. Authorities such as the Surgeon General of the USA and the Royal College of Physicians in the UK have declared that nicotine is as addictive as heroin and cocaine. This book is a critique of the nicotine addiction hypothesis, based on a critical review of the research literature that purports to prove that nicotine is as addictive drug. The review is based on a re-examination of more than 700 articles and books on this subject, including animal and human experimental studies, effects of `nicotine replacement therapies', and many other relevant sources. This review concludes that on present evidence, there is every reason to reject the generally accepted theory that nicotine has a major role in cigarette smoking. A critical examination of the criteria for drug addiction demonstrates that none of these criteria is met by nicotine, and that it is much more likely that nicotine in fact limits rather than facilitates smoking.
|Author||: Patrizia Campolongo,Liana Fattore|
|Release Date||: 2015-05-18|
|ISBN 10||: 1493922947|
|Pages||: 471 pages|
The endocannabinoid system consists of cannabinoid receptors, their endogenous lipid ligands (endocannabinoids) and the enzymatic machinery for their synthesis and degradation. In the brain, endocannabinoids regulate ion channel activity and neurotransmitter release and thereby contribute to various aspects of brain function, including memory, reward and emotions. Their ability to modulate synaptic efficacy has a wide range of functional consequences and provides unique therapeutic possibilities. Unprecedented advances have been made in the understanding of the role of endocannabinoids in the regulation of the emotional brain over the past few years. However, a comprehensive book encompassing all these aspects is still lacking. The book will provide an overview of the role played by the endocannabinoid system in the regulation of emotional processes with particular emphasis on the modulation of memory and reward for emotionally arousing events and for the regulation of motivational aspects in cannabis use.
This state-of-the-science review looks at all aspects of cannabis dependence, from whether it occurs to how to prevent it.
The Making of a Smokeless Survivor Surviving the Habit, a Nicotine Addicts Guide to Quitting Smoking, is your call to become a smokeless survivor. The program is designed using six narrative chapters each with a corresponding workbook to help tobacco users conquer their craving cycle and quit smoking for good. Your program will begin with desire building work to develop a quitting thought process. You will become familiar with nicotine dependency/tobacco use disorder and the idea of being a nicotine addict. You will be use tools such as a smokers time table and a food intake formula to begin quitting and avoid weight gain. You will develop a relapse prevention plan using five unique concepts and will be given tools to integrate spirituality into your daily life.
Although primarily used today as one of the most prevalent illicit leisure drugs, the use of Cannabis sativa L., commonly referred to as marijuana, for medicinal purposes has been reported for more than 5000 years. Marijuana use has been shown to create numerous health problems, and, consequently, the expanding use beyond medical purposes into recreational use (abuse) resulted in control of the drug through international treaties. Much research has been carried out over the past few decades following the identification of the chemical structure of THC in 1964. The purpose of Marijuana and the Cannabinoids is to present in a single volume the comprehensive knowledge and experience of renowned researchers and scientists. Each chapter is written independently by an expert in his/her field of endeavor, ranging from the botany, the constituents, the chemistry and pharmacokinetics, the effects and consequences of illicit use on the human body, to the therapeutic potential of the cannabinoids.
This text examines the biological, psychological, and societal impact of marijuana. What are the effects, for mind and body, of long-term use? Are users more likely to abuse cocaine and heroine? What is the effect of the increasing potency of marijuana?
An estimated 40 million Americans have medical symptoms that marijuana can relieve. Marijuana Medical Handbook is a one-stop resource that gives candid, objective advice on using marijuana for healing, understanding its effects on the body, safe administration, targeting illnesses, side effects, and the various delivery methods from edibles and tinctures to smokeless vaporizer pipes. The book also details supply issues, cultivation solutions (in a chapter by renowned expert Ed Rosenthal), and legal consequences. This thoroughly revised edition incorporates the most up-to-date information on the ever-changing politics of marijuana, the plant's usage, and medical research on it.
If you want to learn how to quit smoking marijuana, then get this book. It's created by a real person who has real life experiencing quitting smoking marijuana. The book is a workbook on how to quit smoking marijuana. It provides a well detailed structure containing the steps towards recovery. Starting from the introductory part, we are made familiar with the general knowledge on marijuana and its abuse. How it causes dependence on the user and in no time they feel an addiction that could be problematic if they are not careful. We have tried as much as possible to relate with all the kinds of situations that could arise. In the book, we want to relate with the readers so that they are aware there have been people down that road. That recovery is real. That they can also get out of their addiction if they are really determined to. This book is user friendly and takes you through the steps towards recovery. We have explained in detail the importance of acceptance first. You will find what you need to have alongside the virtues you need to go by. The journey to recovery won’t be an easy. We have tried to simplify it as much as we can so that you find it in the easiest of terms and means. Thorough background checks on the involved are performed to find ways of helping them in the subsequent chapters. It is a well laid-out procedure that if followed properly will yield the best of results. The lists of options provided are easy to follow and work on. We take you through the steps of personal transformation. The variety of options in this book is to help you try other methods if one doesn’t work for you somehow. Inside you will find good insight on it. We hope you have a good read and quick recovery. About the Expert Michaela Wallace is a Maryland based writer who has watched her friends and family members get messed up by drugs, specifically marijuana. She has grown up living with them and therefore knows much about how it feels being an addict and not being able to quit. The experience she has written is personal and will take you through real life examples. The book will be of great help to users who are out to reform their lives and serious about it. Michaela has also watched her brothers get over their addictions in triumph and this is why she has written this to tell the affected out there that it is possible to quit your addiction. It doesn’t matter how deep you are into it, because it is possible to recover from it. HowExpert publishes quick 'how to' guides on all topics from A to Z by everyday experts.
Over a million people in the United States regularly smoke marijuana. Approximately 400,000 defendants each year are charged with the use, possession, sale, or cultivation of marijuana. MARIJUANA LAW describes how people can reduce the probability of arrest and defend themselves from prosecution if arrested. Readers will learn when a police officer can legally stop them; when they can be searched; when they have to be read their rights; what to do if an officer comes to their home with (or without) a search warrant; and how to counter many police tactics simply by knowing their rights. Contains information on the necessity defense in medical marijuana cases, drug testing, case law, and federal sentencing guidelines. It also contains practical tips on individual rights and avoiding surveillance. Includes appendices on the Bill of Rights, wallet cards, atate-by-state punishment for marijuana crimes, and the13 federal circuits; plus a thorough Index.
Smoking was and remains one of the most important public healthcare issues. It is estimated that every year six million people die as a result of tobacco consumption. Several diseases are caused or worsened by smoking: different cancer types, heart disease, stroke, lung diseases and others. In this book we describe the different toxic effects of smoke on the human body in active and in passive smokers. It is also well known that many people who smoke wish to quit, but they rarely succeed. Smoking prevention and cessation are of utmost importance, thus we also describe different strategies and aspects of these issues. We hope that this book will help readers to understand better the effects of smoking and learn about new ideas on how to effectively help other people to stop smoking.
Perfect for: Undergraduate Health science, Paramedic science, Nursing, Midwifery, Podiatry and Optometry students. Pharmacology for Health Professionals 4th Edition provides a comprehensive introduction to fundamental pharmacology principles and concepts. The fourth edition has been fully updated and revised to reflect the most up-to-date information on the clinical use of drugs, Australian and New Zealand scheduling, drug legislation and ethics. • Anatomy and physiology integrated throughout • Discipline-specific information integrated throughout and additional resources provided via Evolve • Key drug information at your fingertips: Drug Monographs, Drug Interactions Tables, Clinical Interest Boxes and key terms and abbreviations • End-of-chapter review exercises to test your understanding. • Evolve resources for both lecturer and student. • New and updated Drug Monographs describing important aspects of drugs and drug groups • Updated tables outlining detailed drug interactions occurring with major drug groups • Recent changes in the pharmacological management of major conditions • New Clinical Interest Boxes, including current New Zealand specific and pharmacological treatment of common diseases and conditions • Referencing most up-to-date reviews of drugs and major disease management • Guidelines for clinical choice and use of drugs • Enhanced information on the use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) modalities, with a focus on interactions between drugs and CAM therapies • Improved internal design for ease of navigation.
|Author||: Victor R. Preedy|
|Publisher||: Academic Press|
|Release Date||: 2016-03-07|
|ISBN 10||: 0128003766|
|Pages||: 1132 pages|
Neuropathology of Drug Addictions and Substance Misuse, Volume One: Foundations of Understanding, Tobacco, Alcohol, Cannabinoids, Opioids and Emerging Addictions provides the latest research in an area that shows that the neuropathological features of one addiction are often applicable to those of others. The book also details how a further understanding of these commonalties can provide a platform for the study of specific addictions in greater depth, all in an effort to create new modes of understanding, causation, prevention, and treatment. The three volumes in this series address new research and challenges, offering comprehensive coverage on the adverse consequences of the most common drugs of abuse, with each volume serving to update the reader’s knowledge on the broader field of addiction, while also deepening our understanding of specific addictive substances. Volume One addresses tobacco, alcohol, cannabinoids, and opioids, with each section providing data on the general, molecular/cellular, and structural/functional neurological aspects of a given substance, along with a focus on the adverse consequences of addictions. Provides a modern approach on the pathology of substances of abuse, offering an evidence based ethos for understanding the neurology of addictions Fills an existing gap in the literature by proving a one-stop-shopping synopsis of everything to do with the neuropathology of drugs of addiction and substance misuse Includes a list of abbreviations, abstracts, applications to other addictions and substance misuse, mini-dictionary of terms, summary points, 6+ figures and tables, and full references in each chapter Offers coverage of preclinical, clinical, and population studies, from the cell to whole organs, and the genome to whole body
|Author||: Yifrah Kaminer|
|Publisher||: Elsevier Health Sciences|
|Release Date||: 2010-06-29|
|ISBN 10||: 1455700207|
|Pages||: 225 pages|
This comprehensive issue on Substance Abuse in youth begins with articles on epidemiological trends, genetic risk factors, neurobiology of substance use disorders, and race and gender associations, and then provides detailed reviews on prevention and various treatment methodologies. Treatments discussed include individual and group interventions (motivational interviewing and cognitive behavioral therapy), contingency reinforcement, multidimentional family therapy, pharmacotherapy, and post-treatment aftercare. Also reviewed in detail are substance use disorders and psychiatric comorbidity. The issue then takes a close look at two emerging areas of concern in youth: gambling and internet occupation, and energy drink use. By all accounts, a must-read issue for psychiatrists everywhere.
This text offers an authoritative account of general medical and surgical conditions as they apply to the practice of dentistry and oral healthcare. Now established as the standard reference on the subject, Medical Problems in Dentistry is essential for students learning for the first time or practitioners needing to keep up-to-date with their knowledge. Detailed coverage outlines the complete relevance of systemic diseases and their treatment to dentistry – essential knowledge for the whole dental team User-friendly format allows ease of access to information whether for exam revision purposes or for a specific issue confronting staff in a busy clinical environment Clearly written with excellent use of illustrations, the book is an essential, easy to use, reliable source of information Text completely updated and re-organised to increase focus on the more dentally-relevant aspects of medicine and subject areas that have undergone recent change Entries more fully alphabetized to improve access to information Accompanying ‘key points boxes’ highlight the most crucial aspects of specific medical conditions Content peer-reviewed by a specialist Advisory Board to ensure accuracy of information and the inclusion of the latest advances Additional coverage of autoinflammatory disorders, biological response modifiers, craniofacial transplantation, drug reactions, drug-resistant microbial infections, osteonecrosis, and immune reconstitution syndrome Completely new entries such as alternative and complementary medicine, health promotion, men’s issues and occupational health New national and international guidelines, selected recent references and up-to-date websites