Neurosurgical Neuropsychology: The Practical Application of Neuropsychology in the Neurosurgical Practice comprehensively explains the use of neuropsychology in neurosurgical settings. The book covers various preoperative techniques that may benefit neurosurgeons, such as functional neuroimaging (fMRI, SPECT, MEG) for presurgical cognitive mapping, as well as more traditional methods to predict outcomes after surgery, including neurocognitive testing and the Wada procedure. The book's editors discuss why neuropsychologists add considerable value to the neurosurgical team. A wide range of patient populations are covered, ranging from Deep Brain Stimulation candidates for Parkinson’s disease, to adult and pediatric epilepsy candidates and neuro-oncology cases. This book is ideal for neurosurgeons, neuropsychologists, neuro-oncologists, epileptologists, general neurologists, and others who want to know more about the use of neuropsychology as a tool in the presurgical and postoperative phases of neurosurgery. Comprehensively explains the use of neuropsychology in neurosurgical settings Written for researchers and clinical practitioners, focusing on neurosurgery, neuropsychology, clinical neuroscience and neurology Discusses various techniques that may be of benefit to neurosurgeons, including presurgical and postoperative choices like functional neuroimaging (fMRI, SPECT, MEG) for presurgical cognitive mapping, neurocognitive testing, and the Wada procedure
For centuries, scientists had only one way to study the brain: wait for misfortune to strike - strokes, seizures, infections, lobotomies, horrendous accidents, phantom limbs, Siamese twins - and see how the victims changed afterwards. In many cases their survival was miraculous, and observers marvelled at the transformations that took place when different parts of the brain were destroyed. Parents suddenly couldn't recognise their children. Pillars of the community became pathological liars and paedophiles. Some people couldn't speak but could still sing. Others couldn't read but could write. The stories of these people laid the foundations of modern neuroscience and, century by century, key cases taught scientists what every last region of the brain did. With lucid explanations and incisive wit, Sam Kean explores the brain's secret passageways and recounts the forgotten tales of the ordinary individuals whose struggles, resilience and deep humanity made neuroscience possible.
Part of the Neurosurgery by Example series, this volume on surgical neuro-oncology presents exemplary cases in which renowned authors guide readers through the assessment and planning, decision making, surgical procedure, after care, and complication management of common and uncommon disorders. The cases explore a number of different types of nervous systems tumors, including glioblastoma, medulloblastoma, skull tumors, and more. Each chapter also contains 'pivot points' that illuminate changes required to manage patients in alternate or atypical situations, and pearls for accurate diagnosis, successful treatment, and effective complication management. Containing a focused review of medical evidence and expected outcomes, Surgical Neuro-Oncology is appropriate for neurosurgeons who wish to learn more about this subspecialty, and those preparing for the American Board of Neurological Surgery oral examination.
A compact, readable and highly-authoritative source of critical neurosurgical information, Neurosurgery has been produced with the participation of some of the world's leading neurosurgeons and neuroclinicians and is based on the curriculum of British, European and North American neurosurgical training programs. The book is extensively illustrated with hundreds of figures demonstrating the imaging features of all major neurosurgical pathologies, including diagrams explaining key anatomical and surgical concepts, and images showing the features of common brain tumours. There are key references at the end of each chapter and critical commentary of neurosurgical literature is also included. The handbook concisely covers all aspects of adult and paediatric neurosurgery. It is systematically and clearly broken down into easy-to-follow sections such as introductory basic concepts, definitions, epidemiology, pathology, clinical and neuroradiological characteristics, clinical management and decision making. Additional sections on operative treatment include the key critical surgical anatomy, and clear, step-by-step descriptions of common surgical techniques. Widely accepted practice guidelines, major classification schemes and common scales are clearly presented and explained.
Part of the Oxford Textbooks in Clinical Neurology series, the Oxford Textbook of Neuro-Oncology covers the pathophysiology, diagnosis, classification, and management of tumours of the nervous system. The book provides a comprehensive overview of tumour subtypes, in accordance with WHOclassifications, along with management plans for adult and paediatric populations. The international team of co-editors ensures that expert commentaries on existing and wide-reaching diagnostic and treatment guidelines (including NCCN and ESMO) are accessible by a global audience.
The first century of the MBL is celebrated here. A history of the institution, the biologists it nurtured, and their achievements. No index or bibliography. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR
The one-stop resource on deep brain stimulation for functional neurosurgeons! Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is used to modulate dysfunctional circuits in the brain with stimulation pulses applied to specific target areas of the brain. Globally, DBS procedures have been most commonly performed for Parkinson's disease and essential tremor, but there are now new and growing research efforts studying DBS for psychiatric disorders and epilepsy. Deep Brain Stimulation: Techniques and Practices written by the Society for Innovative Neuroscience in Neurosurgery along with Dr. William S. Anderson and distinguished experts presents the latest DBS approaches. The book begins with a history of DBS, general frame-based techniques, patient selection primarily for movement disorders, multidisciplinary collaboration, and ethical considerations. Subsequent chapters detail diverse technologies and disease-specific treatment for Parkinson's disease, essential tremor, dystonia, OCD, epilepsy, major depression, Tourette syndrome, emerging psychiatric indications, and pediatric applications. Key highlights Lead placement techniques utilizing currently available customized platforms and robotics Microelectrode recording and image-based direct targeting with MRI and CT to enhance lead placement Lesioning methods including radiofrequency, and MR-guided focused ultrasound Discussion of recent innovations in tractography to delineate white matter tracts in the brain and closed loop stimulation DBS has helped thousands of patients with intractable conditions, allowing for a programmable therapy with durable treatment effect. This remarkable guide provides the essentials for functional neurosurgeons to pursue intraoperative research opportunities in this growing subspecialty and incorporate DBS into clinical practice.
With engrossing stories from the OR and the lab, a leading neurosurgeon and neuroscientist explores the cutting-edge science that can be applied to everyday life for peak performance, improved memory, enhanced creativity, and much more. From the operating room, where he performs some of the riskiest surgeries around, to the lab, where he works on leading clinical trials, Dr. Rahul Jandial is on the cutting edge of the latest advancements in neuroscience. This fascinating book draws on Dr. Jandial’s broad-spectrum expertise and brings together the best of various fields—surgery, science, brain structure, the conscious mind—all to explain the bigger picture of brain health and rejuvenation. It is a journey into his operating room, around the world on his surgical missions, inside his laboratory, and to the outer edges of neuroscience to reveal the latest brain breakthroughs that are turning science fiction into reality, translating their implications for everyday life. Busting myths along the way, Jandial helps readers get wired for success at work and school, perform better when the pressure is on, boost memory, control stress and emotions, minimize pain, stick to a healthy eating plan, unleash creativity, raise smarter kids, and stay sharp as they age. Combining the treatment guidelines he gives his patients, the most promising concepts from frontier science, and the smartest super-achiever hacks, he provides practical takeaways for optimizing brain function and leading a healthier, happier, more productive life.
Meningiomas, Volume 169, Part One, serves as a comprehensive review of the neurosurgical issues surrounding this extremely common brain tumor. Few procedures in surgery are more immediately formidable than an attack upon a large tumor of this type. In this volume of the Handbook of Clinical Neurology, experts in the field - from basic scientists to skilled neurosurgeons - have provided up-to-date synopses of each topic as it relates to this class of tumor. Surgical and radiation therapy, which remain the mainstays of treatment, are a major focus, but coverage also includes potential molecular avenues for the development of effective medical treatments. Provides current reviews of neurosurgical issues, such as endoscopic surgery, molecular biology of meningiomas, and the role of different radiation oncology treatment modalities and drug therapies Addresses multiple patient populations – children, elderly and those with multiple or radiation-induced tumors Offers a strong focus on anatomy and surgical approaches Features leaders in neurosurgery and neuro-oncology from around the globe – the broadest, most expert coverage available
From New York Times bestselling author Sam Kean comes incredible stories of science, history, finance, mythology, the arts, medicine, and more, as told by the Periodic Table. Why did Gandhi hate iodine (I, 53)? How did radium (Ra, 88) nearly ruin Marie Curie's reputation? And why is gallium (Ga, 31) the go-to element for laboratory pranksters?* The Periodic Table is a crowning scientific achievement, but it's also a treasure trove of adventure, betrayal, and obsession. These fascinating tales follow every element on the table as they play out their parts in human history, and in the lives of the (frequently) mad scientists who discovered them. THE DISAPPEARING SPOON masterfully fuses science with the classic lore of invention, investigation, and discovery--from the Big Bang through the end of time. *Though solid at room temperature, gallium is a moldable metal that melts at 84 degrees Fahrenheit. A classic science prank is to mold gallium spoons, serve them with tea, and watch guests recoil as their utensils disappear.
This book provides a concise, up-to-date overview on homonymous visual field defects, and especially homonymous hemianopia. All aspects of the subject are covered, from anatomy and pathophysiology to diagnosis and management. Emphasis is placed on practical issues and major advances in ophthalmology, neurology, imaging techniques, and psychology. Rehabilitation strategies are described, and methods supporting compensation strategies are recommended. A separate chapter considers driving with homonymous hemianopia, which represents one of the critical issues in traffic ophthalmology. This book will be of particular value to ophthalmologists, neurologists, neurosurgeons, and neuroscientists. It will be an invaluable asset in diagnostic and treatment decision making in patients with homonymous visual field defects, which are the most frequent type of visual field deficit after acquired unilateral postchiasmal brain damage.
Updated and revised, the second edition of Handbook of Brain Microcircuits covers the functional organization of 50 brain regions. This now-classic text uses an interdisciplinary approach to examine the integration of structure, function, electrophysiology, pharmacology, brain imaging, and behavior. Through uniquely concise and authoritative chapters by leaders in their fields, the Handbook of Brain Microcircuits synthesizes many of the new principles of microcircuit organization that are defining a new era in understanding the brain connectome, integrating the major neuronal pathways and essential microcircuits with brain function. New to the Second Edition: � Insights into new regions of the brain through canonical microcircuit diagrams for each region � Latest methodology in optogenetics, neurotransmitter uncaging, computational models of neurons and microcircuits, serial ultrastructure reconstructions, cellular and regional imaging � Extrapolated data from new genetic tools and understandings applied to microcircuits in the mouse and Drosophila � Common principles across vertebrate and invertebrate microcircuit systems, one of the key goals of modern neuroscience