neurobiology of alcohol and the brain

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Neurobiology of Alcohol Dependence
Author : Antonio Noronha,Changhai Cui,Robert Adron Harris,John C. Crabbe
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2014-05-02
ISBN 10 : 0124071554
Pages : 566 pages
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Recent scientific advances have provided substantial information on the brain circuits and pathways relevant to various aspects of dependence. Neurobiology of Alcohol Dependence highlights the most recent data at the molecular, cellular, neurocircuitry, and behavioral levels, fostering an understanding how neuroplasticity and neuroadaptation occur, and how different neural pathways and neurocircuits contribute to dependence. Highlights recent advances in understanding alcohol addiction from molecular, cellular, neurocircuitry, and behavioral levels Integrates several emerging areas of research and discusses the application of novel research techniques to the understanding of alcohol dependence Chapters authored by leaders in the field around the globe — the broadest, most expert coverage available

Behavioral Neurobiology of Alcohol Addiction
Author : Wolfgang Sommer,Rainer Spanagel
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date : 2012-07-28
ISBN 10 : 3642287204
Pages : 727 pages
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The question how alcohol alters mood states and why this may end up becoming an addiction is puzzling alcohol researchers since decades. In this volume, an assembly of highly distinguished experts and leaders in alcohol addiction research provides lucid presentations of the current knowledge and research challenges as well as interesting viewpoints on future research directions aimed to stimulate communication and convergence between clinical and preclinical researchers, and to renew interest in the vibrant field of alcohol addiction research among a wide scientifically minded audience. Five Current Topics are discussed in this volume: Neurobiological mechanisms of alcoholism, Genetics, Clinical phenotypes and their preclinical models, Brain imaging, and Translational approaches for treatment development, both pharmacological and non-pharmacological. These areas have in our opinion brought alcohol research substantially forward and influenced our thinking about how to reach our common paramount goal, namely to offer effective treatment solutions for an extensive group of patients with largely unmet medical needs.

Neuroscience of Alcohol
Author : Victor R. Preedy
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2019-03-19
ISBN 10 : 0128131268
Pages : 736 pages
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Neuroscience of Alcohol: Mechanisms and Treatment presents the fundamental information necessary for a thorough understanding of the neurobiological underpinnings of alcohol addiction and its effects on the brain. Offering thorough coverage of all aspects of alcohol research, treatment and prevention, and containing contributions from internationally recognized experts, the book provides students, early-career researchers, and investigators at all levels with a fundamental introduction to all aspects of alcohol misuse. Alcohol is one of the world’s most common addictive substances, with about two billion individuals worldwide consuming it in one form or another and three million annual deaths that are associated with alcohol misuse. Alcohol alters a variety of neurological processes, from molecular biology, to cognition. Moreover, addiction to alcohol can lead to numerous other health concerns and damage virtually every organ system in the body, making diagnosis and treatment of individuals addicted to alcohol of critical importance. Integrates cutting-edge research on the pharmacological, cellular and molecular aspects of alcohol use, along with its effects on neurobiological function Discusses alcohol use as a component of dual-use and poly addictions Outlines numerous screening and treatment strategies for alcohol misuse Covers both the physical and psychological effects of alcohol use and withdrawals to provide a fully-formed view of alcohol dependency and its effects

Alcohol and the Nervous System
Author : Edith V. Sullivan,Adolf Pfefferbaum
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2014-10-08
ISBN 10 : 0444626220
Pages : 704 pages
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Alcohol is the most widely used drug in the world, yet alcoholism remains a serious addiction affecting nearly 20 million Americans. Our current understanding of alcohol's effect on brain structure and related functional damage is being revolutionized by genetic research, basic neuroscience, brain imaging science, and systematic study of cognitive, sensory, and motor abilities. Volume 125 of the Handbook of Clinical Neurology is a comprehensive, in-depth treatise of studies on alcohol and the brain covering the basic understanding of alcohol's effect on the central nervous system, the diagnosis and treatment of alcoholism, and prospect for recovery. The chapters within will be of interest to clinical neurologists, neuropsychologists, and researchers in all facets and levels of the neuroscience of alcohol and alcoholism. The first focused reference specifically on alcohol and the brain Details our current understanding of how alcohol impacts the central nervous system Covers clinical and social impact of alcohol abuse disorders and the biomedical consequences of alcohol abuse Includes section on neuroimaging of neurochemical markers and brain function

Neurobiology of Alcohol and the Brain
Author : Ashok K. Singh
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2020-10-01
ISBN 10 : 0128198915
Pages : 364 pages
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Neurobiology of Alcohol and the Brain addresses addiction related problems, reviewing both mechanisms and withdrawal systems surrounding alcohol addiction. Chapters discuss mechanisms of rewarding, aversive effects, alcohol’s interaction with other drugs (and ensuing adverse consequences), and current and novel treatments. Lastly, the reader is provided with examples of an experimental study that describes the possible protective effects of gold nanoparticles against alcohol addiction in rats subjected to alcohol self-administration. Provides an exhaustive overview of neurobiology of alcohol addiction, including significant recent advances Discusses the mechanisms underlying the adverse effects of alcohol-drug mixtures Includes recent experimental studies on gold nanoparticles

The Science of Addiction: From Neurobiology to Treatment
Author : Carlton K. Erickson
Publisher : W. W. Norton & Company
Release Date : 2007-02-17
ISBN 10 : 9780393076226
Pages : 312 pages
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Runner-up winner of the Hamilton Book Author Award, this book is a comprehensive overview of the neurobiology behind addictions. Neuroscience is clarifying the causes of compulsive alcohol and drug use––while also shedding light on what addiction is, what it is not, and how it can best be treated––in exciting and innovative ways. Current neurobiological research complements and enhances the approaches to addiction traditionally taken in social work and psychology. However, this important research is generally not presented in a forthright, jargon-free way that clearly illustrates its relevance to addiction professionals. The Science of Addiction presents a comprehensive overview of the roles that brain function and genetics play in addiction. It explains in an easy-to-understand way changes in the terminology and characterization of addiction that are emerging based upon new neurobiological research. The author goes on to describe the neuroanatomy and function of brain reward sites, and the genetics of alcohol and other drug dependence. Chapters on the basic pharmacology of stimulants and depressants, alcohol, and other drugs illustrate the specific and unique ways in which the brain and the central nervous system interact with, and are affected by, each of these substances Erickson discusses current and emerging treatments for chemical dependence, and how neuroscience helps us understand the way they work. The intent is to encourage an understanding of the body-mind connection. The busy clinical practitioner will find the chapter on how to read and interpret new research findings on the neurobiological basis of addiction useful and illuminating. This book will help the almost 21.6 million Americans, and millions more worldwide, who abuse or are dependent on drugs by teaching their caregivers (or them) about the latest addiction science research. It is also intended to help addiction professionals understand the foundations and applications of neuroscience, so that they will be able to better empathize with their patients and apply the science to principles of treatment.

Neurobiology of Addiction
Author : George F. Koob,Michel Le Moal
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2005-11-11
ISBN 10 : 0080497373
Pages : 504 pages
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Neurobiology of Addiction is conceived as a current survey and synthesis of the most important findings in our understanding of the neurobiological mechanisms of addiction over the past 50 years. The book includes a scholarly introduction, thorough descriptions of animal models of addiction, and separate chapters on the neurobiological mechanisms of addiction for psychostimulants, opioids, alcohol, nicotine and cannabinoids. Key information is provided about the history, sources, and pharmacokinetics and psychopathology of addiction of each drug class, as well as the behavioral and neurobiological mechanism of action for each drug class at the molecular, cellular and neurocircuitry level of analysis. A chapter on neuroimaging and drug addiction provides a synthesis of exciting new data from neuroimaging in human addicts — a unique perspective unavailable from animal studies. The final chapters explore theories of addiction at the neurobiological and neuroadaptational level both from a historical and integrative perspective. The book incorporates diverse finding with an emphasis on integration and synthesis rather than discrepancies or differences in the literature. · Presents a unique perspective on addiction that emphasizes molecular, cellular and neurocircuitry changes in the transition to addiction · Synthesizes diverse findings on the neurobiology of addiction to provide a heuristic framework for future work · Features extensive documentation through numerous original figures and tables that that will be useful for understanding and teaching

Never Enough
Author : Judith Grisel
Publisher : Anchor
Release Date : 2019-02-19
ISBN 10 : 0385542852
Pages : 256 pages
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A NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER From a renowned behavioral neuroscientist and recovering addict, a rare page-turning work of science that draws on personal insights to reveal how drugs work, the dangerous hold they can take on the brain, and the surprising way to combat today's epidemic of addiction. Judith Grisel was a daily drug user and college dropout when she began to consider that her addiction might have a cure, one that she herself could perhaps discover by studying the brain. Now, after twenty-five years as a neuroscientist, she shares what she and other scientists have learned about addiction, enriched by captivating glimpses of her personal journey. In Never Enough, Grisel reveals the unfortunate bottom line of all regular drug use: there is no such thing as a free lunch. All drugs act on the brain in a way that diminishes their enjoyable effects and creates unpleasant ones with repeated use. Yet they have their appeal, and Grisel draws on anecdotes both comic and tragic from her own days of using as she limns the science behind the love of various drugs, from marijuana to alcohol, opiates to psychedelics, speed to spice. With more than one in five people over the age of fourteen addicted, drug abuse has been called the most formidable health problem worldwide, and Grisel delves with compassion into the science of this scourge. She points to what is different about the brains of addicts even before they first pick up a drink or drug, highlights the changes that take place in the brain and behavior as a result of chronic using, and shares the surprising hidden gifts of personality that addiction can expose. She describes what drove her to addiction, what helped her recover, and her belief that a “cure” for addiction will not be found in our individual brains but in the way we interact with our communities. Set apart by its color, candor, and bell-clear writing, Never Enough is a revelatory look at the roles drugs play in all of our lives and offers crucial new insight into how we can solve the epidemic of abuse.

Imaging the Addicted Brain
Author : N.A
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2016-08-05
ISBN 10 : 0128039396
Pages : 250 pages
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Imaging the Addicted Brain, the latest volume in the International Review of Neurobiology series will appeal to neuroscientists, clinicians, psychologists, physiologists, and pharmacologists. Led by an internationally renowned editorial board, this important serial publishes both eclectic volumes made up of timely reviews and thematic volumes that focus on recent progress in a specific area of neurobiology research. This volume focusses on the imaging of the brain addicted to food, gambling, tobacco, and opiates. Offers a unique perspective on how addiction affects the brain Covers a broad scope of addictions, including food, gambling, tobacco, and common psychogenic agents with a focus on their effects on the brain Focuses on the use of medical imaging methods, especially MRI, to explore and explain addiction in the brain

Drugs, Addiction, and the Brain
Author : George F. Koob,Michael A. Arends,Michel Le Moal
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2014-07-12
ISBN 10 : 0123869595
Pages : 350 pages
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Drugs, Addiction, and the Brain explores the molecular, cellular, and neurocircuitry systems in the brain that are responsible for drug addiction. Common neurobiological elements are emphasized that provide novel insights into how the brain mediates the acute rewarding effects of drugs of abuse and how it changes during the transition from initial drug use to compulsive drug use and addiction. The book provides a detailed overview of the pathophysiology of the disease. The information provided will be useful for neuroscientists in the field of addiction, drug abuse treatment providers, and undergraduate and postgraduate students who are interested in learning the diverse effects of drugs of abuse on the brain. Full-color circuitry diagrams of brain regions implicated in each stage of the addiction cycle Actual data figures from original sources illustrating key concepts and findings Introduction to basic neuropharmacology terms and concepts Introduction to numerous animal models used to study diverse aspects of drug use. Thorough review of extant work on the neurobiology of addiction

Addictive Substances and Neurological Disease
Author : Ronald Ross Watson,Sherma Zibadi
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2017-02-18
ISBN 10 : 0128092963
Pages : 414 pages
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Addictive Substances and Neurological Disease: Alcohol, Tobacco, Caffeine, and Drugs of Abuse in Everyday Lifestyles is a complete guide to the manifold effects of addictive substances on the brain, providing readers with the latest developing research on how these substances are implicated in neurological development and dysfunction. Cannabis, cocaine, and other illicit drugs can have substantial negative effects on the structure and functioning of the brain. However, other common habituating and addictive substances often used as part of an individual’s lifestyle, i.e., alcohol, tobacco, caffeine, painkillers can also compromise brain health and effect or accentuate neurological disease. This book provides broad coverage of the effects of addictive substances on the brain, beginning with an overview of how the substances lead to dysfunction before examining each substance in depth. It discusses the pathology of addiction, the structural damage resulting from abuse of various substances, and covers the neurobiological, neurodegenerative, behavioral, and cognitive implications of use across the lifespan, from prenatal exposure, to adolescence and old age. This book aids researchers seeking an understanding of the neurological changes that these substances induce, and is also extremely useful for those seeking potential treatments and therapies for individuals suffering from chronic abuse of these substances. Integrates current research on the actions of addictive substances in neurological disease Includes functional foods, such as caffeine beverages, that have habituating effects on the brain Provides a synopsis of key ideas associated with the consequences of addictive and habituating lifestyle substances

Research on the Neurobiology of Alcohol Use Disorders
Author : Leo Sher
Publisher : Nova Publishers
Release Date : 2008
ISBN 10 : 9781604561975
Pages : 372 pages
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This book describes the neurobiological mechanisms of alcohol abuse and dependence including the role of serotonergeic, dopaminergic, noradrenergic, and hypothalamic-piturary adrenal systems in alcohol use disorders and the results of neuroimaging studies are presented. The neurobiology of comorbidity of alcohol use disorders with other psychiatric disorders are also discussed. Research on the neurobiology of alcohol abuse and dependence is very important. Therefore, this book will be of interest to biomedical researchers, physicians, and other clinicians, students, and anyone who is interested in the mechanisms of addictive disorders.

Alcohol and the Adult Brain
Author : Jenny Svanberg,Adrienne Withall,Brian Draper,Stephen Bowden
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release Date : 2014-11-27
ISBN 10 : 131758757X
Pages : 226 pages
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The research literature on the impact of alcohol on the brain has seen a rapid expansion in recent years. Alcohol and the Adult Brain presents an up-to-date overview of some of the issues relevant to understanding and working with people with cognitive impairment as a result of chronic alcohol use. One issue causing barriers to effective treatment and care is the stigma associated with alcohol dependence, resulting in the belief that difficulties associated with alcohol related brain damage (ARBD) are ‘self-inflicted’. Cognitive changes resulting from alcohol excess and poor nutrition can directly affect an individual’s ability to motivate themselves, make decisions, and make the informed choices that underlie behaviour change. Attitudes held by professionals, reinforced by societal norms, that a person is ‘choosing to drink’ and ‘not motivated to engage with treatment’, in combination with the often subtle cognitive deficits associated with ARBD, can result in a lack of timely intervention, with enormous personal, social and economic cost. The chapters in this book set ARBD in a social and cultural context, provide discussion of the difficulties in definition and diagnosis, and outline the structural brain changes and neuropsychological deficits associated with chronic alcohol use. The book provides an overview of recent research on ARBD, including impairments associated with Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome, and discusses up to date recommendations for managing and working with this complex and varied disorder. Alcohol and the Adult Brain will be essential for students and researchers working with ARBD and for practitioners in a range of health, social care and voluntary settings.

Addiction
Author : Gene M. Heyman
Publisher : Harvard University Press
Release Date : 2009
ISBN 10 : 0674032985
Pages : 200 pages
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Argues that drug addiction is not a disease but a voluntary choice of an individual.

Addictive Disorders
Author : Michael F. Fleming,Kristen Lawton Barry
Publisher : Year Book Medical Pub
Release Date : 1992
ISBN 10 :
Pages : 439 pages
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Focuses on ambulatory care of patients adversely affected by addictive substances such as tobacco and alcohol. Topics include urine drug screening, medical withdrawal and detoxification, smoking cessation strategies, and substance abuse in adolescents, women and elderly patients.

Exercise on Brain Health
Author : N.A
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2019-10-11
ISBN 10 : 0128169680
Pages : 414 pages
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Exercise on Brain Health, Volume 147 in the International Review of Neurobiology series, highlights new advances in the field, with this new volume presenting interesting chapters on Exercise on bipolar disorder in humans, Exercise on Parkinson’s disease in humans, Exercise on spinal cord injury in animals, Exercise on spinal cord injury in humans, Exercise promotes synaptic plasticity, Exercise promotes neural connectivity, Exercise on spinogenesis, Peripheral-central crosstalk of exercise on brain health, Exercise and Parkinson's, Exercise on binge alcohol consumption, Exercise on depression, and Exercise on chronic fatigue syndrome, and more. Provides the authority and expertise of leading contributors from an international board of authors Summarizes the neuroprotective effects of physical exercise interventions on different brain disorders/injuries Provides clinical and pre-clinical evidence showing how effective physical exercise is neuroprotective

Neuroscience of Psychoactive Substance Use and Dependence
Author : WHO,World Health Organization
Publisher : World Health Organization
Release Date : 2004
ISBN 10 : 9241562358
Pages : 264 pages
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Provides an authoritative summary of current knowledge of the biological basis of substance use behaviours, including their relationship with environmental factors.

Neurobiology of Alcohol Dependence
Author : Antonio Noronha,Changhai Cui,Robert Adron Harris,John C. Crabbe
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2014-05-02
ISBN 10 : 0124071554
Pages : 566 pages
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Recent scientific advances have provided substantial information on the brain circuits and pathways relevant to various aspects of dependence. Neurobiology of Alcohol Dependence highlights the most recent data at the molecular, cellular, neurocircuitry, and behavioral levels, fostering an understanding how neuroplasticity and neuroadaptation occur, and how different neural pathways and neurocircuits contribute to dependence. Highlights recent advances in understanding alcohol addiction from molecular, cellular, neurocircuitry, and behavioral levels Integrates several emerging areas of research and discusses the application of novel research techniques to the understanding of alcohol dependence Chapters authored by leaders in the field around the globe — the broadest, most expert coverage available

Alcohol and Neurobiology
Author : Ronald Ross Watson
Publisher : N.A
Release Date : 1992
ISBN 10 :
Pages : 396 pages
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Hijacking the Brain
Author : Louis Teresi, MD
Publisher : Author House
Release Date : 2011-10
ISBN 10 : 1463444842
Pages : 308 pages
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Hijacking the Brain provides the first-ever scientific explanation for the success of Twelve-Step programs. Hijacking the Brain examines data provided by recent rapid growth in the fields of neuroscience, neuroimaging, psychology, sociobiology and interpersonal neurobiology that have given us new, dramatic insights into the neural and hormonal correlates of stress and addiction, cognitive decline with addiction, as well as for the relative success of Twelve-Step Programs of recovery. Addiction is recognized by experts as an organic brain disease, and most experts promote Twelve-Step programs (AA, NA, CA, etc.) which invoke a 'spiritual solution' for recovery. To date, no one has described why these programs work. 'Hijack' tells us why. In 'Hijack, ' the role of 'working The Steps' for reducing stress and becoming emotionally centered is discussed in depth. A full chapter is devoted to the rewarding and comforting physiology of meditation and the spiritual experience. The author uses examples from animal sociobiology, as well as sophisticated human brain-imaging studies, to demonstrate that empathic socialization and altruism are instinctive and 'naturally rewarding' and, along with Step Work, act as a substitute for the 'synthetic rewards' of drugs of abuse. 'Hijack' does not challenge the Steps or the Traditions of Twelve-Step programs. The sole intention of Hijacking the Brain is to 'connect the dots' between an 'organic brain disease' and a 'spiritual solution' with sound physical, scientific evidence. Avoiding strict scientific language as much as possible, 'Hijack' is written for the layperson and abundantly illustrated.