nanotechnology in textiles

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Nanotechnology in Textiles
Author : Rajesh Mishra,Jiri Militky
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2018-11-14
ISBN 10 : 0081026277
Pages : 410 pages

Nanotechnology in Textiles: Theory and Application explains how conventional methods for treating fabrics for specific functions can by improved upon with the use of nanotechnology. Overviews of relevant, fundamental nanophysics and nanochemistry theory are provided, along with explanations of their application in textile finishing, providing a crucial resource for readers exploring this expanding frontier in textiles. The book draws on research from around the globe to address the latest nanotechnological developments that are all examined with references to industrial applications. Provides a complete, theoretical overview of nanotechnology and nanofibers for those with materials science or engineering backgrounds Covers a broad range of topics, including aerogels, polymer nanocomposites, nanohazards, and electrospinning Looks ahead to emerging applications of nanotechnology in textiles to point the way for further research and innovation

Nanotechnology in Textiles
Author : Mangala Joshi
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2020-05-13
ISBN 10 : 1000091031
Pages : 910 pages

In recent times, polymer nanocomposites have attracted a great deal of scientific interest due to their unique advantages over conventional plastic materials, such as superior strength, modulus, thermal stability, thermal and electrical conductivity, and gas barrier. They are finding real and fast-growing applications in wide-ranging fields such as automotive, aerospace, electronics, packaging, and sports. This book focuses on the development of polymer nanocomposites as an advanced material for textile applications, such as fibers, coatings, and nanofibers. It compiles and details cutting-edge research in the science and nanotechnology of textiles with special reference to polymer nanocomposites in the form of invited chapters from scientists and subject experts from various institutes from all over the world. They include authors who are actively involved in the research and development of polymer nanocomposites with a wide range of functions—including antimicrobial, flame-retardant, gas barrier, shape memory, sensor, and energy-scavenging—as well as medical applications, such as tissue engineering and wound dressings, to create a new range of smart and intelligent textiles. Edited by Mangala Joshi, a prominent nanotechnology researcher at the premier Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, India, this book will appeal to anyone involved in nanotechnology, nanocomposites, advanced materials, polymers, fibers and textiles, and technical textiles.

Nanofibers and Nanotechnology in Textiles
Author : P. Brown,K Stevens
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2007-10-17
ISBN 10 : 1845693736
Pages : 544 pages

Nanotechnology is revolutionising the world of materials. This important book reviews its impact in developing a new generation of textile fibers with enhanced functionality and a wide range of applications. The first part of the book reviews nanofiber production, discussing how different fiber types can be produced using electrospinning techniques. Part two analyses the production and properties of carbon nanotubes and polymer nanocomposites and their applications in such areas as aerospace engineering. The third part of the book considers ways of using nanotechnology to improve polymer properties such as thermal stability and dyeability. The final part of the book reviews the use of nanotechnology to modify textile surfaces, including the use of coatings and films, in order to improve hydrophobic, filtration and other properties. Nanofibers and nanotechnology in textiles is a valuable reference in assessing and using a new generation of textile fibers in applications as diverse as tissue and aerospace engineering. Nanotechnology is revolutionising the world of materials Learn about a new generation of textile fibers that have a wide range of applications Examines how to improve polymer properties

Nanomaterials in the Wet Processing of Textiles
Author : Shahid Ul-Islam,B. S. Butola
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2018-02-07
ISBN 10 : 1119459923
Pages : 306 pages

Nanotechnology has attracted attention of textile and polymer scientists and has been playing extraordinary role over the past few decades in the functional finishing of different textile materials. Nanoparticles due to their diverse functions have not only imparted flame retardant, UV-blocking, water repellent, self-cleaning, and antimicrobial properties to the textiles, but also have greater affinity for fabrics leading to an increase in durability of the functions. This book emphasizes recent approaches and strategies that are currently at operation to functionalize both natural and synthetic textile materials using diverse nanoparticles and their composites with polymers. The book concludes by paying attention towards removal of toxic chemicals using state-of-the-art nano-adsorbents. Main Topics 1. Textile dyeing using metallic nanoparticles 2. Metal oxide nanoparticles for multifunctional finishing 3. New approaches to produce UV protective textiles 4. Polymeric nanocomposites for antimicrobial finishing 5. Self-cleaning of textiles using advanced nanoparticles 6. Silver nanoparticles in dyeing and finishing applications 7. Zinc Oxide – prospects in textile industry 8. Titanium dioxide: Next generation photo-catalysts 9. Textile effluent using chitosan nanocomposites 10. Recent advances in remediation of textile effluents using nano-catalysts

Smart Textiles
Author : Nazire D. Yilmaz
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2018-12-06
ISBN 10 : 1119460220
Pages : 402 pages

Smart Textiles: Wearable Nanotechnology provides a comprehensive presentation of recent advancements in the area of smart nanotextiles giving specific importance to materials and production processes. Different materials, production routes, performance characteristics, application areas and functionalization mechanisms are covered. The book provides a guideline to students, researchers, academicians and technologists who seek novel solutions in the related area by including groundbreaking advancements in different aspects of the diverse smart nanotextiles fields. This ground-breaking book is expected to spark an inspiration to allow future progress in smart nanotextiles research. The diversity of the topics, as well as the expert subject-matter contributors from all over the world representing various disciplines, ensure comprehensiveness and a broad understanding of smart nanotextiles.

Development of Nanotechnology in Textiles
Author : A. K. Haghi,G. E. Zaikov
Publisher : Nova Science Pub Incorporated
Release Date : 2012
ISBN 10 : 9781620810309
Pages : 180 pages

The subject of nanotechnology in textiles is as vast as the universe so to restrict its description to a few words is merely impossible. Nanotechnology is, broadly speaking, the science of manipulating and rearranging individual atoms and molecules to create useful materials. "Nano" textiles are those designed and engineered on the nanoscale to create specific functions. These nano functions are very diverse and range from UV protection and antibacterial functions to moisture management. This book summarises the recent development of nanotechnology in textile areas.

Nanofinishing of Textile Materials
Author : Majid Montazer,Tina Harifi
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2018-06-20
ISBN 10 : 0081012500
Pages : 352 pages

Nanofinishing of Textile Materials provides thorough coverage of existing, current and future developments in the field. Sections cover a wide range of nanofinishing mechanisms for improving the fundamental properties of textiles, such as bleaching, scouring, softening and surface activation. Other sections discuss high-performance properties and conventional attributes, such as waterproofing, fire-retardancy and novel applications, including conductivity and magnetism. With two highly regarded and experienced authors bringing together the latest information on nanofinishing technology, this book is essential reading for scientific researchers, engineers and R&D professionals working on the development of finishes for improving the properties of textiles. Explains nanofinishing mechanisms and processes with a view to their use in developing high-performance apparel and technical textiles Focuses on how nanofinishing can be used to confer important characteristics, such as self-cleaning, hydrophobic, hydrophilic, magnetic and conductive attributes Explores novel techniques and methods for readers who require cutting-edge knowledge of developments in nanofinishing

Nanosensors and Nanodevices for Smart Multifunctional Textiles
Author : Andrea Ehrmann,Tuan Anh Nguyen,Phuong Nguyen Tri
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2020-09-16
ISBN 10 : 0128209410
Pages : 390 pages

Nanotechnology has been incorporated into a wide range of garments to improve the durability of clothing / apparel and create new properties for a special end-used application. It also incorporates wearable electronics into clothing to make it smarter. Smart nano-textiles refers to the uses and integration of smart nanocoatings, nanosensors and nanodevices in multifunctional textiles, since they are both low cost and have low power consumption. Various organic and inorganic nanomaterials can be used in garments to improve their properties and create new properties such as anti-bacterial, superhydrophobic, auto-cleaning, self-cleaning, stain repellent, wrinkle-free, static eliminating, fire resistant and electrically conductive properties. This book focuses on the fundamental concepts and approaches for the preparation of smart nanotextiles, their properties, and their applications in multifarious industries, including smart garments, biomedicine, construction/building materials, energy conversion/storage, automotive/aerospace industries and agriculture. Shows how nanotechnology is being used to be able to enhance textiles with smart properties, including anti-bacterial, superhydrophobic and auto-cleaning Explores which nanomaterial types are most compatible with particular textile classes Assesses the major challenges of integrating nanosensors and nanodevices into textiles

Author : Michael Berger
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release Date : 2019-11-21
ISBN 10 : 1839160411
Pages : 430 pages

While our five senses are doing a reasonably good job at representing the world around us on a macro-scale, we have no existing intuitive representation of the nanoworld, ruled by laws entirely foreign to our experience. This is where molecules mingle to create proteins; where you wouldn't recognize water as a liquid; and where minute morphological changes would reveal how much 'solid' things, such as the ground or houses, are constantly vibrating and moving. Following in the footsteps of Nano-Society and Nanotechnology: The Future is Tiny, this title introduces a new collection of stories demonstrating recent research in the field of nanotechnology. This drives home the fact that a plethora of nanotechnology R&D will become an integral part of improved and entirely novel materials, products, and applications yet will remain entirely invisible to the user. The book gives a personal perspective on how nanotechnologies are created and developed, and will appeal to anyone who has an interest in the research and future of nanotechnology. Reviews of Nanotechnology: The Future is Tiny: 'The book is recommended not only to all interested scientists, but also to students who are looking for a quick and clear introduction to various research areas of nanotechnology' Angew. Chem., 2017, 56(26), 7351–7351 'Once you start reading you will find it very difficult to stop' Chromatographia, 2017, 80, 1821

Metrology and Standardization for Nanotechnology
Author : Elisabeth Mansfield,Debra L. Kaiser,Daisuke Fujita,Marcel Van de Voorde
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2017-01-20
ISBN 10 : 3527800050
Pages : 626 pages

For the promotion of global trading and the reduction of potential risks, the role of international standardization of nanotechnologies has become more and more important. This book gives an overview of the current status of nanotechnology including the importance of metrology and characterization at the nanoscale, international standardization of nanotechnology, and industrial innovation of nano-enabled products. First the field of nanometrology, nanomaterial standardization and nanomaterial innovation is introduced. Second, major concepts in analytical measurements are given in order to provide a basis for the reliable and reproducible characterization of nanomaterials. The role of standards organizations are presented and finally, an overview of risk management and the commercial impact of metrology and standardization for industrial innovations.

Author : Michael Berger
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release Date : 2016-08-18
ISBN 10 : 1782625267
Pages : 350 pages

Nanotechnology: The Future is Tiny introduces 176 different research projects from around the world that are exploring the different areas of nanotechnologies. Using interviews and descriptions of the projects, the collection of essays provides a unique commentary on the current status of the field. From flexible electronics that you can wear to nanomaterials used for cancer diagnostics and therapeutics, the book gives a new perspective on the current work into developing new nanotechnologies. Each chapter delves into a specific area of nanotechnology research including graphene, energy storage, electronics, 3D printing, nanomedicine, nanorobotics as well as environmental implications. Through the scientists' own words, the book gives a personal perspective on how nanotechnologies are created and developed, and an exclusive look at how today's research will create tomorrow's products and applications. This book will appeal to anyone who has an interest in the research and future of nanotechnology.

Author : Michael Berger
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release Date : 2009
ISBN 10 : 1847558836
Pages : 317 pages

Major technology shifts do not happen overnight and rarely are they the result of a single breakthrough discovery. Nowhere is this more true than for the broad set of enabling technologies that we have come to simply call "nanotechnology". Rather than standing on the shoulders of a few intellectual giants, nanotechnologies are created by tens of thousands of researchers and scientists working on minute and sometimes arcane aspects of their fields of expertise in areas as diverse as medicine, telecommunications, solar cells, filtration, coatings, or ever smaller transistors for electronic devices. They come from different sciences, live in different parts of the world and work for different organizations (government laboratories, industry laboratories, universities, private research facilities) and follow their own set of rules - get papers reviewed and published; achieve scientific recognition from their peers; struggle to get funding for new ideas; look to make that breakthrough discovery that leads to the ultimate resumé item - a nobel prize; get pushed by their funders to secure patent rights and commercialize new discoveries. This book puts a spotlight on some of the scientists who are pushing the boundaries of technology and it gives examples of their work and how they are advancing knowledge one little step at a time. The book shatters the monolithic term "nanotechnology" into the myriad of facets that it really is. It is a journey through the world of nanotechnology research and development, taking a personal look at how nanotechnologies get created today and by whom. The book covers 122 very specific research projects that are happening in laboratories around the world and provides commentaries from the scientists in their own words. However, the collection of stories in this book barely scratches the surface of the vast and growing body of research that leads us into the nanotechnology age. The selection presented in the book is not meant to rank some laboratories and scientists higher than others, nor to imply that the work introduced in the book is more important or valuable than all the work that is not covered. The intention is to give the interested reader an idea of the incredibly diverse aspects that make up nanotechnology research and development - the results of which will bring about a new era of industrial and medical technologies. Nanoscience and nanotechnology research is a truly multidisciplinary and international effort. Each of the chapters is based on a particular scientific paper that has been published in a peer-reviewed journal and, while each story revolves around one or two scientists who were interviewed for this book, many, if not most, of the scientific accomplishments covered in the book are the result of collaborative efforts by several scientists and research groups, often from different organizations and from different countries. The book is different to other books in this field because it provides a novel human touch to nanotechnology research by not only covering a wide range of research topics but also the (often nameless) scientists behind this research. The book is a collection of Spotlight articles from the popular Nanowerk website and each article has been crafted with the author(s) of a scientific paper and signed off by them prior to being posted on Nanowerk. The book is intended for two broad groups of audiences - scientists and nanoscience students who want a bite-size, quick read to get a good first impression of what nanotechnologies are about and how they affect not only their own field but also neighbouring fields and other scientific disciplines further away. And a non-scientific readership that needs to (because it affects their organization and they have to acquaint themselves with nanotechnology) or wants to get a 'non-threatening' (i.e. no formulas, complex diagrams, or unexplained scientific terms) introduction, written by a non-scientist for non-scientists.