nanosensors for smart cities

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Nanosensors for Smart Cities
Author : Baoguo Han,Vijay Tomer,Tuan Anh Nguyen,Ali Farmani,Pradeep Kumar Singh
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2020-02-13
ISBN 10 : 0128199237
Pages : 962 pages

Nanosensors for Smart Cities covers the fundamental design concepts and emerging applications of nanosensors for the creation of smart city infrastructures. Examples of major applications include logistics management, where nanosensors could be used in active transport tracking devices for smart tracking and tracing, and in agri-food productions, where nanosensors are used in nanochips for identity, and food inspection, and smart storage. This book is essential reading for researchers working in the field of advanced sensors technology, smart city technology and nanotechnology, and stakeholders involved in city management. Nanomaterials based sensors (nanosensors) can offer many advantages over their microcounterparts, including lower power consumption, high sensitivity, lower concentration of analytes, and smaller interaction distance between object and sensor. With the support of artificial intelligence (AI) tools, such as fuzzy logic, genetic algorithms, neural networks, and ambient-intelligence, sensor systems are becoming smarter. Provides information on the fabrication and fundamental design concepts of nanosensors for intelligent systems Explores how nanosensors are being used to better monitor and maintain infrastructure services, including street lighting, traffic management and pollution control Assesses the challenges for creating nanomaterials-enhanced sensors for mass-market consumer products

Nanofabrication for Smart Nanosensor Applications
Author : Fernando Gomes
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2020-06-18
ISBN 10 : 0128235551
Pages : 472 pages

Nanofabrication for Smart Nanosensor Applications addresses the design, manufacture and applications of a variety of nanomaterials for sensing applications. In particular, the book explores how nanofabrication techniques are used to create more efficient nanosensors, examines their major applications in biomedicine and environmental science, discusses the fundamentals of how nanosensors work, explores different nanofabrication techniques, and comments on toxicity and safety issues relating to the creation of nanosensors using certain nanomaterial classes. This book is an important resource for materials scientists and engineers who want to make materials selection decisions for the creation of new nansensor devices. Summarizes current research and applications of a variety of nanofabrication techniques for the creation of efficient sensing devices Provides readers with an understanding of surfaces and interfaces, a key challenge for those working on hybrid nanomaterials, carbon nanotubes, graphene, polymers and liquid crystal electro-optical imaging Discusses the variability and sight recognition of biopolymers, such as DNA molecules, which offer a wide range of opportunities for the self-organization of nanostructures into much more complex patterns

Nanosensors and Nanodevices for Smart Multifunctional Textiles
Author : Andrea Ehrmann,Tuan Anh Nguyen,Phuong Nguyen Tri
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2020-09-16
ISBN 10 : 0128209410
Pages : 390 pages

Nanotechnology has been incorporated into a wide range of garments to improve the durability of clothing / apparel and create new properties for a special end-used application. It also incorporates wearable electronics into clothing to make it smarter. Smart nano-textiles refers to the uses and integration of smart nanocoatings, nanosensors and nanodevices in multifunctional textiles, since they are both low cost and have low power consumption. Various organic and inorganic nanomaterials can be used in garments to improve their properties and create new properties such as anti-bacterial, superhydrophobic, auto-cleaning, self-cleaning, stain repellent, wrinkle-free, static eliminating, fire resistant and electrically conductive properties. This book focuses on the fundamental concepts and approaches for the preparation of smart nanotextiles, their properties, and their applications in multifarious industries, including smart garments, biomedicine, construction/building materials, energy conversion/storage, automotive/aerospace industries and agriculture. Shows how nanotechnology is being used to be able to enhance textiles with smart properties, including anti-bacterial, superhydrophobic and auto-cleaning Explores which nanomaterial types are most compatible with particular textile classes Assesses the major challenges of integrating nanosensors and nanodevices into textiles

Advances in Nanosensors for Biological and Environmental Analysis
Author : Akash Deep,Sandeep Kumar
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2019-06-14
ISBN 10 : 0128174579
Pages : 160 pages

Advances in Nanosensors for Biological and Environmental Analysis presents the current state-of-art in nanosensors for biological and environmental analysis, also covering commercial aspects. Broadly, the book provides detailed information on the emergence of different types of nanomaterials as transduction platforms used in the development of nanosensors. These include carbon nanotubes, graphene, 2-D transition metal dichalcogenides, conducting polymers and metal organic frameworks. Additional topics include sections on the way nanosensors have inspired new product development in various types of biological and environmental applications that are currently available and on the horizon. Features detailed information on various types of biological and environmental nanosensors Gives particular attention to the different categories of advanced functional interfaces, processes for their development, and application areas Includes the current state-of-the-art in terms of commercial aspects

Nanosensors for Chemical and Biological Applications
Author : Kevin C. Honeychurch
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2014-02-28
ISBN 10 : 0857096729
Pages : 372 pages

Nano-scale materials are proving attractive for a new generation of devices, due to their unique properties. They are used to create fast-responding sensors with good sensitivity and selectivity for the detection of chemical species and biological agents. Nanosensors for Chemical and Biological Applications provides an overview of developments brought about by the application of nanotechnology for both chemical and biological sensor development. Part one addresses electrochemical nanosensors and their applications for enhanced biomedical sensing, including blood glucose and trace metal ion analysis. Part two goes on to discuss spectrographic nanosensors, with chapters on the use of nanoparticle sensors for biochemical and environmental sensing and other techniques for detecting nanoparticles in the environment. Nanosensors for Chemical and Biological Applications serves as a standard reference for R&D managers in a range of industrial sectors, including nanotechnology, electronics, biotechnology, magnetic and optical materials, and sensors technology, as well as researchers and academics with an interest in these fields. Reviews the range electrochemical nanosensors, including the use of carbon nanotubes, glucose nanosensors, chemiresistor sensors using metal oxides, and nanoparticles Discusses spectrographic nanosensors, such as surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) nanoparticle sensors, the use of coated gold nanoparticles, and semiconductor quantum dots

Smart Nanoconcretes and Cement-Based Materials
Author : Mohd Shahir Liew,Phuong Nguyen-Tri,Tuan Anh Nguyen,Saeid Kakooei
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2019-11-16
ISBN 10 : 0128178558
Pages : 724 pages

Smart Nanoconcretes and Cement-Based Materials: Properties, Modelling and Applications explores the fundamental concepts and applications of smart nanoconcretes with self-healing, self-cleaning, photocatalytic, antibacterial, piezoelectrical, heating and conducting properties and how they are used in modern high-rise buildings, hydraulic engineering, highways, tunnels and bridges. This book is an important reference source for materials scientists and civil engineers who are looking to enhance the properties of smart nanomaterials to create stronger, more durable concrete. Explores the mechanisms through which active agents are released from nanocontainers inside concrete Shows how embedded smart nanosensors, including carbon cement-based smart sensors and micro/nano strain-sensors, are used to increase concrete performance Discusses the major challenges of integrating smart nanomaterials into concrete composites

Nanotechnology and Functional Materials for Engineers
Author : Yaser Dahman
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2017-01-13
ISBN 10 : 0323524664
Pages : 282 pages

Nanotechnology and Functional Materials for Engineers focuses on key essentials and examples across the spectrum of nanomaterials as applied by engineers, including nanosensors, smart nanomaterials, nanopolymers, and nanotubes. Chapters cover their synthesis and characteristics, production methods, and applications, with specific sections exploring nanoelectronics and electro-optic nanotechnology, nanostructures, and nanodevices. This book is a valuable resource for interdisciplinary researchers who want to learn more about how nanomaterials are used in different types of engineering, including electrical, chemical, and biomedical. Offers in-depth information on a variety of nanomaterials and how they are used for different engineering applications Provides an overview of current research and suggests how this will impact future applications Explores how the unique properties of different nanomaterials make them particularly suitable for specific applications

Nanomaterials for Air Remediation
Author : Abdeltif Amrane,Aymen Amine Assadi,Phuong Nguyen-Tri,Tuan Anh Nguyen,Sami Rtimi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2020-01-22
ISBN 10 : 0128188227
Pages : 420 pages

Nanomaterials for Air Remediation provides a comprehensive description of basic knowledge and current research progress in the field of air treatment using nanomaterials. The book explores how nanomaterials are used in various air remediation techniques, including advanced oxidation processes, biological processes, and filtration. It also covers their combined use as nanocatalysts, nanoantibiotics, nanoadsorbents, nanocontainers, nanofiltrations and nanosensors. Major challenges to using nanomaterials for improving air quality on a mass scale, both practical and regulatory, are also presented. This is an important resource for materials scientists and environmental engineers who are looking to understand how nanotechnology is used to enhance air quality. Includes coverage of a wide range of nanomaterials, from biochemical to chemical materials, and nanomaterials supported photocatalysts Discusses how the properties of nanomaterials are being used to make more efficient air purification systems and products Assesses the practical and regulatory challenges of using different types of nanomaterials for air remediation

Smart Biosensors in Medical Care
Author : Jyotismita Chaki,Nilanjan Dey,Debashis De
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2020-02-18
ISBN 10 : 0128209364
Pages : 244 pages

Smart Biosensors in Medical Care discusses the characteristics of biosensors and their potential applications in healthcare. This book is aimed at professionals, scientists and engineers who are interested in integrating biosensors into medical care systems for patients. It also provides fundamental and foundational knowledge for undergraduate and post graduate students. The book presents a comprehensive view of up-to-date requirements in hardware and communication, offers future perspectives on next-generation medical care systems, and includes global case studies of recent system operations in healthcare. Sections cover smart biosensors, such as wearable, implantable, patch based, and enzyme based for medical care. Advances in ubiquitous sensing applications for healthcare is a series which covers new systems based on ubiquitous sensing for healthcare (USH). Volumes in this series cover a wide range of interdisciplinary areas, including wireless sensors networks, wireless body area networks, Big data, Internet-of-Things (IoT), security, monitoring, real time data collection, data management, systems design/analysis, and much more. Covers the basics of biosensor based medical care data analysis and management Discusses data transmission techniques, presenting applications with extensive studies for biosensor based medical healthcare systems Offers solutions to the challenges of designing biosensor based medical healthcare systems

Author : Alexandru Grumezescu
Publisher : Academic Press
Release Date : 2016-12-20
ISBN 10 : 0128043725
Pages : 926 pages

Nanobiosensors: Nanotechnology in the Agri-Food Industry, Volume 8, provides the latest information on the increasing demand for robust, rapid, inexpensive, and safe alternative technologies that monitor, test, and detect harmful or potentially dangerous foods. Due to their high sensitivity and selectivity, nanobiosensors have attracted attention for their use in monitoring not only biological contaminants in food, but also potential chemical and physical hazards. This book offers a broad overview regarding the current progress made in the field of nanosensors, including cutting-edge technological progress and the impact of these devices on the food industry. Special attention is given to the detection of microbial contaminants and harmful metabolotes, such as toxins and hormones, which have a great impact on both humans and animal health and feed. Includes the most up-to-date information on nanoparticles based biosensors and quantum dots for biological detection Provides application methods and techniques for research analysis for bacteriological detection and food testing Presents studies using analytical tools to improve food safety and quality analysis

Advanced Nanomaterials for Inexpensive Gas Microsensors
Author : Eduard Llobet Valero
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2019-07-15
ISBN 10 : 0128148276
Pages : 416 pages

Advanced Nanomaterials for Inexpensive Gas Microsensors presents full coverage of the area of gas sensing nanomaterials, from materials, transducers and applications to the latest advanced results and future directions. A number of experts in the field present work on gas sensing nanomaterials including metal oxides, carbon based and hybrid materials, together with their fabrication and application. The book brings together three major themes: Several chapters address synthesis, functionalization, characterization of advanced nanomaterials, with emphasis on synthesis techniques to ease the integration of nanomaterials in transducers. These chapters encompass a wide spectrum of sensing technologies including advanced nanomaterials such as metal oxides, carbon materials and graphene, organic molecular materials, and atomic layers such as MoS2. The authors examine the coupling of sensitive nanomaterials to different types of transducer elements and their applications, including direct growth and additive fabrication techniques as a way to obtain inexpensive gas microsensors, principal transduction schemes, and advanced operating methods. Assess the value of major applications for gas microsensors, including air quality monitoring both indoors (buildings and vehicles) and outdoors, monitoring perishable goods and medical. For each application, potential issues are clearly identified, research directions to overcome these are suggested, and market analysis data is included. Advanced Nanomaterials for Inexpensive Gas Microsensors presents the latest research and most comprehensive coverage in the field of gas micro and nano sensors for research scientists, academics, graduate students, and R&D managers working on synthesis of nanomaterials and fabrication of sensing systems, in a wide range of areas in electrical and material engineering, physical chemistry, electrochemistry and physics. Presents technological solutions and applications of gas sensors in varied areas of chemistry, physics, material science, and engineering Examines advanced operating methods (e.g., temperature modulation, self-heating, light-activated response, noise methods) to enhance stability, sensitivity, selectivity and reduce power consumption Provides a critical review of current applications and their expected future evolution, demonstrating which are the most promising approaches and what can be expected from the development of inexpensive gas micro- and nanosensors

Nanobiosensors for Biomolecular Targeting
Author : Subash C.B. Gopinath,Thangavel Lakshmipriya
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2018-10-26
ISBN 10 : 0128139013
Pages : 352 pages

Nanobiosensors for Bio-molecular Targeting presents the latest analytical methods for the detection of different substances in the range of small molecules to whole cells, exploring the advantages and disadvantages of each method. Biosensors combine the component of biological origin and physicochemical detector to show the presence of analytes in a given sample. The use of bionanotechnology has led to a significant advancement in the progression of nanobiosensors and has been effectively used for biomedical diagnosis. Explains the detection techniques used by nanosensors, exploring the strengths and weaknesses of each for the detection of disease Shows how biosensors are used to detect various types of biomolecules Demonstrates how the use of nanomaterials makes biosensors both cheaper and more efficient

Smart Sensors and MEMS
Author : S Nihtianov,A. Luque
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release Date : 2014-03-24
ISBN 10 : 0857099299
Pages : 560 pages

Smart sensors and MEMS can include a variety of devices and systems that have a high level of functionality. They do this either by integrating multiple sensing and actuating modes into one device, or else by integrating sensing and actuating with information processing, analog-to-digital conversion and memory functions. Part one outlines the industrial applications for smart sensors, covering direct interface circuits for sensors, capacitive sensors for displacement measurement in the sub-nanometer range, integrated inductive displacement sensors for harsh industrial environments, advanced silicon radiation detectors in the vacuum ultraviolet (VUV) and extreme ultraviolet (EUV) spectral range, and advanced optical incremental sensors (encoders and interferometers), among other topics. The second part of the book describes the industrial applications of smart micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS). Some of the topics covered in this section include microfabrication technologies used for creating smart devices for industrial applications, microactuators, dynamic behaviour of smart MEMS in industrial applications, MEMS integrating motion and displacement sensors, MEMS print heads for industrial printing, Photovoltaic and fuel cells in power MEMS for smart energy management, and radio frequency (RF)-MEMS for smart communication microsystems. Smart sensors and MEMS is invaluable reference for academics, materials scientists and electrical engineers working in the microelectronics, sensors and micromechanics industry, and engineers looking for industrial sensing, monitoring and automation solutions. Outlines industrial applications for smart sensors and smart MEMS Covers smart sensors including capacitive, inductive, resistive and magnetic sensors and sensors to detect radiation and measure temperature Covers smart MEMS including power MEMS, radio frequency MEMS, optical MEMS, inertial MEMS, and microreaction chambers

Corrosion Protection at the Nanoscale
Author : Susai Rajendran,Tuan Anh Nguyen,Saeid Kakooei,Mahdi Yeganeh,Yongxin Li
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2020-03-10
ISBN 10 : 0128193603
Pages : 540 pages

Corrosion Protection at the Nanoscale explores fundamental concepts on how metals can be protected at the nanoscale by using both nanomaterials-based solutions, including nanoalloys, noninhibitors and nanocoatings. It is an important reference resource for both materials scientists and engineers wanting to find ways to create an efficient corrosion prevention strategy. Nanostructure materials have been widely used in many products, such as print electronics, contact, interconnection, implant, nanosensors and display units to lessen the impact of corrosion. Traditional methods for protection of metals include various techniques, such as coatings, inhibitors, electrochemical methods (anodic and cathodic protections), metallurgical design are covered in this book. Nanomaterials-based protective methods can offer many advantages over their traditional counterparts, such as protection for early-stage, higher corrosion resistance, better corrosion control. This book also outlines these advantages and discusses the challenges of implementing nanomaterials as corrosion protection agents on a wide scale. Explains the main methods of detection, monitoring, testing, measurement and simulation of corrosion at the nanoscale Explores how metals can be protected at the nanoscale using nanotechnology and nanomaterials Discusses the major challenges of detecting and preventing corrosion at the nanoscale

Author : Kamel A. Abd-Elsalam,Muhammad Zahid
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2020-12-10
ISBN 10 : 0128211423
Pages : 626 pages

Aquananotechnology: Applications of Nanomaterials for Water Purification focuses on the impacts of, and opportunities for, the application of nanotechnology to enhance water quality and the societal concerns surrounding the widespread use of nanotechnology in the water arena. Sections cover the use of nano-sensors for the detection of water pollutants, the control of waterborne pathogens, and the use of nano-biochar coal fly composites for phytoremdtions wastewater pollutants. In addition, the book explores the uses of nanoadsorbents for heavy metals, dyes, Arsenic, pesticides, and water/wastewater remediation and decontamination of water from xenobiotics, bionanocomposites, metal oxides, silver, zinc nanoparticles, and carbon-based nanomaterials for wastewater treatment. In addition, the book covers the use of zerovalent iron nanomaterials and nanostructured mesoporous silica for water purification, along with nano-hydrogels to increase water efficiency and conservation. Finally, the socioeconomic impacts and risks of aquananotechnology in ecosystems are discussed. This book provides a detailed description of the ecological applications of nanomaterials in aquatic environments, offering a cogent analysis of both major applications and challenges. Shows how a range of nanomaterial types are being used for ecological applications in aquatic environments Explores the effects different types of nanomaterials have on a variety of ecosystems Assesses the major challenges of using nanotechnology to improve water quality on a mass scale

Nanotechnology in the Beverage Industry
Author : Abdeltif Amrane,Susai Rajendran,Tuan Anh Nguyen,Ashraf Mahdy Sharoba,Aymen Amine Assadi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2020-05-04
ISBN 10 : 0128199415
Pages : 500 pages

Nanotechnology in the Beverage industry: Fundamentals and Applications looks at how nanotechnology is being used to enhance water quality, as well as how the properties of nanomaterials can be used to create different properties in both alcoholic and no-alcoholic drinks and enhance the biosafety of both drinks and their packaging. This is an important reference for materials scientists, engineers, food scientists and microbiologists who want to learn more about how nanotechnology is being used to enhance beverage products. As active packaging technology, nanotechnology can increase shelf-life and maintain the quality of beverages. In the field of water treatment, nanomaterials offer new routes to address challenges.

Nanomaterials for Food Applications
Author : N.A
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2018-11-16
ISBN 10 : 012814131X
Pages : 444 pages

Nanomaterials for Food Applications highlights recent developments in nanotechnologies, covering the different food areas where these novel products or technologies can be applied. The book covers five major themes, showing how nanotechnology is used in food, the use of ingredients in nanoform to improve bioavailability or nanoencapsulation technologies, nanotechnologies for food processing, nanosensors for food quality and safety, nanotechnologies for food packaging, and methods to evaluate potential risks and regulatory issues. This is an important research reference that will be of great value to academic and industrial readers, as topics of importance, both at a research level and for commercial applications, are covered. Regulatory agencies will also be interested in the latest developments covered in the book as they will help set the foundation for further regulations. Demonstrates how nanotechnology can improve food quality and safety Shows how nanotechnology is used to create more effective food processing techniques Discusses the regulatory issues surrounding the use of nanomaterials in food to ensure they are used safely and responsibly

Author : Vijay K. Varadan,LinFeng Chen,Jining Xie
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2008-11-20
ISBN 10 : 9780470715628
Pages : 484 pages

Recent advances in nanomedicine offer ground-breaking methods for the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of some fatal diseases. Amongst the most promising nanomaterials being developed are magnetic nanomaterials, including magnetic nanoparticles and magnetic nanosensors. Some nanomagnetic medical applications are already commercially available with more set to be released over the coming years. Nanomedicine, Design and Applications of Magnetic Nanomaterials, Nanosensors and Nanosystems presents a comprehensive overview of the biomedical applications of various types of functional magnetic materials. The book provides an introduction to magnetic nanomaterials before systematically discussing the individual materials, their physical and chemical principles, fabrication techniques and biomedical applications. This methodical approach allows this book to be used both as a textbook for beginners to the subject and as a convenient reference for professionals in the field. Discusses magnetic nanoparticles including nanowires, nanotubes, zero-dimensional nanosperes and naturally existing magnetosomes. Examines intrinsically smart magnetic materials and describes their part in the development of biomedical sensors and biochips, which are often used in biomedical tests. Integrates the research efforts of different disciplines – from materials sciences to biology and electrical engineering to medicine – in order to provide a unified and authoritative guide to a richly interdisciplinary field. This volume is of great appeal to students and researchers in the fields of electrical and electronic engineering, biomedical engineering, nanotechnology, materials science, physics, medicine and biology. It is also of interest to practising engineers, materials scientists, chemists and research medical doctors involved in the development of magnetic materials and structures for biomedical applications.

Advanced Nanomaterials for Pollutant Sensing and Environmental Catalysis
Author : Qidong Zhao
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2019-09-13
ISBN 10 : 0128147970
Pages : 442 pages

Advanced Nanomaterials for Pollutant Sensing and Environmental Catalysis presents the most recent advances and scientific discoveries in the fields of environmental protection and sensing with nanotechnology. The book's authors highlight recent advancements in how nanotechnology is being used to create more efficient pollution controls, with particular attention given to noble metal nanosensors, novel hollow micro-/nanostructures with innovative functions, and advanced nanocatalysts based on carbon materials for water splitting. Each chapter demonstrates the fundamentals of the technology, illustrating key concepts and highlighting the latest developments and challenges in these multi-disciplinary fields. This book is a valuable resource for academic researchers, graduate students and R&D professionals in the fields of material science, chemistry, environmental science and nanotechnology. Presents the current state-of-the-art and covers the fundamentals and related technologies from a strong chemical, material and environmental engineering background Covers current trends and issues, including nontoxicity, efficiency of decomposition, and the sensitivity of nanomaterials used for sensing and environmental remediation Highlights the benefits and challenges of using nanomaterials to control pollution

Author : Jeremy Ramsden
Publisher : William Andrew
Release Date : 2016-05-11
ISBN 10 : 0323393144
Pages : 358 pages

Nanotechnology: An Introduction, Second Edition, is ideal for the newcomer to nanotechnology, someone who also brings a strong background in one of the traditional disciplines, such as physics, mechanical or electrical engineering, or chemistry or biology, or someone who has experience working in microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) technology. This book brings together the principles, theory, and practice of nanotechnology, giving a broad, yet authoritative, introduction to the possibilities and limitations of this exciting and rapidly developing field. The book's author, Prof Ramsden, also discusses design, manufacture, and applications and their impact on a wide range of nanotechnology areas. Provides an overview of the rapidly growing and developing field of nanotechnology Focuses on key essentials, and structured around a robust anatomy of the subject Brings together the principles, theory, and practice of nanotechnology, giving a broad, yet authoritative, introduction to the possibilities and limitations of this exciting and rapidly developing field