nanomaterials in diagnostic tools and devices

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Nanomaterials in Diagnostic Tools and Devices
Author : Suvardhan Kanchi,D. Sharma
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2020-06-04
ISBN 10 : 0128179244
Pages : 618 pages

Nanomaterials in Diagnostic Tools and Devices provides a complete overview of the significance of nanomaterials in fabricating selective and performance enhanced nanodevices. It is an interdisciplinary reference that includes contributing subjects from nanomaterials, biosensors, materials science, biomedical instrumentation and medicinal chemistry. This book is authored by experts in the field of nanomaterial synthesis, modeling, and biosensor applications, and provides insight to readers working in various science fields on the latest advancements in smart and miniaturized nanodevices. These devices enable convenient real-time diagnosis of diseases at clinics rather than laboratories, and include implantable devices that cause less irritation and have improved functionality. Research in the field of nanomaterials is growing rapidly, creating a significant impact across different science disciplines and nanotechnology industries. This synthesis and modeling of nanomaterials has led to many technology breakthroughs and applications, especially in medical science. Provides a distinctive platform for the latest trends in the synthesis of smart nanomaterials for nanodevices in disease diagnostics Presents a broad range of advancements and applications of lateral-flow nanostrip for point-of-care applications Examines smart-phone based nanodevices for field-based diagnosis with accurate information Comprises more than 70 figures and illustrations that will help readers visualize and easily understand the role of nanodevices in the field of nanomedicine Serves as an ideal reference for those studying smart nanomaterials, biosensors, and nanodevices for real-time and in-situ clinical diagnosis and drug delivery

Surgical Tools and Medical Devices
Author : Waqar Ahmed,Mark J. Jackson
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2016-05-21
ISBN 10 : 3319334891
Pages : 691 pages

This new edition presents information and knowledge on the field of biomedical devices and surgical tools. The authors look at the interactions between nanotechnology, nanomaterials, design, modeling, and tools for surgical and dental applications, as well as how nanostructured surfaces can be created for the purposes of improving cell adhesion between medical devices and the human body. Each original chapter is revised in this second edition and describes developments in coatings for heart valves, stents, hip and knee joints, cardiovascular devices, orthodontic applications, and regenerative materials such as bone substitutes. There are also 8 new chapters that address: Microvascular anastomoses Inhaler devices used for pulmonary delivery of medical aerosols Surface modification of interference screws Biomechanics of the mandible (a detailed case study) Safety and medical devices The synthesis of nanostructured material Delivery of anticancer molecules using carbon nanotubes Nano and micro coatings for medical devices This book is appropriate for engineers, material scientists, chemists, physicists, biologists, medical and dental professionals with an interest in biomedical devices and tools, and researchers in the same fields.

Biosensors and Nanotechnology
Author : Zeynep Altintas
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2017-12-18
ISBN 10 : 1119065011
Pages : 400 pages

General introduction to biosensors and recognition receptors -- Biomarkers in health care -- The use of nanomaterials and microfluidics in medical diagnostics -- SPR-based biosensor technologies in disease detection and diagnostics -- Piezoelectric-based biosensor technologies in disease detection and diagnostics -- Electrochemical-based biosensor technologies in disease detection and diagnostics -- MEMS-based cell counting methods -- Lab-on-a-chip platforms for disease detection and diagnosis -- Applications of quantum dots in biosensors and diagnostics -- Applications of molecularly imprinted nanostructures in biosensors and diagnostics -- Smart nanomaterial's : applications in biosensors and diagnostics -- Applications of magnetic nanomaterial's in biosensors and diagnostics -- Graphene applications in biosensors and diagnostics -- Optical biosensors and applications to drug discovery for cancer cases -- Biosensors for detection of anticancer drug-DNA interactions

Nanotechnologies and Nanomaterials for Diagnostic, Conservation and Restoration of Cultural Heritage
Author : Rawil F. Fakhrullin
Publisher : N.A
Release Date : 2018-08
ISBN 10 : 9780128139103
Pages : 336 pages

Nanotechnologies and Nanomaterials for Diagnostic, Conservation and Restoration of Cultural Heritage explores how advanced nanoscale techniques can help preserve artworks. The book covers lab-scale available techniques as well as advanced methods from neutron sources and X-ray spectroscopy. Other sections highlight a variety of nanomaterials with potential uses in treatments for restoration and conservation, with conservation, consolidation and long-term protection protocols analyzed in each case. The final chapter presents case studies, demonstrates how nanoscale techniques are used to conserve art, and shows what happens when misinterpretation of data sources leads to misdiagnosis. The book is intended for scientists from academic and professional conservators, restorers who are involved in the conservation of artistic and historical artifacts, and those who want to learn how nanotechnology can increase the efficiency of conservation and protection techniques. Cogently explains how nanotechnology is used in the preservation, protection and restoration of artworks Explores the best nanomaterials for a variety of situations Shows how nanomaterials can be used in restoration, for cleaning and in conservation treatments Includes guidelines to prevent the misinterpretation of diagnostic data to help avoid misdiagnosis

Nanotechnology and Nanomaterials in the Treatment of Life-threatening Diseases
Author : Narenda Kumar,Rajiv Kumar
Publisher : William Andrew
Release Date : 2013-12-05
ISBN 10 : 0323264506
Pages : 408 pages

Nanotechnology and Nanomaterials in the Treatment of Life-threatening Diseases takes a scientific approach to nanotechnology and nanomaterials applications in medicine, while also explaining the core biological principles for an audience of biomedical engineers, materials scientists, pharmacologists, and medical diagnostic technicians. The book is structured by major disease groups, offering a practical, application-based focus for scientists, engineers, and clinicians alike. The spectrum of medical applications is explored, from diagnostics and imaging to drug delivery, monitoring, therapies, and disease prevention. It also focuses specifically on the synthesis of nanomaterials and their potential health risks (particularly toxicity). Nanomedicine — the application of nanomaterials and devices for addressing medical problems — has demonstrated great potential for enabling improved diagnosis, treatment, and monitoring of many serious illnesses, including cancer, cardiovascular and neurological disorders, HIV/AIDS, and diabetes, as well as many types of inflammatory and infectious diseases. Gain an understanding of how nanotechnologies and nanomaterials can be deployed in the fight against the major life-threatening diseases: cancer, neurological disorders (including Alzheimer's and Parkinson's), cardiovascular diseases, and HIV/AIDS Discover the latest developments in nanomedicine, from therapies and drug delivery to diagnostics and disease prevention The authors cover the health risks of nanomaterials as well as their benefits, considering toxicity and potential carcinogens

Biomedical Applications of Functionalized Nanomaterials
Author : Bruno Sarmento,Jose Das Neves
Publisher : William Andrew
Release Date : 2018-03-01
ISBN 10 : 0323508790
Pages : 778 pages

Biomedical Applications of Functionalized Nanomaterials: Concepts, Development and Clinical Translation presents a concise overview of the most promising nanomaterials functionalized with ligands for biomedical applications. The first section focuses on current strategies for identifying biological targets and screening of ligand to optimize anchoring to nanomaterials, providing the foundation for the remaining parts. Section Two covers specific applications of functionalized nanomaterials in therapy and diagnostics, highlighting current practice and addressing major challenges, in particular, case studies of successfully developed and marketed functionalized nanomaterials. The final section focuses on regulatory issues and clinical translation, providing a legal framework for their use in biomedicine. This book is an important reference source for worldwide drug and medical devices policymakers, biomaterials scientists and regulatory bodies. Provides an overview of the methodologies for biological target identification and ligand screening Includes case studies showing the development of functionalized nanomaterials and their biomedical applications Highlights the importance of functionalized nanomaterials for drug delivery, diagnostics and regenerative medicine applications

Proof and Concepts in Rapid Diagnostic Tests and Technologies
Author : Shailendra K. Saxena
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date : 2016-09-07
ISBN 10 : 953512580X
Pages : 172 pages

This book gives a comprehensive overview of the recent advancements and developments of rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) and technologies, which are quite novel approaches and might be used as laboratory bench manual for the rapid diagnosis of the various disease conditions. The book focuses on various aspects and properties of RDTs, point-of-care tests (POCTs), quality control, assurance, calibration, safety, nano-/microfluidic technologies, and fusion with DNA technologies. I hope that this work might increase the interest in this field of research and that the readers will find it useful for their investigations, management, and clinical usage.

Nanomaterials and Their Interactive Behavior with Biomolecules, Cells and Tissues
Author : Yogendrakumar H. Lahir,Pramod Avti
Publisher : Bentham Science Publishers
Release Date : 2020-08-04
ISBN 10 : 9811461767
Pages : 404 pages

Nanoscience is a multidisciplinary area of science which enables researchers to create tools that help in understanding the mechanisms related to the interactions between nanomaterials and biomolecules (nanotechnology). Nanomaterials represent nanotechnology products. These products have an enormous impact on technical industries and the quality of human life. Nanomaterials directly or indirectly have to interact with biosystems. It is, therefore, essential to understand the beneficial and harmful interactions of nanomaterials with and within a biosystem, especially with reference to humans. This book provides primary and advanced information concerning the interactions between nanomaterials and the components of a typical biosystem to readers. Chapters in the book cover, in a topic-based approach, the many facets of nanomolecular interactions with biological molecules and systems that influence their behavior, bioavailability and biocompatibility (including nucleic acids, cell membranes, tissues, enzymes and antibodies). A note on the applications of nanomaterials is also presented in the conclusion of the book to illustrate the usefulness of this class of materials. The contents of the book will benefit students, researchers, and technicians involved in the fields of biological sciences, such as cell biology, medicine, molecular biology, food technology, cosmetology, pharmacology, biotechnology, and environmental sciences. The book also provides information for the material science personnel, enabling them to understand the basics of target-oriented nanomaterials design for specific objectives.

Cluster Beam Deposition of Functional Nanomaterials and Devices
Author : Paolo Milani,Mukhles Sowwan
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2020-03-11
ISBN 10 : 0081025165
Pages : 354 pages

Cluster Beam Deposition of Functional Nanomaterials and Devices, Volume 15, provides up-to-date information on the CBD of novel nanomaterials and devices. The book offers an overview of gas phase synthesis in a range of nanoparticles, along with discussions on the development of several devices and applications. Applications include, but are not limited to catalysis, smart nanocomposites, nanoprobes, electronic devices, gas sensors and biosensors. This is an important reference source for materials scientists and engineers who want to learn more about this sustainable, innovative manufacturing technology. Explores the use of CBD for the fabrication of functionalized nanomaterials and devices Shows how CBD is used for both sensing and biomedical applications Discusses how this emerging technology is being commercialized for use on a large-scale

Introduction to Nanomaterials and Devices
Author : Omar Manasreh
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2011-11-16
ISBN 10 : 1118148401
Pages : 400 pages

An invaluable introduction to nanomaterials and theirapplications Offering the unique approach of applying traditional physicsconcepts to explain new phenomena, Introduction to Nanomaterialsand Devices provides readers with a solid foundation on the subjectof quantum mechanics and introduces the basic concepts ofnanomaterials and the devices fabricated from them. Discussionbegins with the basis for understanding the basic properties ofsemiconductors and gradually evolves to cover quantumstructures—including single, multiple, and quantumwells—and the properties of nanomaterial systems, such asquantum wires and dots. Written by a renowned specialist in the field, this bookfeatures: An introduction to the growth of bulk semiconductors,semiconductor thin films, and semiconductor nanomaterials Information on the application of quantum mechanics tonanomaterial structures and quantum transport Extensive coverage of Maxwell-Boltzmann, Fermi-Dirac, andBose-Einstein stastistics An in-depth look at optical, electrical, and transportproperties Coverage of electronic devices and optoelectronic devices Calculations of the energy levels in periodic potentials,quantum wells, and quantum dots Introduction to Nanomaterials and Devices provides essentialgroundwork for understanding the behavior and growth ofnanomaterials and is a valuable resource for students andpractitioners in a field full of possibilities for innovation andinvention.

Handbook of Nanomaterials for Cancer Theranostics
Author : Joao Conde
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2018-06-27
ISBN 10 : 0128133406
Pages : 606 pages

Handbook of Nanomaterials for Cancer Theranostics focuses on recent developments in advanced theranostic nanomedicines from a chemical and biological perspective where the advantages of theranostics are achieved by combining multiple components. The authors explore the pros and cons of theranostic nanomaterials developed in cancer research in the last 15 years, with the different strategies compared and scrutinized. In addition, the book explores how nanomaterials may overcome the regulatory hurdles facing theranostic nanomedicines. This is an important research reference for postgraduates and researchers in nanomedicine and cancer research who want to learn more on how nanomaterials can help create more effective cancer treatments. Highlights the development of smart theranostic nanomaterials to tackle biomedical problems in cancer therapy and diagnostics Explores the regulatory hurdles facing theranostic nanomedicine Discusses how the use of nanomaterials can help create more effective cancer treatments

Nanomaterials for Green Energy
Author : Bharat A Bhanvase,Vijay B Pawade,Sanjay J. Dhoble,Shirish H. Sonawane,Muthupandian Ashokkumar
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2018-04-18
ISBN 10 : 0128137320
Pages : 500 pages

Nanomaterials for Green Energy focuses on the synthesis, characterization and application of novel nanomaterials in the fields of green science and technology. This book contains fundamental information about the properties of novel nanomaterials and their application in green energy. In particular, synthesis and characterization of novel nanomaterials, their application in solar and fuel cells and batteries, and nanomaterials for a low-toxicity environment are discussed. It will provide an important reference resource for researchers in materials science and renewable energy who wish to learn more about how nanomaterials are used to create cheaper, more efficient green energy products. Provides fundamental information about the properties and application of new low-cost nanomaterials for green energy Shows how novel nanomaterials are used to create more efficient solar cells Offers solutions to common problems related to the use of materials in the development of energy- related technologies

Nanotechnology and Biosensors
Author : Dimitrios P Nikolelis,Georgia Paraskevi Nikoleli
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2018-06-27
ISBN 10 : 0128138858
Pages : 470 pages

Nanotechnology and Biosensors shows how nanotechnology is used to create affordable, mass-produced, portable, small sized biosensors to directly monitor environmental pollutants. In addition, it provides information on their integration into components and systems for mass market applications in food analysis, environmental monitoring and health diagnostics. Nanotechnology has led to a dramatic improvement in the performance, sensitivity and selectivity of biosensors. As metal-oxide and carbon nanostructures, gold and magnetite nanoparticles, and the integration of dendrimers in biosensors using nanotechnology have contributed greatly in making biosensors more effective and affordable on a mass-market level, this book presents a timely resource on the topic. Highlights nanotechnology-based approaches to the detection of enzyme inhibitors, direct enzymatic and microbial detection of metabolites, and nutrients using biosensors Includes examples on how nanotechnology has lead to improvements in the construction of portable, selective and sensitive biosensing devices Offers thorough coverage of biomarker/biosensor interaction for the rapid detection of toxicants and pollutants

Fundamentals of Nanoparticles
Author : Abdel Salam Hamdy Makhlouf,Ahmed Barhoum
Publisher : William Andrew
Release Date : 2018-08-09
ISBN 10 : 0128135174
Pages : 666 pages

Fundamentals of Nanoparticles: Classifications, Synthesis Methods, Properties and Characterization explores the nanoparticles and architecture of nanostructured materials being used today in a comprehensive, detailed manner. This book focuses primarily on the characterization, properties and synthesis of nanoscale materials, and is divided into three major parts. This is a valuable reference for materials scientists, and chemical and mechanical engineers working in R&D and academia, who want to learn more about how nanoparticles and nanomaterials are characterized and engineered. Part one covers nanoparticles formation, self-assembly in the architecture nanostructures, types and classifications of nanoparticles, and signature physical and chemical properties, toxicity and regulations. Part two presents different ways to form nanometer particles, including bottom-up and top-down approaches, the classical and non-classical theories of nanoparticles formation and self-assembly, surface functionalization and other surface treatments to allow practical use. Part three covers characterization of nanoparticles and nanostructured materials, including the determination of size and shape, in addition to atomic and electronic structures and other important properties. Includes new physical and chemical techniques for the synthesis of nanoparticles and architecture nanostructures Features an in-depth treatment of nanoparticles and nanostructures, including their characterization and chemical and physical properties Explores the unusual properties of materials that are developed by modifying their shape and composition and by manipulating the arrangement of atoms and molecules Explains important techniques for the synthesis, fabrication and the characterization of complex nano-architectures

Carbon Nanomaterials for Agri-Food and Environmental Applications
Author : Kamel Ahmed Abd-Elsalam
Publisher : Micro & Nano Technologies
Release Date : 2019-11
ISBN 10 : 0128197862
Pages : 652 pages

Carbon Nanomaterials for Agri-food and Environmental Applications discusses the characterization, processing and applications of carbon-based nanostructured materials in the agricultural and environmental sectors. Sections discuss the synthesis and characterization of carbon nanotubes, the technological developments in environmental applications of carbon-based nanomaterials, and agri-food applications. The book also covers the toxic effects of engineered carbon nanoparticles on the environment, and in plants and animals. Finally, quality control and risk management are addressed to assess health and environmental risks. This is an applicable book for graduate students, researchers and those in industrial sectors of science and technology who want to learn more about carbon nanomaterials. Compares a range of carbon-based nanomaterials, showing how they are used for a range of agricultural and environmental applications Discusses the challenges and toxicity of different types of carbon-based nanomaterials for environmental and agricultural applications Explores when different classes of nanomaterial should be used in different environments

Intelligent Nanomaterials for Drug Delivery Applications
Author : Nabeel Ahmad,P. Gopinath
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2020-03-29
ISBN 10 : 0128178310
Pages : 212 pages

Intelligent Nanomaterials for Drug Delivery Applications discusses intelligent nanomaterials with a particular focus on commercial and premarket tools. The book looks at the applications of intelligent nanomaterials within the field of medicine and discusses their future role. This includes the use of intelligent nanomaterials for drugs used in cardiovascular and cancer treatments and examines the promising market of nanoparticles for biomedical and biosensing applications. This resource will be of great interest to scientists and researchers involved in multiple disciplines, including micro- and nano-engineering, bionanotechnology, biomedical engineering, and nanomedicine, as well as pharmaceutical and biomedical industries. Focuses on applications of intelligent nanomaterials within the field of medicine and discusses their role in the future Discusses intelligent nanomaterials, with a particular focus on commercial and premarket tools Examines the promising market of nanoparticles for biomedical and biosensing applications

Theranostic Bionanomaterials
Author : Wenguo Cui,Xin Zhao
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2019-05-01
ISBN 10 : 0128153423
Pages : 524 pages

Theranostic Bionanomaterials is an invaluable study of recent advances and trends in the development and application of functional bionanomaterials for theranostic applications. This book describes the design and characterization of nanomaterials which exhibit distinctive physical, chemical and biological properties and discusses how these functional nanomaterials enable the precise manipulation of architectural, physical and biochemical cell microenvironments in vitro. In addition, it covers how they can act as the carriers of diagnostic or therapeutic agents, thus providing new pathways or strategies for disease diagnosis and treatment. Specific chapters discuss protein delivery, drug delivery, tissue regeneration, bioimaging, biodetection, and much more. This book will be a critical resource for those involved in cutting-edge research in theranostics bionanomaterial. Focuses on nanofabrication methods of bionanomaterials Reviews the application of bionanomaterials, with a focus on drug delivery and diagnosis Describes the design and characterization of nanomaterials which exhibit distinctive physical, chemical and biological properties

Nanomaterials Design for Sensing Applications
Author : Olena V. Zenkina
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2019-03-13
ISBN 10 : 0128145064
Pages : 365 pages

Nanomaterials Design for Sensing Applications examines chemosensors, beginning with molecules that are able to respond to certain stimuli and then showing their assembly and incorporation into sensing materials. The mechanisms of their action for the detection of ions, specific molecules and biostructures, are also covered. A major theme is the affordability of sensors, with particular attention paid to inexpensive and reliable colorimetric sensors that can be read by the naked eye. The book also delves into the development of sensors that utilize existing RFID infrastructure and introduces a novel strategy for the development of self-healing sensing platforms. This book will help readers develop a better understanding of the types of materials used for sensing at the nano level, while also providing an insightful overview on recent advances in this important area. Demonstrates how the use of nanomaterials allows for the creation of cheaper, more reliable sensors Shows how metal oxide nanostructures are used as both sensors and supports for embedded organic and organometallic sensing molecules Explores a novel sensing methodology resulting from the integration of nanostructured sensors into radio frequency identification tags

Carbon Nanomaterials for Biomedical Applications
Author : Mei Zhang,Rajesh R. Naik,Liming Dai
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2015-11-06
ISBN 10 : 3319228617
Pages : 576 pages

This book covers a wide range of topics relating to carbon nanomaterials, from synthesis and functionalization to applications in advanced biomedical devices and systems. As they possess unique and attractive chemical, physical, optical, and even magnetic properties for various applications, considerable effort has been made to employ carbon nanomaterials (e.g., fullerenes, carbon nanotubes, graphene, nanodiamond) as new materials for the development of novel biomedical tools, such as diagnostic sensors, imaging agents, and drug/gene delivery systems for both diagnostics and clinical treatment. Tremendous progress has been made and the scattered literature continues to grow rapidly. With chapters by world-renowned experts providing an overview of the state of the science as well as an understanding of the challenges that lie ahead, Carbon Nanomaterials for Biomedical Applications is essential reading not only for experienced scientists and engineers in biomedical and nanomaterials areas, but also for graduate students and advanced undergraduates in materials science and engineering, chemistry, and biology.

Nanomaterials for Biosensors
Author : Bansi D. Malhotra,Md. Azahar Ali
Publisher : William Andrew
Release Date : 2017-10-26
ISBN 10 : 0128135158
Pages : 332 pages

Nanomaterials for Biosensors: Fundamentals and Applications provides a detailed summary of the main nanomaterials used in biosensing and their application. It covers recent developments in nanomaterials for the fabrication of biosensor devices for healthcare diagnostics, food freshness and bioprocessing. The various processes used for synthesis and characterization of nanostructured materials are examined, along with the design and fabrication of bioelectronic devices using nanostructured materials as building blocks. Users will find the fundamentals of the main nanomaterials used in biosensing, helping them visualize a systematic and coherent picture of how nanomaterials are used in biosensors. The book also addresses the role of bio-conjugation of nanomaterials in the construction of nano-biointerfaces for application in biosensors. Such applications, including metal nanoparticles, metal oxide nanoparticles, nanocomposites, carbon nanotubes, conducting polymers and plasmonic nanostructures in biosensing are discussed relative to each nanomaterial concerned. Finally, recent advancements in protein functionalized nanomaterials for cancer diagnostics and bio-imaging are also included. Provides a detailed study on how nanomaterials are used to enhance sensing capabilities in biosensors Explains the properties, characterization methods and preparation techniques of the nanomaterials used in biosensing Arranged in a material-by-material way, making it clear how each nanomaterial should be used