nanomaterials and devices

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Nanomaterials and Devices
Author : Donglu Shi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2014-09-18
ISBN 10 : 1455777498
Pages : 372 pages

Introducing the fields of nanomaterials and devices, and their applications across a wide range of academic disciplines and industry sectors, Donglu Shi bridges knowledge acquisition and practical work, providing a starting point for the research and development of applications. The book describes characterization of nanomaterials, their preparation methods and performance testing techniques; the design and development of nano-scale devices; and the applications of nanomaterials, with examples taken from different industry sectors, such as lighting, energy, bioengineering and medicine / medical devices. Key nanomaterial types are covered, such as carbon nanotubes, nanobiomaterials, nano-magnetic materials, semiconductor materials and nanocomposites. Shi also provides detailed coverage of key emerging technologies such as DNA nanotechnology and spintronics. The resulting text is equally relevant for advanced students (senior and graduate) and for engineers and scientists from a variety of different academic backgrounds working in the multi-disciplinary field of nanotechnology. Provides detailed guidance for the characterization of nanomaterials, their preparation, and performance testing Explains the principles and challenges of the design and development of nano-scale devices Explores applications through cases taken from a range of different sectors, including electronics, energy and medicine.

Introduction to Nanomaterials and Devices
Author : Omar Manasreh
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2011-11-16
ISBN 10 : 1118148401
Pages : 400 pages

An invaluable introduction to nanomaterials and theirapplications Offering the unique approach of applying traditional physicsconcepts to explain new phenomena, Introduction to Nanomaterialsand Devices provides readers with a solid foundation on the subjectof quantum mechanics and introduces the basic concepts ofnanomaterials and the devices fabricated from them. Discussionbegins with the basis for understanding the basic properties ofsemiconductors and gradually evolves to cover quantumstructures—including single, multiple, and quantumwells—and the properties of nanomaterial systems, such asquantum wires and dots. Written by a renowned specialist in the field, this bookfeatures: An introduction to the growth of bulk semiconductors,semiconductor thin films, and semiconductor nanomaterials Information on the application of quantum mechanics tonanomaterial structures and quantum transport Extensive coverage of Maxwell-Boltzmann, Fermi-Dirac, andBose-Einstein stastistics An in-depth look at optical, electrical, and transportproperties Coverage of electronic devices and optoelectronic devices Calculations of the energy levels in periodic potentials,quantum wells, and quantum dots Introduction to Nanomaterials and Devices provides essentialgroundwork for understanding the behavior and growth ofnanomaterials and is a valuable resource for students andpractitioners in a field full of possibilities for innovation andinvention.

Nanomaterials in Diagnostic Tools and Devices
Author : Suvardhan Kanchi,D. Sharma
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2020-06-04
ISBN 10 : 0128179244
Pages : 618 pages

Nanomaterials in Diagnostic Tools and Devices provides a complete overview of the significance of nanomaterials in fabricating selective and performance enhanced nanodevices. It is an interdisciplinary reference that includes contributing subjects from nanomaterials, biosensors, materials science, biomedical instrumentation and medicinal chemistry. This book is authored by experts in the field of nanomaterial synthesis, modeling, and biosensor applications, and provides insight to readers working in various science fields on the latest advancements in smart and miniaturized nanodevices. These devices enable convenient real-time diagnosis of diseases at clinics rather than laboratories, and include implantable devices that cause less irritation and have improved functionality. Research in the field of nanomaterials is growing rapidly, creating a significant impact across different science disciplines and nanotechnology industries. This synthesis and modeling of nanomaterials has led to many technology breakthroughs and applications, especially in medical science. Provides a distinctive platform for the latest trends in the synthesis of smart nanomaterials for nanodevices in disease diagnostics Presents a broad range of advancements and applications of lateral-flow nanostrip for point-of-care applications Examines smart-phone based nanodevices for field-based diagnosis with accurate information Comprises more than 70 figures and illustrations that will help readers visualize and easily understand the role of nanodevices in the field of nanomedicine Serves as an ideal reference for those studying smart nanomaterials, biosensors, and nanodevices for real-time and in-situ clinical diagnosis and drug delivery

Nanomaterials-Based Charge Trapping Memory Devices
Author : Ammar Nayfeh,Nazek El-Atab
Publisher : Elsevier
Release Date : 2020-05-27
ISBN 10 : 012822343X
Pages : 192 pages

Rising consumer demand for low power consumption electronics has generated a need for scalable and reliable memory devices with low power consumption. At present, scaling memory devices and lowering their power consumption is becoming more difficult due to unresolved challenges, such as short channel effect, Drain Induced Barrier Lowering (DIBL), and sub-surface punch-through effect, all of which cause high leakage currents. As a result, the introduction of different memory architectures or materials is crucial. Nanomaterials-based Charge Trapping Memory Devices provides a detailed explanation of memory device operation and an in-depth analysis of the requirements of future scalable and low powered memory devices in terms of new materials properties. The book presents techniques to fabricate nanomaterials with the desired properties. Finally, the book highlights the effect of incorporating such nanomaterials in memory devices. This book is an important reference for materials scientists and engineers, who are looking to develop low-powered solutions to meet the growing demand for consumer electronic products and devices. Explores in depth memory device operation, requirements and challenges Presents fabrication methods and characterization results of new nanomaterials using techniques, including laser ablation of nanoparticles, ALD growth of nano-islands, and agglomeration-based technique of nanoparticles Demonstrates how nanomaterials affect the performance of memory devices

Nanomaterials in Energy Devices
Author : Jun Hieng Kiat
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2017-11-28
ISBN 10 : 1498763529
Pages : 248 pages

This book provides up-to-date information on the application of nano-sized materials in energy devices. A brief overview on the properties of nano-sized materials introduces the readers to the basics of the application of such materials in energy devices. Among the energy devices covered include third generation solar cells, fuel cells, batteries, and supercapacitors. The book places emphasis on the optical, electrical, morphological, surface, and spectroscopic properties of the materials. It contains both experimental as well as theoretical aspects for different types of nano-sized materials, such as nanoparticles, nanowires, thin film, etc.

Cluster Beam Deposition of Functional Nanomaterials and Devices
Author : Paolo Milani
Publisher : N.A
Release Date : 2020-03
ISBN 10 : 0081025157
Pages : 500 pages

Cluster Beam Deposition of Functional Nanomaterials and Devices, Volume 15, provides up-to-date information on the CBD of novel nanomaterials and devices. The book offers an overview of gas phase synthesis in a range of nanoparticles, along with discussions on the development of several devices and applications. Applications include, but are not limited to catalysis, smart nanocomposites, nanoprobes, electronic devices, gas sensors and biosensors. This is an important reference source for materials scientists and engineers who want to learn more about this sustainable, innovative manufacturing technology.

Nanomaterials, Polymers and Devices
Author : E. S. W. Kong
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2015-04-27
ISBN 10 : 0470048069
Pages : 584 pages

This book provides comprehensive coverage of shape-memory polymers (SMPs), a growing area within "smart materials" research. After offering an introduction to the topic and the nature of shape-memory effects and superelasticity, the author offers an in-depth look at the properties, mechanics, and characterization of SMPs and thermoplastic elastomers. Information on the wide range of applications for these materials follows, including: bioplastics and biomedical devices; textiles and fabrics; optical, electronic, and mechanical parts for control systems; cosmetics and beauty products; automotive (or other novel) materials.

Semiconductor Nanomaterials for Flexible Technologies
Author : Yugang Sun,John A. Rogers
Publisher : William Andrew
Release Date : 2010-05-20
ISBN 10 : 9781437778243
Pages : 320 pages

This book is an overview of the strategies to generate high-quality films of one-dimensional semiconductor nanostructures on flexible substrates (e.g., plastics) and the use of them as building blocks to fabricating flexible devices (including electronics, optoelectronics, sensors, power systems). In addition to engineering aspects, the physics and chemistry behind the fabrication and device operation will also be discussed as well. Internationally recognized scientists from academia, national laboratories, and industries, who are the leading researchers in the emerging areas, are contributing exceptional chapters according to their cutting-edge research results and expertise. This book will be an on-time addition to the literature in nanoscience and engineering. It will be suitable for graduate students and researchers as a useful reference to stimulate their research interest as well as facilitate their research in nanoscience and engineering. Considers the physics and chemistry behind fabrication and device operation Discusses applications to electronics, optoelectronics, sensors and power systems Examines existing technologies and investigates emerging trends

Functional Nanomaterials and Devices for Electronics, Sensors and Energy Harvesting
Author : Alexei Nazarov,Francis Balestra,Valeriya Kilchytska,Denis Flandre
Publisher : Springer
Release Date : 2014-08-28
ISBN 10 : 3319088041
Pages : 469 pages

This book contains reviews of recent experimental and theoretical results related to nanomaterials. It focuses on novel functional materials and nanostructures in combination with silicon on insulator (SOI) devices, as well as on the physics of new devices and sensors, nanostructured materials and nano scaled device characterization. Special attention is paid to fabrication and properties of modern low-power, high-performance, miniaturized, portable sensors in a wide range of applications such as telecommunications, radiation control, biomedical instrumentation and chemical analysis. In this book, new approaches exploiting nanotechnologies (such as UTBB FD SOI, Fin FETs, nanowires, graphene or carbon nanotubes on dielectric) to pave a way between “More Moore” and “More than Moore” are considered, in order to create different kinds of sensors and devices which will consume less electrical power, be more portable and totally compatible with modern microelectronics products.

Nano-optoelectronic Sensors and Devices
Author : Ning Xi,King Wai Chiu Lai
Publisher : William Andrew
Release Date : 2012
ISBN 10 : 1437734715
Pages : 249 pages

Nanophotonics has emerged as a major technology and applications domain, exploiting the interaction of light-emitting and light-sensing nanostructured materials. These devices are light-weight, highly efficient, low on power consumption, and are cost effective to produce. The authors of this book have been involved in pioneering work in manufacturing photonic devices from carbon nanotube (CNT) nanowires and provide a series of practical guidelines for their design and manufacture, using processes such as nano-robotic manipulation and assembly methods. They also introduce the design and operational principles of opto-elctrical sensing devices at the nano scale. Thermal annealing and packaging processes are also covered, as key elements in a scalable manufacturing process. Examples of applications of different nanowire based photonic devices are presented. These include applications in the fields of electronics (e.g. FET, CNT Schotty diode) and solar energy. The book provides graduate students, practitioners and professionals with the background knowledge and tools needed to research and concretely develop new devices in the area of nano photonics and the necessary nano-manipulation and nano-assembly technologies required to do so. Discusses opto-electronic nanomaterials, characterization and properties from an engineering perspective, enabling the commercialization of key emerging technologies Provides scalable techniques for nanowire structure growth, manipulation and assembly (i.e. synthesis) Explores key application areas such as sensing, electronics and solar energy.

Prussian Blue-Type Nanoparticles and Nanocomposites
Author : Yannick Guari,Joulia Larionova
Publisher : CRC Press
Release Date : 2019-04-18
ISBN 10 : 0429656203
Pages : 314 pages

Nanochemistry tools aid the design of Prussian blue and its analogue nanoparticles and nanocomposites. The use of such nanomaterials is now widely regarded as an alternative to other inorganic nanomaterials in a variety of scientific applications. This book, after addressing Prussian blue and its analogues in a historical context and their numerous applications over time, compiles and details the latest cutting-edge scientific research on these nanomaterials. It compiles and deatils the latest cutting-edge scientific research on these nanomaterials. The book provides an overview of the methodological concepts of the nanoscale synthesis of Prussian blue and its analogues, as well as the study and understanding of their properties and of the extent and diversity of application fields in relation to the major societal challenges of the 21st century on energy, environment, and health.

Nanomaterials for Medical Applications
Author : Zoraida Aguilar
Publisher : Newnes
Release Date : 2012
ISBN 10 : 0123850894
Pages : 461 pages

This title covers recent advances in a variety of biomedical applications of nanostructured materials, as the field evolves from prototype device to real-world application. It presents the main types of nanomaterial used in medical application today: semiconductor nanomaterials, Magnetic nanomaterials, metal nanoparticles, Carbon nanomaterials, Hydrogel nanocomposites, Liposomes, Dendrimers, Polymer nanocomposites, and Biodegradable polymers. Structurally the work is demarcated into the six most popular areas of research: (1) biocompatibility of nanomaterials with living organisms in their various manifestations (2) nanobiosensors for clinical diagnostics, detecting biomolecules which are useful in the clinical diagnosis of genetic, metabolically acquired, induced or infectious disease (3) targeted drug delivery for nanomaterials in their various modifications (4) nanomedical devices and structures which are used in the development of implantable medical devices and structures such as nanorobots (5) nanopharmacology, as novel nanoparticles are increasingly engineered to diagnose conditions and recognize pathogens, identify ideal pharmaceutical agents to treat the condition or pathogens,fuel high-yield production of matched pharmaceuticals (potentially in vivo), locate, attach or enter target tissue, structures or pathogens; and dispense the ideal mass of matched biological compound to the target regions (6) nanotoxicology and remediation, which focuses on finished and on-going various toxicity evaluations on various nanomaterials that are used and currently being developed for medical applications Discusses the most important biomedical applications and devices of nanomaterials: drug delivery, medical imaging, gene therapy, nanorobots, biosensors and diagnostics Focuses on current commercialized techniques and applications, ensuring the work is entirely relevant to a rapidly evolving field Reviews the most recent studies on nanomaterial toxicity, thereby responding to the widescale private, policy and public interest in nanoscience